1 bres

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bres or dil.ie/6736

n ā, f.

(a) fight, blow; effort: mílid . . . / ciabdar bailc a mbressa, Fél.² Prol. 74 (cebtar bailce bressa, v.l.) = O'Dav. 255. flathi fiann / fais a nduine dían a mbress, LL 7465 ( ZCP xi 110 § 31 ). ? mes breas cleas teass treass tuirenn, IT iii 87 § 92. norannad bledmila in mara immi do bressaib na ruadrama with the blows of the . . . oars, RC xiv 402 § 9. baí bresse (feat of Cú Ch.), LU 9290. a Brí co mbreis `cause of combat', Met. Dinds. iv 228.26 . Note also: cu toracht Griss na gresse / o Boind na banbreisse, LL 21025 ( Met. Dinds. iii 138.6 ). Of labour in childbirth: tancatar bressa brighi ┐ ella da hindsaighid, ┐ rucustar gein meic ann, Acall. 543. tangadar bréasa brighe ┐ alla idhan d'ionnsaighe na hin- ghine `great efforts and mighty birth-pangs', RC xiv 28 § 5 , Ériu v 80.28 .

(b) uproar, din: breas .i. gach greadhan no gach glór, O'Cl. mar'tchuala Míchol in ṁbreis, SR 5969. bid b.¤ bréci, cid bras `a lying noise', Met. Dinds. iv 48.15 .

(c) Metaph. of a hero, chief (or subst. use of 2 b. ?): breas .i. rí. breas tocha .i. as é rí as annsa leam é, O'Cl. Bressal Bregom, / bress īath (fight (i.e. fighter) of lands, Meyer), Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 28 § 19. bress (bress .i. ualglorach, breis . . . .i. bru, v.ll.) Elggae, aue Luirc the champion of Ireland (Meyer), ii 15.10 .? Cf. b.¤ .i. do bruinded, O'Mulc. 188 = breiss .i. dibruindedh, H.3.18, 64c25 . in b.¤ bethrach in brēo bāgach, RC xxxvi 262 § 3 = LL 6451. Braon, b.¤ Laighen lonnghalach `B., the . . . chief of Leinster', FM ii 656.13 . in bress nar' bu báeth the mighty one (sc. the Dagda), Ériu vii 227 § 63. in b.¤ , Met. Dinds. iii 344.91 . 'mon mbress, 370.53 .

(d) beauty, worth: cearbúncail a m-bídh breas ann, Hard. i 282.9 . andsin robáided in breiss (of a lady), Met. Dinds. iii 290.9 . In cheville: ni baoth in breas, Hard. ii 372.3 .

Compds. With vnn.: in toirneach . . . ┐ in breisbēmnech din, TBC² 3126. do chualadar breasmaidm ic a loscudh . . . imon tech `crash', RC xxiii 422 § 40. tucc bresmaidm forro `utterly routed them', Ann. Conn. 1253.13 . na slebti cendmora cairrgecha ac brisiud ┐ ac breasmandugud (bresmaidm, v.l.) risna buindeadaib `breaking and crashing', TTebe 292 .

With adjj. and adjj. derived from nouns: I. bresḟota (bresata, MS.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25 (a) ( IT iii 38 § 26 ). tre chomtroit na ngaeth ngarb . . . mbresmadmannach `of the . . . winds crashing', TTebe 274 .

With vb. bresminigedar gl. frangari, Ml. 108d6 .

2 bres

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bres or dil.ie/6737

Forms: bras

adj o, ā ? Also bras. great, mighty: `b.' is `oll' gach ní as mór, Met. Gl. 9 § 6. breas .i. mór, O'Cl. bras .i. mor, ut est . . . a piana it brasa ( Fél. Prol. 75 ), O'Dav. 255. ris in fogur b.¤ adchualadar i firmamint `crashing noise' (fragor, Theb. vii 123 ), TTebe 2607 .

Expld. as shapely: Eocha B., edon Eocha Cruthach, ar cech cruthach . . . etir mag ┐ dun . . . ┐ ben ┐ fer ┐ ech, is risin mac sin dobiter, con-ep[er]thar as b.¤ dó annsin, RC xii 62 § 21. Eochaid B. .i. E. cruthach . . . cach ní cruthach adcíther ind Erinn is co B. samhlaither .i. Breas mac Ealadh- an, Cóir Anm. 153. As n. pr. m. Breas mac Firb, Lism. L. xxxvii 16.

1 bresal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bresal or dil.ie/6738

n (bres ?): fothath mbran / b.¤ airlig (rhet.), BDD² 331 ` strife ', BDD 35 , ` din (?),' Meyer Contribb. 256. Perh. also as n. pr. m.: ān grīan . . . / goires brēoda Bresuail (breas(s)al, bresual, v.ll.), i.e. Bressal Bēolach, king of Leinster, ed., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 15.9 . dā macc būadaig Bresuail (bresail, v.l.), 18.z. cuic bliadna Breasail in Beóil, LL 4199.

2 bresal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bresal or dil.ie/6739

Forms: breasal

adj (Lat. bresillum, brasilium, name of a pigment. Or Engl. loanword, Gwynn, Hermathena xlvi 2 § 2). breasal ` red raddle ', P. O'C. Used for marking sheep etc. , see Dinn. Cf. combrasul ?

bresalach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bresalach or dil.ie/6740

adj [o, ā] (2 bresal): feuch . . . / air phlaosgaibh carn go breasalach buidhe air fuaradh `of greasy red and yellow' (sc. skulls in a graveyard), E. O'Rahilly 280.6 (1900) .

bresán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bresán or dil.ie/6741

n [o, m.] (1 bres): co tí an brath brúite bresain (: Casān) ` din ', BNnÉ 31 § 44 .

breslech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breslech or dil.ie/6742

x see breislech.

bresminigedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bresminigedar or dil.ie/6743

x see bres compds.

bresnaigecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bresnaigecht or dil.ie/6744

n (1 bres) act of chattering, prattling, conversing agreeably: ag ól ┐ ag imirt, ag beannradh ┐ ag breasnaigheacht, TSh. 526. ag staruidheacht 's ag breasnuidheacht ar bórdaibh, Hackett xxvi 32 .

bressimnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bressimnech or dil.ie/6745

x see breisimnech.

bresta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bresta or dil.ie/6746

Forms: bresta

adj io, iā (1 bres) adj. used in various favourable senses: breasda .i. béodha no suilbhir ` lively, sprightly, cheerful ', P. O'C. co ṁmórbuidin brestai (: frescai) `alert', Fél. July 19 . it brestai in banmaicc, 20 . b.¤ .i. brotla nó beoda nó suilbir, O'Dav. 264. la Bartholom ṁb.¤ `B. the active', Fél. June 13 .i. primda nó ergna, O'Dav. 262. breasda .i. príomhdha, no beodha, no suilbhir, O'Cl. b.¤ ebraice, bresith Genes, b.¤ didiu cenēlta nó caom nó griandae O'Mulc. 142. cethir brāithir buirr, b.¤ (bresa, v.l.) fīan a warrior-band, ready for battle (Meyer), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 27 § 2. fer mór b.¤ i n-airinuch na budnisin, LL 11998 (Táin 4506). cech ní ro alaind . . . is fri Breas indtsamlaichther is b.¤ ┐ is mor in laech is mor ┐ is b. in tine, YBL 137b22 , 23 . brígda in bedg, b.¤ in forrach `spirited the onset', Met. Dinds. iii 210.5 . bé gel-chnes bresda báin-gel ` spirited ', 54.18 .

Compar. brestu (bresta MS.) cech soer a balcbruth `more vigorous' (of Christ), Blathm. 29.