benta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benta or dil.ie/5670

adj (benaid ?): crabadh buan nar bo b.¤ `which was not prescribed ', Mart. Don. Feb. 1.

béo

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béo or dil.ie/5671

Forms: béu, béu, mbi, bii, -bíi, béoa, beó, bhí, beó, bíe, beoloiti

adj o, ā. In O. Ir. also béu (note n. pr. Beuchell, Sedulius Scottus, Monumenta Germaniae, Traube). See Thurn. Gramm. § 204 , § 206 , § 352 . n s. b.¤ , Wb. 10b27 . béu 13d6 , Ml. 44c11 . a s. f. mbi, Laws iv 218.17 Comm. n p m. bii. Wb. 3b6 , -bíi, 3b7 . a pl. béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . duine beó, g s. beó, bhí, IGT Decl. § 205. bean beó, g s. beó, bíe, § 139 .

(a) (i) as attrib. living, quick (ii) as predic. adj. alive . (i) eclás Dé bíí, Fél.² i 20. ité uiui in dóini bí, Sg. 39a23 . na heoin beoa do gabail to catch the live birds, TBC 1334. Crist gunig gach mbeathaidh mbi (: eabraidhi) `Christ who controls all living life', Ériu xvii 74 § 8 ( Laws iv 218. 17 Comm. ). gē dosanntaig bhetha[id] mbī / nīr tsechain Rí an alltair ē earthly life, ZCP vii 304.2 . i lámhaibh an Dé bheó (= Dei viventis), TSh. 5397. Of fire: do theinid bī, Arch. iii 242 § 7. Of spring water: benaid in talum . . . ┐ tanic topar usce bíí ass, PH 1338. lively, spirited (of a combat): troid beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529.

(ii) céin bas mb.¤ in fer gl. uiuit, Wb. 10b23 . is cundubart leu indat bii gl. qui . . . se uiuere nesciunt, ZCP vii 482.12 ( Enchir. Aug. 75b ). an beó do thigerna ? BDD² 1519. ro hadnaiced na geill . . . ┐ siad beoa `the hostages . . . were buried alive', RC xxiv 184 § 17. madh beo na daoine, Con- tent. xxv 8 . living, alight (of fire): ní béu cid in teni, Trip. 10.17 .

(b) As subst. o, m. a living being; in spiritual or mytholo- gical sense an immortal: oc ascnam tíre tairṅgiri inna mb. `the Land of Promise of the Living', Wb. 11a19 . dodeochad- . . . a tírib beó áit inna bí bás nó peccad, LU 9996. cen sa écnach nach bí `without reviling any living thing', Ériu iii 104 § 40. ar nī fírḟlaith nad nīamat bi (bíí, v.l.) bennacht- naib whom the living do not glorify, ZCP xi 97 § 59. totchurethar bíi bithbi the ever-living ones invite you (i.e. Conle, to come to the other-world Land of the Living), LU 10027. is cumma barrurim biu ┐ marbu dó in like manner he enumerated for him the living and the dead, TBC 4761. amail bid bēo nobeith ann, Arch. iii 5.15 . do mess for bíu ┐ marbu `to judge the quick and the dead', Ériu ii 194 § 7. gan beó, gan baistedach / aram (leg. ar) bith [c]āemh cé no living creature, ZCP viii 212.15 . beo gach buainchethra, Met. Gl. 31 § 60. In spiritual sense: créud íad na beóa ar a ttiobharthar breath ? who are the saved (?) who will be judged ? Parrth. Anma 1561.

(c) In phrases. Used with possess. pron. usually in sing.: ní col dó cid less ar mb.¤ et ar mmarb gl. siue ergo uiuimus etc., Wb. 6b20 . a beō nach óe do breith to bring any of them alive, TBC² 685. ragaid do beo no do marb you shall go dead or alive, TBC 1224 ( LL 8614 ). beannacht dá mbeó is dá marbh a blessing on them living and dead, Dánta Gr. 3.12 . ní suthain a mbí they do not live long, ZCP vi 261.29 . re na beo fen during his own life, BCC 33.

In phr. i mbíu alive (with gen. or possess. pron.) in the lifetime (of): nī dlegat a ndola i mbiu, Ériu vi 121 § 5. otáam inar[m]bíu / nochotacca cusindíu `since we have been alive', Trip. 140.13 . ar ropo námasom na bíu do Laignib `in his lifetime', RC vi 165.34 ).

(d) the quick of the skin: bheith ag dol i mbeó ar Dhia . . . lé dubháilcibh to cause distress to God, TSh. 2296. tairnge i mbeó (prov.), Hard. ii 408.9 . táirnge a mbeó go raibh ann do bhonn, Éigse vi 6.29 .

See argat.

Compds. With nouns: cenmotha beoalma, Anecd. ii 59.1 . -athair in leg. technical term mac(c) b.¤ -athar son of a living father, hence a son unqualified to make valid contracts: gach mac beoathur nad bi saor a chor, Laws ii 288.7 . trí nata[t] túalaing sainchuir: mac beo-athar, ben aurnadma, dóer flatha, Triads 151 . rucus rāith ar mac ṁbeoathar, ZCP xv 311 § 7. -bethu: mess ┐ beobethu animal fodder, ZCP xii 366.10 ( PRIA xxxvi (1923) 310.5 ). Cf. also ZCP xvi 203 - 204 . ¤búaid: ' sin chrích badba co mbeó-búaid (bladbuaid, v.l.) `of living excellence (?)' (Notes), Met. Dinds. iii 372.6 . ¤chned: dire beocneidhi `the penalty for a non-mortal injury', BCrólige 39 n. 6 . ¤chride: ni minec bar mearughudh / isin brugh co mbeocraidhi with beating heart, IT iii 89 § 114. As attrib. ar da n-echaib . . . beochridi blenarda, LL 10358. lé clódh beó- chroidhe bos `with sorrowful beating of hands' (?), Gleanings 18 § 29. ¤chrod livestock: marggad beochruid bó ┐ (facs.) ech, LL 25108 ( Met. Dinds. iii 480.1 ). ¤chruth: mic Metus- alem do b'fhada bhí a mbeóchruith `in mortal shape', ITS iii 84.24 (1900) . ¤dartaid live calf: [d]ersaid bec beodartaid (beomartaid, v.l.). / mani tugedar (leg. tuigther, note) d'ilbíad- aib, Ériu vii 6.12 . ¤dédail (?): Rind ┐ Faebur fegar / cen bae- gul ria mbeodedail, LL 20341 (untransl. Met. Dinds. iii 272.6 ). ¤dil (leg. technical term, opposed to marbdil q.v.) animate possessions i.e. livestock: as-renar cona fuillem co ndiablad aithgine, mad marbdile: mad beodile, co n-as ┐ los ┐ fuilled ┐ fuillem, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 ( Laws ii 376.2 ). indile (.i. beo dile), O'D. 989 (H. 3.17, 853). ni tascnai fine, na orbu, na beodil, na marbdil `the live chattels', Laws ii 288.3 . ¤ḟedan: beo-ḟeadain . . . for feraib fedair `live carrying' (away on sick maintenance), BCrólige 58 . ¤gasrad: beóghasraidh `vigorous company', Studies 1920, 417. 18 . ¤idbart living offering: amal rundgab in beuidbart sin gl. uitulus, Ml. 87b9 . ¤mainchine service during life: bar mbéomaicne (mbeomainchine, v.l.) ┐ bur marbmaicne (marb- mainchine, v.l.), Acall. 3506. ¤thlus livestock: fear ro ba saidhbhre i nErinn a mb.¤ , FM iv 1128.18 .

Of fire: (?) ¤bruiden burning hostel: adcíat in daigid nduilig / 'na brainig don beó-bruidin (breó-, v.l.), Met. Dinds. iv 236.35 . ¤chaindell: fri beocaindle with burning candles i.e. clear testimonies of witnesses ( Bürgschaft 7 § 3 n. 2), ZCP xiii 20.7 . atait secht fiadnaise . . . ite secht mbeocaíndle and ro forosnad gae cach rig seven burning candles i.e. certain disastrous events accepted as evidence of his `falsehood,' Laws iv 52.9 . See BCrólige 58 notes. forath ni acair acht beo-cainneall a flaitheas . . . acht an tí dana taithnemach é amail caindill (sic leg., Stokes, Laws Crit.8) mbi .i. mac flatha, ┐ ua aroile, Laws iv 380.3 . ¤grís living flame: co ro bheathaidhsiot beóghrís a seangomh, FM vi 2054.2 . an tshacramuint-si . . . do bheith 'na béoghrís gacha subhāilce dhamh `stimulant' (Gloss.), Parrth. Anma 5122. ¤luisne burning flame, brand: ar clann Fheóraisne sa n-eachra / b.¤ i n-am debtha díbh, IGT Decl. ex. 179. ¤theine blazing fire: fúair bás ┐ beó-thenid (breo-, v.l.) `he met death in fatal fire' (viz. the burning of Bruiden Da Choca), Met. Dinds. iv 236. 16 .

With adjj. derived fr. nouns: ¤bríathrach of living words: bennacht Brenainn beobhriathraigh, Anecd. ii 32 § 3. ¤tharrach, ¤thorrach ` big-bellied, pregnant with a living child', P. O'C. ¤thlusach possessed of live-stock: gnithi manach beothlusach, O'Dav. 1530.

With vnn., life-, (while) living: ¤élud (in Laws, in contr. with mairb-é.) abandoning, evading while living (the obliga- tions of tenancy): fri beo-eludh, ZCP xiv 343 § 5 ( Laws ii 228.16 ). ¤léiciud: (of ensuring discharge of liabilities between co-tenants) sith aili no beolegud nascaither na smacta so iarsin `living deposits i.e. witnesses' (Mann. and Cust. i cxcii n. 347), O'C. 31 (H. 3.18, 13a). ¤scarad (of the termination of a contract between flaith and tenant in the lifetime of the parties) separation during life: atait secht mbeoscartha do flathib ┐ a n-aiccillnib imis-fuaslaice[t] dligid do coraib, ZCP xiv 383 § 48 ( Laws ii 312.21 ).

As intensive prefix oft. meaning deadly: ¤chobra speech before death, farewell: beochobra Con Culaind isind ló fúair bás, LL 13845.

With second element expressing action causing danger to or deprivation of life. ¤bág: a topur na tonn táide / moambí bocur beó-báige `round which hung a threat of mortal import' (sic leg. Corr.), Met. Dinds. iii 344.8 . ¤gletin deadly (?) com- bat: ba balc-gent co mbeó-gletin `mortal in conflict', Met. Dinds. iv 188.24 . ¤marb slain: co fagbaindse a n-eltae beó- marbae isnaib slébib, LU 9321. ¤chorach: flaith Dúine Bárc beó-choraig `of deadly-hurling D.B.', Met. Dinds. iv 8.32 . ¤gonaid, ¤gonaigid wounds but doesn't kill (?), to the quick: bertatar cloic (sic) cach fir beógaíti leo ass, LU 8003 (BDD). māth bēoguin rogonae nech `a life-wound ', Cáin Ad. 44. R. do dul beoghonta dia thigh `severely wounded', FM iv 690.3 . créad do bheoghnuigh snódh na gréine ? `what has deformed the features of the sun ?' E. O'Rahilly 146.2. ¤loitte, ¤loittithe severely, fatally wounded: beoloiti, Ann. Conn. 1373.5 . rucad Conn beoloitide forin nGrencha .. . et sepulerunt , 1411.28 . ¤marbad act of slaying, killing: do bhualadh ┐ do bheomharbhadh to knock down and kill (viz. cattle), FM v 1470.15 . ¤thollad act of piercing to the quick: beara . . . ré beó-tholladh bocht-anam ann, TSh. 6677.

With first element bí- see bícherb, bíchim.

béoaigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béoaigidir or dil.ie/5672

Forms: béogaid, béoaigthe, béogud, beóugad

v (béo) also béogaid makes alive, vivifies, animates: beoigidir in spirut in corp, Wb. 13d7 . is iress Crist nom- beoigedar `quickens me', 19a20 . turgbhat na huisci tondaitecu na hanma beoaigheas (= animae viventis, Gen. i 20 ), BB 15b23 see T 249.74 . béoghuidh mé ann do shlighe = quicken me in Thy ways, Ps. cxix 37. brings back to life, revives; renews: beoaigter fri oethu airm irro trebsat mairm (leg. mairb) `let the dead be made to live', LU 3478 ( SC² 275 n .). Cf. beoaigh- ther oitiu .i. beoaighter do é i naititid, O'C. 429 (H.3.18, 233a). do nemtibh flaithe fora mbia cricha beouighter gell `is revived, renewed' (O'Don. Suppl.), O'D. 2219 (Nero A vii, 149b). noch bit (bid, v.l.) mairb beōaigde marbcru `and there are dead (witnesses) who bring back to life dead men's property', Celtica v 94.35 . atconnarc and Beothaig beogestar dara óir who was alive for the second time (?), LL 13456.

Part. béoaigthe: (in expl. of beatus) amail bid beoaigti (= quasi uiuatus), Hib. Min. 34.436 .

Vn. béogud (beoad, Aen. 768 ) later beóugad. act of making alive, vivifying, quickening: an tan tra dontic aitherriuch blath ┐ beogud `when their colour came back as they revived', Mon. Tall. 147.16 . in forbairt ┐ in beógud, RC xxv 252 § 37. marbadh na mbeo ┐ beoughadh na marb `resuscitation of the dead', Laws i 14.16 Comm. le beoughadh . . . Ṡéula ar n-oifficce (= reuiewing taken as reuiuing, ed., 183 § 4), RSClára 137a. do bheodhughadh re na Spiorad Naomh `animate . . . with His Holy Spirit', Donl. xxiv 6.

béoaigthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béoaigthech or dil.ie/5673

adj [o, ā] (béoaigthe, see béoaigidir): on spiorad bheouighteach (= a facultate vitali), 23 K 42 , 303.7 .

béoaigthid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béoaigthid or dil.ie/5674

Forms: beóaighthigh

n (béoaigidir): beóaighthigh, Desid. 4933 ` giver of life ', Gloss.

béoamlacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béoamlacht or dil.ie/5675

n [ā, f.](béo): bai . . . do beoamlacht a innill such was . . . the lifelike quality of . . . (of a metal snake ornament), CCath. 5295.

béochail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béochail or dil.ie/5676

n fomna . . . beochail nārotbáda (.i. faitches lat nārotbáde beoil) `beware . . . lest the gravy drown thee', Aisl. MC 71.13 . ar thromthondaib beochla, 83.23 . Cf. béoil.

? béochell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? béochell or dil.ie/5677

Forms: Bēochell

n beo-ceall .i. fili . . . ana beo-cheall benair danaib .i. is fir inní cinnter don beo-ciallach ar a dan .i. don file, O'Dav. 282. ? As n.pr. Bēochell, Corp. Gen. 351.1 . Síl ṁBēochill, 11 . mac Beochaill, LL 350c5 .

béochlaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béochlaide or dil.ie/5678

adj io, iā (béochail): ethar bec beochlaide bōshaille `a juicy little coracle of beef-fat', Aisl. MC 85.10 . in cach bainde beochlaide, 89.29 .

béodacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béodacht or dil.ie/5679

n ā, f. (béodae) liveliness, vigour: do beodacht . . . A., Todd Lect. vi 75.14 . ar a bheódacht `because of his courage', Cóir Anm. 41.16 . mór mbeodhachta in buidhen bras, Acall. 3617. tuir gaiscidh ┐ beodhachta Ceniuil Eogain uile, AU ii 128.3 . béodhachd sbioraide, Parrth. Anma 3182 , Luc. Fid. 2235.

béodae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béodae or dil.ie/5680

adj io, iā (béo)

(a) living, animate; lively, active, vigorous: do persanaib beodaib `living', Sg. 39a11 . huare ata ṅdúli beodai fordiṅgrat, 117a1 . rogresestar . . . a buidne beoda, TTebe 1537 . tri beithreaca beodha (i.e. the Sons of Uisnech), IT ii2 146.5 . do bhí sé beodha cródha críonna, Keat. Poems 775. beodha gach brathair fri aroile, FM v 1768.4 (O'Rahilly Ir. Prov. 302 ).

(b) lucky, auspicious: ni beoda lem . . . cen choirm aran Min-Chaisc dond epscup, Ir. Texts i 9 § 30. ni beoda a dula gen geiss, TFerbe 573 . ní béoda do fhechtas ` prosperous ' (Vocab.), TBFr. 356.

Compar. and superl. is a mbéo beres a n-as béodu ┐ a n-as segundo the most vigorous and most accomplished take them alive, LU 5175. bad cháined dom ḟir combad beodu a ben indá more vigorous, TBC 38. in t-adhbar ríg rob aille ┐ rob ḟerr ┐ robo beodha robai ar Erinn `most spirited', RC xviii 164.17 (Tig.).

As subst.: suthain cach mbeōda (mmbeoda, MS.), Arch. iii 230.1 . co tiucfa [Críst] do figill brātha idir béoduibh ┐ marb aibh, ZCP vi 84.12 .