benn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benn or dil.ie/5654

Forms: b(e)inn, beinde, Binde, Beinne, Binne, benna, benna, benn, bennaib, bend, bend, bend, beinn

n a d s. and n du. b(e)inn. g s. beinde, O'C. 1021 cited infra, Binde, Celt. Rev. x 135.7 . Beinne, Binne, Hog. Onom. n p. benna, Críth Gabl. 450. n a p. benna, g p. benn, d p. bennaib, f., DDána Gloss. Note also a s. bend, PH 2792 , IGT Decl. ex. 643. d s. bend (: lenn), K. and H. 10. n du. b.¤ , CCath. 1337. `n. (? later f.),' Críth Gabl. Vocab.

(a) mountain, crag, peak, point; crest, summit: o Shliab Belgadain don B. / ard in b.¤ imarbaigem `lofty is the moun- tain', Ériu viii 26.7 , 8 . ar binn ós Loch Feabail aird, ZCP viii 223.26 . Liath na trí mb.¤ , Acall. 936. ar bennaibh is ar barrgail on hill- and tree-tops, Anecd. ii 23.23 . beinnini ar gach mb.¤ , Buile S. 80.4 . as súd soir go beinn Bóthair, Oss. iv 20.25 . [in] ceín bess bend ar in bith `for as long as the hills shall stand', Ériu vii 229 § 77. ó bheannaibh Béirre `from the hills of B.', Aithd. D. 11.7 . ar beinn Chliach- mhuighi, IGT Introd. 23.25 . (of the edge (?) of an Alpine crevasse) tuitiss sīoss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86.z . i mbeannaibh sliabh on the mountain tops, TSh. 3491. as ris shamhlaim th'aiscin-si / is ra bend i nnimh star (?), Anecd. ii 25.11 . Fig. of a pre-eminent person: Gobán sáor . . . / b.¤ ar shaoraibh, BNnÉ 241 § 179 .

Transf. of outline of land: da b.¤ cumga do thír `two narrow horns of land', CCath. 1337.

(b) pinnacle, spire; gable; corner, etc. of building, structure, etc. ; ette nó b.¤ múir gl. pinna, Sg. 67a7 . bend a pinna muri , O'Mulc. 136. for béind aird in tempuil . . . = super pinna- culum templi, Matt. iv 5 , PH 4712. Caisel . . . / b.¤ im a téigenn teine, SG 206.9 . ar beinn inna scríne, Trip. 86.10 . ar bind mhór chluigtighe Chluana pinnacle of the round tower, Celt. Rev. x 143.16 . ar chomhairle clog na seacht mbeann, Oss. iv 42.16 . . . . na múrrtha mbeann of the battlemented walls (?), KMMisc. 50.23 . ar beind chloche, ZCP xii 273.24 . in mac . . . co farcbad for beind chroisse i ndorus chille (an abandoned child), LL 36996 = Fél. 242.7 . fer coirthe .i. in fer curthur for beinn croise gan feronn, O'D. 462 (H. 3.17, 357). Laws v 134.17 Comm. mac toc[h]air .i. do binn croisi, O'C. 399 (H. 3.18, 222b). ingen do cuirthear do cill, i mbulg no for beinn croisse, O'Don. 529 (H. 3.17, 428). fágbhais ar beinn croise . . . an mála `on one of the arms of a cross', Keat. iii 2122 . caithir chuanna ceithre mbeann (of a castle), DDána 119.16 . gur thúirrlind Léithin (an eagle) ar bind don lomán `a corner of the rampike' (p. 124), Celt. Rev. x 135.21 . beann do bhúain da thalamh `to take a piece of his land' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 1627. beinn `a high top, pinnacle ', Eg. Gl. 104. do bhennuibh bhárc `poops of ships', Rel. Celt. ii 228.9 . Hence in plant-name: beand múir (lit. projection on a wall) `houseleek?' (Index), Arch. i 335.71 .

(c) wing of an army, fleet: i mbeind cli in catha `in the left wing of the battle', CCath. 5781. do bennaib cath, O'Dav. 1335. tig féin is beann don chabhlach i dtír `a wing of the fleet', Keat. iii 4828.

(d) horn of animal: inna benna duacarbat gl. corn[u]a, Ml. 87b12 . b.¤ gl. cornu, Sg. 63a6 . cornua .i. b.¤ , Thes. ii 46.31 . co mbert a inathar as fora beandaib (a bull), TBC² 880. for bennuib na mbó, Airne F. 353. dá beind for trí fichtib rend sixty-two points (?) (of stag's antlers), Im. Brain ii 288.18 . benna na n-aigi, TBC 1342. tucsat didiu a mbenda ┐ a n-dedu docum na scor their (sc. elephants') tusks, ZCP xxx 136.6 (Alex.). (of a whale ?) na blaith ┐ na benna sin, Éigse vi 119 § 16. gell tar benna i.e. a pledge given in respect of impounded cattle: ata, dono, gell tar benna . . . di ath- gabail iar ndithim, Laws ii 128.29 Comm. ni dlig feichem acht apad cuicti . . . acht geall tar benda . . . dar benda na bó uair is fri logh enech teid(h), O'C. 519 (H. 3.18, 261b).

b.¤ (búabaill) a (buffalo) horn; hence drinking horn, goblet: atraacht Conchobor ra beind breccṡolais buabaill a speckled and shining buffalo horn, LL 34745. crúaidi . . . / immar bít benna búabaill `hard . . . as a buffalo's horns' (of a hag's teeth), Ériu iv 102 § 45. etrocht bass fo beind buabaill, IT iii 47 § 76. ar ól mb.¤ `quaffing goblets', O'Gr. Cat. 479.13. See also s. búaball.

Of musical instruments b.¤ (búabaill): ro bidhgsat . . . lasin fuaim . . . do ben Ercuil asan mbeinn mbuabuillsidhe `which H. made on that trumpet', St. Ercuil 177. ro hir dom .x. ngrib ingne .x. mbenda (.i. .x. cuirn buabhaill) bonn- adharc buabaill blaith, Ériu ii 4.3 . searbhghlaodhach a mbeann mbuabhall `ivory horns', TD 4.32 . píp trí mbeann `the three-droned pipe', Ó Bruad. iii 130.12 .

(e) prong, point (of various forked and pointed objects): gabul ina laim ┐ da beind eisti a two-pointed fork, Ériu v 72.20 . aél co mbennaib braine, LL 38335. for cetheora benna na gabla (in c[h]raind, TBC² 308 ), LU 4799. trí chét unga óir isin chainde[l]bru, secht mbenna fair forsa mbítis secht sutrulla `seven branches upon which were seven lamps', Celtica iv 32.18 . beanda . . . slegh spearpoints, ZCP xiv 230.2 . seacht cumala go leith lenta locht mara bennaib Baisgne, glossed: .uii. cumala . . . i cinaidh do beinde it armaib a ua Baiscne, O'C. 1021 (H. 3.18, 431a-b). beann bhrasbhaoghlach thréan nách trom, Measgra D. 14.12 . b.¤ gher do beith agud, ┐ fend lesin mbeinn `have a sharp point and lance (?) it with the point', Celtica ii 46.3 . cen slegha, cen bera cen benna `points' (of a fence), Laws iv 114.9 Comm. ? carbat bo bricci for beind (benn, v.l.), IT iii 81 § 57.

(f) crest, diadem, etc. (of a helmet, head-dress, etc.): buidne bend `crested bands', Hail Brigit 20 . beann oir . . . as gach cathbarr, Anecd. ii 77 § 3. pn In epithet: Findchad Fer Bend Uma, MU² 36. donn a cuach ballghlas a beann `her coif (?)', Aithd. D. 1.34 . beann eich uaibhrigh `frontlet' ( Ir. Monthly 1929, 333.20 ), DDána 111.20 . By metonymy (?) of a horse: an bheann (perh. = bean) is fearr cluas is cos, Measgra D. 15.1.4 .

(g) Various applications: bratgal na mbrat siúil risna bennaib yards , TTr. 1420 ( LL 32231 ). uagais brigais beand siuil, ` sail-tops ', Ériu xxiv 14 § 13. Of a shield: cetheora benna óir fair, TBC² 3580. Of a garment (see Ériu xvi 201 ): a dá beind imo brágait the two corners (of the cloak) about his neck, Aisl. MC 65.2 . ocht mbruit co mbennaibh (mbuindibh, v.l.), BR² 1314. co r-gabus bend etaig Isu `hem', PH 2792. ar beinn a bruit on the skirt of her mantle, Ériu v 76.37 .

In phr. rí b.¤ king of peaks (?), one of three classes of kings enumerated in Críth Gabl. (see p. 104 ): ríi b.¤ . . . Is hé rí túaithe insin las mbiat .vii. ngrá(i)d Ḟéne cona foḟodlaib i céilsini, ar it hé benna flatha doruirmisem, Críth Gabl. 448 - 450 . O'Dav. 1335.

(h) In adverbial phrases: immo rēir a b.¤ i mb.¤ `from height to height' (Thurn.), for ever (?), ZCP xi 57 § 10. co bráth b.¤ for ever (and ever): ni theit co brath buidneach beann / neach it relcib in ifernd, YBL 318a58 . o sin amach co brath mbend, Anecd. ii 40.7 . re mbrath mbend, BB 17b32 .

(i) Freq. in nn. loc., usu. in senses point, peak, hill , see Hog. Onom. B. Étair, ibid., also ZCP xv 195.

In late use heed, attention, regard: gan beinn air bith air na haitheanta do choimheud `without any care to keep the commandments', Donl. 176.24 . ní bhí beann agad orum = thou regardest me not, Job xxx 20 . nách fuil . . . beann aco air, Párl. na mBan 625 . gan beann do chur ar raidhtibh na heagluisi coitchinne, Luc. Fid. 3993. na cuir beann, suim, spéis, seadh, ann `regard', Eg. Gl. 71.

Compds.

(a) With nouns: don bheannabrog bhuadhach bhán gabled mansion, 23 G 24 , 388 . dá cromsciath ┐ da bendchlaidiub mara occo, LU 7671 (BDD). ro lend ar bendchopor in derthaige `it stuck on the dome of the oratory', Thes. ii 328.41 . conna fargaib bennchobbor i nArd Macha . . . cen loscud `a steeple ', Ann. Inisf. 996.4 . mo bhennchobhar (sic) ┐ mo blaitheglais ` tower ', Ériu v 90.34 . ōs Bregmaig na mbendchros ` peaked crosses', Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25. re fogur thet mbeandchrot, Lec. 174rb3 (for mennch. ?). sreatha . . . téad mbeannchrot, Maguires of F. 86. cloidme m[ora] benndorncair, TBC St. 4524 `having pointed hilts', Gloss. cuirn mc Donnchadha / dleghait buideachus / buidhe bendgealla securities of horn (?), IT iii 91 § 128. do bheann- mhoighe `thy lofty plains', Gadelica 11 § 3 .

(b) With adjj.: faoidh a stoc mbennbuidhe ` yellow-tubed ', O'Gr. Cat. 474.20. táin láoghach bhenncor bhó with pointed horns, KMMisc. 174 § 33. do dhromchladh na Bóirne benn- ghairbhe ` rugged-topped ', FM vi 2102.11 . laogh Droma bheinnghil Bhó `white-peaked D.B.', Aithd. D. 25.12 . rosaich co Cua cendmar cain / comét bend-glan in buair sain, Met. Dinds. iv 338.26 .

(c) With adjj. formed from nouns: múr na sgiath mbeannbhladhach mbláith with fair-famed and gabled buttresses, DDána 119.1 . tar beilgibh bennchairrgidhe `rocky passes', FM vi 2198.8 . brocc bendchoprach (sc. Cell Dara), RC xiii 114 § 160 (see ¤chopor supra). cloidme benndornachæ `with pointed hilts', RC xxi 152 § 8.

bennacán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bennacán or dil.ie/5655

n o, m. (benn) little horned one, calf: bo . . . cona laog no cona bendagan .i. cona laogh, O'Dav. 226.

1 bennach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bennach or dil.ie/5656

Forms: beannach

n (cf. bennachaid, bennacht) beannach m., IGT Decl. § 11. b.¤ , Verbs § 94 . act of blessing; a blessing: do bí an baile gan bendach, IGT Verbs ex. 882 = Decl. ex. 490. gan Tadhg do bheanna[ch] do bhí / gach teallach ard fa uirrí, ex. 442 = Verbs ex. 879 .

2 bennach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bennach or dil.ie/5657

adj o, ā (benn) pointed, peaked; horned: b.¤ gl. cornutus, Sg. 60a5 .

(a) Of animals, etc.: arbūaib bendachaib (rhetoric), TBC² 1002. a mmil mbeannach dobert an mhuir `horned beast', Ériu ii 118 § 57. bó bendach, TTebe 36 . guna búar b.¤ , BNnÉ 287.5 . a énín bhrat-ghlas bh.¤ `sharp-beaked', SG 56.34 . Note also bó binnech (beinnech, v.l.), Triads 85 .

(b) Other applications: ra gabastar a da ṡleig chend- chritháncha bennacha, TBC 4604. a gabáil ṡréin brainig bennaig (of a bridle) edged with points (?), Murphy Metrics 69 § 75 ; `ornamented with horn (?)´ EIS 217 . fithchell cona foirind bláith bric bendaig, Aisl. MC 118.29 . ailgim bairc mbennaig, YBL 16b28 . dá mac Taidg na mbarc mb.¤ ` sharp-prowed ', O'Gr. Cat. 360.27. ceoltigi béndacha ` pinnacled ', Trip. 34.11 . múr roidhil síthbhean- nach sliom, DDána 117.4 . do ibhinn fíon . . . / as barr a mbuabhall mbeannach `horn goblets', KMMisc. 352.20 . tucus-sa cúach mbendach mbán `pointed', Met. Dinds. iii 120.13 . mo shaltair bennach bordbrecc `decorated (?)´ Celtica xxiii 309, 311 . See trebennach.

As subst. bendac[h] .i. gobal fork, Corm. Y 189. O'Cl. Temair cech mb.¤ mbirda `every peaked and pointed hill', Met. Dinds. i 10.19 . (name of a bull) Findbennach the White- horned, LU 10401. (of a cross) a bheannach bhuadhach, DDána 41.31 .

bennachad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bennachad or dil.ie/5658

Forms: bendachadh, bennugad

[u, m.] vn. of bennachaid. bendachadh, IGT Verbs § 106. In later lang. bennugad. act of blessing; a blessing: sénadh (ón bheannachadh), IGT Verbs § 80. ní lour in bendachad dia mmaldachae gl. benedicite, Wb. 5d23 . in bendachad thuc Dia for lucht coimeta na n-aithned, PH 7306. beannachadh prainde, Hib. Min. 41.22 . tainec . . . do cenn a benduighte, BCC 40. tresan mbeandugad dorinde se ar Domnall, 136 . iar mbeith do Naomh P. 'n-a sheasamh ag beannachadh an ríogh `giving a blessing to the king', Keat. iii 363. prīmh-eglus . . . ier n-a bennugadh, Fl. Earls 194.12 . ac beandochad inn usci, TTebe 1805 . ben- nugadh ┐ coissreacadh na sacramente naomtha `Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament', Fl. Earls 100.7 . da bennughadh exercising ecclesiastical functions there, BCC 204. Legal: im an nemabartain im nembendachadh, sechtmadh biathta in gráidh na dernna in bendachadh ` benediction ' ( Corm. Tr. 9 ), O'D. 501 (H. 3.17, 404).

Act of greeting, saluting: iar mbennachud do Adam `paying respects to A.', MacCarthy 50.7 . is ed ro-raid Ísu . . . oc b.¤ doib, PH 6757. ar n-a bennachadh do, do imthigh uaithe, Smaointe B. Chr. 316.

bennachaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bennachaid or dil.ie/5659

Forms: bennaigid, bendachadh, nobendachthar, bendachdai, bennachad

v (Lat. benedico). Later also bennaigid. bendachadh, IGT Verbs § 106. Cf. also bennachtaid.

I

(a) blesses: mani bendachae gl. benedicite, Wb. 5d23 . hóre nonbendacha-ni, 11b7 . indatbendachub gl. nisi bene- dicens benedicam té, 33d11 . nobendachthar (= nobben- dachthar, edd.) gl. si uultis benedici, Ml. 33d23 . bennach, a Dé . . . / dot laim deis in cule sa `bless, O God . . . with Thy right hand this store-room', Thes. ii 333.18 (Hy. v Comm.). sēnta (*sénaid-i, edd.) .i. bennachais, 337.34 . rodbendacha int athair ┐ in mac ┐ in spirud nōeb, ZCP xii 371.21 . náim Hérend and . . . / robennachsat in óenach, Met. Dinds. iii 12.8 . gach fert no bhennaighfedh (bennochadh, v.l.), BNnÉ 295 § 22 . beinneóchar i ló a éaga é (= benedicetur, Eccles. i 13 ), TSh. 1145. maille les na huile bhendachtaibh . . . le mbendeócha Athair na trócaire = shall blesse, RSClára 48b . With DO: ro bendach do Dróbéis (= Drobaicam autem bene- dixit), Trip.² 1693. consecrates a church, etc.: Siluester pāpa issē ru-s-bennaigh in naoimh-eglus sin, Fl. Earls 194.29 . Ruadhan d'ár beannuigheadh Lothra `to whom L. . . . was dedicated', Keat. i 154.3 . beinneochuid íad féin = shall consecrate, Ezek. xliii 26.

(b) greets, hails, salutes: bennaichmait gl. admunemar, Thes. ii 349.4 . nob-guidet .i. nob-bendachat gl. salutant, Wb. 7b21 . condambendachtais in maicc, TBC² 587. With DO: tair round ar co mbennachat in maccrad damsa wish me well (Wind.), TBC 1136. bennachuis cach da chele dib `each of them saluted the other', RC xiv 50 § 60.

II Of a cleric exercises ecclesiastical functions: Cluana Boirenn, in ro beandach Caireach Dearccain, FM ii 630.9 . robhennachsa is Rónán / isin chill, Ériu v 94.28 . Fiachraigh, dithrebhach, ┐ do bendaigh fos is in Frainc, Mart. Don. Aug. 30. beann ar ar bheannaidh in Táilghionn `a hill which the T. blessed by dwelling on it' (Gloss.), Duan. Finn ii 372 § 7.

part. is dia bendachthe isna bithu gl. benedictus, Wb. 4c4 . is bendachda ainm Ísu Crist, PH 2329. an bhuighean bheannaighthe bhláthchóir `the blessed . . . band' (of books, harp, etc.), Studies 1923, 599 § 18 .

As pl. subst. the beatitudes of Matt. v 3 - 10 : do na hochd mbeannaighthibh, Parrth. Anma 3253.

vbl. of necess.: bendachdai gl. benedicendi, Ml. 138a1 . is bennachda dún Dia (sic leg. ?), ZCP ii 135 § 10.

Vn. bennachad.

bennachaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bennachaig or dil.ie/5660

Forms: bennachad

ind d s. (cf. bennacht, bennachad): ro gabh for baitseadh ┐ beannachaigh Ereann, FM i 130.5 . Leg. bennachad ?

bennacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bennacht or dil.ie/5661

Forms: beandacht, -aicht, -achta, bendachta, -ain, -an

n ā, f., less frequ. as n-stem (Lat. benedictum, -tio, see Thurn. Gramm. § 727 ). beandacht, m. g s. -aicht, -achta, IGT Decl. § 25. bendachta, f. d s. -ain, g s. -an, § 8 .

(a) bless- ing: bendacht quasi benedicht a benedixione, Corm. Y 103. dobeirsom ainm bendachtan dond almsin hóre is la ben- dachtin doindnagar, Wb. 16d14 . ind bendacht doratad for abracham, 19b15 . amal duratsat sacaird tall bendachta forsin popul, Ml. 82c8 . oc tabairt bendachtae foir, Tur. 85. etir . . . almsanæ ┐ bendachtæ menci, Mon. Tall. 133.27 . co toroildind bendachtain do muintirisiu `that I might earn the blessing of thy folk', 136.28 . ni táraill in bendachtusin ar clanna `that blessing came not upon our children', Trip. 28.25 . robbé b.¤ Brigte fair, Thes. ii 349.9 (Hy. v). cf. Ériu xvi 67 § 6. ar nī fírḟlaith nad nīamat bī bennachtnaib (benachtoibh, v.l.) he is not a just prince whom the living do not glorify with blessings, ZCP xi 97 § 59. do thoradh na beannachta sin . . . rogen Aedan, BB 234a6 = na beandachtan, Ir. Texts iii 4 § 9. tuc in t-athair a b.¤the father gave him his blessing, ML² 117 . dogeba bendacht in athar nemdai, PH 7385. cia dhib noraghadh ar bennachtain a tirib Leatha which of them, in return for a blessing, would go to the continent, Arch. iii 5.29 . caide log na beandachtan ? . . . cia beandachtu . . . ben- dachta in peactaig, RC xlvi 237.12 , 22 , 24 . beannachta an fhíréin oghnaidh `the blessing . . . has brought profit', Studies 1918 , 99 § 11 ( IGT Decl. ex. 1275 ). búaine bladh a (an, v.l.) beannachta, IGT Decl. ex. 846. brígh an bennaicht, ex. 847 . ar daig co tucad a mbendachtain for a n-oigdib that they (viz. craftsmen) may give their benediction on their works (see Corm. Tr. 9 ), Laws v 98.11 Comm. mí bendachtan a month's grace, Met. Dinds. iii 68.21 (see notes). bráth bennachtan (an imprecation ?), LU 6254 ( TBC² 1752 ). (cryptic) betchennacht .i. bennacht, Goid. 79 § 279 (Dúil Laithne) .

(b) In salutations: cf. oraoíd gl. beandacht, Celtica i 95.236 n. g. b.¤ dé ┐ ande fort, LU 6250 ( TBC² 1750 ). ní ḟargaib bennachtain. ┐ ni thuc a n-aill, LL 13373. beir-si bennachtain God bless you, ML² 1982. ro scarsat . . . fo bennachtain `parted . . . with benedictions', Cog. 132.16 . beannacht siar uaim go hEirinn, Studies 1920, 565 § 1 .

bennachtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bennachtach or dil.ie/5662

Forms: bennachtnach

adj o, ā (bennacht) Also bennachtnach. blessed; fortunate: Brigitt bh.¤ `blessed B.', ZCP i 62.5 . (of an angelic host) tic slog . . . bulid bendachtnach, PH 8320. mo thiopra blaith b.¤ , Anecd. ii 21 § 9. Dál ṁBúan ṁbennachtnach prosperous , LL 19929. co mba bu[dech] b.¤ F. thankful, ZCP vi 25.27 . o briathraib blaithe bendachtnacha benign words, LB 129a39 . As subst. o, m. dona bennachtnachaib the blessed, LU 1945 ( FA 1 ). uenite, benedichti ( Matt. xxv 34 ) ticid, a bennachtuchu, RC xlvi 233.25 .

bennachtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bennachtaid or dil.ie/5663

x bennachaid: ro beannachtsadar (? leg. bennach- sadar, ed.) an t-oilen `they blessed the island', RC xxvi 136 § 8. dorat . . . in chadraig sén ┐ rosbenact, Goid. 108.28 (perh. scribal error, Jackson, Bk. of Deer 41).

bennaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bennaid or dil.ie/5664

x see benaid.