úabrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úabrach or dil.ie/42576

Forms: úaibrech, úabrach

adj o-ā (úabar) proud, haughty, cf. úaibrech. úabrach is the correct form according to IGT, Decl. § 17 . bean úabhrach, ib. § 137 . an fhuil uabhrach, Studies 1928, 674.4 . úabhrach misi ór léigedh leam, IGT, Decl. ex. 747 . ar fúarlach bhréigi ná bím | fan bhféigi úabhrach airdrígh, ex. 748 .

úach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úach or dil.ie/42577

n top (?), cf. úachtar: crūach .i. cōir a ūach .i. a ūac[h]tar, Corm. Y 340 .

úachalda, úachalla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úachalda, úachalla or dil.ie/42578

Forms: úachalda

(later with prothetic f) adj. of uncer- tain meaning accord. to Met. Dinds. Gl. Cf. úachal(l): ba dál amnas fuachalda (leg. úachalda), Met. Dinds. ii 4.43 . (v.l. nuachalla, nuachalda, nuacolla) `it was a cunning ... union.' is annsin rogesestar in druagh geim n-aichthidhe n-uachalda (v.l. n-uachalla), Anecd. ii 51.2 .

As npr.: Blod mac Con maic Caiss clothaig | maic Uachalla ilchrothaig, Met. Dinds. ii 54.2 .

úachal(l), úachell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úachal(l), úachell or dil.ie/42579

Forms: uachall, uallach, uathbhásach

[o-ā] an adj. of uncertain meaning accord. to Met. Dinds. Gl. `uachall for uallach by trans- position of letters ?, i.e. uathbhásach terrible, horrible, frightful, whimsical, fantastical, fanciful , vid. uaichle,' P. O'C. a s. rogab lige n-uachail n-ard, (: Luachair) `he found a grave proud and lofty,' Met. Dinds. ii 14.55 (v.l. nuachal, n-uathaid)= LU 4170 .

As subst.: serr cech nuachell .i. cech noccla (nuallach, LB) `everything proud,' Corm. Bodl. s.v. serrach . serr gach n-ūachall, cach n-ogla (v.l. uachell, uallach), Corm. Y 1161 .

úacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úacht or dil.ie/42580

Forms: úacht, uacht, huacht, uacht, úacht, uachta, ḟuachta

n (earlier ócht) u, m. (later also with prothetic f). fúacht, úacht, IGT, Decl. § 95 . cold, coldness: ocht et gorte (gl. in angustiis), Wb. 15d29 . atbél ar ócht et gorti, 10d24 , cf. 25 . air meit ind huachta (gl. nimio frigore), Ml. 94b23 . dia ditin ar huacht ┐ tes, 67d10-11 . Cf. ib. 15 , 76d14 , 90d3 .

n s. uacht sini, Hy. ii 27 ( Thes. ii 315 ). huacht, SR 917 . uacht, 8360 . tulūach .i. ūacht inti, Corm. Y 1245 . úacht (among the things wh. are worst for the body), Tec. Corm. § 21.7 . fuacht ┐ teasbach, TSh. 516 . a d s. Ri conic huacht ocus tess, SR 321 . eter úacht ocus tess, FA 26 ( LU 2181 ). cen u.¤ , LU 9838 . sognaid cach co fuacht, LL 345d44 ( RC xlv 49 )= BB 65a7 . ni lécset u.¤ no scís ... fair, PH 1973 . luid E. ... as uacht chorpáin chríad, Fél. Apr. 19 . amuil ditnes in tech nech ar f. ocus ar doinind, Laws i 32.11 Comm. ar f., ocus ar tes, ib. v 28.3 . nom churim ar commairgi | na Trinoite togaide | ... | ar uacht is ar accorus, Ir. Lit. 92.28 . ar theas is ar ḟuacht Ifrinn, Ir. Monthly 1922, 387.20 ( DDána 22.20 ). a f. ín geimridh, Laws iv 90.5 Comm. co n-erbailt do fh. ┐ gortai, PH 1910 , sochaidhi ... décc do f., FM v 1384.15 . gur fhulaing an urdail sin d'f., Fl. Earls 56. 10 . o huachd na haidci, Ann. Conn. 1400.13 . g s. indaimsir ... uachta , Trip. 10.25 =ḟuachta, Trip.² 125 . fuitt fūacht .i. comēt fūachta inn sin, Corm. Y 249 . etach do nocht ocus fri bruinni fuachta, Laws i 144.30 Comm. imad cech fuachta, PH 4319 . pian ... uachda ┐ tessa, 6397 . ré géar-ghoin fhuachta, TSh. 6561 . Attrib. gen. gomh fhúachta na haimsire, Studies 1921, 419.15 . do bhrígh a nfúachta, Prov. xx 4 . air son an ḟuáchda, Acts xxviii 2 .

=` numbness ': don láimh sin do mharbh Garaidh | do líon fuacht is do líon galar, Ériu i 32.250 .

In the phr.: le f. ┐ le fán: Rí Séamus agus a mhac do dhíbirt le fuacht is le fán, E. O'Rahilly 295.26 .

Metaph.: Mac Aodha, aighne go dtreoir | gríos oireas d'ḟuacht ḟear n-aineoil `a fire fitted to warm the coldness of ignorant men,' Content. xxv 10 .

As adj.? : basa uacht, TFrag. 106 . biaidh ... an geimh- readh ... caol-ḟuacht `somewhat cold ,' Corp. Astron. 64 § 3 .

Compds.: ¤gortae cold and hunger (a dvandva-compd., see KM, Wortk. 1 ): a s. húair rombatar i mbochtai | dochúa- tar in-huachtgortai, SR 1478 .

1 úachtar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úachtar or dil.ie/42581

Forms: íochdar, úachdar

n (earlier óchtar q.v.) o, n., later m. íochdar úachdar, IGT, Decl. § 11 .

(a) the upper part or surface of anything, the top: is coīle 'sa coīle corice a ū.¤ , Corm. Y 262 (of a cowl). nathir doilbth[e], ..., | derbaid for a firuachtur (of Moses' rod), SR 4332 . lassar ..., dub a íchtur, derg a medón ┐ a uachtor, LU 2147 . cechair .i. cec[h]air a huachtar ┐ uisce a hichtar ... laith .i. feith ┐ uisce for a hu.¤ , O'Dav. 514 . focheird im ú.¤ in corthe, LU 4698 . ciṅgid C. ..., co mbái for u.¤ cobraidi scéith N., TBC 1996 ( LL 73a29 ). ar (for) ú.¤ over (of clothes): do gabh uime ar u.¤ a éideadh í put it on over his armour (viz. an léine), ML 42.20 . leinte geala ar u.¤ earradh a marcsluaigh, Rel. Celt. ii 200.14 . ar u.¤ cacha daibche, MR 130.2 . atchiu trí neollu, nél glan, ... néll glas, ... néll derg ... | atciu ann ar a n-u.¤ , Acall. 7591 . upper part (of a house): u.¤ tighe fan chléir chuire, | fine Néill ag suidhe síos, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 198.71 . Of a grave: ro adnacusa he i n-uachtur m'adnocuil fén, PH 1533 . i n-uachtur in ādnocuil, 1558 . nit ic na diablaib i n-a u.¤ (comparing the avaricious man to a decaying tree), 7746 . Of the air: saighnen ... tísadh a hu.¤ aeoir docum talman `from the upper region of the air,' CCath. 362 . Fig.: Césair do toidecht a féic[i] ┐ a huachtur in domain .i. asin Roim, 372 . i n-u.¤ an chláir at the top of the table , Corp. Astron. 106 § 40 .

Contrasted with íchtar: ni accatarsom cinnas boí thís a híchtur nó a huachtur túas fora hairde, LU 1927 . dichetal for ochtraig co rathochra a mbí ina íchtur for a ú.¤ do choṅgna ... `so that all ... that are below come to the top,' Triads 117 . is cuma leis cia dhíobh bhíos i n-u.¤ no i n-íochtar an mhála, TSh. 868 . an té do bhíodh a n-u.¤ ar ball do bhíodh a n-íochtar (descr. of a scuffle), PCT 1641 . buailios a chum- pánach ..., gur chuir uachtar tre íochtar a inchinne 1065 .

Attrib. gen. upper, uppermost; foremost: in cloch uachtair `the upper stone,' Laws i 140.17 Comm. gég úachtair na tíre thall `the top-most branch' (fig. of King Arthur), Studies 1919, 73 . dá éan uachtair chuaine Chuinn `the two noblest birds' (fig.), Ir. Monthly 1926, 471.2 . i mbarr uachtair na fidhbuidhe, CCath. 668 . In phr.: ó íochtar go húachtar from top to bottom: léine ní líontar dá dhul | d'fhéile ó íochtar go hu.¤ , Studies 1928, 68.11 . ro-dluiged iarum fial in tempuil a ṅdib lethib, o ta a u.¤ co a híchtar, PH 3365 .

adv i n-ú.¤ above (denoting rest): a nem hitat aingil i n-u.¤ (MS iinuachtar) `above,' Ml. 42b10 . of something written in a MS.: túas i n-ōchtur (gl. ex titulo), Bcr 32a3 . Hence: beíth i n-ú.¤ to be on top, supreme, victorious: iarruim Cromuil do bheith i n-u.¤ , PCT 1252 . an tí budh treise do bheith i n-u.¤ , 1845 .

lám i n-ú.¤ : rapo doss díten ┐ rapo buinne bratha ┐ ropo lám i n-uachtur leo Conall (proverb), CRR 36 ( LL 176a32 ). go dtug Dia an lámh i n-u.¤ ag Scotaibh ... orra God gave the Scots the upper hand of them , (i.e. the victory over them), Keat. ii 6144 .

adv i n-ú.¤ up, upward (after vb. of motion): ré buinne nó ré heas abhann ... éirgheas go héasgaidh obann i n-u.¤ arís, TSh. 7610 .

In phr.: i n-u.¤ a chind at the top of his voice : atbert ... Mac C. in guth a n-ūachtar a chind, Aisl. MC 85 y ( LB 218a45 ).

(b) The upper part of a country: lá ro boí Condla ... for láim a athar i n-uachtor Usnig, LU 9994 . i n-ūachtur Fer Tulach, B. Colm. 56.26 . ro ionnarb Donnachadh a flaithius Uladh iar nuachtar, `from the chieftainship of the upper part of U.', FM ii 1088.11 . ro airccset Uladh iar nu.¤ uile `all the upper part of Ulidia', ib. 17 . Sometimes corres- ponds to southern: Ú.¤ Connacht Upper C. (i.e. Galway, O'Flaherty, Iar gConnaught 99 ): sloigeadh do dhenomh do Mac Uilliam ... in U.¤ Connacht go Cloinn Riocaird, FM iii 634y . AU 1366 .

Common in place-names: see Onom., FM index, etc.

(c) the upper part of milk, cream: ochtar ocus lemlacht, Laws iv 302.23 (C. G.). lan ueine tri nol do u.¤ taiscida tri la ┐ teora n-aidchi, SM Facs. 31a = Laws ii 254.4 ( ZCP xiv 356 ). fuaramuir mil, u.¤ ┐ onoir, PCT 1243 .

(d) u.¤ go tóin name of a plant (lit. cream to the bottom) supposed to turn milk into cream, if milk-pail is scoured with it, Ir. Gl. p. 56 . Cf. uachdar `' ?; O'R, Armstrong, Gael. Dict.

(e) the upper of a shoe: a n-u.¤ ní chaithid, ní chaillid a ndeallramh `they wear not their uppers out,' E. O'Rahilly xviii 51 .

Compds.: ¤erraid `upper [outer ?] garments': bádar ... gan ḟorbhruta iar ffágbháil a nuachtairearraidh isin ffiailtig, FM vi 1916.11 . ¤ḟairsing wide above: do chlarscíathaibh ... uachtarfairsingaibh moraib ina timchioll, CCath. 4984 .

With subst. prefix: co barr-úachtar a dond-fúathroci, LU 6558 . sech barr-uachtar in sceith, TBC 1997 ( LL 73a30 ).

Here perh.: in sdablaing ... doberthea do L. do lāruachtar eanbruithi choiri C., BB 257b42 .

2 úachtar ?

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uachtar (gl. impedica), Ir. Gl. 192 .

úachtarach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úachtarach or dil.ie/42583

adj (earlier óchtarach, q.v.) o-ā (úachtar, óchtar)

(a) upper, higher: in pars ochtarach, Thes. ii 255.1 ( Stowe Miss. 65b ). [co ruc] a chléthe n-óchtarach din tig, LU 1476 . is assu de tabairt in ferso huachtaraig the preceding verse , Ml. 107c16 . coica cubat, ... | isin taibled ichtarach, | ... | is in tricha 'sind uachtaruch (of dimensions of Ark), SR 2452 . are .i. rē ū.¤ in duine, Corm. Y 44 . in cend n-u.¤ the upper end (of a pillar-stone), Aisl. MC 47.20 . tair dond áth u.¤ , LU 6192 . ciṅgis C. co mbái for ind u.¤ in bera, TBC 1948 ( LL 72b33 ). benais béim ... don charput u.¤ fora forcli, LU 6460 . sé ar sgáth an sgéith úachdaraigh, IGT, Decl. ex. 472 . seomra uáchdarach, Acts i 13 . annsa chleibhín u.¤ , Gen. xl 17 . lottar ... P. ┐ C. iar conair thís, Ó. ... iarsiṅ chonair uachtaraig, Trip. 134.16 . tres na rannuibh uachdarach `through the upper coasts,' Acts. xix 1 . a mullach na craóibhe úachdaruigh, Isa. xvii 6 . Of the body: in leth uachtarach (uactair, v.l.), CCath. 2092 . pl. tri leca ... ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). go sráid Shión uachtaraigh, ad plateam supernae Sion TSh. 7997 . smúainedh ... ar ... glōir ... in flaithemnuiss uachtaraigh `of Heaven above,' Fl. Earls 156.6 . gusin ffaithemnus uachtarach, 210.17 . ic a srained a n-ifernd as na sostaib uachtarachaib (of St. Michael driving out the wicked angels), PH 6271 . Cf.: do thiom- chuil, ..., | ciorcla na gcorp n-uachtarach, | an dá pholas tuaidh is teas, | ... | `he traversed ... the circles of the heavenly bodies,' Studies 1918, 282.13 . etach u.¤ `upper garment,' Thes. ii 336.37 ( Hy. v Comm. ). As subst.: girru cach n-u.¤ lais `upper garment,' Aisl. MC 43.23 .

(b) superior (in rank) oppd. to íchtarach: co roige in fer ú.¤ `uppermost,' Laws iv 258.22 Comm.

(c) final, decisive: tug Conghal an chreacht uachtarach uirrisi .i. do bhen a ceann d'a coluinn, ITS v 142.24 .

Compar. and superl.: as uachtarchu (gl. [caelum] superius), Ml. 130b4 . huachtarchu, ib. 42b19 . as ailliu cach gesca as uachtarachu, the higher a branch, the more beautiful it is , ZCP xiv 16.17 . is uaisli cach grad anas (leg. as) uacht- a[ra]chu dib, 17.1 . tri graid his uachtarchom dib (of the angels), SR 669 . an dís sin dob uachtaraighe no fa sine, `senior in standing,' Rule of Tall. § 94 .

úachtarán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úachtarán or dil.ie/42584

n (somet. úachtrán) o, m. (úachtar)

(a) a head, a leader, a chief: Rosa Failghe an crotha caoimh | uachtaran cloinne Cat[h]aoir, LL 394.9 . Tomás mac Sémuis mic Piaruis ... uas Builtéraibh 'na u.¤ L.Cl. A. Buidhe, 2.28 . ardthrétuir, ┐ u.¤ lochta aidhmillte chóiccidh Chonnacht leader of the plunderers , FM v 1818.12 . bíd ullamh chum bheith 'na n-uachtaránaibh (of people born under the planet Sol), Corp. Astron. 80 § 21 . clár nocha bí gan bhranán, | ní bhí ál gan uachtarán `there is no brood without a leader,' Studies 1924, 243.15 . úachdaráin na sagart the chief priests , Matt. xxi 15 .

(b) a president or governor: baoi U.¤ ... ós cionn Tire A. ..., mar uachtarán `as a president,' Hy Fiachr. 328.8 . búi i n-a árd-guibernōir ┐ i n-a ú.¤ ō rīgh na Spāinne uassan gcathraig sin, Fl. Earls 94.16 . guibernōir Spāinneach ba huachtarān sa mbaili, ib. 44.4 . dála an Uachtaráin ... | chum a déinsi ag reic mo sgéal, TD 22.14 .

(c) a ruler, overseer: feadhmannach, nó ú.¤ overseer or ruler , Prov. vi 7 . déna u.¤ díobh ós cionn máirnéisi, Gen. xlvii 6 . an uáir phécaidheas u.¤ , Lev. iv 22 .

(d) a religious superior: maille le húmhlacht a uach- taráin `in obedience to his Superior,' FM i lxviii 8 . ar aithne m'uacthráin, MS. Mat. 550.14 . daoine riaghalta; ... go mbí a dtoil ceangailte ar thoil a n-uachtaráin, TSh. 5116 . neach díbh do bheith ina u.¤ i mainistir ele, ITS xvi 34.10 . aroile canānach·ba huachtarān issin sēpēl, Fl. Earls 136.4 . cuiriss ... teachtaireacht go huachtarān na heguilsi, ib. 50.18 . an fhírinne do cheilt air ar nu.¤ dlisdionach `lawful superior,' Donlevy 72 . persecution ... a ndeghaidh prinnsa ┐ uacht- arāin na n-apstal naomhtha .i. Petar, Fl. Earls 206.17 . Somet. qualified by gs. cille: iarradh an taisiocóir comhairle air an uachtarán cille spiritual superior , Donlevy 106 . an tan do bheirid na huachtaráin cille cead uighe d'ithe, ib. 118 .

(e) Freq. in religious poetry: u.¤ naomh-ógh nimhe `the Lord of Heaven's holy virgins,' A. Ó Dálaigh xv 5 . is é as u.¤ orra (of St. Michael), Dán Dé xiv 12 ( YBL 371b ).

(f) a master, a teacher: náir dhúinn 's ní dúinn as ra- náir | mo sgol más iad m'uachtaráin `my scholars being set above me,' Ir. Monthly 1923, 586.8 .

Oppd. to íochtarán: idir u.¤ ┐ íochtarán, both high and low (of upper and lower grades of society), TSh. 82 .

In: an lá so d'aois an uachtarán `this day of our era' E. O'Rahilly xlii 32 .

With a gs. denoting some abstract quality (in which a person excels): Conn ... uachtaran einich ocus engnamha Ghaoidheal Laighean, ALC ii 174.8 .

úachtaránacht

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Forms: úachtarántacht

n (úachtarán), úachtarántacht ā, f. authority, power (eccles. and civil): gach uile ūachtdaranachd ┐ gach uile chumhachd, 1 Cor. xv 24 . ós cionn gach uile uach- daranáchda, Eph. i 21 . an ti as eagnaidhe do chur a n-uachtaranacht na heaglaise, MS. Mat. 583.10 = Gen. Tr. p. 30 . ma atá uachtaránacht nó cumhachta aige ós a gcionn, Donlevy 110x . Of a castle: caisslēn ... ag a ffuil cennus ┐ uachtarānacht ar in gcathraigh uile, `commanding and having power over,' Fl. Earls 40.6 , cf. ib. 74.17 ; 90.22 ; 96.12 . cf. ionadh āirigthe ar nach roibhi cennus nō u.¤ ... ag ēn-duine, ib. 124.21 .

úachtarántacht: ag an bPápa atá uachtarántacht ar an Eagluis, Eochairsg. 6.16 . do dhéuna sé uachtarántacht ort `he shall rule over thee,' Gen. iii 16 . tucc uachtarán- tacht dó ar nuimir airidhe do chédaibh saighdiuiridhe `he gave him the command of some hundreds of soldiers,' FM vi 2056.2 .

úachtlan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úachtlan or dil.ie/42586

ind uachtlan (gl. saluber, -bris, -bre), Ir. Gl. 1064 . Windisch, in his Wörterbuch, takes this to be for úag-shlán.