-brena

Cite this: eDIL s.v. -brena or dil.ie/6718

x see brénaid.

brénad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brénad or dil.ie/6719

vn. of brénaid. act of rotting, putrifying, stinking; (trans.) making rotten, defiling: cen lobadh cen brenadh dó (sc. tola muir[é]isc . . . fo tír), Dinds. 76. mar marb ar mbrenadh, Ériu ii 90 § 11. go mbia bréantas ag bréanadh shrón an chiontaigh i n-ifreann, TSh. 6547.

brénaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brénaid or dil.ie/6720

Forms: robrénsat, brénad

v (brén) is rotten, putrid; decays, putrifies; stinks: puteo .i. brēnaim, Corm. Y 1060. robrénsat gl. compotuerunt (= computuerunt, edd.) (et putruerunt), Ml. 58a15 . brénaitt a naon uair `became putrid', FM ii 806.11 . ro bhrén ina bhethaidh, 1182.5 . ni bhrénann gémad fada no bheth astigh it (the cheese) does not go bad, C iv 2, 28vb6 . níor bhréun sé = did not stink, Exod. xvi 24.

Legal becomes obsolete, invalid: brenaid naidm .i. lobaidh as in naidm doniter co hinndligech, O'C. 448 (H. 3.18, 240a22).

Trans. putrifies, renders putrid, stinking: daigh isa cion ron brena that putrifies us, FM ii 618.12 = dāig isī in crī fotbrēna (is aigi notbreána, v.l.), Arch. iii 311 ix § 4 . sceith . . . fo thír co mbrenad in tír (of a sea-monster), LL 22289.

Vn. brénad.

bréntas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bréntas or dil.ie/6721

n (brén) rottenness; stink, stench: morgadh, bréuntas, trúailleacht ` corruption ', Eg. Gl. 461. lán do raibh ┐ bren- tus (= fetor, Gloss.), Aisl. Tund. 97.13 . lan do bhrentus = foetidum (of Calvary), Smaointe B. Chr. 3976. eireóchaidh bréantas dá n-ablachaibh súd, TSh. 6546 = ascendet foetor, etc., Is. xxxiv 3. dá roib aillsi nó bréntus isin sróin, O'Gr. Cat. 191.14.

bréntatu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bréntatu or dil.ie/6722

n = bréntu: na tri b.¤ batar annsin, LB 155a1 . an brentatu buaidirthi roeirig dona hapaigib, TTebe 4851 . Fig. is e na tuc gradh don brentataidh collaidi `carnal corruption ', Lism. L. 4872.

bréntu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bréntu or dil.ie/6723

Forms: brentaidh

n t, [m.] (brén). Treated as f. at Ériu ii 134 § 116 infra. rottenness; stench: inde dicitur putar .i. brenta inde dicitur putidus .i. sindach, Corm. Tr. 138 s.v. putte. amal sluces a nadnacul nersoilcthe ní tete ind ┐ dutét b.¤ as, Ml. 22b1 . do mēit na brentad i llochaib na pian, Ériu ii 134 § 116. co rolín in recles o bréntaid, Lat. Lives 97 § 92. roimdigh an brenta sin vatha = fetor, Aisl. Tund. 110 xv 1 . iar bfagbail brento mair, 96 iii 3 . brentaidh (n s.), 106 xii 1 . adcluinim- si . . . brentada buaidirthi mora I perceive . . . stenches (arising from a battlefield), TTebe 4677 . in tan bátir lána a mbeóil ┐ a sróna di bréntaid in mara of the smell of the sea, LU 1700 (ICM xi). brentaidh ( a s.) inn ǽoir, CCath. 3495. o brentaid dofhulachta na crumi, PH 5626.

bréntur

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bréntur or dil.ie/6724

n = bréntu: dia díaig ┐ dia brentur (a dragon), PH 2507. brentur na bḟiacal ┐ na hanala, 23 K 42 , 347.4 .

breó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breó or dil.ie/6725

Forms: breö, bréo

n d, f., also m. n s. breö (disyll.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25.9 , bréo (monosyll.), Fél. April 15 . flame lit. and fig.; very frequ. of saints, heroes, etc. in complimentary sense: inna briad gránna gl. piræ . . . diræ, Lib. Hymn. i 34 n.24 . breo .i. lasair, Thr. Ir. Gl. 131 s.v. primda ( Fél. April 15 ). bréo .i. teine no lasair, O'Cl. breo di thein, LL 18143. is bréo do loscud (hell), LU 2448. in tech ina thuir trichemrūaid ┐ ina briaid adbulmōir `a huge blaze', Aisl. MC 105.3 . breo tait- nemach amail caindil, Laws i 142.z Comm. cóic cét déc do breoaib tened, Alex. 702. cathair Ch. do loisc sain / dá thoisc gur bris na breoghaib, Caithr. Thoirdh. 33.36 . ro mheabh- aidh na bairilledha ina naén b.¤ lasrach `burst into one blazing flame', FM vi 2012.8 . In phr. b.¤ t(h)ulcha lit. fire on a hill- top , see T 377.7, oft. simply large fire. Of burning as punish- ment for unchastity (cf. nach ingen dogníd buís . . . no breotha, PMLA lvi 941.20 = LL 37043 ): donither . . . bréo tulcha don merdrig iarsin `a hill-fire', Fél. 98.32 . Note further: breo tulcha do denum . . . ina tusmit do genib toratharduib . . . d'uililoscud, CCath. 943. bogeb-sa br[e]ó thelcha tend. / nom loiscc eter chend is choiss, LL 29549 (taken as bró quern, Ériu vii 223 § 34 ).

Fig. Patraicc . . . / breō batses genti `a flame that baptized heathen', Thes. ii 322.5 (Hy. iii). Brigit . . . / breō órde óiblech, 325.15 (Hy. iv). a Stefan . . . a b.¤ náob `O Stephen . . . holy fire', Mon. Tall. 131.16 . b.¤ digla / drech curad (of Lóegaire) (rhetoric), LU 8610 ( FB 46 ). mo siur mo brathair beó (sc. Brigit ┐ Fintan) / ana da (sic leg.) b.¤ fri cech ró, LL 4764. Barra bréo n-eccna `a flame of wisdom', ZCP i 64 § 73. Findachta . . . / breo chet ninsi, IT iii 14 § 29. ān breō cin brēthir mbraisi `a glorious flame' (of a hero), Ériu ii 16 § 7. in brēo bāgach / in glēo gnimach (sc. Crimthann), RC xxxvi 262 § 3. brëo fri brūach `a blaze' (of a shield), Ériu xx 192 § 1. a bhreo (: cheo) dearg (to Aodh Óg), DDána 110.51 . bréo ar bhfírfheirge `the flame of our indignation', Studies 1921, 589 § 5 . (B. na f.) ac proceapt na mbréo (of a devout person who attends religious worship), ZCP v 486 § 8. co rē na mbréou ┐ Aoda Dorndine (= Oirdnide, ed.) (? B. na F.), viii 103.6 = co haimsir na næmh ┐ Aeda Oirdnidi, Ériu ii 186.24 .

In cheville: breō do rath, Ériu vi 122 § 13.

Compds. With nouns. slicht cen breobail `without flaw (?),' Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 1. teine do bhreóghabhail isna bairillibh púdair `flared up', Hugh Roe² 306.25 . brogsat brudni breogaili, RC xxii 395.15 ( BDD 69 Appendix). 'na breólasair `like a bright flame', Studies 1923, 422 § 5 . ion- ann . . . Brighid ┐ breo-shaighead .i. saighead teine, Keat. iii 765 . (n. pr. f.) cona mnai Breóthigirnd, LU 10953. breo thuair, etymol. gl. on brāthair, Laws ii 346.14 Comm. With adj. a Loegairi . . . a bethir breóderg, LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). With verbs. ní do bhreoghoin Seon `wounded J. sorely', Ó Bruad. iii 128.9 . breoagit (= āgit ?) .i. immeclaigit they fear as one fears fire (?) (`etymology' of Brigit), Thes. ii 325.28 . Brigit .i. breosaigit `they flame-seek', 327.18 .

breóad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breóad or dil.ie/6726

Forms: brëud, breód, breódud, breud

n earlier brëud u and o, m. Vn. of breóaid. Later breód, breódud (breóg-). breud (disyll.), SR 879.

(a) act of burning: a teinidh brātha breoïd (deoïd), Ériu iii 30 § 11. a robhriudh, § 14 v.l. ar robo torrach hi ┐ asbert fria muntir a breoad ┐ arai nir lam a mmudugud fri Cond, LU 3186 ( RC ii 90.8 ). nó lastais . . . na [sen]longa lasamna 'arna mbréo[ad] do pic ┐ do geir[id] ┐ do céir `aflame with pitch, etc.', CCath. 2143. deich ccéd etir bhreodh ┐ mhudh- ucchadh ro marbhadh and `by wounding' (burning?), FM i 510.22 = eidir braid, CS 162.4 .

(b) act of enfeebling, crushing, injuring. Cf. brúd (bruud) with similar meanings: 'ar mbeith da bhrigh chorparda 'arna breoghadh `being crushed', BNnÉ 158 § 11 . bruic . . . ┐ míolta . . . muige arna móirbhreogad (by the savaging of hounds), SG 307.29 . isna teidhmibh troma . . . lé ndéantur an duine do bhreódh leis, TSh. 2405. an briseadh ┐ an breódh . . . do-bheirid daosgarshluagh . . . an diabhail ar na hanmaibh damanta, 6261 . do briseadh an chos . . . / is níor bh'iongnadh a breodh, Keat. Poems 1400.

Compd. is iomdha gleacaidhe is gaiscidheach . . . / tháinig díobh do chlaoidhe 's do bhreódhghoin who came away . . . sorely wounded from them, Hackett xxvi 56 .

breoágit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breoágit or dil.ie/6727

x see breó compds.

breó(a)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breó(a)id or dil.ie/6728

Forms: breo(i)did, breot(h)aid, breóite, breóad

v (breó) Later breo(i)did, breot(h)aid.

(a) burns: brūisius, brēosus (breotais .i. loiscis, v.l.) he burned them (Meyer), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 7 § 2 (`he enfeebled them (?),' Fing. R. 459 n .). nach ingen dogníd buís dar cenn aurnaidm no breotha used to be burned, LL 37043. mná in domuin . . . / i tinid bratha breoid `the world's women . . . burn in the fire of Doom', Fél. 190.17 .

(b) enfeebles, weakens, injures, crushes (cf. 1 bruïd): do breoth in gilla . . . Eochaid, YBL 127a11 . go ttarrla[dar] a gluine fa each F. innus gur breogadh co mor hí `it was greatly bruised', Fier. 43. maith do bhreóidh an meanadh mé pierced me, IGT Decl. ex. 495. gur brúghadh ┐ gur breodhadh na cléirigh leo `hurt the clerics', Keat. iii 1431. is comhluath bhriseas ┐ bhreódhas an bás corp an ógáin, TSh. 729. Fig. do breódh ┐ do buaileadh don sgiúirse se (sc. bochtacht), 5429 .

Part. breóite.

Vn. breóad.