Bolg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Bolg or dil.ie/6350

Forms: Bolga, Bulga, Bolga, Bulca, Builg, Bolg, Bolgthuath, Bolgraige, Builg

pn Bolga, Bulga in population and place-names, etc. Taken to mean `lightning' < Celt. *Bolgos; Bolga, Bulca `of the lightning' (?) < *Bolgios, and expld. as forms of a divine epithet, O'Rahilly, Early Ir. Hist. and Myth. 51 f .; cf. `the goddess Bolga', Rhys, Proc. Brit. Acad. vi 106 (1913) , iv 251 (1910) . For alternative explanations see infra.

In tribal and population names: genelach hūa mBuilc (mBuilg, Hūi Builg, v.ll.), Corp. Gen. 262. Fir B., Tuath B., name of a prehistoric or mythological people in Ireland, variously expld. F.B. = earlier Builg, a pluralized form of Bolg, a deity-name, were `in origin an offshoot of the Belgae,' O'Rahilly, loc. cit. 54 . Mac Neill, PRIA xxix C (1911) 81 - 82 and Pokorny, ZCP xi 189 f ., as also native writers of legendary history (but cf. Lec. 181va49 infra), refer F.B. to 1 bolg, Mac Neill regarding it as `an occupation-name' applied to pre-Goidelic tribes (= Bolgthuath, Bolgraige) meaning `people of leathern bags', later extended to the subjugated population in general, Pokorny as meaning `men of the skin bags ' (i.e. `boats made of hide'); Van Hamel, ZCP x 186 - 188 describing F.B. as mythological beings takes B.¤ as g p. of 2 bolg. From Celtic *bolg-/*belg- `the swollen, wrathful´ acc. to Carey, CMCS xvi 80-83 . Cf. B.¤ in nn. loc. infra. Fir Bolg im, rogabsat Manaind = Builc autem cum suis tenuit Euboniam insulam, LBretnach 13 . for tuaith mBolc, ZCP xiv 174.4 . tuatha Dē . . . / im thuaith mBolc bāigsit rīge, 176.1 . for Feraib B. (: hanord), Met. Dinds. iii 170.1 . gnídís (sc. Fir B.) barca doibh dia mbolgaibh . . . do theacht i nErinn amal asbeart Cin Droma Snechta, ZCP x 186.15 (BB), cf. LL 652. fir i mbalggaib (: ardglain) ba mór nert, 960 . is airi asbeardda[i]s Fir Bolc immecurdis fir earann (ed. would read úir nÉrenn) i mbolcaib do reic fri Grecu . . . ar nathracha, Geneal. Tracts 197.13 . Specific and general signification of name F.B.: nach d'Feraib B. Gaileoin na Domhnannaigh . . . fír sin tra iarna slonnadh ghnethech. Gidhedh iarna slonnadh coit- chenn, as ainm diles dona tri Tuathaibh remraite F. B., PRIA xxix C 82 n. 1. is aen-gabail iad (viz. Fir B. ┐ Gaileoin ┐ Fir Domnand) iar mbunudus, ITS xxxix 146 § 262 (Leb. Gab.). Grec ┐ Laiden ┐ Bretnais ac Fearaib Bolc ┐ Belgaid acu i nErinn , Lec. 181va48 . Fir B. . . . ó na bolgaibh leathair do bhíodh aca 'san nGréig, Keat. i 194.5 .

In nn. pr. (see O'Rahilly, loc. cit. 43 f.): m. Ōengusa Builg, Corp. Gen. 262. dā mac Luigdech: Ōengus B. et Ōengus Dublesc, Rawl. 155b12 . Aed Bolgc, rí Duin Chermna, ACC 138.21 . tenid i rraith Aeda builc, AU i 94.6 . ingen d'Aed Builg (: chuirp) mac Ḟingin, LL 17149 ( RC xlvii 308.15 ). As n. pr. f.: Bolc Ban-bretnach . . . do Bhretnaibh, Cóir Anm. 54. Bolce banbretnach, Anecd. iii 57.5 . mathair Chuirc . . . / Bolga Manand Bret[n]ach brass, LL 17011 ( RC xlvii 304.22 ). ? Name of deity: M. Ailella Ērand Dé Bolgae, is é tōesech ar-ránic faga (m. Aililla De Bolga . . . rānic foga, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 376. 17 .

In nn. loc., see Hog. Onom. s.v. aithbe, cluain, dún, b.¤ , bolga, etc. O'Rahilly, loc. cit. 43-5, gives list of place-names contain- ing B.¤ which he regards as g p. of Builg (= Fir B.); refd. to 2 b. by Van Hamel, ZCP x 187 and Meyer Contribb. 236. Belach Dúin B., RC xiii 66 § 67. Mag mB. (mbolga, v.l.) former name of Mag n-Ítha, Met. Dinds. iv 90.23 .

see Hamp, Ériu xxiv 179 f. In phr. gae bolga, bulga, see gae, G 10.80 , `spear of Bulga' (`or Bolga'), O'Rahilly, Early Ir. Hist. and Myth. 51 , 52 , 61 ff., cf. Rhys. Trans. of the International Congress of the History of Religions, vol. ii 207, 1908 , cited by O'Rahilly loc. cit. 55 ; `gapped spear', Meyer Contribb. 236 : referred to 1 b. with meaning `Blasenspeer', Pokorny, ZCP xii 200. fichid Loch isind áth cosin gaí bolga, LU 6234 (TBC). eter . . . gai bolcai ┐ bai brasi (in list of Cú Chulainn's feats), 8443 ( FB 30 ). gai bolga, 9290 .

Compd. le Bolg-thuathaib Bagna denam a isdad, Hy Maine 90.13 . Cf. T[uatha] Bolgraighe ┐ clain Deguail (sc. athechthuatha) for Cenel Conaill, RC xx 338.13 . Bolgraidhe, 336.26 . Bolgraighe for críochaibh Conuill, Geneal. Tracts 77.3 .

1 bolgach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bolgach or dil.ie/6351

Forms: bolcach

adj o, ā (1 bolg). Also bolcach. cait[h]creasa . . . bolgacha . . . im taebu `swollen' (?), CCath. 5342. cosin mbrúchtaig mbolgaig .i. nūa corma `to the bubble-burster— new ale', Aisl. MC 99.26 . d'ass buide bolcach `bubbling milk', 101.10 . do mhuir bhráonghlais bhalgaigh bháin ` billowy ', Sc. G. St. iv 64 § 16. ceso femmuin mbolgaig mbuṅg `blistered sea-weed', Corm. Bodl. 34.26 (s.v. prull).

2 bolgach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bolgach or dil.ie/6352

n ā, f. (1 bolg) name of disease(s) characterized by eruptive spots or pustules on the skin, smallpox (see Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 184 ); boils: ar in ṁbolgaig ┐ ar in ṁbuidechair, LL 374c15 . bolcgach la sruth fola fann (boil(s), Exod. ix 9 , 11 ), SR 3935. plág bólgaige broithce dia nepletar prímgeni Egepti . . . iter dóine ┐ cethra, LB 118a45 . lepra grauissima quae uocatur B., CS 106.2 . Cf. `a great leprosie . . . called the pox in Irish `bolgagh',' Ann. Clonmacnoise A.D. 675 . in b.¤ `smallpox', Rosa Ang. 302.9 . ar mór . . . lasin mb.¤ bhig, ALC ii 518.30 . amhail téid an bh.¤ ón athair san gcloinn, TSh. 3301. easláinte gráineamhla mar atá b.¤ , Eochairsg. 93.33 . morbus gallicus . . . .i. . . . b.¤ ḟrangcach syphilis , 23 K 42, 273.11. b.¤ liath `the grey pox ', Ó Bruad. ii 144.21 . b.¤ léusach `the swine pox ', P. O'C.

bolgadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bolgadach or dil.ie/6353

n [ā, f.] (1 bolg): hicsa Brigh .i. in bolgadaig ru bui for a gruaid (B. cured him) i.e. the blisters on his cheek, H. 3.18, 385b19 (= Laws iv 16.8 - 11 Comm. and see Celtica vi 228 ).

? bolgadan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? bolgadan or dil.ie/6354

n is culmaire (.i. is cairptech) b.¤ (.i. dar berna) (rhet.), LU 8903 ( FB 68 ). Or read bolgadach (MS. bolgadā) `swollen (?) chariot-rider´ ZCP xi 192 , cf. Ériu xiii 165 . Cf. bolgadach.

bolgaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bolgaid or dil.ie/6355

Forms: boilgid, builgid, blog

v (1 bolg) also boilgid, builgid. swells, distends: ra bulgsetar a n-óli ┐ a sróna mar bulgu goband (of bulls), LL 12370 (TBC) = ro bolccsatar . . ., TBC St. 5032. ra boilgsetar (of warriors in battle), LL 32328 ( TTr. 1517 ). ? Eochaid Gunnata .i. ro gunnataich .i. ro bolg. Ar is leis ro fodailtea Conaille fo Erind he scattered (?) (`broke up', Stokes), Cóir Anm. 293 (leg. blog ?).

bolgaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bolgaigid or dil.ie/6356

Forms: bolgigim

v (1 bolg) bubbles (up) : bolgigim gl. bullo, ZCP xxi 281.16 . pulla quasi bulla a verbo bullio .i. bolgaigim, Corm. Tr. 139.

bolgairecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bolgairecht or dil.ie/6357

n [ā, f.] (1 bolg) (act of) blowing a bellows; bellows- blowing: rogabatar ag bolcairecht fotha amail nobeth iarn i tenluch (= follibus sufflantes), Aisl. Tund. 105.3 . dentur an taor dfuaradh re línedach, mar doniter bolg[aireacht], Rosa Ang. 60.7 . lucht bolgairechta `bellows-blowers', Laws iii 190.18 Comm.

bolgán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bolgán or dil.ie/6358

n o, m. (1 bolg) belly, midriff; middle, centre; bag: bolgan .i. buillscén no meadhón, O'Cl. ro ghabh nathraigh mbí ar b.¤ (bolccán, v.l.) ina glaic `by the belly', CCath. 4194. peata reithe . . . ┐ bolgān glē-geal aige, Feis TC 508. In comic name: meic bolgāin buic bánghlain ` midriff ', Aisl. MC 35.4 . gearán . . . na ttonn . . . re taobhaibh ┐ re bolgán- aibh na leathánluinge bulging sides, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1050. go bronn-lár nó go b.¤ na bruidhne sin `very centre' (Vocab.), TSh. 6649. coa mbolganaib up to their shafts (?) (of spears), LL 10005 ( TBC 2952 ). ras-gabastar chuci ara balcb.¤ (a spear), TTr. 962 ( LL 31773 ). ar bolganaib a slegh ┐ ar imdornaib a cloidem, Ériu viii 32.23 . an b.¤ soighiod = quiver, Is. xvii 6.

In phr. b.¤ belc(h)e, see belc(h)e.

bolgfadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bolgfadach or dil.ie/6359

n ā, f. (1 bolg) panting, puffing; blowing; snort, snorting: a ngníthech ┐ a mbolcfadach (of warriors in combat), Death-tales 38 § 5. bolgfadhach ┐ seitfedhach . . . na n-an- radh, CCath. 5869. re bolgfadaig a curad, MR 192.3 . búdhaire, béiceadh ┐ bolgfadhach (sc. sounds in hell), TSh. 6539. gach bolgfadhach tig ód cheann snore, Measgra D. 5.47 . See next wd.

bolgfarnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bolgfarnach or dil.ie/6360

Forms: bolgarnach

n = bolgfadach: cubranach ┐ b.¤ na fola . . . ic tepersin 'na taesccaibh ` bubbling ', CCath. 5928. bolgarnach `a constant puffing, blowing ', P. O'C.