sergad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sergad or dil.ie/37250

u m. vn. of sergaid.

(a) lessening, abating, diminishing : is .xl. la ro-bai in diliu aga fearthain ┐ .l. ar .c. la ro-baí gan tṡeargadh, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. 23 n. 25 . iar sergadh dílinne, Geneal. Tracts i 37.3 . in la oc síniud . . . ┐ adaig oc s.¤ , LB 102 marg. inf.

(b) act of wasting away, withering : dochim Cclt . . . | . . . 'sa corp ar seargadh, Oss. v 134.12 . ní hadhbhar seargtha go seirc, Dánta Gr.² 67.1 . iad ag seargadh, súil re bás, 9.26 . bhíos . . . díomhaoin gan luaighidheacht iar n-a seargadh ┐ iar n-a ccríonadh a n-ionbhuidh a mblátha (of the works of the vain- glorious), Desid. p. 14 n . is amhlaidh . . . do bhí Cobhthach . . . ┐ é ag seargadh tré fhormad ré Laoghaire Lorc, Keat. ii 2500 . ag trosgadh d'á seargadh féin (= jejuniis se macerando), i 58.76 . fiabhras spioratdha . . . dá ngairthear sainnt, bhíos ag sámh-chnaoi ┐ ag seargadh an tsanntaigh do shíor, TSh. 7922 . na baill ar siabhradh ┐ ar seargadh .i. na lámha ar gcrapadh ┐ ar gcaolughadh, 1091 . nach bí biadh ná deoch aige, acht é i ngorta ghnáth ag seargadh ┐ ag feódhughadh, 4191 . atá an talamh . . . ag seargadh `the earth languisheth', Isa. xxxiii 9 . attrib. gen. fri snima seirgthi sóeba, SR 4287 .

sergaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sergaid or dil.ie/37251

Forms: seircid

v (serg) In O.Ir. glosses seircid. Cf. also LU 8355 , O'C. 1829 , cited below.

I

(a) becomes obsolete : sercim gl. obsoleo, Sg. 173a2 . ro seircset .i. nisfil hodie (gl. obsoleuerunt) `they have become obsolete', 178b2 .

(b) shrinks, diminishes, contracts, wastes away : for[r]ubart in lía becc . . . ró serccai im in lía mór, Trip.² 2062 . sergfait srotha, SR 8209 . is fer seirgeis i lligu, LU 8355 (rhetoric, FB 24 ). in tráth scáigfit mo gala ┐ sergfait mo gala, TBC 4613 . co sergsatt (of pigs growing thin), IT iii 236.43 . ró gabh galar mór intí Cobhthach . . . ┐ doṡearg co mór, co ndeachaid a ḟuil ┐ a ḟeóil dé, Cóir Anm. 93 . cia forbrid cia sergait in loch, Todd Nenn. 194.5 . seargfaidh do chlí claonfaidh t'fholt, DDána 43.7 .

Of plants, withers away : do shearg sé, Mark iv 6 . bláth beag shergas a mbeagán do læthibh, Mac Aingil 72.7 . go seargann [an duine] ┐ go bhfeódhann go hobann, amhail do-ní bláth an mhachaire, TSh. 3804 .

Of the sea, ebbs away: dá seargann an fhairge, Ó Bruad. iii 182.10 .

II Metaph. Of wealth, possessions: dia seirge in tothchas iardain if the property diminish afterwards, O'C. 1829 ( 23 Q 6, 47b ). sergait . . . máine in meic, ZCP xvii 230.10 . Of the effect of grief, etc., on the mind: aithguba sirechtach sercfid brú in churad o ingnasaib, LL 119b35 (rhetoric). do shearg m'aigneadh ós íseal, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 112.48 . go serga mh'anam a n-othras do ghrāidh, Parrth. Anma 377.21 . Of anger: nó go searg le snáth umha | a fhearg ní háth iondula, DDána 100.30 . Cf. buinne síothbhán nach searg guil (leg. goil?, Ed.) whose exuberance never diminishes, 66.6 .

III Trans. causes to diminish, lessen or shrivel up: anfo- bracht .i. nomen do duine ṡerggas ┐ timairges galar connā bī beo[i]l inna churp, Corm. Y 42 . sain ní dia fognai cech luib | . . . sasait, sergait, línait blait, SR 7279 . loisgnighe m'fhearg—do bh'fhearg mhear— | gur shearg t'fhoisdine mh'aigneadh, DDána 80.12 . mar sheargus sibh na sreabha | nách iomchruid na héigneadha, TD 15.53 . mar sheargaim ┐ mar ghearraim antholo an chuirp ┐ an anma uaim, Desid. 3039 .

sergat?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sergat? or dil.ie/37252

ind in mili [cémenn] fil don espoc do maigin digona, is é sergat be fair sund in defir eneclainni ata itir in espoc ┐ cach gradh eclaisi fil fuí, O'D. 906 ( H. 3.17, 647 ).

sergtha, seirgthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sergtha, seirgthe or dil.ie/37253

io, iā part. of sergaid.

(a) withered, shrivelled, shrunken : gerr treaghta a thaoibh | meall sergtha a súil (mell seith a suil, v.l.), Irish Texts i 30 § 45 (of a dead pig). a ṡillide ṡiabhartha ṡearguithe, RC xxix 116 § 11 . féar tirim seirgthe um thráth nóna iarna bhuain, ┐ é úr-ghlas ar maidin sul bheantar é, TSh. 3800 . lámh sheirgthe, Matth. xii 10 .

(b) worn out, exhausted : ba thuirseach seirgthe aidhmheulach ro bhá Fionn, Oss. iii 162.3 . `seirgthe hectic, consumptive', O'R.

serig?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. serig? or dil.ie/37254

ind ? gilla araclich claideb co scíath ar búaib mór s.¤ ar mnáib feraid fodil di fer lessaib ar óenathaib Ulad, LU 6121 (rhetoric).

sermóin, senmóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sermóin, senmóir or dil.ie/37255

Forms: semnoir, sermon, senmór, senmora, sermone, seanmóire

n f.(Lat. sermon-) Once semnoir, Ann. Conn. 1249.11 . With non-palatal final: sermon, PH 2940 . senmór, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 8.18 . g s. na senmora , Acall. 4830 . sermone, Ann. Conn. 1249.16 . seanmóire, IGT Decl. ex. 1173 . See § 42.18 .

(a) a sermon, a moral discourse : o atchuala tra in uile popul in sermoin-sin, PH 239 . amal atbert Bernard naem i n-a shermóin, 7714 . a haithle na senmora ┐ in procepta dorinde, Acall. 4830 . adubairt senmóir ina fiadhnuse, Ét. Celt. i 87.19 . tráth seanmóire, DDána 60.26 . rí nar lean don chreideamh chóir | ní leigeadh seadh i seanmóir, 74.25 . cionnas chluinfid siad gan fhear seanmóra do dhénamh? Rom. x 14 . préaláide is lucht seanmóra `preachers', Keat. ii 6134 . a gcūrsa aiffrenn, trāth ┐ senmōr . . . do dēnomh, Fl. Earls 56.7 . ag searmón- taibh soisgealda na hEagluise, Eochairsg. 1.9 . tuiste nach seacha ar seanmóir `parent who will not spurn this speech of mine' (an elegy on death of a daughter), Ó Bruad. ii 120.25 . bídh na tṡoer bídh na thornóir | bídh mo laogh na leabhróir | bídh sé ag reic ḟiona is craicend, | mur a bḟaicend in sermóin `the gathering', ALC i 390.15 (of one who went about disguised to gather information). doctrine : a theachtaire thig ón Róimh | lena síoltar gach seanmóir, DDána 72.1 . adeirid . . . | risin ndochtúir ndiadhochta | . . . nach cert shíolus a shenmóir, O'Gr. Cat. 556.8 .

(b) an admonition, warning, lesson, moral : ní mó senmoir da dtánic a ndeiridh aimsire ná a ghirre do bhí sliocht na hiar- lachta dhá sgrioss a hErinn, ALC ii 286.27 . seanmóir don té do thuigfeadh, Studies 1924, 85 § 3 . a dtéid d'éag d'fhearaibh an talmhan | . . . | féaghaidh a leacht—lór do sheanmhóir—, Dán Dé xxxi 25 . fuair Banbha senmóir re seal | ō shen-róimh garma Gaoídheal, Gleanings 29 § 1 .

As quasi-vn.: bui Pilip apstal . . . oc sermoin ┐ oc procept, PH 2484 . dia ndiochur . . . ó geinntlidecht re senmoir breithre Dé, BNnÉ 125 § 1 . ata an saoghal ag seanmhóir, Dán Dé xxii 1 . do bi se uair ele ag seanmoir a tempall, Smaointe B. Chr. 2298 . is ar an cloich sin dobí Mac Dé ac senmmóir, Maund. 81 . rogab ag senmoir bréithre Dé, Aisl. Tund. 119 § 3 . ré triall do Phádraig do sheanmóir don Mhumhain, Keat. iii 348 . do bhrígh gur ung an Tighearna mé do sheanmóir sgéula maithe dona ceannsuighibh, Isa. lxi 1 .

sermóinn, seremóin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sermóinn, seremóin or dil.ie/37256

n f.(Eng. or Romance loan-word) a cere- mony : dá laghad dá mbí an tshearmóinn, saoilim-si gu bfhuil onóir ┐ adhradh do Dhia innte, Desid. 6366 . énní dá mbea- nann ris an riaghaltacht naomhtha, mar atáid riaghlacha, statúide, órduighthe, ┐ searmóinne nó naomhghnáthuighthe, 6362 . an t-aifreann ┐ a sheremoine, Parrth. Anma 314.10 . do cheill gach coda don aifrionn ┐ a shermoinedh, 316.3 . nar ghlacuis briathra an sgrioptúir nó sereamoine na hegluisi a ccúis shúgartha, Mac Aingil 281.11 . See also sermonias.

sermonias

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sermonias or dil.ie/37257

n a ceremony : comhrair chrabhaidh fa hainm don ts.¤ sin, Rule of Tall. § 6 . sermoniass ┐ ord ceilibartha, Fl. Earls 100.8 . gach a ndernadh do stát ┐ d'onōrachus ┐ do dhegh-sermoniass a n-urthimchell a naomhthachta, 184.23 . pressāntaidhi . . . fuair naomhthacht in pāpa isan s.¤ amne `at the ceremony', 186.16 .

sermóntaid, senmóntaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sermóntaid, senmóntaid or dil.ie/37258

Forms: senmóntaige, senmóraidh, senmónaidh, seanmóntaidh

n i,m., also senmóntaige (sermóin) senmóraidh senmónaidh seanmóntaidh, IGT Decl. § 52.7 . a preacher : sen brathair dob ferr do bi a nErinn do sermóntaigh, ALC ii 476.11 . senmontaigh as mo do rinne d'fhoghnumh do Erennchaibh o do bi Padraig i n-Erinn, AU iii 304.14 . go cuirid na senmontai na faidhble daonda do cum moraltachta na diaghachta, O'C. 2481 ( Eg. 88, fo. 39a ). ag éisteacht an tseanmóntaidhe bhinnghlórach (sic), ZCP iv 400.2 . an domhan uile lán do sheanmóntuighibh, do lucht stoc ┐ bheann mbua- bholl, Desid. 69 . gan prealáide, gan senmóntuidhe, Mac Aingil, pref. 6.15 . adeir betha Brighdi . . . gurab é N. . . . ba ferleighinn ┐ ba senmontaidh di, Mart. Don. Dec. 11 . do marbhadh seanmōntaidh .i. Brāthair S. Frons. Ludovicus [Mac] Con Midhe, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 12.24 . briathra an tsean- monthuigh (sic) mac Dháibhi, Eccles. i 1 . díomhaó[i]neas na ndíomhaóines, ar an seanmontuigh, 2 . Eclesiastes, no an Seanmontuighe, title of Ecclesiastes.

sernad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sernad or dil.ie/37259

n u m. Mid.Ir. vn. of sernaid.

(a) act of disposing, placing in order : tainic Oilill ┐ Medb do s.¤ a selga co Fraechmagh, RC xv 470.5 ( Dinds. 70 ). Glas fri sernadh saerṡelga, BB 369a26 . ? in s.¤ slige ┐ in rorēidhiugud ríghda romór-sin ┐ in cumach catha tug L. for a muntir the contriving of a path (?), Fianaig. 90.33 . biaid féin 'na ndeághaidh co másach maghaidh | d'éis a seárnta i mbláith a mbailte after setting themselves up (?), Ó Bruad. i 36 § 23 (`after crushing them'). searnadh .i. sgáoi- leadh, O'Cl. Cf. `searnadh dissolution, separation, extension, yawning, stretching', O'R.

(b) act of laying low: ? tarnic a gním is a gal | fríth sund co sír a s.¤ (saernad, sráenadh, særbladh, v.ll.) `dissolution', Met. Dinds. ii 66.22 (? leg. sráenad). gabait . . . ag serrnad is ag slisbualad a chéile `mowed down . . . each other', Caithr. Thoirdh. 143.28 .

sernaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sernaid or dil.ie/37260

Forms: sernait, sernat, sernair, -sernar, sernaiter, serntair, sernad, sernatai, sérnn, sernn, dia-nda-sera, -sert, sert, sertatar, sretha, sreth, sretha, srithiu, ṡrethi, sernte, sern, seirnn, sernais, sernai, roserna, sernad, sernaighter, consernaigh, roṡreth, sernad, sreth

v indic. pres. pl. 3 sernait, Fél. Aug. 31 . SR 5186 . ní sernat , Ml. 31a19 . pass. s. sernair, O'Dav. 1444 . -sernar, Críth Gabl. 577 . sernaiter (? leg. -ter or -aighther), Laws iv 384.23 Comm . pl. serntair, SR 4236 . impf. s. 3 no sernad , 2957 . pass. s. ro sernatai , RC xii 92 § 121 . ipv. s. 2 sérnn, Ml. 56c12 . sernn, Fél. Mar. 15 . subj. pres. s. 3 dia-nda-sera, Críth Gabl. 294 . pret. s. 3 -sert, LL 37c2 . ro sert , Fél. 248.9 . pl. 3 sertatar, O'C. 2254 ( Eg. 88, fo. 18d ). pass. s. sretha, FM i 178.z . ro sreth , Fél. Aug. 25 . pl. ro sretha , Prol. 138 . part. hon gremmaim srithiu gl. exserto uigore, Ml. 31c18 . verbal of necess. cáith bed ṡrethi gl. acus substernendum, Sg. 68a5 . With extension of pres. stem: subj. past pass. s. fora sernte , Wb. 18c8 . pret. s. 3 ro sern , SR 2987 . LL 7a3 . ro seirnn , BB 28b13 . sernais, ZCP viii 104.15 . ? sernai, SR 5965 . roserna (? sic leg.), Anecd. i 54 § 27 . pass. s. ro sernad , SR 1385 . LL 200a57 . A few exx. of a g-stem occur: subj. pres. pass. pl. sernaighter, O'C. 2215 ( Eg. 88, fo. 15b ). pret. s. 3 ? consernaigh, ZCP viii 104.14 . Pret. pass. as act.: s. 3 roṡreth, TTr.² 1700 . See also srethnaigid. Vn. sernad, sreth.

I Trans.

(a) arrays, disposes, ranges, orders (freq. of dis- posing troops for battle, or men for hunting); composes, con- trives: ni fil folad n-aill fora sernte in soscéle issin act Crist `on which that Gospel could be built', Wb. 18c8 . sérnn gl. stude (ut mimineris te sub Dei imperio agere), Ml. 56c12 . ní sernat .i. ní aisndedat gl. neque . . . conserunt (uerba), 31a19 . ro sreth scél a chésta, Fél. Aug. 25 (.i. aisnéid, Fél.² cxxvii ). ron-sert (ro sert, ronseart, ro seirt, v.ll.) . . . | serc ard arbair Íssu the love of Jesus' band has ranged it in order (?), Fél. Ep. 11 (`has strengthened (?) us'). ro sert slige . . . | fo sluagh Erenn `he spread (?) a road', ib. 248.9 . is é dano fuillem a ṡét dianda sera i cumtach if he place it in a receptacle, Críth Gabl. 294 . co sernar tech ríg? how is a king's house disposed? 577 . sern .i. oirdnedh nó buaidh no sreth no a[i]sneidh . . ., O'Dav. 1456 . ? deilb rig roda sluagaib sert saigid, Laws i 12.13 . iarsain ro- sernsat a scuir | ár teclammad a morchruid | . . . | san chan immon primcathraig, SR 5053 . sernnaid sreith | 'mond eclais di cach oen leith, | . . . | do anartaib oengelaib, 4409 . cethri clair déc . . . | serntair immon senisteir, 4236 . cuit cacha mna dib fo leith | dia claind choir ina comsreith, | feib ro sern rí run cach cruth | is ferr dún a ndeligud, 2987 . o ro ṡernad Nóisi nár | fulocht for feda fianchlar, IT i 78.3 ( Lg. 17 ). adram Ríg . . . | ro sern cach rath cach ríge | ro delb díne cech dun[e], LL 17b12 . saer-sert (? sic leg.) cach nainm ainn gossa fer [.i.] fer gossa, Auraic. 5314 . is and ro sernad cetna selg Lagen riam .i. enach selgga, 200a57 = RC xv 419.7 ( Dinds. 34 ). luath roserna[d] (? omit [d]) dirim demna forsan fairgi, Anecd. i 54 § 27 . roṡern arnábárach in cath inaghaidh A., TTr.² 1688 . ra sernsatar in coblach d'innaigid na cúan, TTr. 1459 . ro- sern cach sín ar-saīlem | ro-delb tir noīb-eng nĒrenn (of God), ZCP xiv 178.6 . airecht fodesin . . . naiscaire nodonaisc, sruithem nodoseirn, traeta nodotraeta, xii 360.8 . rosernatai tra an cath cech laei etir fine Fomore ┐ Thuatha Dea, RC xii 92 § 121 . rosernad ┐ rosreathad an tsealg ar gach leth lais cona roan ina ḟarrad acht en rideri nama, D iv 2, 42rb38 . ro shern ┐ ro shrethnaigh a amhsa . . . for bernadhaibh baoghail, FM vi 2326.22 . sretha in cath i Crinder, i 178.z (cit.).

Freq. occurs, particularly in SR, with its vn. sreth as cog- nate acc.: places in array, forms in array: Iacob no serna sreith | isna hoimrib uiscidib | flesca beca . . . | ara mbelaib na cairach, SR 2957 . sernai Saul in sre[i]th slāin | im threib nDauīd, 5965 . dond leith anair do threib Dáin | sernait sreith slébe Lebáin, 5186 . sil n-Adaim sernait srethu, 8134 . ro sernsat sreith co súairc sein | 'ma cuaird imm altoir n-Adaim, 2143 . imme rosernsat sreith slait, | co ndernsat imme in mbó- brait, Met. Dinds. iii 370.51 .

(b) ordains, prescribes, appoints, propounds : dlightius du do airi árd fiche sét searnar sluind do aire forgill tricha sét, O'D. 2193 ( Nero A 7, 134a ). siachdudar sinbretha sertatar do ciolur .i. sreathnaighsed na deo daile bas a n-aighid araile, O'C. 2254 ( Eg. 88, fo. 18d ). manab a seota saora sernaighter .i. uadha do ceilib, O'C. 2215 (ib. 15b ). ár is dó is dán tidhnocol | nirab seoid sír-thaisceas | séarnas do chach caemh-ratha, BR 192.16 . iar slechtaib saer-sernar (? sic leg.), Laws iii 536.13 . sernair .i. gabtair, ut est ailiu seinm sernair [imbed] n-imbais .i. laisi ngaibther rann .i. srethnaighther no gabtair imad sofis dun, O'Dav. 1444 . sernait ethre ṅAuguist, Fél. Aug. 31 (.i. failgit no forbanait no srethait, Fél.² cxxvii ). sernn Iacóib ordan, Fél. Mar. 15 . aracain coire sofis sernar dliged cacha dāna (.i. srethnaithir dliged cacha dána as), Anecd. v 23.7 . bunad cach sofis searnar īar ndliged, 26.11 . sai sert sobruighe, O'D. 2214 ( Nero A vii, fo. 147b ).

II Intrans. stands arrayed, disposes itself : tuas sech cech oen . . . | sernait slog sáer Saraph[é]in, SR 552 . sernsat ┐ immsit na slóig impu ┐ ros gonsat conna batar élódaig díb, TBC 542 . ūaitne slemnai sencháise | . . . | serndais imasech, Aisl. MC 37.20 . dona teoraibh rothaibh . . . ro serntar [for?] in magh, TBC 5605 (Stowe).

? rop conn criche cloidhemhdhai | cumall fri seilg sernatha | mo bar buadach buidhenda, LL 385cy = searnata, BB 128a13 .

? To this: o dosernatár gai bic | hi tossuch a n-imairic | is í cétní and arric | a gai is a gabair la Diarmait, LU 9691 (H) = ro sernatar, LL 277a39 .