báegul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báegul or dil.ie/5134

Forms: báoghal

n o, n. (but see Laws i 90.y below) báoghal m., IGT Decl. § 17 (71.28) .

(a) unguarded condition, danger, hazard, vulnerability; chance, opportunity (of taking by surprise, inflicting an injury): amal dotéitside do gabáil báiguil intan nád nacastar gl. sicut fúr in nocte, ita ueniet, Wb. 25b28 . fri homun cech báeguil, Fél. Ep. 202. ro scrutai in ben . . ./ . . ./ forsin ṅgilla ṅglan . . ./ cinnas doberad baegol, SR 3192. ro gab A. a mb.¤ inna cotlud took them unawares, LU 5642. arnachat fagthar i mb.¤ unguarded, 6156 (H). as báoghal do thoidheacht go hionadh comhloinn. . . ┐ tú gan chloidhem, TBC 2866 v.l. baegul . . . gona a chance of wounding, LL 32814 ( TTr. 2028 ). i mbōegul braith in danger of betrayal, KMMisc. 266 § 27. fogeba-sa . . . baegal Eachach anocht icon fleidh, Arch. iii 324.11 . fuaradur baegal teined do chur ann, Acall. 2651. is baegul mor siut . . . .i. in codlud doniat na fir, Aen. 2068. a boegul loṅgphoirt in a surprise attack on a camp, Ann. Inisf. 1068.2 . tre nert sluaigh ┐ tre báeghal, RC xviii 12.8 (Tig.). ata baeghal áonmhná sunna agad opportunity, chance, Buile S. 50.4 . is baoghul lem gan a rochtain slán I fear, RC xxix 120 § 20. baoghal dúinn ar ndíochaisge `my unruliness is my danger', Dán Dé xi 1 . i mbaoghal a n-uaille nó a n-aigeanta d'ardughadh, TSh. 152. is cuimhin gan bhaoghal without doubt, Oss. iii 290.2 . gúas, baoghal, cunntabhairt, Eg. Gl. 382. Prov. boegal . . . i n-ecmais omain a false sense of security (of Peter, Math. xxvi 33 , 69 ff. ), PH 3010.

(b) Legal, making a mistake in judgement, etc., liability arising from error (or negligence ?), Celtica x 32 n. 45 , cf. ZCP xv 307 (Thurn.) ``bægal' bezeichnet in den Rechtstexten eben die Fehler, die ein sonst Rechtskundiger im Rechtsverfahren begeht'): baegul .i. beo-focul .i. cach brithemain a baegul, O'Dav. 301 = Laws iii 304.4 , ZCP xvii 46. inge tri baegail naigneda (sic) . . . .i. tri hernaile ima baeglaither in t-aigne, no in treidi is baegal dontí aiges in ae, Laws i 90.y ; 92.29 Comm. Cf. Ériu xii 12 § 14. atat . . . da mbaegul n-altrama: baegul donn athair . . . a mbaegul n-aill dond aiti two ways of defaulting in fosterage, ZCP xiii 20.32 , 21.1 . cach báith a baegal, xvii 52 § 32 (`to every fool his risk'). Cf. masa druth ac toirriachtadh ┐ druth ac bualad, conrannat baith baegal (i.e. the consequences of their infringement of the law), Laws iii 162.5 Comm. conrandait baoith baogal .i. is taith- nemach roindait na baoith etorru iní ima ndentar in baogal, O'C. 2331 ( Eg. 88, 25d ).

Attrib. g s. hazardous, unguarded: dat rála i mbeirn ṁbaegail, TBC 3449. uair bæguil an unguarded moment, 3829 . béim baegail, Acall. 6969. conair baegail do thocht ind, Aen. 2002. a shaoghail . . ./ó 'd-chím do dhoirse baoghail, DDána 4.1 .

? Predic. g s. baoghail do dhál, a dhomhain (: tsaoghail), DDána 53.4 .

Compds. a mbaegal-berna (sic leg.), Hy Fiachr. 210.11 . ní briathar bhaeghalbhraith no treacherous word, Acall. 1412.

? baes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? baes or dil.ie/5135

n b.¤ .i. bolg, O'C. 971 (H. 3.18, 416).

báes, baís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báes, baís or dil.ie/5136

Forms: baíse, báos, báois, báosa, báeis, báeise

n ā, f. (1 báeth). Also baíse [, f.]. báos m. g s. báois, báosa, IGT Decl. § 38 (87.17) . báeis f. g s. báeise, § 14 (69.1) .

(a) folly, levity; play, sport; frenzy: inna baise gl. hebitud- enis, Ml. 33c2 . in ṁbáis gl. chebitudinem, 124c17 . mōr mbāis, . . ./ mōr coll cēille, Arch. iii 215.y . na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig, SR 3890 (to complaining Israelites). baes fomrig folly holds me back, IT iii 12 § 22. gabala báise cis lir ? . . . bretha díana, dúscud ferge, folabra gúach, Tec. Corm. § 14.1 . atái ar báis/a chléirigh ní chanai gáis, SG 26.41 . Cf. Dán Dé ix 8 . is mé ar baois ag caoineadh an áirdfhir distraught, Keat. Poems 423.

(b) Legal, incapacity, lack of judgment: cennib gaeth acht nis n-ellne a baes provided that his incapacity does not defile it (sc. his `fine'), Laws iii 54.5 . tre feirg forrain (leg. feirge forrán ?) sceo baisi buaidred, 112.3 Comm. [g]aibiut baetha cachta indliged .i. is taidbsi baisi don fir cachtus . . ., ii 76.20 Comm. baes inna mbretheman nad inmedatar a ndalai dligidh, 130.16 Comm.

? baís(e) banapad: siachtatar .ui. haidhicha ina baisi banapadh `six `seds' is the extent of the fine for entertaining a proclaimed person unawares', Laws iii 60.3 Comm. aidech .i. cumal nó fiach slān do lāimh rathe .i. aidech sies teora aidecha ina baos ban-apad, O'Mulc. 102.

Attrib. g s. wanton, frivolous, sportive, playful, appertaining to play; frenzied: gebid a bunsaig ṁbáisi, TBC 888. rith báise a wild rush, 893 . taem báisi risin mbas-crann `the knocker had been smitten with frenzy', Ériu iv 116 § 25. comh- rádh baísi, IGT Decl. ex. 633. amhail fhear baoise nó buain- ghealtachta, TSh. 5957.

(c) wantonness, lust: ní ar báes nach ar báegul ro dalus-sae friss, IT i 127.4 = ní ar chul no amles . . ., LU 10769. nach ingen dogníd buís dar cenn aurnaidm, LL 37043. baos .i. drúis, O'Cl.

As quasi-vn. an rí 's a rígan . . ./ ic baeis dōib ann, ic búaphud, BColm. 88.21 .

báesach, baísech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báesach, baísech or dil.ie/5137

adj o, ā (báes) foolish, wanton: a shaoghail . . . bhaoisigh, Keat. Poems 1566. is srathor for serrach. . . . Is cuad do bǣsach. Is gairm fri fasguth, Aisl. MC 125.20 .

báesrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báesrad or dil.ie/5138

Forms: -ad, -aid

n d s. -ad, -aid. (báes) folly, levity, vanity: ní dherna báosradh budh mó, BNnÉ 142.22 . dobheirid iad féin do bhaosradh ┐ do bhuile bhaothánta na hóige, TSh. 3849 (cf. do bhaosraidh na hóige, Hackett xxvi 4 . gan bhaosraidh, Keat. Poems 584 ). a mhéad do bhaosradh (= dementia), 4609 . i n-aon-fhaision éadaigh . . ./ . . . baosradh nó uallaigheacht spóirt, Keat. Poems 308. an bhaosradh do léirigh mo pheann-sa síos, Hackett i 14 (bhaosrach, v.l.).

1 báeth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 báeth or dil.ie/5139

Forms: baíd, bóeth, baid

adj o, ā. Also baíd, baíth, bóeth.

I

(a) foolish, stupid, silly, thoughtless, reckless; of animals, wind irrational, wild, innocent, wayward: baid gl. stultus, Wb. 8d8 (a prima manu). deilb mordraige ┐ fir boith, Ml. 52. mall no baéth gl. hebes, Sg. 66a5 . baeth. .i. faoth quasi fatu[u]s , O'Mulc. 118. deich mba mboetha im gach mboethan, Fél. 88.32 . dáig at báetha cialla ban, LU 3996 ( SC 45 ). a Fir Baíth is b.¤ do fecht, 6032 . in tond baeth bhorr (of Fer Diad), TBC 4185. is bōeth do neoch renus fír/ar ascnam i tīr na pīan, ZCP vii 498.4 . [b]aoth .i. olc . . . .i. is olc ní cradh Dé, O'Dav. 192. hech baeth, RC xx 174 § 39 (ACC Comm.). in breo baoth reckless , FM ii 902.20 . Compar. is minic . . . nach baoithe an chlann ioná a n-athair, Donl. 332.4 . Adv. do imthig roimpe co baoth barr-[ud]mall waywardly (of the wind), ML² 713.

(b) In Laws applied to one not fully responsible either through nonage or mental deficiency (opp. to gáeth): fo- fuasna ide a c[h]uru uile mat baith `wenn sie töricht sind', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22. fer (= fír, Fianaig. 30.29 ) mná báithe dlomthar sceo gaithe, O'Dav. 209.

(c) wanton, licentious: cacha baitsaige .i. . . . is leisin mnai mbaith in lenam donither ria, Laws v 454.8 Comm. a ndail mná baithe, IT iii 16 § 40. diammbése b.¤ if I were wanton, LU 8332 ( FB 24 ). cosc mnā bóithe do drúis, Aisl. MC 73.2 (of a hopeless proceeding).

As pseudo-n. pr. cóic maccu maithe .i. Baeth ┐ Bras . . ., Dinds. 161 ( RC xvi 280.17 ).

II As subst.

(a) fool, idiot; in baid gl. idiotae, Wb. 12d35 (a prima manu). don báith no dond oscar gl. idiotae, 12d16 . imrechtatar báith baethu B. .i. ro imaigetar . . . na baethu eochu baetha B., O'Dav. 1076. ro selgatar rótu/nád soréid la báethu (of the saints), Fél. Prol. 30. ? goth gruce golfad breice/baeth críche, Auraic. 5289.

(b) In Laws one who is legally incapacitated on mental grounds: dilmuin do boethuib . . . is dilmuin . . . dona hecodnuchuibh, Laws ii 82.7 . ni cria do baeth . . ., do mnaí, do cimid, iii 58.6 . iasacht cungnuma do baethaib, v 490.3 . cor baith fri gaet, Coibnes 5 n.1 . aithghin a nedgi boith no meic, Laws i 272.x Comm. imchomét a baíth ┐ a gaíth, Ériu xx 168.77 . itir baoth ┐ gaoth, ar as a belaib baoith .i. na lēighes ┐ gaoith .i. lēighis, dlutar gach nós, O'C. 2280 ( Eg. 88, 21a ). b.¤ (┐) gáeth term for some class of legally irresponsible person: in caeptha ┐ in finelogh, b.¤ ┐ gaeth, ┐ in fer lethchuind—ceithre hanmanna sin ar in fer leth- chuind, O'C. 982 (H. 3.18, 423a). baeth gaeth, 1392 (631b). Cf. fenelaig (.i. baith no gaith), Bürgschaft 19 § 59.

Compds. searc gach baothmhná light woman (?), DDána 89.27 . ge béo anocht ar bhaithbendaibh wild (?) peaks, Buile S. 86.7 . nacham luaid dot' baethbriatraib wanton words (Joseph to Potiphar's wife), SR 3186. ar baoith- chéill . . . ó mheisge nó ó chraos, Eochairsg. 105.33 . brón baoithchridhe ban `wayward hearts', Studies 1920, 99 § 10 . do bhaothghlóir na beatha aimseardha `empty glory' (Gloss.), TSh. 606. dá bhaothghnúis éididh ionghualaigh (of the devil), Aithd. D. 76.10 . cid día mbúpthai na báeth- laegu innocent calves, LU 1752. an baothlaogh allaidh, DDána 80.29 . don bháothleim sin reckless leap, RC xxix 122 § 22 . baethlenum becc innocent child, Acall. 6283. do dhá bhaothmhama thug masla do lígh an lile tender breasts, Hackett xx 45 . iarsin baethréim rucsat Ulaid dar Herind reckless course, LL 22076. in bi[th] cona báethrennaib the world with its irrational elements, Ériu iv 106 § 60. Cf. baíd.

? 2 báeth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 báeth or dil.ie/5140

n táirthis b.¤ n-araig fair, RC xiii 106 § 138 ( LL 38986 ). See M 24.3.

báetha(ig)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báetha(ig)id or dil.ie/5141

Forms: baithaigim, adbolbaithigim

v (1 báeth): baithaigim I talk like a fool gl. futio, Sg. 56b5 (`I am a fool'). Cf. adbolbaithigim gl. effutio, 6 (`I am a great fool'). ron baithaigeis hí Pardos thou hast befooled, deluded, SR 1724. rot baithig, rom baethigeis, 1320 . ram boethsitar [mo sir-peccaid], Ir. Lit. 6.5 .

báethán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báethán or dil.ie/5142

n o, m. (1 báeth) calf, young animal: baothān ferb .i. laogh, ZCP v 484 § 9 (B. na f.). deich mba mboetha im gach mboethan, Fél. 88.32 . b.¤ lúath na lethbliadna, Anecd. i 38 § 107. baothan as gach tred / gach caorach 's gach bó, Misc. Hag. Hib. 34.23 . ní labhair bó re baothán, Magauran 746 .

In later lang. also fool, simpleton, heedless person: mairg darb céile baothán borb (prov.), Hard. ii 404.4 . baothán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721.

As a pn nickname: don Baethan Mac Gilla ruaidh, ALC ii 126.6 .

báethánach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báethánach or dil.ie/5143

adj o, ā (báethán) irrational, senseless: gan an buar baethanach, ZCP viii 201 § 12.

báethánta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báethánta or dil.ie/5144

adj io, iā (báethán) foolish, senseless: baramhail baothánta, Keat. ii 942. do bhaosradh ┐ do bhuile bhaoth- ánta na hóige, TSh. 3849.