2 bés

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Forms: bheas, beuss

(a use of 1b. ?) adv. and conj. In O.Ir. with subj. (with copula béso, -u) perhaps, maybe. Later (?) with indic. in all probability, doubtless, certainly, indeed. In class. verse bheas (see rhymes cited below). See Thurn. Gramm. 241 , 329 , 488 . trí sethracha goa: béss, dóig, toimtiu, Triads 136 . béss rísat ade maybe they will attain, Wb. 5b39 . b.¤ asberasu, Thes. ii 7.29 . bésu dagduine, Wb. 6b23 . béso mó, 19b11 . bésu ocus, bésu chían (besa, beuss, MSS.) `whether it be near', Im. Br. 19. bes ni bat fira, Ml. 51b8 . bes immagaba, Mon. Tall. 152.5 . b.¤ adchotar, LU 4713. bess budh móide, CCath. 1296.

With indic.: bes is ed rocindead dun it looks as if that was to be our fate, Anecd. i 4.10 (SCano 94. See Éigse xi 76 ). bess isshé Issau of a truth it is E., SR 2893. bes nirbo rom, LU 4186. bess is í menmai D. an imper ro-cload ann `doubt- less', PH 1047. Appar. with dep. clause in: bes na n-árlaid duni beo, LU 3865 ( SC 38 ).

In class. verse: ba caithleomhan re cneas Goill /as bheas do haithbheodhadh eadroinn of a truth, DDána 112.9 . éigin bheas (: mheas) go saorfadh soin, Aithd. D. 25.19 .

bésach

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adj o, ā (1 bés) mannerly, well-behaved: an mbíd a bhríathra béusacha edifying (Gloss.), RSClára 156a . mor fear segaind saerbesach, BB 420a35 . an Déirdre . . . charthannach chéillidhe bhéasach, Keat. Poems 64.

bésad

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n u, m. (1 bés) see Thurn. Gramm. § 256.

(a) = 1 bés (a), (b): is b.¤ inna flatho do-em et do-fich, Wb. 9d2 . is he besad felsub etarcert di dúlib gl. secundum traditionem hominum, 27a10 . is besad leusom gl. consuetudo est, Ml. 67b19 . is bēsad . . . do cach graig, TBC² 3646. ba bēsad do Ultaib . . . turcbaitis a corthi, Ériu viii 156.29 . fo b.¤ cech dachprecep- toro like, Wb. 4a2 . amal as besad meiníc as is frequently the case, ZCP xxx 127.14 (Alex.).

(b) = 1 bés (c): cen chāin cen chobach cen chīs cen bēsad, Corp. Gen. 94.34 . do besad na hErenn, Ériu viii 64.12 .

bésaid

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n [i, m.] (1 bés): Benignus blaith b.¤ ` moralist (?),' Gorm. Nov. 1.

1 besan

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n [o, m.] (besān, Wortk. 12 , where unexpld.) name of a bird: enogam .i. aicme bethi: b.¤, lachu, faelinn, ` pheas- ant (?),' Auraic. 5693.

? 2 besan

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ind rachaidh sís gi-beadh bh.¤ / ní grís fear gu himresan, IGT Decl. ex. 751. Cf. 2 bés ?

bésgnae

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n (1 bés + gné)

(a) custom, usage; discipline, morality: ro fitis mo bésgnese frib, Wb. 14c12 . huanaibæsgnaib noibaib `from the holy customs', Ml. 74a14 . in bésgni gl. disciplinae, Wb. 24b10 . foglaim in besgnai, Ml. 14c11 . i ndegbæsgnu, 87a7 . na huili besgna gl. omnibus disciplinís, Thes. ii 7.26 . atbath in cach bescnu `in (the practice) of every rule', Fél.² Ep. 318. ambéscna `the usage', Trip. 34.2 . tormach bescna ┐ eolais of morality (?), ZCP xxx 140.10 ( Alex. 816 ).

(b) Legal custom, law, regulation; contract regulated by custom; protocol: Corus Bescna (title), Laws iii 2 . im chorus a mbescna ┐ a rechtgai, LU 9742. imma-deisidh leo a buith a mbéscna isind inis-se, Seanchas 252 § 1 . muna roib bescna eturru, slainti na fogla do niat (of mutual liability in the case of opponents in a battle), Laws iii 216.6 Comm. bescna .i. dliged, O'Dav. 275. tria bescna bríg, SR 7963. a crich nembescna `in a territory not covered by protocol´ CIH vi 1933.12 , Peritia xix 153 n. 33 . is coirpdire in bescna fil etarru do íc dó `of the protocol´ CIH iii 791 .28 , Peritia xix 153 n. 33 .

(c) speech, language: bescna .i. . . . bérla, Lec. Gl. 8. on Latindacht .i. a latitudine .i. on leithet in bescna, Auraic. 355. in gach beusgna ┐ in gach berla, 2268 . béasgnadha tuinighthe Taidhg `words', Content. xxii 20. cialla na mbéscna `the senses of the languages´ Ériu xxxii 70 gl. 13 .

bésmúinid

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Forms: bésmúnad

v (1 bés + múinid): do hoileadh ┐ do béasmhúineadh ann é `he was . . . educated in politeness there', Keat. ii 3752. Vn. bésmúnad.

bésmúnad

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vn. of bésmúinid: docuiredh da fhoghluim ┐ da bheas-munadh . . . é `to be . . . instructed in manners ', BNnÉ 156.15 .

besta

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adj perh. metri gratia for festa: adreith . . . co mbruth beasda, Anecd. i 65 § 131 v.l. (festa, text).

béstae

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adj io, iā (1 bés) ( Thurn. Gramm. § 139 , § 348 ). moral: trissin precept bésti i tuisemar bestatu cáich, Wb. 12d39 . etargna bésta na liachtan-sa the moral interpretation of this lesson, PH 3576.