breisim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breisim or dil.ie/6691

Forms: -m, bresma

n (with unlen. -m) f. n p. bresma, SR 8137.

(a) noise, din, uproar: a bressim .i. a brisgemnech ┐ a esgal (Coire Brecáin), Corm. 14. b.¤ .i. gáir, O'Cl. brāth, nī ba beg a brisim `uproar', Ériu iii 29 § 1. b.¤ , 30 § 13 . atchualasa . . . bressim ṁbuirb móradbail, LL 32195 ( TTr. 1384 ). rochvala b. thornige móre, TTr.² 853. presimb na sciath, RC xii 98 § 131.

(b) rout, defeat: d'á b.¤ bruide, MR 292.4 . dorat b.¤ forru co romarb ríg etarru `he routed them', TTr.² 1432. bresim brogda da thabairt do Mac D. . . . ar h. C., Ann. Conn. 1342.7 . roba móide brígh ┐ borrfadh na mBúrcach an b.¤ sin `were increased by this defeat', FM vi 1880.16 . Cheville: bressim ngle, RC xxiii 306.21 .

breisimnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breisimnech or dil.ie/6692

n [ā, f.] (breisim) noise, din, crash: atchondairc iarsin in ṡaighnēnrath ┐ in mbreisimnich ┐ in tornich, TBC2 3114 . in breisbēmnech ┐ in tromgal ro chūalusu . . . breisim- neach na narm, 3128 . bressimnech na mborbḟer, LL 32322 `noise', TTr. 1510. in bressimnech brathamailsin, 32242 ( TTr. 1432 ). bressimnech in chathbarr (na ccathbharr, v.l.), Táin 2853 .

bréisiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bréisiu or dil.ie/6693

Forms: breisim

n n, f., Thurn. Gramm. § 730 , vn. of 1 bruinnid. act of flowing, dropping, dripping: brēisiu .i. teibrisi, ut dixit . . . Deithbeir dam ceni andais / adam abra do brēisi (: ēisi), Corm. Y 180. breisi no teibrisi .i. sileadh dér, no uisge, O'Cl. Goill Locha hEathach do mharbhadh imo rígh i mbrési la Domhnall Ua Néill `in a battle', FM ii 654.9 (leg. breisim ?) = do marbad . . . ┐ orgain a loingsi, AU i 464. 10 - 12 .

breislech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breislech or dil.ie/6694

Forms: brislech

n ā, f. (cf. 1 bres). Also brislech. rout, defeat: brón ar cách dot bráthbreislig (rhet.), LU 10389. re bruinne na bresligi brátha sin `final defeat', MR 166.16 . nī lēicc b.¤ nā borbgail, Sits v 1919, 93 § 31 . cath . . . / brislech Muigi Muirthemne `the Breach of M. M.' MR 210.16 . ba borb an b., ┐ fa h-adbal an imesargain, Celt. Rev. iii 308.1 . sa bhreis- ligh uile (of Cú Ch.), DDána 92.31 . in brislech co sin, H. 3.18 603.13 , = Brislech mōr Maige Muirthemne (title of tale), see Heldensage 547 f. , LU 6527. Breslech Maige Murthemne so sís, LL 9562 (TBC). As n. loc. ro gabsat . . . longphort isin Breslig Móir hi Maig M., 9563 (TBC). conid Sesrech Breslige a ainm issin Táin, LU 6513. See Hog. Onom.

bréit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bréit or dil.ie/6695

Forms: bréid, bréide

n bréid m. and f., g s., n p. bréide, IGT Decl. § 45. Earlier (?) brét.

(a) strip, band, length, piece of cloth (etc.), cloth: scarais a hech cenn a b.¤ (brét, v.l.), Thes. ii 341.1 (Hy. v) .i. fobreit bís fo bragait ind eich from the strap (?), 20 . no bid b.¤ dara suilib, LU 305 (ACC). breid ciartha `cerecloth', Lism. L. 310.19 . dorat ind ingen breit dia hetuch dó ma crecht, LU 10445. curtur . . . ar lecc breid tanuidi (= super pannum lineum aut . . . corium tenue) on a thin layer of cloth ? (for ingredients of a poultice), Rosa Ang. 294.10 . (of altar linen, table covering) b.¤ bec dia n-airiter corp Crist, LB 277b25 (`b.¤ bec . . . the corporale, the cloth in which the host is wrapped,' Hermathena xlvi 11 ). ro folchait na buird do breitib núaa, Grail 4 .

(b) Of garments, partic. of a head-covering. cloth, veil, coif, scarf, etc.: copchaille .i. b.¤ bis dar cend `strip of cloth', Thes. ii 339.34 (Hy. v Comm.). caille (.i. brét dub), Arch. iii 20.20 . bred an bantrebhachuis (= velaverunt, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 4543. co mbrétib lín gil imbe `(swaddling) clothes', Todd Lect. vi 48 § 69. Transfd. an bréid . . . ceosa ` pall ', Ó Bruad. iii 58.19 . sailcloth, sail: bréid sídeingi ar slios do luingi, IGT Introd. 24.5 ex. 504 .

(c) shred, fragments , in pl. esp. (torn) pieces, tatters: bret .i. fuidell fragment, Corm. Y 109 (see fuidell). adchíu fodb leiss i mbrétaib (mberttaib, TBC² 2061 ) = na bretaig (a mbreidibh, v.l.), TBC 2764. a n-édaigi ina mbréidib umpu . . . ┐ a cuirp ina crolindtib fola, Acall. 3160 v.l. lottar iaramh ina mbrédibh slóigh gan cennas uadhaibh daoin tighearna `in separate hosts', FM vi 2324.13 .

(Of land): arin b.¤ bic immechtrachsa ḟeraind na hAsia, LL 32428 ( TTr. 1623 ).

Compds. With noun. na sléibhte fa bhréid-ionar bhraoin- fhliuch, Hackett² xxx 75. With adj. fa m-bratachaib . . . breid-gela, MR 224.4 .

bréitech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bréitech or dil.ie/6696

adj o, ā (bréit) consisting of, containing lengths or strips: an brugh brúidhneach bíomach bréideach, 23 G 24 , 400.7 . As subst. ar ghaoith ní díon an bhréideach `frieze rag' (of a garment), Tribes of Irel. 66.13 .

As n. loc. see brédach, brétach, etc., Hog. Onom.

bréited

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bréited or dil.ie/6697

vn. of brétaid. IGT Verbs § 71. eng barraid arna brédeadh, ex. 633 .

breith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breith or dil.ie/6698

x see breth.

breithem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithem or dil.ie/6699

Forms: brithem, breitheamh, breitheam, brithemnu

n n, m., later also o, m. O. Ir. brithem (breth). breitheamh, m., IGT Decl. § 51.

Judge (gl. iudex, arbiter in Wb., Ml. breitheam gl. arbiter, Ir. Gl. 366 ). Lit. `maker of judgments', Lat. iuris consultus, Críth Gabl. p. 79 , and in legal texts usu. in the wider sense of jurist, (`brehon' in the published Laws), whose functions could include that of adjudicating . See also Binchy, Ériu xviii 45. In religious literature, frequently of God or Christ : atá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus gl. omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 . ní áis æccalsa ata brithemin lib, 9c7 . fírbrithem gl. Dominus, 8d25 . brithem . . . .i. Crist gl. Deus iudicabit, 9c2 . in aimsir inna mbritheman, Ml. 104a8 . brithem firianamam gl. arbiter . . . æquissimus, 94b6 . 92a15 . dond fírbrithemain gl. cognitori, 26c11 . fír- brithem gl. iudicem, 27c1 . suide bri[th]emon gl. tribunal ( Act. xxv 10 ), Thes. i 498.17 . aimser breitiman, Hib. Min. 4.5 . in brithem firén (viz. God), LU 1999 ( FA 6 ). tri brith- emain ind rig sin, 7630 (BDD). a brithemnu (v p.), LL 36440 ( RC xxi 380.12 ). hi cathair bretheman `in the judge's seat', Ériu iv 128.15 . dul doib co cend n-athchomairc Muman co brithem Caisil, iii 140.6 . Daniel fáith . . . brethem cundail na senoire = iudicem . . . senum, PH 5587. doïb bas brithem dia brātha (i.e. Pátraic), Arch. iii 303 § 3. do bretheamh choitcenn roæntuighseatt eatarra C. `that C. should be arbitrator between them', Lism. L. 2532. breitheamh breab- óideach, TSh. 6787. b.¤ aislingthi ` interpreter of dreams (of Maelcaba Cleirech)', MR 10.5 . ollam britheman, LL 3722.

In legal texts: atáa mí (sc. mí sílta) nád n-imthet rí acht cethrur . . . rí ┐ brithem ┐ dias i manchuini, Críth Gabl. 537. i faitche . . . breitheamun aird, Laws ii 16.12 . ni breitheamh nach Seanchaidh, ┐ ni Seanchaid nach bretheamh i mBreath- aibh Nimeadh .i. leabhar deridh ṡaothair na Seanchadh ┐ na mbretheamhan bheos, MS. Mat. 575. 17 - 20 , Ériu xiii 7 n.1 . a reir brithemon, Laws iv 212.3 . daernemed tra, saeir . . . ┐ legi ┐ breitemain, v 90.20 . foirbeir saeiri breathemain ┐ sair corigi biatad da fear deg, ┐ cug seoit dec i n-a diri, 30 `the franchise of jurists . . . increases etc.', PRIA xxxvi C 277 § 37 . dú imbet coir fechamain fri athcomarc a brethe don b.¤ where there are competent parties to question the judge on his judgment (Thurn.), Cóic Con. Fug. 57 § 133. breitem teora mbret .i. bret feni ┐ breth filed ┐ breath berla bain `a brehon of three judgments' (has increase of refection and díre), Laws v 92.16 . breitheam tri mberla, coimdiri do fri hoiri tuise, 100.16 . secht mbreitheamain nad fuigliter la Feine seven jurists to whom a case is not brought in Irish law, 352.17 . ni hed dlegur don breitheamuin a radh i ndlegur no na dlegur in cin, ii 52.20 Comm. a nord mbretheman `in the Brehon code', iii 30.z. oc dun breitheaman na tuaiti `the Brehon of the territory', iv 106.2 Comm. Note also: mac breitheman tuaithe `a lay brehon', FM v 1710.8 .

Compd. ceann brughadh is breitheamhmaicne, DDána 89.13 .

breithemacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithemacht or dil.ie/6700

n = breithemnacht: is annsom i mbreitheamacht cor la Feine cuir trene `in the judgment of covenants', Laws iv 54.12 .

breithemail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithemail or dil.ie/6701

x see brethamail.