3 úath

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Forms: ūath, úath

n (a) a whitethorn: ūath .i. scē (v.l. sceach), ar imat a delg, Corm. Y 1278 . úath .i. sgé, no sgeach, O'Cl. an sceach gheal, .i. scé, .i. uathadh, Gadelica 56.30 (H. O'Sullivan's Diary). amal atraig ilar ḟlesc o uathmecnaib (MS. fhuathmecnu) 'as many rods arise from white-thorn roots' Misc. Ascoli 368 § 6 .

(b) name of the letter h: uath ó Uiría, IGT, Introd. § 4 . uath in ogaim crand fir no sce ar a delgaighe insin, Auraic. 5516 . huath dono, is o chrand rohainmniged .i. sce, 1176 , 4272 . conal cuan do rad re huath in ogaim ar coibnius in anma, 5546 . cis lir fogla ogaim ┐ caiteat? ... uath a v, 5491 . treidi doghni uath .i. bogad ┐ semigudh ┐ airdibdad, 1264 . uath bogas in beithi fil and, ar ni bi p isin Gaedilc, 1270 . huath cetumus: is ed fhuilleas b co ngeib greim p, 432 . scriuthair ┐ ni hair- imther uath isna foclaib dedenachaib arna litrib, acht nod tinfid, 1230 . teora fuilti ind Auraicepta .i. huath ┐ forsail ┐ arnin, 430 . coitchend immorro do thaebomnaib acht huath, 766 . taebomna dia togaib uath ceand doraith `a consonant along with which h constantly appears,' 1408 . aicme huatha, 5699 .

4 úath

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n name of a colour: aicme huatha .i. huath, dub, temen, cron, quiar (in Dathogam), Auraic. 5699 .

Cf. 6 úath.

5 úath

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adv I A small number, a few (cf. úathad): beidh an bás go bráth lem bhéalsa | nó go síntear síos i gcré me | fán seang súgach lúthmhar léimneach | do bheith ina uaigh ina uath 's ina aonar alone , Ó Bruad. i 12.12 . air mbeith 'n-a uath ┐ 'n-a aonar dhó, ITS xxiv 4.6 . ni no [leg. 'na?] uath no na aoinfhear acht araon le gluaisibh, Luc. Fid. 299.5 . o tharla dúin bheith gu huath `to be few in number,' Caithr. CC. 15.16 .

II As adj.: d p. is-na huathib laithib-se in chorghais, PH 4992 .

6 úath

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n earth, clay, mould: `uath' ainm d'úir, diamhair an dath, Met. Gl. D 53 . `uath' uir, Met. Gl. E. 24 . uáth .i. úir, O'Cl. uath .i. ur, Lec. Gl. 558 . ūath ūir ┐ ond cloch, Corm. Y 80 . Compd.: uath-ond clay and stone: adbae othna .i. adba hūath-uinne, Corm. Y 80 . Cf. .i. i n-adbae n-uath tuinne .i. i n-adba ure ┐ cloche, quia fit huath .i. úr ┐ onn .i. cloch, RC xxvi 26 n. 4 . O'Dav. 1322 .

7 úath

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Forms: urtha

n in names of tales: catha ┐ uatha ┐ imrama, LL 189b53 . MS. Mat. 283 . PRIA i (1879) 222 (the versions of this list in Edinb., Adv. Lib. vii , ZCP xiv 1 , and Laws i 46 have instead: urtha ). uatha immurgu inso ... u.¤ Belaig Con Glais, U.¤ Uama Cruachan LL 189c23 . u.¤ Beinne Etair 189c27 . RC xi 129 = 1 úath, The Learned Tales of Medieval Ireland 94-97 .

? úatha

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n ro[t]tairbirsetar teora mná: ūatha ocus ēca ocus gorta ` scarcity ,' Aisl. MC 93.15 .

Cf. 1 úathad.

1 úathach

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adj I o-ā (1 úath) horrible, dreadful: arnād rīs iffernn ūathach | ateoch in ríg ..., Thes. ii 353.5 ( Hy. vi 20 ). nebbuith fri éthech nūathach `not to be at hateful lying,' Ériu ii 64 § 6 . in n-indsib inn aceoin uathaigh, YBL 12a5 (Snedgus u.¤ MacR.). a uathbas .i. inni is uathach leis amail bas, Laws v 298.18 Comm.

n II Subst. m. and f. doithir cach n-úathach, Arch. iii 229.107 . As npr. m.: Uathach ainm in mhic, Duan. F. i 42.26 . As npr., f., name of princess who taught Cú Chulainn warlike feats, TBC 3007 . ITS xxiv 22.9 ; 46.35 . As epithet: Eithne Úathach ... is de ba hEithne Ú.¤ a hainmse ardaig nos aigtis in meicc bicc, Expuls. 8 ( Cymmr. xiv 108 = Ériu iii 138.84 ). Name of a shield: ind Úathach Dubthaig, LL 107a6 ( Ériu iv 28.9 ).

2 úathach

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adj o-ā singular, exceptional: do córónuighedh ísi go hu.¤ , Rule of St. Clare 57a (= singulari diademate coronata refulget, Wadding, Annales Minorum 10, 240 ).

1 úathad, óthad, úaithed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úathad, óthad, úaithed or dil.ie/42815

Forms: úathadh, úathadh, úathadh, úathad, úathad, indhuathad, nóthud, nothud, nothuth

n (see Ériu iii 74 ) o-ā, freq. used substantivally. N.pl. and cpv. forms wrongly listed s.v. 2 úaite q.v.

(a) a small number, a few: úathadh , IGT, Decl. § 11 . úathadh .i. beagán, O'Cl. ainm d'áon `úathadh', Met. Gl. Ff. 21 (aon ainm uathaidh; ┐ aen ainm gach uathaid v.l.). húathad ṅdóine do chretim diib few persons would believe (`pauci, paucitas hominum'), Wb. 4d4 . cid an uathath nísiu (gl. et ego relictus sum solus, et qu[a]erunt animam meam), 5a26 (=`' Ascoli 131 ). huathad foirbthe a few perfect men Ml. 90c12 (cf. úaite). conna torchair acht uathed mbeg im Chonaire .i. nónbor nammá, BDD 158 U (huathad Y). uathad becc, LB 149a58 . subaith cach n-ōthath ` singleness ,' Fianaig. 38.8 . táinig annsin le hiomud coguidh uathadh fear agas foirne ar mhórán d'Éirinn, PCT 680 . is i toil ar Fiadhad find | ūathad brāthar fo aencuing a few brothers beneath one [monastic] rule , Ériu ii 229 § 7 . hūathad ōclaoch innide, Ériu i 39 § 5 . as cómhartha fainne uathadh sochraide, ML 104.3 . do bhí uathadh ban sa gcáthair, ITS i 108.29 . atāt deich primratha fichet forsin sceolsa, ┐ is lōr ūathad dīb for desmberecht, Aisl. MC 111z . Attrib. gen.: atchondarc and fert n-úathaid `a lonely grave,' Met. Dinds. iii 228.29 , cf.: rogab lige n-uachail (v.l. n-uathaid) n-ard, ii 14.55 . d s. hua huathud do áis foirbthiu (gl. paucís uirtutis studio praeditis), Ml. 90c11 . iomad asa ag uathadh cruidh, TD 1. 54 . go n-uathadh oile i n-a choimhiteacht, Fl. Earls 190.26 . co n-uathadh do chlandaibh Néill, FM iii 108.4 . an t-uaithed ro baoi 'na farrad, TFrag. 122.6 . ro thairis uaithtedh i ffarrad Ch., 208.18 . ní tearna ... acht dias ... ┐ uaitheadh beag leó, 146.19 . Adverbial use (dat. or nom. of accompaniment) with a small number: ní ba úaithed dondriga (gl. in adventu Domini nostri cum omnibus sanctis eius), Wb. 25a38 . iss ed ... roráid M. ra F. can tocht úaithed í cend rig Herenn co feraib Herenn imme, RC xiii 46.6 . tiagam huathud sluag co pupaill morscoith, TBC² 1067 . Tigernan do dhul ..., uathadh sochraide, with a small body of troops , FM iv 720.10 . co nach ternó dhibh ass acht mac D. uathad ar echaib, ALC i 196.4 . conus-tarraidh Aenghus ... uathadh orro, RC xvii 354.3 . With subst. vb.: rí Crúachan nocha ttéid troighid | beith uathad is doiligh dhó, `for his forces to be small is grievous to him,' KMMisc. 172 § 23 . gé do bhí uathadh fan aim-sin, DDána 17.8 .

i n-úathad alone, with a small number: fēle, ar nī bī a n-uathad, O'Mulc. 60 . teid D. lā n-aen do seilg, co rucsat na laeic[h] sin fair a n-uathad óa muintir, Marco P. 98 . gur fhágbhadar M. ... 'na uatha ┐ 'na aonar, ITS i 12.3 . rofiarfuigh do P. cid imma mboi in uathadh ind sin, D iv 2, 73rb 8 . gearr go rabhad 'na n-uathadh (úadh-, MS), | Rāth Tuathail is Ráth Teamhra `soon shall they be lonely,' KMMisc. 352.1 Cf. ní bhfuilim acht am uathadh `we are but a handful,' Oss. vi 136 . fatigus i n-uathad `heedfulness in solitude,' Ériu vii 138 . As pred. of cop.: is huathath (gl. rarus est [qui nesciat]), Bcr 31d1 . as ūathad dan hoiris, Ir. Texts ii 9 § 28 . is uathadh dona heolchuibh aga bfuil fios, RC xxix 116 § 12 . rob ūathad mo dám `I was only a party of one,' Aisl. MC 19.23 . tinolaid for sluagad slan, | ni ba huathad for comdal, SR 1374 . rop u.¤ i sanasaib, LL 343d20 . giarb uathed do dám malle though few was thy train along with thee , LL 87b25 . ua huathad eolaig (Eg. eolach) inn usci sin, few knew of , TTebe 1752 (but: as úathadh na fir, lochtach; as uaiththe na fir, cóir , ZCP xvi 333 ). cid uathad in timna-sa i fhoclaib, aráide is lethan hi ceill, PH 5838 . rob uathadh a chomh- aoisi there were few as old as he , ZCP xi 44 § 52 . traigle i nach uathadh ḟuidhre, IT iii 85 § 83 ( Bruchst. 88 ). do Chrúachain cháid cen chaite, | ac' nach úathaid (v.l. úathad) ecraite `whose foemen are not few,' Met. Dinds. iii 348.16 . teagh ... is (Mss. um, as) nach uathadh urra um Aodh, DDána 119.23 . Cop. not expressed: uathadh bean i mbia t'úire, Ir. Monthly 1919, 226.26 . uathadh loingeas an ríogh ráin, ML 82.27 .

In phr. is úathad do is alone, is with a small number: ba fūathad do Chond in tan sin, ZCP viii 276.9 . ba ūathad dō, 10 . is uathadh duinn anosa `we are few now,' BNnÉ. 41 § 84 . is cumung ... ar ferand-ni ┐ as uathad d'ar sluagaib, Aen. 1872 ( BB 469b40 ). mad úathad do a ndeilb fhagla | dleaghar suil re sodamhna, Ir. Texts ii 25 § 3 . do-chonnarc uair, nár bh'uathadh dhíbh-se, | gé taoi anocht gan scot re scaoithibh, Keat. Poems 1475 (to Cahir). With cop. omitted: uathadh dot aos cuidighthe, Content. vii 16 . Advb.: indhuathad (gl. raro), Sg. 137b2 .

Contrasted with words denoting multitude. With ilar: tucais nuachar a Dhe dhamh | is mé an t-úathad re hilar, Ir. Texts ii 15 § 36 . ger bhuathadh i naghaidh iolair eisiomh, FM iii 576.5 . tug go huathadh iolar sluagh | a shiobhal fa ruathar ríogh `many a host he made small' i.e. reduced to a unit , Ir. Monthly 1919, 399.23 ( DDána p. 298 ). With imad: nír an uathadh ná imad a n-áeninad rena aigid, Comp. Con. C. 109.15 . ar uathadh nó ar iomad sluaigh, TD 19.8 . With sochuide: cit sochudi bid huathad creitfes diib, Wb. 4d5 . cía lín ro lá insé | inn úated nó in sochaide, LU 4747 . curach berar for sál i n-domnach cid úathad cid sochaide nodmbera, `whether it be one or many,' Ériu ii 206 § 24 . nim dersaige fri úathad nomdíusca immorro fri sochaide, LU 5119 . trí húathaid ata ferr sochaidi: úathad dagbríathar, úathad bó hi feór, úathad carat im chuirm `three fewnesses that are better than plenty,' Triads 93 . eter uathad ┐ sochaide `one and all,' BNnÉ 267 § 235 . i núathud ┐ hi sochaidi alone and in a multitude Thes. ii 356.21 . ó uathad co sochaidi, Lism. L. 723 .

(b) The singular number (gramm.): ilar ar huathud són plural for singular , Ml. 145d5 . is fo huath[ud] amal sodin an institutae creaturae is in the singular , 42b12 . ut nomina pluralia techtaite huathath that have a singular number , Sg. 71b3 . ní rochinnset ó nach uathuth etir they have not descended from any singular at all , ib. hothad ut mei meus singular 198a22 . i narim hodid in the singular number , 66b9 . i nóthud in the singular, 41a8 . i nothud , 92b2 . i nothuth , 198b3 . sum, es, est, a uathad its singular , Auraic. 310 . cen uathad fri ilar, 1942 , cf. 5058 . cetperso in uathaid sum, 325 . tres perso in huathaid, est, 326 . persa tanaisti huathaid es 305 . cid ar a n-eipertsium guta ┐ consaine, uair guthaigi uathaid ┐ consaini iolair?, 2756 . itait amh a tri i n-uathad .i. sum, es, est, 323 , cf. 1641 etc. dlighidh aithne ar lochduibh iomdha oile mur atá ... iollradh re húathadh (a metrical fault), IGT, Introd. § 2 . as díobh aithne ar chíalluibh úathaidh ┐ iollraidh, ib. ainm uathaidh an fhocuil do fíafróchthaoi dhe d'fhéchain ar tús § 3 . ga líon siolla san fhocal as sía do Gháoidhilg do chomhfhocal no d'ainm úathaidh, § 1 . ainm úathaidh cáol ... ainm úathaidh leathan, ZCP xvi 333 .

With the ordinals to distinguish the units from the tens (see Ériu xxii 179 ). Of the age of the moon: hi coicid huathid (gl. quinta luna) in the fifth , Bcr. 33b7 . in n-ochtmadh uathaid rogenair Brigit, i cedain sainriudh: i n-ochtmad dec rogabh caille, Lism. L. 1351 . Natiuitas S.B. día cédaoín an ochtmadh uatha[i]d escca Febhra, CS 22.14 . Nativítas S.B. dia cetaine in uííí.mad uathaid esca, LB 220 marg. inf. in. deachmadh uathadh (v.l. ind x. maid uathaid) escai i mís Mai, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. i 23 n. 25 . aimsir gemhreta ann, ┐ tres uathaidh ar [ai] ais ésci, CCath. 449 . hi cuigeadh uathadh gan eill | doruacht Ceassair in Erinn, BB 22a46 ( Lebor Gabála ii 228 ). Kl. Enair for cetain, ocus oen uathadh fuirri `the first day of the moon,' CS 338.8 . ail uathaidh fuirri, RC xviii 284.2 (Tig.). dechmadh uathadh fuirre, 56 . ALC i 292.6 .

2 úathad

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n lenition, the mark of aspiration (Gramm.): an tan ghabhus úathadh greim ar chonnsuinibh, IGT, Introd. § 11 . as [sic leg.] firthearc cuirid [na seinleabhair] uathadh ar na connsainibh mar atá, bh, ch, dh, fh, etc., O'Cl. Gloss. Pref. ( RC iv 355 ). ní hénchasadh atá a ccoll go n-úathadh, do-níthear .g. lom dhe a n-áit, ┐ .g. go n-úathadh a n-áit eile, IGT, Introd. § 53 (i.e. ` ch' does not always assume the same form with syncope, sometimes it becomes `g' some- times `gh' ). .m. go n-úathadh ┐ .b. go n-úathadh, § 42 . na trí chonnsuine dhég fhoghnus do luchd dénta an dána dírigh suil chuireas .h. a n-iomad áirmhe íad, § 1 . sr. sl. sn. ... lochdach a n-úathadh [d'uaim] re chéile na úathadh .s. riú, § 39 . ga líon aicme na ttrí chonnsuineadh ndég sin iar n-úathadh do ghabháil greama dhíobh, § 1 .

3 úathad

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n diminishing, making few: táinic go hairm a raibhe E.T. ... ag uathadh aicmeadh, ML 136.5 .