ágach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ágach or dil.ie/677

adj o, ā (2 ág) warlike, given to fighting: fochen Cet . . . trethan á.¤ , Sc.M² 15 . fonn sídh an eachshluaigh ághuigh, O'R. Poems 1587 .

agad, aiged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. agad, aiged or dil.ie/678

Forms: aiged, aigeth, agad, aghadh, aiged, aigead, aideadh, aghaidh, aighidh, agid, aigid, agaid, aghaidh, acchaidh, adhaigh, adhaid, aghaigh, agad, aiged, aigthi, aichthi, aighthe, aighid, aigthi, aichthib, aigthib, agthib, aghadh, aighedh

n f. aiged, Thes. ii 254.4 (Stowe Miss.), aigeth, ibid. 5 . Not found in O. Ir. glosses (see enech). n s. agad, LU 4514 . aghadh, Dán Dé vii 35 . ind aiged , TBFr. 219 . aigead, Ériu xiii 58.1 . aideadh, BB 427a50 . aghaidh (: samhail), DDána 42.6 . v s. aighidh, ZCP xiii 174.9 . a s. agid, TBFr. 223 . aigid, Trip.² 313 . agaid, Lism. L. 2968 . aghaidh, Aithd. D. 61.21 . acchaidh, FM v 1640.16 . adhaigh, Ériu v 190.480 . adhaid (sic MS.), ZCP vii 301 § 6 . aghaigh, Laws iv 258.1 Comm. agad, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 312.15 ). aiged, Maund. 257 . g s. aigthi, CRR § 17 . aichthi, TTebe 930 . aighthe, DDána 85.1 . Prov. vii 15 . d s. aighid, Arch. iii 4.28 . n p. aigthi, Sc.M² 5 . d p. aichthib, Rawl. 163b13 . aigthib, TTebe 4115 . agthib, TBC 4210 . aghadh, aighedh f., IGT Decl. § 4 .

I

(a) face, countenance: mad i nadaid ri[g] 'if it be [a wound] in the face of a king ' Bretha 26 § 9 . mad a naigid rig tuat roferta(i)r fuil graine 'if a one-grain wound has been inflicted in the face of a king' 28 § 12 . niba diles a aighidh do aoir Ériu xiii 13.20 . agad ḟochoel forlethan, LU 4514 (TBC). ind aiged do chumtachtai the face for its comeliness, TBFr. 219 . eter in ṁbrágit ┐ in n-agid ṅgil, 223 . aged ethiopacda slemangorm aci, MU² 689 . niptar aigthi carat im ḟleid, Sc.M² § 5 . comleithet a aigthi do derg-ór, CRR § 17 . ag ínred a aichthi `tearing his face', TTebe 930 . dob iomdha aighthe giall ngonta, TD 11.32 . deōr tromthoirsi / co tī tar abra ar n-aigthi-ni, Arch. iii 234.18 . dar a aighid, 4.28 . a.¤ fedil see fethal.

By metonymy of persons: a haighidh fhīr woman of the true countenance, ZCP xiii 174.9 . fer ard uas aichthib Emna / diar chomainm Tadg . . ., Rawl. 163b13 .

(b) surface: aigead gach airgit, Ériu xiii 58.1 (See xix 117-8 ). ordlach i tiget cech lainde dib . . . co m-ba haiged oir uli lais ár medon, Alex. 581 . dar aigthib sciath, TTebe 4115 . mar chaoin aighthe cupa ó cheard, DDána 119.34 . ar aighidh mhín Mhaonmhuighe expanse , Ériu v 66.8 . a haghaidh ghléigheal . . . (of a hill), TD 4.5 . ?ria n-aidche agaig (leg. agaid), Ériu iv 162 § 25 . fa aghaidh na firminnte across the face of the firmament, Aithd. D. 61.21 . ag cur bhairr ┐ aighthe mo bhaisi deisi . . . palm of my right hand, Parrth. Anma 1020 . ar aighthibh . . . an aigein, ML 48.10 .

(c) front: meitheal dar bh' aghaidh sinn súd we were in advance of that working-party, DDána 42.6 ; cf. baluid dia lethagid in luirg, ┐ tanic dia lettáib, TBC 651 ( LL 8103 ).

(d) shape, form, appearance: aen dib a fuath duine, ┐ aroile a ndeilb dhuim, ┐ anaill a naigid ilair, Grail 3399 .

(e) honour (see 1 enech II): dar cend aigthe Conculainn `for the sake of C.'s honour', RC xiv 428 § 52 . tuc Eochaidh a aenrosc do dar ceann a aigti, BB 383a35 . ar son a einich .i. ar son a aighthe, O'Cl. s.v. eineach. Cf. do tabairt aighti doib giving countenance to them, ZCP v 42.30 ( BCC 123 ).

Note also: ic fóbairt aigthe a feirgge for Troiánu, LL 236b22 ( TTr. 1458 ).

II In phrases implying motion, intention etc. (a) With follg. FOR, FRI etc.:

(a) dob aghaidh ar éttualang (of an impossible undertaking), FM v 1646.1 . agaid for Ath Cliath to attack A. ALC i 2.19 . is tráth aighthe ar Allmhurchaibh, DDána 85.1 . fa neimhleasg liom aghaidh air `I was in no wise loth to approach it', TD 11.7 . ní hésgaidh linn ort aigheadh, IGT Decl. ex. 826 . a n-aighthe ar in sen-fhairrgi making for the sea, Fl. Earls 58.7 . aghaidh dhamh-sa do fhios Bhriain, Hard. ii 202.11 . déne prostrait ┐ t'aiged fri talmain face downwards, PH 454 . a agaid fria lochtaib, PH 8227 .

(b) With attá: ni bḟuil bur n-aighedh le clesaibh riderachta, RC xxix 112 § 8 . is indess ro boí a aged [.i. do Temraig], Trip.² 1011 . Note also: aghaidh gach droichsgéil amach! all evil away from us! Dánta Gr. 9.1 .

(c) do-beir a.¤ co, fri turns towards, makes for: tucsat agaid a long gu . . . turned their ships towards, Lism. L. 2968 . mad cucainni dobera Conch. ┐ Ulaid a n-agaid if C. and the U. make for us, CRR § 21 . tugaisse aghaidh ar Ifearnn, Aithd. D. 70.21 . do bhert a aghaidh ar uaithnibh `he directed his course by Uaithne', FM vi 2144.20 . tuc an toiced a haghaidh ar in rí, fortune turned her face towards the king, Expugn. Hib. § 64 . tug R. / aighidh ar an lucht rosling `R. has turned to the people who had defeated him', Studies 1919, 256.3 . tucsat a naigid innaenfecht for Leth Cuind attacked, SG 369.2 . ( LL 299b1 ). tugadar a n-aighthe ar airgne ┐ ar éadála . . . do thiomsughadh turned their attention to, Maguires of F. § 13 . ro thriallsat . . . aghaidh do thabhairt ar dhol a nulltoibh `attempted to effect their passage', FM v 1854. 13 . gibe ealadha ara ttiobhra duine aghaidh whatever science a person may turn to, Rule of Tall. § 67 . tug a aghaidh res an uile he faced everybody, DDána 15.9 . Note also: tar Carrthaigh . . . / cuir aghaidh na himeirche tar cuan L. face the band over the shore of L., DDána 74.49 .

III In prepositional phrases.

(a) before, in front of (with AR, FOR, FRI, I N-, LA): nemhsgathmhar ar a.¤ a eascarad `undaunted before his enemies', Rel. Celt. ii 196.6 . an tan curtar ar aigid na gréne é when it is exposed to the sun, O'Gr. Cat. 259.8 . magh . . . do bī ar a n-agaid before them, ML² 1039 . ercid is-in less ar bar n-agaid, PH 4371 . for agid Tripolim, Rawl. 71b6 . Eoin re haghaidh an leanaibh in the presence of, Dán Dé xi 18 . fuair cricha na hEtáile re [a] aghaidh before him, CCath. 1225 . dogní munterus fri-a n-aichthibh they pretend friendship to their faces (opposed to behind their backs), PH 7704 . rucait i n-agid ríg Lochlainne they were brought before the kings of N., CRR § 13 . Peadar abstal na aghaidh / do shéan Iosa `in His presence', A. Ó Dálaigh li 11 . do radh go im agaid `to my face', MR 76.14 . Cf. an president . . . do shuidhe lé hacchaidh Sruthra `laid siege to S.,' FM v 1640.16 .

(b) towards, in the direction of (with i n-): tainic . . . N . . . ana aigid-seom, Trip.² 313 . na daine do rala do na aigidh who met him, Laws iii 178.12 Comm. erigid-siu 'na agaid go to him, TTebe 4179 . dodechaid bó dasachtach ina agaid `came towards him', RC ii 398 § 37 . guais don tí nach tabhair lón / i n-aghaidh na dtrí dtionól (of Judgement Day), Dán Dé xxii 32 .

(c) against (with FRI, I N-): táinic Seth . . . is misi ann re aguidh `where I was awaiting him', Ériu iv 116 § 21 . do ordaigedar . . . a forairedha do c[h]ur re h-agaid Eōgain on the watch for E., ML² 445 . roeiridh an abhond ré aigid the river rose against him, TTebe 3582 . ba tearc d'Ultaibh re a aghaidh `few of the Ulaid would resist him', Aithd. D. 8.4 . ro chansat-side brechta druidechta ina agid, LU 4028 ( SC § 48 ). in fer ro bai ina adaig i.e. his opponent, Laws iii 218.7 Comm. i n-agthib na srotha sain against the current, TBC 4210 . ata comaimserdhacht ina adhaigh sin there is a synchronism contradicting that, Ériu iv 144 n.19 . is amlaidh ata in leiges a n-aiged na nadura, RC xlix 25.z .

Up (of a slope, steps, etc. with I N-): cloch mulind do chur ana agaid shlebe to roll a millstone up a hill, TTebe 1669 . a n-aghaidh in staigri upstairs, Fl. Earls 218.16 . anagaid aird uphill, Maund. 31 . cuirid i n-a.¤ opposes, contradicts: doirbh leis an gcorp cor 'n-a aghaidh, Dán Dé xix 3 . doreir baramhla na ndaeine nglic nach fuil cur ina agaid accamsa `to which I do not object', Maund. 157 . gan ar breith do neach dhíobh freasabhra ná cur 'n-a aghaidh, Keat. iii 102 . ro chuir ina acchaidh a aindliccheadh ┐ a eccóir fair `upbraided him', FM vi 1972. 10 . do-icc i n-a.¤ : na tecait i n-agaid in rechta atharda, IT i 170.9 . ní fetar teacht a n-agaid chainti an chumachtaigh sin, TTebe 1075 . tāinic O . . . . i n-a aghaidh sin O. disputed that, ML² 612 .

(d) for (with FRI, I N-): iasg i n-aibhnibh re a aghaidh `for him the fish fill the rivers', Aithd. D. 36.3 . aingeal re haghaidh gach aoin, Dán Dé xxiii 3 . dogēn-sa in cētna at agaid I shall do the same for you, ZCP xiii 181.z . i n-aghaidh mo dhísle dhuid / m'ḟaghail is tríbhse tánuig in return for, TD 14.37 .

(e) for the purpose of (with FRI, LA): fri agad bretha ┐ cocerta, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 412.15 ). aingeal re haghaidh smachta an angel to correct (Michael), Dán Dé xiv 4 . fri h-aighid a biata `to prepare food for them', MR 50.18 . go mbeittis i náon ionadh re hacchaid báis an fhior-naoimh, BNnÉ 273 § 246 . lé haghaidh Somhairle do cennsucchadh, FM v 1820.12 .

(f) on the point of, about to (with FRI and vn.): atámúid re hadhaigh catha do chur we are about to give battle, Ériu v 190.480 . do bí M. . . . le haghaid sil éorna do chur, BNnÉ 232 § 146 . re haiged techta duinne cum in gleannasa `before we entered', Maund. 257 .

(g) as an offset to, corresponding to, instead of, etc. (with I N-): ro badur bessa ac na mnáib sin a n-aghaid mathusa na fer sin as a counterpart to, Acall. 7310 . cid fodera foimeilt in ferainn do dul a n-aghaigh na eineclainni annsin? `what is the reason that the use of the land goes (is set) against the honor price in that case?' Laws iv 258.1 Comm. 'na aigid sin in compensation for that, TTebe 1633 . Aed mac T. do athrigad . . . ┐ Aed mac F. do rigad doib ina adaig in his place, Ann. Conn. 1350.9 . luagh i n-aghaidh th'anshóigh, Dán Dé xii 12 . bliadhain i n-aghaidh na h-uaire a maireann an t-éiclips uirre féin a year for every hour, Corp. Astron. 158.4 . i n-aghaidh a ndearna dhóibh / do shaothar is do sheanmóir in return for, Dán Dé xi 24 .

(h) In Laws in phr. ar a a.¤ féin on one's own, in one's own right: ara aigid fen a ænur CIH vi 2281.13 (Uraicecht Becc) . no ara aigidh fein UR 102 § 2.11 . o bus orgain airlechta in druith ar a aigid fein a aenar, cin adhbar, cin bidbanas `of his own accord', iii 158.8 . a lan dic ar a aighidh fein, 244.y. eneclann don triur is uaisli bis and ar a naigid uodein `on their own account', i 164.21 . .x. samaisci ar a n-aigid bodein `at their own natural value', v 66.28 .

IV In adverbial phrases.

(a) a.¤ i n-a. (FRI, AR, DO etc.) face to face (with). atáit dá clar-cisdi mora ann in n-agaid a n-agaid, Todd Nenn. 94.x . ragab tilaig agid i n-agid dona sluagaib, TBC 4557 . agid fri agid is Glenn Mamra directly facing, Rawl. 73a31 = is and ata sein aigid d'aigid fri glend Mambra, BB 6a9 . ag feitheamh na Tríonnóide aghaidh ar aghaidh face to face, O'Hussey TC 54.16 . In Laws Comm. of things set off against each other: a da nindlighedh aghaidh inaghaidh, Laws ii 140.12, 78.29, i 114.5 .

(b) ar a.¤ forward, ahead: buille air aghaidh a step forward, Donl. vi 19 . do chum gnothuighe móra ar nanama do chur air aghaidh `to help on the great affair of our salvation', 444.19 . ag dul ar aghaidh going forward, TSh. 10793 . Sometimes with poss. referring to subj. of prec. vb. toircidh . . . ar bar n- aghaidh, `right a head', Cog. 86.14 . triall do b'áil ar a haghaidh, Aithd. D. 81.2 . ara aghthib ┐ ara culaib forwards and backwards, CCath. 3612 .

(c) In Laws Comm. do a.¤ , for a.¤ of improper motion of flail: in cet sceinm do leth da aghaidh forwards, Laws iii 222.8 Comm. ata leth aithgin ann for a aighidh when it slips forward, y. noco naithfegtar acht aighidh nama account is taken only of slipping forward, 224.2 .

Compds. With adjj.: abach . . . agedban, CCath. 4099 . occlaech . . . agedchain fairfaced , CCath. 6026 . Aeneas . . . fer imlethan aideadhdherg red-faced , BB 427a50 . gach inad uiscidhe, agaid-fhliuch flooded , MR 256.15 . da óclach . . . agaidhgeala, TBC 4346 v.l. in allchnocoip agadlethnaibh broadfaced, CCath. 5634 . ind fir athlaim agedmóir broad-faced , LL 20345 . With noun: dá lethantrosdán . . . ag imachar a haighedhcnám front bones (shin-bones?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.y .

ágad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ágad or dil.ie/679

n man (B. na f): nī geoin á.¤ .i. nī aithnienn fer, ZCP v 485 § 1 .

ága(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ága(e) or dil.ie/680

x see áige.

agaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. agaid or dil.ie/681

x see agad.

agailt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. agailt or dil.ie/682

x see acallam.

? agailtech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? agailtech or dil.ie/683

ind accedula . . . foghnaidh co mor a naigid na tene diadh ┐ a brisiud ┐ agailtec trid ┐ a cur amail ceirin, 23 Q 5, 5.13 .

agairc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. agairc or dil.ie/684

n (Lat. loanword) agaric: agaricus fungus .i. an a.¤ , 23 K 42. 335.10 . aseadh as a.¤ ann .i. farcan an chroinn darab ainm abies , 11 . sugh losa na feithlinne, ┐ a.¤ , Rosa Ang. 40.15 . is leighes benas risin craidhi, mar ata a.¤ ┐ mirbolani, 144.26 .

agaldemathacha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. agaldemathacha or dil.ie/685

x see acallmach.

ágamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ágamail or dil.ie/686

adj i (2 ág) warlike, valiant: cipe comdaingen agamail , 23 E 29, 70 a4 .

agar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. agar or dil.ie/687

n (ágar?) (cf. ad-ágathar) fear: ni gabhadh aghar na imegla hi, Etudes Celt. i 85.15 . atpertadar . . . nabudh a.¤ leo na Gregu uli, St. Ercuil 581 . d'aghar a aithennta for fear of his being recognized, Etudes Celt. ix 65.20 . is aghar lind ar tregan dó, Ériu viii 58.8 . ?Attrib. g s. tresna murib . . . teinntidi aguir (adur, MS.), RC xxviii 316 § 23 .