sex

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ind = Lat. sex: hi sex calaind Apréil, Fél. March 27 .

1 si

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Forms: se

emph. pron. 3 s. f. Early Mod.Ir. also se. May be suffixed to (a) a substantive preceded by the poss. pron. 3 s. f., which it emphasizes; (b) the predicate of the copula; (c) an active verb; (d) a passive verb (in (b), (c), and (d) emphasizing the subject); (e) prep.+suffixed pron. 3 s. f.

(a) a altram-si, Wb. 28d19 . tria gnáis-si, 10a3 . dia inchosc- si to signify it (viz. ind tert persan), Sg. 208a4 . oca halgenugud- si, IT i 79.24 ( Lg. 18 ). a lláimsi, TBFr. 159 . a dam-si `her bull', CRR 5 . gá ttás cur ré coiméidsi `how can she be saved', Studies 1923, 421 § 1 .

(b) mad fochricc-som, Wb. 2b26 . is mút-si ām, Sg. 17a3 . is rann-si ám orationis `it is verily a part of speech', 25b5 .

(c) dénad-si goiri doibsem `let her maintain them', Wb. 28d19 . búi-si ar cúl Eogain, IT i 81.21 ( Lg. 19 ). tibidsi gen gáire friu, BDD² 75 . atbertsi, LU 3879 . dolluidsi ón ┐ a hinailt, TBFr. 158 . fan ccéim do-chluinsi 'na ceann `with reference to this step she hears approaching', Studies 1919, 258 § 22 . In bardic verse palatalizes the preceding final: nó go ruig-se, Dán Dé xi 14 . nua na calla sul chríonai-se `ere it (the body) withers', xvi 8 . do chain-se, DDána 58.20 .

(d) ara-naissi dond ríg she was betrothed to the king, BDD² 99 . breathasi, 98 .

(e) disi to her, Wb. 28b17 . LU 3377 (H). dissi, Wb. 28d22 . LU 3364 (H). fria-si, IT i 74.16 ( Lg. 12 ). chuice-si, 41.21 . aicce- si, 42.5 .

2 si

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emph. part. 2 s. See .

3 si

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Forms: se

later se emph. part. 2 pl. See .

4 si

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emph. part. 1 s. See mé V.

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sí or dil.ie/37356

Forms: í, issi, issi, sí, isí, sí, sī

pron. 3 s. f., later also í. Lenites in O. and Early Mid.Ir.: issí thol dée . . . anísiu, Wb. 5c22 . is sí chíall, Ml. 94b17 . cisi chiall bís indib, Sg. 217a2 . is sí ḟlaith mucleithe insin, Críth Gabl. 350 . is sí thorrach, IT i 67.4 ( Lg. 1 ).

In O.Ir. Glosses, etc., with indic. pres. s. 3 of cop.: issi, Thes. ii 247.1 (Cam.). issí, Wb. 5c22 . Sg. 211a1 . issi, Ml. 45c9 . is sí , Wb. 28d24 . isí, 4d18 . Thes. ii 227.32 ( Pcr. 59a ). Abso- lute: sí, Sg. 165b3 . sī, Thes. ii 348.4 ( Hy. v ).

The form í, hí first occurs in Early Mid.Ir.: conna hacced nech leo hí, IT i 74.8 ( Lg. 11 ). nocharb í ind attrúag imnocht, Sc.M² § 22a . co raib hi isind achad ina ḟíadnaisi, Sc.M² § R 10 .

With emph. and anaphoric pronouns: is hí sin an cuíced bhruigen . . ., Sc.M², § R 1 . is hisin tra ingen iss coiri . . ., IT i 120.10 . ba sí sin tra adaig ro dálsat . . ., LU 9083 ( FB 83 ). sí sin aichni dobiur-sa forru, TBC 1247 . cathair i sidhe co n-ilimud n-oir, St. Ercuil 1224 . coimedadh si í fein co maith, 2451 .

No emphatic form occurs in O.Ir. Glosses; later: sis(s)i, sise, issi; Mod.Ir. sisi, sise: Brí Leth etárru: sisi i nDruim Chéu . . . heisom fris anair, Trip.² 992 . `dlegtair' or sisi `samaisci móra . . .', IT i 72.16 ( Lg. 9 ). `ni pam slán-sa ám' or issi, IT i 72.1 ( Lg. 7 ). armad sissi a ṡiur-sium cona hingenruid, IT i 144.32 . ol sise, BDD² 546 . ceist ol sisi cia th'ainmsiu, LU 10774 (TE). misi i nÉrind fós | sisi (isi, v.l.) hÉri fás, Ériu iv 130.x . `dá ndearnta sin' ar sise, TD 20.26 . atpert sisi, St. Ercuil 523 .

For usage cf. 1 é, 2 í.

I Immediately follg. copula: issí in bánmartre du duiniu intain scaras ar Dea fri cach réet caris, Thes. ii 247.1 (Cam.). is tol dǽ forchanat et ni sí dongníat, Wb. 30c12 . issí rún ind forcill-sin no pridchim-se, 28b7 . issí dano in chiall hísin araḟocladar som quando dicit . . ., Sg. 209b26 . is sí ḟlaith mucleithe insin, Críth Gabl. 350 . is sí in bríg uile | serc mór . . ., Fél. Prol. 147 . bid sí ben bías im ḟarrad-sa, IT i 71.6 ( Lg. 6 ). corop si cetathe . . . ria mnáib, LU 8825 ( FB 62 ). ba hí eóchain de ilenaib ilerda . . . atchondaic-sium, TBC 5068 . is sí an chúirtse . . . | uaimh an leomhain, TD 16.42 .

II With the interrogative: cesí, cisi, císí: cid chenél nó cesí aram `what is the gender or what the number', Sg. 197b3 . cisi chiall bís indib, 217a2 . co n-eperthae cia aiccent ┐ cisi aimser derb thechtas, 26a6 . císí suillse mór sucut? BDD² 591 . cisi airm hi tá Labraid? LU 3620 (H).

III With is, ocus and acht: Muire ógh is í re n-iodhnaibh, DDána 17.6 . ┐ sí ar snámh, IGT Decl. ex. 501 . is sí sobhúalta, ex. 1282 . ni bhí ag gach gabháil dar gheabh, | acht sí d'ḟagháil ar éigean, TD 17.4 . ┐ si co mbron ┐ co mímenmoin, St. Ercuil 1168 . ┐ í ard, TSh. 55 .

IV Independent: sí feisine it itself (viz. the letter l), Sg. 165b3 .

V As subject of copula: ar n[o]corb álic duitsiu hí, LU 4020 . sí ar ḟéagain dob éagsamhail `curious was it when considered', TD 15.30 . ógh do bhí gan iomdhaidh í, DDána 17.6 . dobudh uathbhásach . . . ré faigsin í, TSh. 55 .

VI As object of trans. vb.: taghaim í dom anacal, DDána 1.14 . cor cuir a mainistir caillech ndub . . . hi, St. Ercuil 889 .

VII As subject of passive vb.: sí le héigean go n-aghar | ni héidear . . ., TD 17.3 . do posadh ris í asa haithli, St. Ercuil 1141 . Cf. ni héidear í d'átaghadh, TD 17.3 .

VIII As subject of active vb.: rug báire ar gach aonlocht hí, DDána 32.5 . tháinig sí, 17.6 . gé bheith sí ar an slighidh móir, TD 7.25 . gur thruaill si a chorp uili, St. Ercuil 2509 . coimedadh si í fein co maith, 2451 .

IX Acc. after prep.: eidir sī ┐ in Rōimh, Fl. Earls 96.2 .

X As nominative with ol (see Thurn. Gramm. § 408 , § 825 ): is midlachda no taí ol si, LU 8776 ( FB 58 ). `mórgním donrin- génsam' ol sí, TBFr. 138 .

1 sía?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sía? or dil.ie/37357

ind gaibiu anfis, ibu [anfis, fri sia úathib ibiu lithu in Christo Ihesu . . .], Trip.² 550 .

2 sía

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x see fotae, sír.

síabair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. síabair or dil.ie/37359

Forms: siabair, siabrai, siabhra, síabra, siabar, ṡiabar, siabraidh, siabhradha, siabra, síobra, síobhra, shiabhra, siabhradh

n i,m. n s. siabair, Thes. ii 293.4 ( SP I ). n p. siabrai, ZCP xiii 375.20 . BDD² 250 . BB 380b11 . siabhra, BNnÉ 128.y . g p. síabra, BDD² 1064 . LU 6171 (TBC). Later apparently as o-stem: g p. siabar, SR 907 (: bithphianad). n du. da ṡiabar , IT iii 243.250 . In Mid. and Mod.Ir. dental endings occur in pl.: n p. siabraidh, RC xviii 382.17 . siabhradha, Keat. ii 4667 . In modern MSS. the usual form is siabra, síobra: n s. síobhra, Ó Bruad. ii 220.3 . Hackett xx 8 . d s 'na shiabhra , Keat. Poems 1568 .

a spectre, phantom, supernatural being (usually in pejora- tive sense): adgúisiu na tri turcu tercu | tairi siabair mochon- dáil conith ┐ mlicht may a phantom approach me (?), Thes. ii 293.2 ( SP I ). doellsit iarum gumtar da hsiabur con-apud trian in tsluaig ar a n-omun, IT iii 240.169 . bid rī Temrac[h] comba trī | arambebad sīabrai, ZCP iii 461.24 (.i. sithaigi). dom- ársad imned. imed síabra . slúag faen, BDD² 1064 . is é rí insin loingsige (for -site) siabrai whom phantoms banished, 250 . ise in Conairi sin iarum ri bertatar siabrai hirrige, Ériu vi 136.74 . is iat dodróni in smúitcheó ndruidechta sin din bith síabrai, LU 6750 (BDD). fodáilset siabra a ndochum co ro delbsat Aige i rricht láig allaid, LL 160b14 . do muscail in rí asa collud . . . tarfas dam, ar sé, slúag siabra ic losgudh in tigi form, RC xxiii 422 § 39 . gair na slúag siabra ┐ ndráidechta, § 40 . frítha a díamraib, a dairib, | ó ṡíabraib, ó ṡídaigib, Met. Dinds. iii 280.64 . sinset siabrai sencuiri, BB 380b11 . it siabra ro-n-ortsat iar n-a brath do Maelcenn, 45az . ro eirgetar geliti glinni . . . ┐ siabra, Cog. 174.10 . ó mbeirdís siabhra a cland uadha tre draidheacht, BNnÉ 128.y . an múr do-chonnarc i n-uraidh go líonmhar | mar tá sé i mbliadhna 'na shiabhra síthe, Keat. Poems 1568 . gur sgiob síobhradh draoidheachta é, E. O'Rahilly xlii 11 . beireadh síobhra d'eitill í . . . tar lear `may some spectre carry [her] off', Ó Bruad ii 220.3 . an bás é an galar so 'om bascadh, nó an síobhra mé?, Hackett xx 8 .

More specific applications: fri plagud na sluag siabar (of devils), SR 907 . no siabhra ro h-ort .i. Tuatha De Danainn, áir it friu atberta siabra, Trans. RIA xx 98 n.d (Petrie's Round Towers). do chuirsiom cath go calma | ar shiabhraibh inse Banbha, Keat. ii 1413 . diorsan do sluaicch Leithe Cuinn, a ttuitim la siabhra Sláini (of the Norsemen), FM i 508.18 .

g p. freq. used attributively: dusnicfe Flann Cinach | ar abhaill mō[i]r sīabrae, ZCP x 343 § 9 . iar srethaib siabrai, SR 8210 . is dó robdar eillti ba, | do Niadh Ségamain s[i]abra, .i. siabhartha no sremach robói sé. Nó issé in t-áes sidhe ro timairgdís na heillti dia mbleoghan ina ḟlaith, Cóir Anm. 26 . for slóg síabra sorchaidi, LU 6171 (TBC). for sluagh siabhra nGall `over the magic host', FM i 506.z . no roichdis co ro dian 'na slog siabra ┐ 'na mbuidnib roburta (of plunderers), LB 156a53 . Whence perh. used substantivally: ni siabráe dotanic is Cu Chulaind mac Soaltai, LU 9538 (H). Cf. [sluag] siabra mór rom-tarfás, RC xxiii 418 § 33 (omit [sluag]?). ? To this: la gol mairg fri síabru sé, LU 3841 ( SC 37 , H).

As adj., used adverbially: glór na saoir-fhear go siabhar (: gar) (siabhradh , MSS.), Keat. Poems 1148 .

Compds. ¤charpat phantom chariot : siaburcharpat Con Culaind, LU 9220 . siabharcharpad .i. carbad taidhbsi, O'Cl. ¤chles: ubullchles ┐ siaburcles ┐ cles cúair, LU 8442 ( FB 30 'H). ¤chobra mystic conversation (the title of a rhetorical passage): siaburchobra Con Culaind i llathiu a eítsechta, LL 122b41 . ¤chenn npr.: Siabharchend mac Sulremair, IT iii 474.165 . ¤galar: Cerbhall o Dáluidh do theastail do sheirg (sic v.l.) siabhorghaloir, Ériu iv 64 § 60 (Tochm. Ḟearbh.).

síabar

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x see síabair.

síabardae

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adj io, iā (síabair) phantom, spectral, supernatural, be- longing to the síabrai: teist ro ḟersur ré siabordai inaurchomair sé mbliadna déc dlegmascur an enchanted period (?), LL 123b35 . cid latt mo ṡargud a ṡerriti ṡíabarda, TBC 1915 (cf. ṡiabarthi, 3794 ). eclach . . . siabarda saeb-suileach, YBL 177a30 . srebai solmai síabardai | linfait ó nim co talmain, SR 8159 . See síabartha.