3 serb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 serb or dil.ie/37213

n (Lat. servus) a slave : bad ṡ.¤, bad umal, Ériu iii 96 § 7 (Rule of Ailbe; glossed .i. mogh in one MS., 110 ).

1 serbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 serbad or dil.ie/37214

vn. formation from serb. act of making bitter : an domblas ┐ an finéugra ata ag serbhadh do bhéoil, Parrth. Anma 394.14 .

2 serbad

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n (cf. 2 serb) act of stealing (?): a serbad .i. a ngait, O'Dav. 1154 . searb, no searbaidh .i. goid, O'Cl. Cf. fo-serba. Perh. same word as 3 serbad.

3 serbad

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n (1 serb?) act of perverting, distorting, act of leading astray (?): serbadh .i. saebad, ut est dícondircle cen serba[d] .i. cin saebad firinne, O'Dav. 1465 . ? To this: dar lium féin ní slad cluig gan teangain do (? leg. dō) na buachaillí aoidech do serbadh ó fhleasc gheal, O'Gr. Cat. 121.36 (`it is no injustice to give the name of "clapperless bells" to the cow-boys that have been taken from the white flail'). Cf. serbus.

serbae, seirbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. serbae, seirbe or dil.ie/37217

n ,f. (1 serb) bitterness (both of taste and in abstract sense), asperity: o cech cenélu serbe `of every kind of bitterness', Wb. 2a22 . deserbdi .i. cen serbi pectho, 9b12 . indliged for in linn, sceith no seirbe, Laws v 166.9 Comm . mad ratud in biadh searbh no sgethuch . . . muna feas a seirbhe no a sgeathuighe, ii 32.18 Comm . serbai co n-inire (vice springing from `dogailse domanda'), ZCP iii 27.33 . descaid serba burba, RC xlv 75 § 21 . ferr sūan serba `sleep is better than bitterness', 22 § 17 (serbad, v.l.). noco gnáth gart cen ṡerbe, LL 146b34 . [sruth] co seirbi saili, YBL 83b4 . adbur di serbai ┐ saldatu conid ed dognī serbha inna ndēr insin, Ériu ii 102 § 12 . ni hiarsiní batis somillsi acht is lugam a serbi, Auraic. 3489 . a drái cuilech, a lestar lán do (sic MS.) démnaib ┐ do sherba, PH 1811 . cuirid uaib . . . serua ┐ arsaidecht bar pecctha, 3543 . aitt i mbia doib immad cech sherbi ┐ domblais, 4310 . ni ro fhaolustar a tomhailt ara sheirbhi, BNnÉ 294 § 14 . ge tic apium ┐ alues le cele da rer a serui `parsley and aloes agree in pungency', Ir. Astr. Tr. 72.10 . na leigis ana fuil seirbi ┐ gēiri, RSláinte 1822 . créad é seirbhe do chuimhne (quam amara est memoria tua), TSh. 1122 . cinel sirbe isin bel, Rosa Ang. 252.8 .

Of speech: do dhá phríomhlochd na Gáoidheilge . . . mur atá neimhtheachd céille no s.¤ ráidh harshness of utterance, IGT Introd. 32 § 145 .

serbaid

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v steals: la lóg n-enech n-ellam fir bes a ṡét serbthar 'together with the prompt honour-price of the man whose chattel is stolen' A Companion in Linguistics 145 (Bretha Nemed Dédenach) .

serbaigidir

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Forms: serbaigthir

v (1 serb) becomes bitter, makes bitter : serbaigthir gl. amaricatur, Tur. 69 . ag denumh na humhla so di, do ser- baighedh a hanim co leir innti, oir nír fed si an tserbis so, mar dob ail le, Smaointe B. Chr. 4411 .

serbán

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n (1 serb)

(a) oats : serbān .i. cenēl n-arba, ┐ ba dōig co mbad é in corci, O'Mulc. 848 . na hocht n-orbaind . . . secul, seruān, mælān, rūadān, cruithnec[h]t, . . . `wild-oats', Aisl. MC 99.4 . searbhan .i. coirce, O'Cl.

(b) s.¤ mucc translates dens leonis, endivia sylvestris, etc. dens leonis .i. in serban muc, RC ix 230.9 . la[c]tucella seruan mucc .i. lus na monog, Arch. i 334.48 (Med. Gl.). caput monachi dens leonis .i. serban muc, 332.43 (do.). capud manisi [leg. caput monachi] .i. in serba[n] muc, 327.49 (do.). serban mucc (rostrum porcinum), Rosa Ang. 286.14 . serban mucc (endivia sylvestris), 140.18 . is seirbhe ná an searbhán goirt | an duine bocht ag déanamh ceóil, Dánfhocail 25 . See next word.

serbann

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n f. oats : ni bo chomailt far serbainn | [a]ro milt for uibh Cerbhaill, AU i 110.8 = for serblinn, Fél. 134.15 . See Loth, RC xlii 61 .

serbas

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n u and o,m. (1 serb) bitterness : an serbhas fil léo (of apples), BNnÉ 294 § 14 . lan don tserbus ┐ coimhlínta do gallraibh bitter sorrow, Smaointe B. Chr. 4174 . tainic la na toirrsi moire ┐ in tserbais aird, 3958 . go ngníomhuigheann searbhas i meanmain an pheacthaigh, TSh. 9478 . beagán searbhais sna cúláiribh (modica amaritudo in faucibus), 4915 . is follus go dtig don pheacadh sáilín seire searbhusa do bheith 'na leanmhain, 9573 (`bitter end (?)', s.v. sáilín). an mhéid do chruadhaoge ┐ searbhais bhis ar croidhibh na ndaine, ITS xxix 188.16 . éad, searbhus, fuath, Donlevy 348.6 .

serbatu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. serbatu or dil.ie/37223

n t,m. (1 serb) bitterness : ro-cumscaigit iat uli o dhom- blas a serbatad ┐ a n-aninde `with the gall of their bitterness and animosity', PH 129 .