2 bíattach

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adj o, ā (bíathad) providing food: orba biatach mboair- each, Laws iv 44.10 `the sustaining hereditary land of a `bóaire'' (Binchy, Ériu xx 187 n.4 ). conad he ferann da nden- ann ín boaire medonach, no ín boaire is taire a bethugad, 46. 22 - 24 Comm. páirt an fhial-bhalcáin bhiadhtaich of the hospitable and free-flowing bowl, Hard. i 154.6 .

bíattachas

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n o, m. (1 bíattach) the condition of being a bíattach or under obligation to supply food; provision of food, hospitality: gach uili duine do bhi fa bhiadhtachas ┐ fa dhaeirsi (= servi), ITS xix 28.4 (Preface xiv 7-19). an biathachas do bhi d'fhiachaibh orra-san do thabhairt refection , Keat. iii 2628. buaid n-enig et n-oededchairi ┐ biatachais ` hospitality ', Fen. 166.12 . lé biadthachos nó lé bronntanos, Desid. 18.28 (note).

bíattaigecht

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n [ā, f.](bíattach) office of the bíattach The Irish Jurist i 294 n. 15 : uair i mbiataigecht ro bái sí . . . do ríg Lagen, Ériu i 132.28 .

bíattas

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Forms: bíattais, biatas, biatais

n m. Also bíattais f. (Engl. loanword: ME bētes, beetes Celtica xiii 110 ) beet: biatas pl. biatais `the herb beet ', Met. a potatoe ', P. O'C. beta et pleta et sicla .i. tri hanmanna in biatusa (`betony'). RC ix 227.12b . bleta ┐ beta ┐ sicla .i. biatuis, Arch. i 331.22 . biatus ┐ finēl (= sicla: bleta: feniculum), RSláinte 930. cuir líon, biatuis ┐ pónra, PCT 594. as borb an bhiataisi, 669 . do Bheal- aighthe na Bláithidhe nó na mBaidhtaisidhe (sic) `of the Beet-roots', E. O'Rahilly (1900) 242.6 . biatus `beet root´ Ériu x 146 § 3 .

biba

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x see boingid.

? bibal

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n comlethet a aigthi d'or ara b.¤ , Anecd. ii 75. 4 .

bíbalta

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adj (bíbla) pertaining to the Bible, biblical: an ghluais bhiobalta, Luc. Fid. 4849.

bibasc

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x see mimasc.

bibdamnacht

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n [ā, f.](bibdu) liability; guilt, criminality: aingid imdibe ar b.¤ rectto `circumcision protects from the condemna- tion of the Law', Wb. 1d15 . imfolngai són immurgu b.¤ do doinib gl. in diuitibus elatís reus est, Ml. 69a23 .

bibdanas

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Forms: bidbanas

n o, m. (bibdu) later bidbanas.

(a) guilt; iniquity; crime: dorumeoin retu .i. . . . ro finnad a mb.¤ fri Dia . . . ┐ ondi as reatus atá rétu, LU 1071 ( ACC 108 ). bu faill dho cin in bidbanus d'urfocra `not to give warning of the criminal- ity', Laws v 160.20 Comm. druth oc buala[dh] can adbur can bidbanus ` viciousness ', 142.18 Comm. ro baighit na bidhbhanais evils were suppressed, MR 100.9 .

(b) enmity, hostility: ar loṅgais ┐ bidbanas, TBC 466. diṅgbáil de cech aín risi ndernai a athair bidbanus, LL 31521 ( TTr. 707 ). adhbur a mbidbanais, Acall. 6705. tri beimenna bidbanais, MR 200.19 . aes bidbunais na crichi `the enemies of the territory', Laws iii 500.25 Comm.

bibdu

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Forms: bidba, bibdid, bibdad, bidhba, bidbad

n d, m. later bidba. See Pokorny, KZ xlvii 163 , Thurn. Gramm. § 203 , 323.4 . n s. b.¤ , Wb. 6c21 . n pl. bibdid, 2a14 , Ml. 45b10 , 62d5 , 143b1 (see note), bibdaid, 114d4 . g pl. bibdad, Ml. 49d12 . bidhba m., IGT Decl. § 21.

(a) one who is guilty, liable, condemned; a criminal, culprit: gl. rei Ml. 70a3 , 114d4 . gl. obnoxii, 45b10 . 143b1 . bidba graece bitheumatur (sic, for bi-θάνατος , Corm. Tr. 23 ) .i. bis mortuus. adrolli a bás fo dí, Thr. Ir. Gl. 8. reus cach bidba, Met. Gl. 4.25 . `ciol' bás is `biodhbha' leatrom, 28.43 . dede hi roptar bibdaid som .i. in dermut gnimae ṅdæ . . . gl. dupliciter rei, Ml. 124c2 . cach bidba ina chinta do neoch no ḟuasnabad cáin, Thr. Ir. Gl. 30 s. Mogh Eime. genti bidbaid bertar (ber(r)thair, v.ll.) pagans (who are) guilty (?), Fél. Prol. 175. in b.¤ ┐ in cintach na chinaid ┐ logad da anmain `the guilty and the criminal for his crime [to be forfeit],' RC vi 165.7 ( LU 9783 ). bidbaid duit-siu sind uile we are all responsible for you, TFerbe 219 . sreth a salmaib . . . / do escaini, mod cen cleith, / ond eclais for cach mbidbaid, Hib. Min. 45.7 . biodhbha do leanb Moire mé, DDána 31.26 . In legal contexts: bidbu cach leices bidbudu he who lets criminals escape is himself a culprit, Laws i 12.20 . mani eirre bidbaid . . asren fine a llānfīachu īar mēitt a chinad, Caín Ad. 47. fo cerdcar crann forro . . . dus cia dib do toth bidba do tabairt `the guilty party' (viz. a savage animal), Laws iv 102.16 Comm.

With follg. gen. of law, rule, etc.: bídba thimmna Dé `guilty of breaking God's commandment', Trip. 396. 3 . b.¤ rechta, SR 6861. comadh bidhbu in ríghrechta Romhán- aigh. . . . Césair that C. was guilty as regards the Roman state, CCath. 224.

In phr. b.¤ báis (cf. Lat. mortis reus) (one) condemned to death, deserving of death: ar ba b.¤ leusom intí nád imdibthe, Wb. 1d15 . atbert robo bidba b.¤ di nach eperad fris, Thr. Ir. Gl. 28. is bidba b.¤ do Dīa ┐ do dōinib, Ériu i 218 § 3. bidhbha bais ┐ . . . fogarthach a hErinn, IT iii 198 § 55. fir bidhbuidh báis `men deserving of death', RC x 90.14 (ICM). bar bib- daith bāis ind you are doomed to death for him (?), ZCP viii 311.5 . is bídbha dingmhala bais tú (said by the Jews to our Lord), Smaointe B. Chr. 3668. Note also: ba bidba troch co trom-neim `a culprit fated to evil doom', Met. Dinds. iii 172.14 .

(b) In Laws also of opposing party in action, claim, etc. defendant (opp. to feichem toicheda plaintiff): indligidh dono don bidbaidh a elodsum im dlighedh `defendant', Laws i 114.20 Comm. da-rad in fechem toicheda fein fuilled cairde do'n bidbaidh, v 378.z Comm. ce beth cin co beth caemachta imgabala ag bidbuid, 150.8 , 9 Comm. mani uil i seilb in bidbad anarra is deisse re feichemuin toicheda, 420.29 Comm.

(c) enemy: atcosnatis bidbad būaid `victory over their foes', Fianaig. 10.19 . claidbiu balcbéimnechu fri bibdadu, LU 7735 (= BDD² 1270 ). re hilar a bidbad re himad a námat, LU 6281 ( TBC² 1779 ). bidba na crich ba nessom duit oc breith do ṡlait, TBC 9. duni is mó is bídba d'Ultaib, CRR 18 , cu roissem ár ṁbidbadaib, MU² 322. ri cech ṁbidbaid bás `to every foe death', PRIA xix 552 § 44 ( LL 18656 ). bidbaid bunaid hereditary foes, Acall. 6704. Troian- daig sindi . . . ┐ bidbuidh duind Laitinda, Aen. 1841. atáid trí bidhbaid am bun, IGT Decl. ex. 785. (to death) a bhíobha an chine dhaonna, Measgra D. 66.20 . fá biodhbha bioth- fhoghlach ar Ulltachaibh é feadh a ré, Keat. ii 3188.

Legal: teac bidbad eli `the house of another enemy' (of the injured man, excluded from the rule of othrus), BCrólige 23 Comm.

Attrib. g s.: dos-ratais i cró bidbad iat in an enemy pen (sc. the iron house), MU² 884. See fópairt.