úa, óa, ó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úa, óa, ó or dil.ie/42573

Forms: haue, haue, hauc, hua, húa, úa, óa, hūäe, ua, aue, aua, hue, hUae, Oa, hoa, hUa, ua, Ua, Ó, Oa, U, ua, húa, ūë, haui, hui, oí, hai, hui, huai, uí, ūï, aui, hoi, hui, Í, ua, huu, hU, uu, Oa, Ó, Ua, hUi, U, ua, Ú, Ó, ua, Ó, háui, aui, Ui, Huí, Uí, Ui, Oi, hui, Ui, Í, hue, Úu, Húu, Úa, Áu, hÚ, auu, uu, hU, Ou, U, h-Ua, Ua, Hua, Óe, Óe, Óa, Oa, Oa, O, hUe, huae, huae, ua, hU, ó, auib, Uíb, Uib, hUíb, Ib, uaib, auib, Oaib, uib, Oib, hUib, auae, ua, ua, huae, aeu, úa, úa, haue, U, Ui, Uí, Huí, Huí, Ui, Uí, Huí, Ui, auu, Aú, Uu, Úu, Úu, Úu, hÚ, Úu, Úa, Húu, Úu, Ua, Ua, Ua, Óa, Ua, Hua, Úa, Úa, Óa, Óa, Óe, Úa, Óe, nhUib, Huib, nUib, nUib, Uib, nOib, Ib, Uíb, Uib, hUíb, Uíb, .h., O, hU, Ó, Ó, Ó, Í, Ó, Ú, Ó, Ú

n (earlier aue) io, m. (somet. f. see IGT, Decl. § 98 and exx. below):

n s. haue, Sg. 29a10 . haue (hua, hoa, hue, v.l.), Fél. Feb. 8 . hauc (hua, ua, huae, v.l.), ib. Apr. 11 . hua, SR 2754 . 3866 . húa, Trip.² 958 . úa, 2522 . óa, 2533 . hūäe, Hail Brigit, § 6 , § 22 . ua, Laws ii 330.16 Comm. PH 4298 . aue, AU 646 . aua, 744 . hue, 780 . hUae, 767 . Oa, 762 . hoa, 795 . hUa, 617 . ua h-, 919 . Ua, TD 34.30 . Ó, TD 34.1 .

a s. Oa (eclip.), AU 948 . (for) U , 1024 . v s m. a ua , TD 22a14 . v s f. a húa , SR 6006 . a ūë , Hail Brigit § 26 (where ūë is a disyllable).

g s. haui (hui, hoe v.l.), Fél. May 16 . hui, SR 3006 , 3110 . oí, Trip.² 3058 . hai, Laws v 512.2 . hui, i 182.26 Comm. huai, ib. 156.29 . uí, LL 147a4 . ūï, Bruchst. i 53 § 117 . aui, AU 706 . hoi, 675 . hui, 653 . Í (asp.), TD 28.40 .

d s. ua, Laws i 274.10 Comm. (dia) huu , BB 440a21 . hU, AU 617 . uu, 810 . Oa, 912 . Ó (asp.), 1038 . Ua, 1012 . hUi, 1039 . U, 1053 . ua, TD 6.3 . Ú (asp.), 15.44 . Ó (asp.), 17.30 . ua (eclip.), 21.28 . Ó (eclip.), 31.12 .

n p. háui, Sg. 30b12 . aui, ib. Ui, Trip.² 2117 . Huí, 2147 . Uí (asp.), 2336 . Ui, Laws v 218.30 Comm. Oi, AU 840 . hui, 769 . Ui, 1037 . Í (asp.), TD 16.52 . (ind) hue , Auraic. 5146 (LL). uea, 5151 .

a p. Úu, Trip.² 2156 , 2205 etc. Húu, 1185 . Úa, 2379 . Áu, 1540 . (la) hÚ , 716 . auu, Thes. ii 241.6 (Arm.). auu, AU 742 . uu, 589 . hU, 666 . Ou, 849 . U, 743 . (la) h-Ua , 811 .

g p. Ua, Trip.² 2025 . Hua (eclip.), 2178 . Óe, 2125 . Óe (eclip.), 1915 . Óa (eclip.), 2211 . 1091 . Oa, AU 740 . Oa n-, 794 . O, 881 . hUe, 771 . huae n-, 648 . huae, 646 . ua, 644 . hU, 736 . ó (eclip.), TD 8.16 .

d p. auib, Sg 28a20 . Uíb, Trip.² 2191 . Uib, 2202 . hUíb, 2272 . Ib, Laws v 264y . uaib, PH 4246.4249 . auib, AU 756 . Oaib, 789 . uib, 562 . Oib, 819 . hUib, 913 .

n du. da auae , AU 743 . da ua , 780 . a du. da ua , 776 , da huae , 817 . g du. da aeu , 571 .

A grandson : úa m., IGT, Decl. § 108 . ūa .i. oo ē oldās in mac ┐ in t-athair, ar is tōisechu mac et athair oldās úa, Corm. Y 1277 . haue (gl. nepos), Sg. 29a10 . háui ... aui, 30b12 . do maccaib ┐ auib, 28a20 . haue (hua, ua, huae, v.l.) ... | do Dunlang, Fél. Apr. 11 . m'athair ba húa do Abrám, SR 3302 . Sennar mac Sem ... | hua do Noe mac Lamiach, 2754 . hua Iobe ... | dorinnscan bathis, 7497 . dá mac dec sin ... | Iacoib hui Abaráim, 3006 . Cf. 3110 . gabais hÉrinn hūäe Luirc, Hail Brigit § 6 . hūäe hūäe, ib. § 22 . Dungalach mac Faelgusa | úa Nad Froích fír, Trip.² 2522 = Trip. 214.3 . bá húa Coirpri mallachtai baí inna brú, 958 = Trip. 86.25 . Soergus óa Mail E., 2533 . athair ┐ mac ┐ ua, Laws i 214.5 Comm. mac flatha, ┐ ua araile, ii 330.16 Comm. is anad a mic ┐ a hui for treisi, i 182.26 Comm. im cinaid ... do huai, ib. 156.29 . ni hicca cinaid a mic, nach a hai, v 512.2 . cethruime eneclainne i n-ua, i 274.10 Comm. curub si bes for a mac ┐ for a ua dogres, v 292.3 Comm. ni ren int athair ni sech macu, sech ua grandsons , iv 286.8 . beit a macc ┐ a ua i n-a chomorbus, PH 4298 . millid [flaithius] im a maccaib ┐ im a uaib dia essi, 4246 . bruidhean núa gá dénaimh dhó | méraidh dá úa is dá íarmó, IGT, Decl. ex. 1800 .

A granddaughter: úa f., IGT, Decl. § 98 . cid daas in chaillech ? ól P. ... óa dam-sa sin, ól ind oclach, Trip.² 267 = Trip. 28.19 . ua da hathair, RC xii 237.6 ( LL 136b ). ua do Candí ingen Berrsan, BB 230b21 (YBL however has: is uad Coindi). Derb-áil deg-úa Áeda Oirdnidi, RC xlvii 311 ( LL 141a1 ). Dub Daire úa Tigernaig, Cormacán's Circuit of Ireland § 56 (ed. Hogan). v s. a ūë Bresail maic Dēin, slán seiss, a Brigit co mbūaid !, Hail Brigit § 26 (ūë is a disyllable here. See Wortk. 124 ). a Míchol mer ... | a húa engach Athemas, SR 6006 .

Of the progeny of animals: ced saithi [bech] ┐ a mac ┐ a ua, O'C. 992 < H 3. 18 p. 425b .

a male descendant: haue (v.l. hua, hoa, hue) án ind ecis, Fél. Feb. 8 . féil án haui (v.l. hui, hoe) Súanaig, ib. May 16 . haue deochain Odissi (hóa v.l.), Hy. ii 4 . aue Muiredaich ... | ... | aue ..., Thes. ii 295 10 - 11 . Adamnán óa Tínni, Trip.² 3059 = Trip. 256.12 . Ultan mac oí Chonchobair, ib. 3058 = Trip. 256.12 .

a spiritual descendant , e.g. a man ordained by Patrick is P.'s úa : bid limm, ol Pátraic, cena .i. úa dam-sa ┐ duit-siu bías and .i. epscop Coirpre, Trip.² 1942 = Trip. 166.18 . Patraic dano dorat grada for epscop Brugach, conid úa do Patraic asin dúal sin, ib. 1946 = Trip. 166.24 .

In the phr.: gusin nomad nó as far as the 9th generation (see 4 nó): itir clainn ┐ geinelach | cusin nómad n-ó, O'Dav. 547 =gusin nomad no, Arch. iii 315 n. 21. 4 .

pn In the formation of sept-names the plural of úa is found folld. by the gen. of the eponym, e.g. Ui Néill, Ui Fidgente. Accord. to Professor Mac Neill these belong to a later fashion of nomenclature than collective-names (see Popl. Groups p. 82 seq.). `In the genealogies, but not in general usage, there is a partial revival of sept-names in Ui, probably in the eleventh century, perhaps due to professional familiarity with the early nomenclature.' The eponym can be feminine. e.g. Ui Bairrche, Ui Brigte. Professor MacNeill knows no instance of a sept-name derived from a female ancestor within the documentary period. He thinks that the feminine sept-eponyms had a religious, not a genealogical, import. The follg. exx. are illustrative merely: n p. U Barrche (Oe Barche, v.l.), Thes. ii 307.4 (Fiacc's Hymn). Ui Failge, ib. 344.36-7 (Broccán's Hymn). Uí Chúanach, Trip.² 2336 . Huí Failán ┐ Huí Duib Dáre, Trip.² 2787 = Trip. 234.28 . Ui Tarrorrae, Trip.² 2117 = Trip. 180.21 . Uí Lilaig, Trip.² 2144 = Trip. 182.22 . cf.= Huí Lilaig, Trip.² 2147 . amail atait Ui Ceindselaig, Laws v 218.30 Comm. a p. la auu censelich, Arm. 11 ( Thes. ii 241.6 ). la Aú Amalgada, Trip.² 1540 . fri Uu Ailello, 1051 . la Úu Censélaig, 2220 , 2260 . la Úu Cremthain, 2251 . la Úu Cúanach, 2320 . la hÚ Dortháin, 716 . for Úu Hercán, 2205 . cu Úa Fidgente, 2379 . itir Húu Mane, 1185 . Úu Néill, 3013 . coro bendach Firu Cúle .i. Úu Segain, 2156 . g p. (i ndesciurt) Ua Censelaig, Thes. ii 341.35 (do rig) Ua Culduib, 347.35 cf. 37 . i crich Ua Néill, 329.38 . Ua Briuin, Trip.² 2025 . Óa nAilello, 1091 . Ua Cremthaind, 2039 . Hua nGarrchon, 2178 . Úa Lilaig, 2151 . Úa Méith, 2114 . 2129 . Óa nErecán, 2211 . Óa Fiachrach, 1597 . Óe Méith, 2125 . Úa Folgi, 2574 . Óe nDarca Chéin, 1915 . d p. hi nhUib Amalgada, Thes. ii 313.46 . a Huib Briuin, ib. 334.39 . i nUib Failge, 329.36 . Cf. 336.42 ; 338.28 . i nUib Garchon, 312.37 . d'Uib Lescain doib, 343.26 . i nOib Muredaig, 342.20 . i n-Ib Conaill Gabra, Laws v 264 y . do Uíb Garrchon, Trip.² 2191 . di Uib Hercán, 2202 . for hUíb Censélaig, 2272 . di Uíb Bresail, 2782 .

Surnames in Ua commence to be used in the 10th century: Comaltan H. Cleirigh AU2 980.6 .

pn In surname (used as title): .h. Ciardai, AU i 470 z (an. 953). O Ruairc, ib. 470 y (an. 953) cf. an. 964. o hU Ruairc, ib. 506.1 (an. 998). n s. Ó Néill, TD 7.6 etc. Aodh ... do ghabháil ríghe ... bliadhain is fiche ina Thigherna, ina Ó Néill, agus secht mbliadhna 'na iarla tar éis Ó Néill do ghairm de, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 38.9 - 10 . Máire, inghean Chuinn Uí Néill dar goireadh Ó Néill i nÉirinn, 53.29 . Cf. 35 . Ó Doma Í Dhomhnaillhnaill, ib. 41.26 . Ó Súillemháin, 39.20 . v s. a Í Dhomhnaill, TD 2.34 . a s. dlighidh ... Ó Néill do chonnmháil an fad as áil leis, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 43.26 . g s. Tighearnus Uí Néill ar Chóigeadh Uladh, 41.2 . gnúis ... Í Néill, TD 7.43 . file Í Dhomhnaill, 3.10 . d s. d'Ó Néill, 8.19 . d'Ú Néill, ib. 36 . d'Ó Dhomhnuill, 15.6 . d'Ú Chonchobhair, ib. 44 . Diarmaid ... 'na Ua Conchubhair nDonn, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 2.16 . Tadhg Óg ... ina Ua Conchubhair Ruadh, ib. 18 .

úabar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úabar or dil.ie/42574

Forms: óbar, úabhar, uabar, húabur, úabair, úabair, úabhair

n o, m. earlier óbar, see ex. below. úabhar, IGT, Decl. § 17 . pride, arrogance, vanity. In Glosses renders Lat. inanis : .i. saibes in obar (gl. per ... inanem fallaciam), Wb. 27a9 . is uabar et is fass dúnni a pridchimme manidfír (gl. inanis est ergo praedicatio nostra), 13b14 . Cf. uair uabar cach caíned (of keening for the dead), O'D. 1589 (< H 5. 15 p. 8b ).

Exx. from Mid. and later Ir.: n s. ni ual na húabur dam a ben, LU 3421 ( SC 19 ). nirbo uabur, LL 193b41 . uabar , PH 8034 . fer do bhraghsa do bhualadh | úabhar mer damhsa a dhénamh, IGT, Decl. ex. 880 . ná bíodh ... uabhar ort, DDána 43.1 . fuaradh na mball leath ar leath | an t-uabhar ann ba haithreach, 27.6 . do líon ... uabhar iad, PCT 395 . a s. cen húabur , SR 4552 . díchurid uad in uabar n-anforpthi, PH 3493 . g s. cen sil n-úabair , SR 1126 . cen ait n-uabuir, 5455 . a fhir an uabhair, DDána 15.20 . aingle an uabhair, 20.13 , cf. 31.5 . ní hadhbhar uabhair, 1.4 . damhna an úabhair, IGT, Decl. ex. 1239 . ard-fhlaith an u.¤ (sc. Satan), TSh. 624 . Attrib. gen.: in drong úabair , Fél. Prol. 199 . athchuingidh úabhair , IGT, Decl. ex. 1197 . imdha laídhedh ú.¤ ann, ex. 1137 . cen gói n-úabair `proud lying,' Ériu iii. 96 §. 1 . cen úaill n-úabair `proud arrogance,' § 4 . ba tāi ccan brīathra ūabair (rule for the devout), ZCP vii 311 § 9 . gan gnímh n-u.¤ , BB 393b5 . d s. mo thoil ní fhuigheam ón uabhar, DDána 36.7 . ... t'fhíon glan | rom líon ... d'uabhar, 67.48 . nebbuith óenúair i núabui `not to be ... in arrogance,' Ériu ii 64 § 7 (Cormac's Rule).

uabar betha `pride of life': an uile ní dá bhfuil ar an saoghal ní fhuil acht ... uabhar beatha ionnta `,' TSh. 3618 . Cf. úabhar na beatha, 1 John ii 16 .

úabar a, a hucht pride in : mór h'uabhar | as do chorp, Dánta Gr.² 106.13 . mh'uabhar a hucht na deise | chuireas inn i n-éidtreise, Ir. Monthly 1921, 160.19 = Aithd. Dána 14.19 .

ú.¤ ar pride, arrogance to or towards (a person) : a-tá uabhar m'aicme féin | ar chloinn Chonaill mheic mhóirNéill | fa phosd ríoghshluaigh fola Floinn | dá shíorbhuain uile asuinn, DDána 121.30 . creidmit ... do roúabur ar do mhuindtir féin, Maund. 27 .

dogní ú.¤ acts vainly; shows pride: dia ndernur uabur no esba, LL 279a30 . ma dorinne úaill ná úabar a grúaid `has shown haughtiness or pride,' Met. Dinds. iv 110.40 . ced mbeimenda fort lama | ... | da cach uabar dogensat, Ériu i 201 § 27a , ii 58 . iomthusa an úabhair | doníthear ag na rioghaibh ?, Ériu v 41 fn. . dogní u.¤ de is proud of: ná déntar uabar oili | do bhualadh in brégoiri `let not the smiting of the deceiver be a second time an idle boast,' Ériu iv 112 § 6 . dogní u.¤ for (ar) behaves, acts arrogantly towards: ... na dernat uaill na uabur fors-na bochtaib, PH 7877 . ná déanadh sé ort uabhar, Dán Dé vii 4 .

téit i n-ú.¤ becomes proud: ní théid éantroigh i n-uabhar `she shuns the way of pride,' Studies 1937, 246.33 .

ú.¤ somet. approaches the sense of courage, confidence: roghabh ... uaill ┐ uabhar ... chuige, ITS xxiv 20.35 . gabh aigneadh is uabhar `take heart and courage,' 26.3 .

Compds.: ¤bríathar a vain word: admhaiss ... gur chan in mēide sin d'uabhar-bhriathraibh, Fl. Earls 50.11 (?) ¤delb: ind úaburdelb druídechta, TBC 2709 . ic athfhescain na [d]uabordelbi doescairi druidechta, 2747 . ¤nert: fa toisg uabhoirneirt, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 101.14 .

úabéla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úabéla or dil.ie/42575

x see óbéla.

úabrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úabrach or dil.ie/42576

Forms: úaibrech, úabrach

adj o-ā (úabar) proud, haughty, cf. úaibrech. úabrach is the correct form according to IGT, Decl. § 17 . bean úabhrach, ib. § 137 . an fhuil uabhrach, Studies 1928, 674.4 . úabhrach misi ór léigedh leam, IGT, Decl. ex. 747 . ar fúarlach bhréigi ná bím | fan bhféigi úabhrach airdrígh, ex. 748 .

úach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úach or dil.ie/42577

n top (?), cf. úachtar: crūach .i. cōir a ūach .i. a ūac[h]tar, Corm. Y 340 .

úachalda, úachalla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úachalda, úachalla or dil.ie/42578

Forms: úachalda

(later with prothetic f) adj. of uncer- tain meaning accord. to Met. Dinds. Gl. Cf. úachal(l): ba dál amnas fuachalda (leg. úachalda), Met. Dinds. ii 4.43 . (v.l. nuachalla, nuachalda, nuacolla) `it was a cunning ... union.' is annsin rogesestar in druagh geim n-aichthidhe n-uachalda (v.l. n-uachalla), Anecd. ii 51.2 .

As npr.: Blod mac Con maic Caiss clothaig | maic Uachalla ilchrothaig, Met. Dinds. ii 54.2 .

úachal(l), úachell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úachal(l), úachell or dil.ie/42579

Forms: uachall, uallach, uathbhásach

[o-ā] an adj. of uncertain meaning accord. to Met. Dinds. Gl. `uachall for uallach by trans- position of letters ?, i.e. uathbhásach terrible, horrible, frightful, whimsical, fantastical, fanciful , vid. uaichle,' P. O'C. a s. rogab lige n-uachail n-ard, (: Luachair) `he found a grave proud and lofty,' Met. Dinds. ii 14.55 (v.l. nuachal, n-uathaid)= LU 4170 .

As subst.: serr cech nuachell .i. cech noccla (nuallach, LB) `everything proud,' Corm. Bodl. s.v. serrach . serr gach n-ūachall, cach n-ogla (v.l. uachell, uallach), Corm. Y 1161 .

úacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úacht or dil.ie/42580

Forms: úacht, uacht, huacht, uacht, úacht, uachta, ḟuachta

n (earlier ócht) u, m. (later also with prothetic f). fúacht, úacht, IGT, Decl. § 95 . cold, coldness: ocht et gorte (gl. in angustiis), Wb. 15d29 . atbél ar ócht et gorti, 10d24 , cf. 25 . air meit ind huachta (gl. nimio frigore), Ml. 94b23 . dia ditin ar huacht ┐ tes, 67d10-11 . Cf. ib. 15 , 76d14 , 90d3 .

n s. uacht sini, Hy. ii 27 ( Thes. ii 315 ). huacht, SR 917 . uacht, 8360 . tulūach .i. ūacht inti, Corm. Y 1245 . úacht (among the things wh. are worst for the body), Tec. Corm. § 21.7 . fuacht ┐ teasbach, TSh. 516 . a d s. Ri conic huacht ocus tess, SR 321 . eter úacht ocus tess, FA 26 ( LU 2181 ). cen u.¤ , LU 9838 . sognaid cach co fuacht, LL 345d44 ( RC xlv 49 )= BB 65a7 . ni lécset u.¤ no scís ... fair, PH 1973 . luid E. ... as uacht chorpáin chríad, Fél. Apr. 19 . amuil ditnes in tech nech ar f. ocus ar doinind, Laws i 32.11 Comm. ar f., ocus ar tes, ib. v 28.3 . nom churim ar commairgi | na Trinoite togaide | ... | ar uacht is ar accorus, Ir. Lit. 92.28 . ar theas is ar ḟuacht Ifrinn, Ir. Monthly 1922, 387.20 ( DDána 22.20 ). a f. ín geimridh, Laws iv 90.5 Comm. co n-erbailt do fh. ┐ gortai, PH 1910 , sochaidhi ... décc do f., FM v 1384.15 . gur fhulaing an urdail sin d'f., Fl. Earls 56. 10 . o huachd na haidci, Ann. Conn. 1400.13 . g s. indaimsir ... uachta , Trip. 10.25 =ḟuachta, Trip.² 125 . fuitt fūacht .i. comēt fūachta inn sin, Corm. Y 249 . etach do nocht ocus fri bruinni fuachta, Laws i 144.30 Comm. imad cech fuachta, PH 4319 . pian ... uachda ┐ tessa, 6397 . ré géar-ghoin fhuachta, TSh. 6561 . Attrib. gen. gomh fhúachta na haimsire, Studies 1921, 419.15 . do bhrígh a nfúachta, Prov. xx 4 . air son an ḟuáchda, Acts xxviii 2 .

=` numbness ': don láimh sin do mharbh Garaidh | do líon fuacht is do líon galar, Ériu i 32.250 .

In the phr.: le f. ┐ le fán: Rí Séamus agus a mhac do dhíbirt le fuacht is le fán, E. O'Rahilly 295.26 .

Metaph.: Mac Aodha, aighne go dtreoir | gríos oireas d'ḟuacht ḟear n-aineoil `a fire fitted to warm the coldness of ignorant men,' Content. xxv 10 .

As adj.? : basa uacht, TFrag. 106 . biaidh ... an geimh- readh ... caol-ḟuacht `somewhat cold ,' Corp. Astron. 64 § 3 .

Compds.: ¤gortae cold and hunger (a dvandva-compd., see KM, Wortk. 1 ): a s. húair rombatar i mbochtai | dochúa- tar in-huachtgortai, SR 1478 .

1 úachtar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úachtar or dil.ie/42581

Forms: íochdar, úachdar

n (earlier óchtar q.v.) o, n., later m. íochdar úachdar, IGT, Decl. § 11 .

(a) the upper part or surface of anything, the top: is coīle 'sa coīle corice a ū.¤ , Corm. Y 262 (of a cowl). nathir doilbth[e], ..., | derbaid for a firuachtur (of Moses' rod), SR 4332 . lassar ..., dub a íchtur, derg a medón ┐ a uachtor, LU 2147 . cechair .i. cec[h]air a huachtar ┐ uisce a hichtar ... laith .i. feith ┐ uisce for a hu.¤ , O'Dav. 514 . focheird im ú.¤ in corthe, LU 4698 . ciṅgid C. ..., co mbái for u.¤ cobraidi scéith N., TBC 1996 ( LL 73a29 ). ar (for) ú.¤ over (of clothes): do gabh uime ar u.¤ a éideadh í put it on over his armour (viz. an léine), ML 42.20 . leinte geala ar u.¤ earradh a marcsluaigh, Rel. Celt. ii 200.14 . ar u.¤ cacha daibche, MR 130.2 . atchiu trí neollu, nél glan, ... néll glas, ... néll derg ... | atciu ann ar a n-u.¤ , Acall. 7591 . upper part (of a house): u.¤ tighe fan chléir chuire, | fine Néill ag suidhe síos, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 198.71 . Of a grave: ro adnacusa he i n-uachtur m'adnocuil fén, PH 1533 . i n-uachtur in ādnocuil, 1558 . nit ic na diablaib i n-a u.¤ (comparing the avaricious man to a decaying tree), 7746 . Of the air: saighnen ... tísadh a hu.¤ aeoir docum talman `from the upper region of the air,' CCath. 362 . Fig.: Césair do toidecht a féic[i] ┐ a huachtur in domain .i. asin Roim, 372 . i n-u.¤ an chláir at the top of the table , Corp. Astron. 106 § 40 .

Contrasted with íchtar: ni accatarsom cinnas boí thís a híchtur nó a huachtur túas fora hairde, LU 1927 . dichetal for ochtraig co rathochra a mbí ina íchtur for a ú.¤ do choṅgna ... `so that all ... that are below come to the top,' Triads 117 . is cuma leis cia dhíobh bhíos i n-u.¤ no i n-íochtar an mhála, TSh. 868 . an té do bhíodh a n-u.¤ ar ball do bhíodh a n-íochtar (descr. of a scuffle), PCT 1641 . buailios a chum- pánach ..., gur chuir uachtar tre íochtar a inchinne 1065 .

Attrib. gen. upper, uppermost; foremost: in cloch uachtair `the upper stone,' Laws i 140.17 Comm. gég úachtair na tíre thall `the top-most branch' (fig. of King Arthur), Studies 1919, 73 . dá éan uachtair chuaine Chuinn `the two noblest birds' (fig.), Ir. Monthly 1926, 471.2 . i mbarr uachtair na fidhbuidhe, CCath. 668 . In phr.: ó íochtar go húachtar from top to bottom: léine ní líontar dá dhul | d'fhéile ó íochtar go hu.¤ , Studies 1928, 68.11 . ro-dluiged iarum fial in tempuil a ṅdib lethib, o ta a u.¤ co a híchtar, PH 3365 .

adv i n-ú.¤ above (denoting rest): a nem hitat aingil i n-u.¤ (MS iinuachtar) `above,' Ml. 42b10 . of something written in a MS.: túas i n-ōchtur (gl. ex titulo), Bcr 32a3 . Hence: beíth i n-ú.¤ to be on top, supreme, victorious: iarruim Cromuil do bheith i n-u.¤ , PCT 1252 . an tí budh treise do bheith i n-u.¤ , 1845 .

lám i n-ú.¤ : rapo doss díten ┐ rapo buinne bratha ┐ ropo lám i n-uachtur leo Conall (proverb), CRR 36 ( LL 176a32 ). go dtug Dia an lámh i n-u.¤ ag Scotaibh ... orra God gave the Scots the upper hand of them , (i.e. the victory over them), Keat. ii 6144 .

adv i n-ú.¤ up, upward (after vb. of motion): ré buinne nó ré heas abhann ... éirgheas go héasgaidh obann i n-u.¤ arís, TSh. 7610 .

In phr.: i n-u.¤ a chind at the top of his voice : atbert ... Mac C. in guth a n-ūachtar a chind, Aisl. MC 85 y ( LB 218a45 ).

(b) The upper part of a country: lá ro boí Condla ... for láim a athar i n-uachtor Usnig, LU 9994 . i n-ūachtur Fer Tulach, B. Colm. 56.26 . ro ionnarb Donnachadh a flaithius Uladh iar nuachtar, `from the chieftainship of the upper part of U.', FM ii 1088.11 . ro airccset Uladh iar nu.¤ uile `all the upper part of Ulidia', ib. 17 . Sometimes corres- ponds to southern: Ú.¤ Connacht Upper C. (i.e. Galway, O'Flaherty, Iar gConnaught 99 ): sloigeadh do dhenomh do Mac Uilliam ... in U.¤ Connacht go Cloinn Riocaird, FM iii 634y . AU 1366 .

Common in place-names: see Onom., FM index, etc.

(c) the upper part of milk, cream: ochtar ocus lemlacht, Laws iv 302.23 (C. G.). lan ueine tri nol do u.¤ taiscida tri la ┐ teora n-aidchi, SM Facs. 31a = Laws ii 254.4 ( ZCP xiv 356 ). fuaramuir mil, u.¤ ┐ onoir, PCT 1243 .

(d) u.¤ go tóin name of a plant (lit. cream to the bottom) supposed to turn milk into cream, if milk-pail is scoured with it, Ir. Gl. p. 56 . Cf. uachdar `' ?; O'R, Armstrong, Gael. Dict.

(e) the upper of a shoe: a n-u.¤ ní chaithid, ní chaillid a ndeallramh `they wear not their uppers out,' E. O'Rahilly xviii 51 .

Compds.: ¤erraid `upper [outer ?] garments': bádar ... gan ḟorbhruta iar ffágbháil a nuachtairearraidh isin ffiailtig, FM vi 1916.11 . ¤ḟairsing wide above: do chlarscíathaibh ... uachtarfairsingaibh moraib ina timchioll, CCath. 4984 .

With subst. prefix: co barr-úachtar a dond-fúathroci, LU 6558 . sech barr-uachtar in sceith, TBC 1997 ( LL 73a30 ).

Here perh.: in sdablaing ... doberthea do L. do lāruachtar eanbruithi choiri C., BB 257b42 .

2 úachtar ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 úachtar ? or dil.ie/42582

uachtar (gl. impedica), Ir. Gl. 192 .

úachtarach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úachtarach or dil.ie/42583

adj (earlier óchtarach, q.v.) o-ā (úachtar, óchtar)

(a) upper, higher: in pars ochtarach, Thes. ii 255.1 ( Stowe Miss. 65b ). [co ruc] a chléthe n-óchtarach din tig, LU 1476 . is assu de tabairt in ferso huachtaraig the preceding verse , Ml. 107c16 . coica cubat, ... | isin taibled ichtarach, | ... | is in tricha 'sind uachtaruch (of dimensions of Ark), SR 2452 . are .i. rē ū.¤ in duine, Corm. Y 44 . in cend n-u.¤ the upper end (of a pillar-stone), Aisl. MC 47.20 . tair dond áth u.¤ , LU 6192 . ciṅgis C. co mbái for ind u.¤ in bera, TBC 1948 ( LL 72b33 ). benais béim ... don charput u.¤ fora forcli, LU 6460 . sé ar sgáth an sgéith úachdaraigh, IGT, Decl. ex. 472 . seomra uáchdarach, Acts i 13 . annsa chleibhín u.¤ , Gen. xl 17 . lottar ... P. ┐ C. iar conair thís, Ó. ... iarsiṅ chonair uachtaraig, Trip. 134.16 . tres na rannuibh uachdarach `through the upper coasts,' Acts. xix 1 . a mullach na craóibhe úachdaruigh, Isa. xvii 6 . Of the body: in leth uachtarach (uactair, v.l.), CCath. 2092 . pl. tri leca ... ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). go sráid Shión uachtaraigh, ad plateam supernae Sion TSh. 7997 . smúainedh ... ar ... glōir ... in flaithemnuiss uachtaraigh `of Heaven above,' Fl. Earls 156.6 . gusin ffaithemnus uachtarach, 210.17 . ic a srained a n-ifernd as na sostaib uachtarachaib (of St. Michael driving out the wicked angels), PH 6271 . Cf.: do thiom- chuil, ..., | ciorcla na gcorp n-uachtarach, | an dá pholas tuaidh is teas, | ... | `he traversed ... the circles of the heavenly bodies,' Studies 1918, 282.13 . etach u.¤ `upper garment,' Thes. ii 336.37 ( Hy. v Comm. ). As subst.: girru cach n-u.¤ lais `upper garment,' Aisl. MC 43.23 .

(b) superior (in rank) oppd. to íchtarach: co roige in fer ú.¤ `uppermost,' Laws iv 258.22 Comm.

(c) final, decisive: tug Conghal an chreacht uachtarach uirrisi .i. do bhen a ceann d'a coluinn, ITS v 142.24 .

Compar. and superl.: as uachtarchu (gl. [caelum] superius), Ml. 130b4 . huachtarchu, ib. 42b19 . as ailliu cach gesca as uachtarachu, the higher a branch, the more beautiful it is , ZCP xiv 16.17 . is uaisli cach grad anas (leg. as) uacht- a[ra]chu dib, 17.1 . tri graid his uachtarchom dib (of the angels), SR 669 . an dís sin dob uachtaraighe no fa sine, `senior in standing,' Rule of Tall. § 94 .