3 beith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 beith or dil.ie/5596

Forms: beth

n (n s. beth, Hebr. loanword, Wortk. 196 ) house: cen b.¤, cen chill, LU 547 ( ACC 8 ).

beithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beithe or dil.ie/5597

Forms: beith

n [io], m. Also beith f., IGT Decl. § 14.

(a) birch-tree, birch-wood: ássaid beithi tria doirnnin `a birch grows through its handle' (of a bell), Trip. 248.11 . samalta ra cír ṁbethi like the top of a birch-tree, MU² 586. ro ésraít a tigi do bethi barralaind barrglas, TFerbe 65 . One of the `athaigh feada,' Laws iv 146.24 ( Auraic. 1154 ). gecca do crannaibh nemh- thorthacha eile . . . .i. b.¤ ┐ fernocc (`beeches'), BNnÉ 239.29 . a bheithi blaith bennachtach `O birch, smooth and blessed', Buile S. 66.9 . ar barrdhos úr b.¤ bhuig, Magauran 1244 . is airi remitet (? sic leg. cf. 5488 ) b.¤ sech gach fidh, ar is and rosgripad ogum, Auraic. 2800. a n-aonfleisg do beithi on one birch-stave, 2804 . (on the four woods in the Cross) bethe bán i mbúi in sgríbenn, ZCP viii 107.11 . ba bethe a titail, 13 = ba bethe clar a titail, Goid. 66 n . cethri fedha na croiche .i. cupriss, cedir, giús, b.¤ , ZCP iv 235 n.23 . Note also: bethe gl. `haec buxus' arbor, Thes. ii 226.33 .

(b) the letter b , see Meroney, Early Ir. Letter-names, Speculum xxiv 27 , cf. Thurneysen, ZCP xvii 295. b.¤ dno on b.¤ ro hainmnigheadh ar cosmaillius fri cois in bh.¤ ut dicitur: Feocos foltchain in beithi, Auraic. 1157. vii mbethi a n-aonfleisg do beithi seven b's on one stave of birch-wood, 2804 . atait dano litri coibhnesta i nogum . . . amal atat beithi ┐ fern ┐ ifín, BB 301b19 . ní aithgēonad á sech beith he would not know a from b., ZCP v 483 § 5. beithe bogtha the letter p Celtica x 116 . gan bh.¤ bogtha do rádha innti (viz. in the Aib- ghitear), IGT Introd. § 1.8 . beth, crann bethe, bethluisnion `ye alphabet . . . from the first 2 letters B and L', Eg. Gl. 705.

In n. loc. Buindi in b.¤ , RC xviii 10.29 (Tig.). Buidhi an bh., FM ii 1000.16 . As landmark: gonice in béith edar da álterin `as far as the birch tree between two Alterins', Goid. 109.21 (see Ériu xvi 98 n.2 ).

As n. pr. f. ?: foracsat mac slán slattra / Aes is Bethe bán bechta, Met. Dinds. iii 106.18 .

See beithe-luis(-nin).

beithe-luis(-nin)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beithe-luis(-nin) or dil.ie/5598

Forms: beithe luis

n Ogam alphabet (denoted by the opening letters b, l, (n), lit. birch-quicken (-ash). In IGT beithe luis is usu. to be translated Gaelic alphabet. See Meroney, loc. cit. supra 19 . beithi-luis-nion ainm aipgitri an ogaim, Auraic. 2806. aranic Aimergin . . . an bethi-luis-nin (in mbeithi-luis, 252 ) an ogaim, 2573 . atat dano di ernail forsin beithi-luis-nin in oghaim .i. feadha ┐ taebomnai, 392 . nion connsuine as lía modha san bheithe l., IGT Introd. 5.3 . aicme na bfoirfheadh do réir shuidhighthi an bheithe luis, ib. 33 . Distinguished from the ogham ioma- gallmha ( = current spelling ?): atáid cóig aicme chúigir san bh. l. ┐ gér lór trí litre .xx. san ogham iomagallmha, 3.22 .

beitheamhain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beitheamhain or dil.ie/5599

x see 2 bethamain, bethemain.

1 beithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 beithech or dil.ie/5600

n [ā, f.] (beithe) birch-land, grove of birch . As n. loc. gur rédigse[d] an Ruadhbeitigh ┐ na Belata (`now Roeve- hagh . . . co. Galway', n. ), CS 332.21 = gur thescsat an Ruaidh Bheithigh, FM ii 1072.23 . Cathal na Beithidh, O'Reilly Geneal. Hist. 74.27 .

2 beithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 beithech or dil.ie/5601

adj (beithe ?): bethech gl. betaceus, Sg. 49b20 (perh. through associating Lat. wd. with betula).

Beithel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Beithel or dil.ie/5602

x see Bethel.

beithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beithir or dil.ie/5603

Forms: beithre, bethrach, beithrech, ghuaisbheithre

n g s. beithre, bethrach, beithrech. Usually f., but note g s. an ghuaisbheithre , Studies 1918, 281 § 9. b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 163. From ON ber(a), Zimmer, ZfdA xxxii 285 f. , but this disputed Bidrag 121 . According to Wagner from an OE dialect form beora, beara Ériu xxviii 5 . Cf. Ériu xix 114 , Sprache xliii 172 n. 2 .

Usually taken as meaning bear, but as a rule loosely applied. Freq. as laudatory epithet of warriors (cf. 1 art and Wortk. 43 ): fuil losgann is bethrach ngarg / ┐ fuil leoman lánard, ZCP v 504.12 . (one of the events of doomsday. The birth of Antichrist ?) ingen dotngēna fria hathair / amail nathruigh / dia do bethraigh (sic leg. ?) / an mac geinfeas what a monster, ZCP viii 196.24 . (of a chief) brīg bethri, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 42 § 40 ( Corp. Gen. 4.3 ). bethir ar beodacht `a bear for bravery', Ann. Conn. 1404.4 . (of the Dond Cualṅgi) co ruathur bethrach / co mbruth biasta / co mbuilli latraind, IT iii 246.9 ( LL 33011 ). ni dligh buachail b.¤ a cow- herd is not entitled to a wild animal (to serve as herd dog ?) O'D. 2418 ( Rawl. B 506, 54.1 col. 2 ). gríobh dhroibhéil d'fheithimh Uladh, / b.¤ oiléin d'fhásughadh (of a leader), DDána 75.44 . fúarais ac léim chluidh chathrach / guin nathrach is béim beithreach, IGT Decl. exx. 2038 , 1882 . ingheiltfid an mart ┐ an bh.¤ = the cow and the bear shall feed, Is. xi 7. b.¤ `a bear', Eg. Gl. 100. (to death) cosmhail le b.¤ nimh- nig, / le gríbh thú, nó le faolchuin `some fierce animal' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 66.17 . Fig.: as mé an b.¤ . . . / as mé Maodócc mórmiolla (in previous lines M. calls himself leomhan and mathgamhain), BNnÉ 285 § 273 . (of the murderers of Cellach) beithri nach somolta sin, / ceithri comalta Cellaich, Met. Dinds. iii 414.11 . (of the world) is tú an bh.¤ bhéim- eannach, TSh. 2121.

Fig. with complimentary sense brave warrior, hero, chief : for-bris Bresal Bēlach / bethir borb buaidgniad, Corp. Gen. 9.7 . a Loegairi . . . a bethir breóderg, LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). na beitreacha cruaidi cathbuadacha, TBC 3863. tri beithreaca beodha . . . / triar laoch, IT ii2 146.5 . M. / b.¤ fhaobhrach onórdha, O'R. Poems 1522. na beithre-se Mac Míleadh, Measgra D. 54.60 . beithre `heroes', FM iv 750.19 . Applied to a lady: a bh.¤ chorcra, TD 15.48 .

beithte, beitte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beithte, beitte or dil.ie/5604

x see buithi.

beitionn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beitionn or dil.ie/5605

n f. (Engl. loanword) betony : betonica .i. an bh.¤ (3. B.15), Rosa Ang. Vocab. See bitoine.

bel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bel or dil.ie/5606

n [o]: an tan dolleicte imb. (: heigen) `when they were released to the road', Blathm. 319 (ed. refers to belach, imbel). ? . . . belota .i. na bela uatha, Laws i 160.7 Comm. ? Compd. dirsan a dith ba belchath (: seanchadh), FM i 544.21 .