2 bith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bith or dil.ie/5972

x see 1 buith.

bíth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíth or dil.ie/5973

Forms: bith, guin

old vn. of benaid (see Thurn. Gramm. § 735 ) act of striking; wounding: is líach a bith, LU 6932 (BDD) (a orguin, 7008 ). bith .i. guin, Lec. Gl. 53. b.¤ .i. guin, O'Cl. bith hail le ni na hail (etym. gloss on biaill) ` wound ', Laws i 140.1 Comm. bith, guin, Eg. Gl. 708.

Usually fo (later also ar, do, tre) b.¤ , bíthin (later appar. bithin) as preposition and conjunction.

I As prep. because of, on account of, for the sake of, lit. under the stroke of , cf. Thurn. Gramm. § 858 : fo b.¤ soíre ceneiuil inna ngrec gl. honoris causa suae gentis, Sg. 40a4 . fo b.¤ gl. pro, 198a20 . fo bíith precepte dóib, Wb. 9b19 . fo bith inna soebapstal, 18d1 . fo bar mbíd-si `on account of you', 23d11 . fubíthin creitme ria cách, Thes. ii 240.19 (Ardm.). fobithin iond forcetail `because of the instruction' (according to ?), Mon. Tall. 129.1 . fo chen duit . . . fo b.¤ na mná, LU 3430 ( SC 20 ). fo b.¤ na fortacht ┐ na hícce, PH 6263. fo bith taisi na naem indti (of díre due to a `vacant' church), Laws v 124.25 Comm. ar bithin eiccni tuc T. ara derbshiair-si, TTebe 1862 . ar bhithin einigh Ferghusa, ZCP viii 551.11 . dobhithin na gona doradais form, Buile S. 146.10 . do bhithin (: bhfrithir) doirre Domhnuill `because of D.'s displeasure', TD 15.8 . bedgaid do bhithin (: chrithir) a chráid, O'Gr. Cat. 461.15. dá bhíth because of it, Measgra D. 57.2 . dia bhíthin sin `for that reason', Fl. Earls 122.24 . da bhithe sin, Luc. Fid. 3990. trí bhíthin do bráthbémmend[a] by (means of), TBC 6012. tre bítin an credme sin, RC xvii 154.18 (Tig.). tre bithin gaoil do beith aca fria cele, BNnÉ 322 § 28 . trena bithin `through his means', TTebe 4149 . fo bith tabarta do chách a chomraime ┐ a gascid for the purpose of giving, LU 3229 ( SC 2 ).

II As causal conj. ( Thurn. Gramm. § 905 ) because, for, since: fo bith is taipe inso, Ml. 14d4 . fo bithin arachiurat `because they will perish', 59b9 . fo b.¤ is nephchorpdae són, Sg. 107a1 . absidias .i. circulos .i. fubíth dongníat cercol, BCr. 18d2 . fobith nád comthoet `o' in `is' `because they do not convert `o' into `is',' Sg. 163a1 . fob. ṅoenaigedar a cialla ar chinn, 172a4 . fobithin ní mór tolnathar di día `because . . . is not greatly pleasing to God', Mon. Tall. 134.19 . fo b.¤ no bíid, LU 5079 = fo bithi (-i later, edd.), TBC² 593. fo bith is ditaithme `because it is irrevocable' (of a prescriptive right), Laws v 314.20 . fó bh.¤ as beg lenus Iosa Críosd, RSClára 142b . ar bith ba slúagad baga dó in sluagad, TBC 462.

Extended forms: dobīthin gur uo hēiccen dōip, Fl. Earls 24.27 . fobithin ar na fodlat ind tuati `because the lay folk do not distribute', Mon. Tall. 141.14 . fó bith ar is d'óenóentaib bátar . . . hi cend Ulad, LU 3446 ( SC 22 ). ? an tan atusa do niort . . . do fiondfasa ar bhithín on att dhealbh troch fort, ZCP x 293.11 . uair (= ar) bhithin on am cnethach croilin- teac[h], 291.28 .

Rarely as final conj.: fo bithin co ro cuiredh si Brian tar muir `in order that she might send B.', RC xxiv 176.12 . fob. na rucad gubreith, Ériu iv 24.23 . ar bithin nach helodis uatha, TTebe 3874 .

bithamla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bithamla or dil.ie/5974

adj bid bitamla les / a tiachtuin sa ég (sic) ` immortal ', Fen. 202.y (compd. of bith ?).

bithamnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bithamnach or dil.ie/5975

x see bithbinech.

bithbenach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bithbenach or dil.ie/5976

x bithbinech.

bithbinche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bithbinche or dil.ie/5977

n , f. (bithbinech) habitual viciousness, criminality: mac fonocair a aithir ara b.¤ a son whom his father proclaims for criminality (one of nine designations of sons whose fathers are not bound to joint fosterage), O'C. 2095 (H. 4.22, 73-74). cinta b.¤ `crimes of delinquency' (of a foster-son), Laws ii 178.12 Comm. iar na focra don aite a bithbince don athair `of his (son's) misconduct', 18 Comm. (of fighting dogs) lan fiach fo bithbinchi o cach dib ina ceile, iii 194.21 Comm. leth fiach fo b.¤ for boin, 228.15 Comm. (of destructive hens) comu fiach bithbinchi uathib is na bechaib, iv 116.22 Comm. (of damage done by driven cattle) leth [fiach] for na hanmandu fo bithbiniche `habitual viciousness', v 138.5 Comm. acht narab tre bichbinchi foglaigit ris `confirmed viciousness', 488. z Comm. (of a defective structure) acht mane tormaigea bitbinche .i. in dénta, no aicbeile ngnimraidh, iii 174 n.1 . lan fiach fo b.¤ in denta o fir in denta `according to the imper- fection of the structure', 254.27 Comm.

bithbinech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bithbinech or dil.ie/5978

Forms: -binach, -benach, -emnach, bithbhineach, bithmunach, bitheamhnach, bithbhineach

adj o, ā (bith + binech). habitually criminal, vicious: ni toltnaigend do Dia . . . oircisecht do n-aeṅduine b.¤ malartas in sochaidi `on any inveterate criminal', PH 4218. In Laws Comm. of vicious or destructive animals: masa muca cetcintacha . . . masa muca bithbinecha, iii 244.7 . ma bith- binach, is aithgin in cach oen (of a cow), v 152.20 .

Compar. bithbhinchi . . . leisin nughdar a gait as in nuth ina as in lestur `more wicked' (of stealing a cow's milk), Laws iii 230.9 Comm.

As subst. o, m. Also -binach, -benach, -emnach. bithbhineach (-bheanach, v.l.), bithmunach (biothúnach, v.l.) is proscribed, IGT Decl. § 22. (habitual) criminal, thief, robber: bitheamhnach, Eg. Gl. 97. bás foglada (bithbenaig, v.l.), Triads 92 . cach cintach nach coiscther / cech b.¤ braith, LL 18644 ( PRIA xix 552 ). iorghabh an bith-beanach ughad `criminal', BNnÉ 109 § 39 . ro mudhaidh meirleacha ┐ bith- benacha, Cog. 136.27 . croch na bithbhinaigh `hang robbers', Ériu v 134 § 76. ar an mbitheamhnach, Jer. ii 26. go n-airg brugh an bhithbhinigh, IGT Decl. ex. 808. d'eagla go dteigeómhadh ar bhithbheanachaibh mé, Desid. 2942. bithbhineach = fur, TSh. 2245. is gaduidhe é ┐ biothamh- nach (John x 1), Donl. 330.20 .

bíthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíthe or dil.ie/5979

Forms: bithe

io, iā part. of benaid. Thurn. Gramm. § 715 , Greene, Ériu xix 113.

(a) struck: a nnarobsa bithe gl. perculsus, Ml. 45d6 . bithe gl. iecta, 123c17 . A . . . bithe ` mangled ' (`uxorious', Gloss.), Met. Dinds. iv 112.68 .

(b) As laudatory adj. smooth, mild, modest: briathraib bithib bithblaithib, SR 5814. for lurg a búair b.¤ (: fíche), Met. Dinds. iv 198.44 . O. setig Séim bláith bíthi, LL 16477. [fi]r bláthi bithi (beodha, v.l.) borba, Ériu viii 70.7 . gid borb is búilidh / gid beodha is b.¤ , Caithr. Thoirdh. 76.27 . Ultan bíthi, Gorm. May 24. (of women) cadla .i. . . . bithi, O'Dav. 433 ( Fél. Dec. 9 ). buidne bithi banamla, TTebe 2228 . ben b. bannda dhiadha ` demure ', FM vi 2222.16 . bithe .i. bannda, O'Cl. a chraobh bh.¤ bhanda, DDána 80.28 . In comic n. pr. mac . . . meic bairr braisce b.¤ , Aisl. MC 35.4 . at b.¤ `hood', Eachtra Uill. 1889 (`soft hat', Ériu xix 113.36 ). ? nístibred im báig mb.¤ / dáil fria cness fria cóem-chíche, Met. Dinds. iii 190.23 .

Compar. bithe ina cach náidhi (of Brigit), Lism.L. 1226 . bíthi nā marb more exhausted than a dead man, Caithr. Thoirdh. 117.12 .

See benta.

? bithecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? bithecht or dil.ie/5980

n (1 bith + icht ?) constancy (?): bidecht fri hespaib, Hib. Min. 41.23 = bíthecht fri bésaib, LL 371c31 .

bithemnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bithemnach or dil.ie/5981

x see bithbinech.

? bíthi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? bíthi or dil.ie/5982

ind nīp rota (niprot, v.l.) mb.¤ , Arch. iii 297 § 56. ? Leg. níp rotám bíthi `it shan´t be a lethargy languid´ JCS ii 100 § 56 . = bíthe ?