breith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breith or dil.ie/6698

x see breth.

breithem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithem or dil.ie/6699

Forms: brithem, breitheamh, breitheam, brithemnu

n n, m., later also o, m. O. Ir. brithem (breth). breitheamh, m., IGT Decl. § 51.

Judge (gl. iudex, arbiter in Wb., Ml. breitheam gl. arbiter, Ir. Gl. 366 ). Lit. `maker of judgments', Lat. iuris consultus, Críth Gabl. p. 79 , and in legal texts usu. in the wider sense of jurist, (`brehon' in the published Laws), whose functions could include that of adjudicating . See also Binchy, Ériu xviii 45. In religious literature, frequently of God or Christ : atá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus gl. omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 . ní áis æccalsa ata brithemin lib, 9c7 . fírbrithem gl. Dominus, 8d25 . brithem . . . .i. Crist gl. Deus iudicabit, 9c2 . in aimsir inna mbritheman, Ml. 104a8 . brithem firianamam gl. arbiter . . . æquissimus, 94b6 . 92a15 . dond fírbrithemain gl. cognitori, 26c11 . fír- brithem gl. iudicem, 27c1 . suide bri[th]emon gl. tribunal ( Act. xxv 10 ), Thes. i 498.17 . aimser breitiman, Hib. Min. 4.5 . in brithem firén (viz. God), LU 1999 ( FA 6 ). tri brith- emain ind rig sin, 7630 (BDD). a brithemnu (v p.), LL 36440 ( RC xxi 380.12 ). hi cathair bretheman `in the judge's seat', Ériu iv 128.15 . dul doib co cend n-athchomairc Muman co brithem Caisil, iii 140.6 . Daniel fáith . . . brethem cundail na senoire = iudicem . . . senum, PH 5587. doïb bas brithem dia brātha (i.e. Pátraic), Arch. iii 303 § 3. do bretheamh choitcenn roæntuighseatt eatarra C. `that C. should be arbitrator between them', Lism. L. 2532. breitheamh breab- óideach, TSh. 6787. b.¤ aislingthi ` interpreter of dreams (of Maelcaba Cleirech)', MR 10.5 . ollam britheman, LL 3722.

In legal texts: atáa mí (sc. mí sílta) nád n-imthet rí acht cethrur . . . rí ┐ brithem ┐ dias i manchuini, Críth Gabl. 537. i faitche . . . breitheamun aird, Laws ii 16.12 . ni breitheamh nach Seanchaidh, ┐ ni Seanchaid nach bretheamh i mBreath- aibh Nimeadh .i. leabhar deridh ṡaothair na Seanchadh ┐ na mbretheamhan bheos, MS. Mat. 575. 17 - 20 , Ériu xiii 7 n.1 . a reir brithemon, Laws iv 212.3 . daernemed tra, saeir . . . ┐ legi ┐ breitemain, v 90.20 . foirbeir saeiri breathemain ┐ sair corigi biatad da fear deg, ┐ cug seoit dec i n-a diri, 30 `the franchise of jurists . . . increases etc.', PRIA xxxvi C 277 § 37 . dú imbet coir fechamain fri athcomarc a brethe don b.¤ where there are competent parties to question the judge on his judgment (Thurn.), Cóic Con. Fug. 57 § 133. breitem teora mbret .i. bret feni ┐ breth filed ┐ breath berla bain `a brehon of three judgments' (has increase of refection and díre), Laws v 92.16 . breitheam tri mberla, coimdiri do fri hoiri tuise, 100.16 . secht mbreitheamain nad fuigliter la Feine seven jurists to whom a case is not brought in Irish law, 352.17 . ni hed dlegur don breitheamuin a radh i ndlegur no na dlegur in cin, ii 52.20 Comm. a nord mbretheman `in the Brehon code', iii 30.z. oc dun breitheaman na tuaiti `the Brehon of the territory', iv 106.2 Comm. Note also: mac breitheman tuaithe `a lay brehon', FM v 1710.8 .

Compd. ceann brughadh is breitheamhmaicne, DDána 89.13 .

breithemacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithemacht or dil.ie/6700

n = breithemnacht: is annsom i mbreitheamacht cor la Feine cuir trene `in the judgment of covenants', Laws iv 54.12 .

breithemail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithemail or dil.ie/6701

x see brethamail.

breithemanda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithemanda or dil.ie/6702

x see brithemandae.

breithemnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithemnach or dil.ie/6703

Forms: breitheamnaigh

n = breithem. v s. a breitheamnaigh , O'Don. 1704 (H. 2.12, no. 8, p. 2).

breithemnacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithemnacht or dil.ie/6704

Forms: brithemnacht, brithemnacht

n ā, f. O. Ir. brithemnacht (breithem). Thurn. Gramm. § 260. judging, judgment, adjudication: doairchet a-llaa ṁbrithemnacte sin, Wb. 6b26 . léicid iudicium deo .i. brithemnacht bes huilliu (an leg. (?), ed.) nísṅdenaith gl. non ergo amplius inuicem iudicemus, 6b29 . ni epur brith- emnact for nech, 8d26 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu ref. to de minimis iudicatis, 9c8 . amal bete som in impudiu inna brithemnacte `in the encompassment of the Doom', 9c10 . combad firián a brithemnacht gl. iudicandi, Ml. 89b15 . brithemnacht firiáin gl. iudicium `righteous judgment', 89b13 . iustitia is du firinni brithemnachtæ téit, 109a2 . air biid aslach oc eráil inna brithemnachtae condár- bastar gné firinne fuiri, 95b6 . bith soer som as in brithem- nacht hisin `he will be free from that judgment', 57c7 . med brithemnachtae dæ, 57d8 . brithemnacht gl. sanctione, 40a3 . mad fír in brithemnacht bess in mente , Thes. ii 4.32 . breith- em an breitheamhnais bīas agan breitheamnacht at the Judgment (of Doom), ZCP viii 199 § 4. atchota milteṅga brithemnacht, LL 345c1 ( RC xlv 14 § 21 ). ni aidlingcet o nachaib rechtaib na fúiglib na brethamnachtaib, acht recht n-aicnid namma, Alex. 850. M. . . . sui brethemhnachta ┐ seanchais `doctor of jurisprudence', AU ii 36.1 . ollamh breithemhnachta Ua Failghe `chief brehon', FM ii 888.18 . In legal texts: concertaim breithemnacht (sic leg.) bais, Laws i 12.24 Comm. lúan do br(e)ithemnacht, do choccertad túath for adjudication (in order of engagements of a king), Críth Gabl. 544. in tan as [re] brethemnacht sin. In tan is re conairib fuigill, etc. `pronouncing of judgment', Laws v 6.16 Comm. in ord breithemnachta `in the laws of the Brehons', i 16.15 (Preface to Senchus Mór).

breithemnaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithemnaid or dil.ie/6705

Forms: breitheamnastair

v = brithemnaigid: breitheamnastair `judicavit', Mann. and Cust. cclxxv n. 495 (H. 2.15).

breithemnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithemnas or dil.ie/6706

Forms: brithemnas, breitheamhnas

n u and o, m. (breithem) O. Ir. brithemnas. breitheamhnas m., IGT Decl. § 38 (88.2) .

(a) adjudication, judgment; jurisdiction . See Thurneysen, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 12 , Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi C, 272 n.1 . cid i n-agar breithemnus berla Feini ? . . . i fir ┐ dliged ┐ aignead, Laws v 2.1 ` jurisprudence ', Mac Neill, loc. cit. ro herbadh do Dub- thach tasfenad breithemnusa ┐ uile filidechta Eirenn `D. was ordered to exhibit the judgments . . . of Erin', Laws i 14.z Comm. conid hé (sc. Dubthach macú Lugair) ro taisfen filidecht ┐ brethemnas ┐ recht fer n-Erend . . . hi fíadnaisi Patraic, LU 9777. atait secht tacarta tacrus breithem, na fairben log einech, na beir as a breithemnus ` brehonship ', Laws v 252.7 .i. as a ollamnas a ndenam, 15 . Commbreitheamnus, ┐ imdenum, ┐ fiadnaise don ḟlaith for a a daercheilaib `(power to pronounce) judgment', ii 344.14 Comm. breitheamnus . . . don eclais for a manchaib, 30 Comm. rigi . . . do chlandaib Luigdech ┐ brithemnas do chlandaib Auluim, co roimchla líth . . .: rige dogrés la clannaib A. ┐ breithemnus dogres la clandaib L., Ériu iii 140.10 , 12 . Luigith Cosc i mbreithemnus, 15 . Giolla Arnáin . . . ollamh Erenn i mbreithemhnus do écc `chief Ollave (professor) of law', FM iii 188.2 . am éolach in cech breithemnos fírén `just judgement', Ériu iv 134.24 . casáin an bhreitheamhnuis = the paths of judgment, Prov. ii 8. bí cuimhneach ar mo bhreitheamhnas-sa (= memor esto iudicii mei), TSh. 643. do láthair bhreitheamhnais do dhéanamh ar Chríost, 3208 . do chúisibh drochamharais ┐ breitheamhnais mhearrdhántha of rash judgment, Desid. 1753. With FOR: sét . . . a brithemnasa for m(b)ruig- recht a s. for his adjudication on land-law (one of the qualifica- tions contributing to the honour-price of the `bóaire febsa'), Críth Gabl. 164. With IMM: breithemnus so berar umun cumaithecus judgment that is pronounced concerning, etc., Laws iv 68. 6 Comm.

With beirid: b.¤ so do berar itir barr in isilneimidh ┐ maigne in isilneimidh, ┐ fear bunaidh na mbech, Laws iv 188.12 Comm. Note further: bíom fad bhreitheamhnas `let me be subject to thy judgement', Aithd. D. 34.15 . bíodh fad bhreith- eamhnas `accept it (a eulogy) . . . or . . . consider it', 33.8 .

Med. indication: ni hann gac aoinchneidh ata bretheamhnus mór aige (sc. an teas) chum maithiusa (= indicium), 23 K 42, 69.19 .

(b) Particularly (Doomsday) Judgment: niurt a thóiniuda fri brithemnas mbrátho `for the Judgment of Doom', Thes. ii 355.2 . breithem an breitheamhnais (of God), ZCP viii 199.25 . lá an bhreitheamhnuis `Day of Judgment', Donl. 484.12 .

breithi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithi or dil.ie/6707

vbl. of necess. of beirid. Thurn. Gramm. 444. brete, berthi, IGT Verbs § 13. is bretti (b., beirthe, v.ll.) a buide, Met. Dinds. iii 264.4 . is bertha don diuice a buidechus don aendia, ZCP vi 49.20 . doba breti crodh ó chill / dá chor fa eite Í Uiginn, IGT Verbs 163. ní riom-sa is beirthe dhuit buidheachas . . . acht lé Míchéal Archaingeal, Keat. iii 624. ní beartha dhuit uaim / nach féadfainn ní do chur ris `you are not to conclude that I could not', Content. xviii 147.

Bréithnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Bréithnech or dil.ie/6708

x see Bréifnech.