1 serb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 serb or dil.ie/37211

Forms: serbaib

adj o, ā

(a) of flavour, bitter: frissa lind s.¤ in chúrsactha `with the bitter drink of the reproval', Wb. 7d9 . huare as s.¤ ┐ nad ṁbí ní du ailgen indi, Ml. 94c8 . fo thonda searba sāile, Ériu ii 26 § 9 . tuctha ubla serua dosam corusbennach iat comtar millsi, Lat. Lives 111.9 . níis seirbe gl. amarior, Ir. Gl. 1132 . sruth s.¤ saile i sūilib (of tears), ZCP vii 299.16 . cach biad . . . cona somillsi .i. narub searb, Laws ii 234.4 Comm . lossa serua in díthreba, PH 873 . ro-s-gab dig seirb hi crand crochi ar biad milis n-áilgen craind an imarbois, 2394 . deoch shearbh, DDána 3.21 . tairrngid teasbac na greine an cuid as [s]eime ┐ as millsi duisci na fairrgi suas . . . et facaid tis an rann is truime ┐ is reime . . . ┐ is serbhi, 42.12 . sioróipe searbha, TSh. 8195 . Of acid soil: an tuisci bis a talmain s.¤ an a mbi clocha sulfuir no ailimi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 40.19 .

(b) in abstract sense, bitter, hurtful, grievous, disagreeable: serbaib gl. amaris (gemitibus), Ml. 31c13 . sechip ed arabera biuth in duine is s.¤ les acht ro[b] bronach, 86d12 . tiachair ┐ s.¤ , 94c6 . snechta serba sírgnathchi, IT i 190.29 ( FA 30 , LB). s.¤ cach borb, Tec. Corm. § 13.13 . nidat úati slega serba, MU 401 . is s.¤ cach gnáth, LU 3915 ( SC 43 ). rochísit cáoi s.¤ ina fīadnaisi, BColm. 96.6 . na trī mnā serbha siblacha sīdhe, ML² 1651 . felbas .i. fel-fes .i. fes s.¤ a fel dondī is fellis , O'Mulc. 509 . Cf. fealbhas .i. droichḟios, O'Cl. isat somilis fiad borbaib, at sérb imorro fiad ecnaidib, PH 4662 . bean ler shearbh a hiarraidh d'fhior, DDána 32.28 . an cás searbhso a bhfoilim `bitter plight', Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 7 . féach gurab olc 7 gurab searbh dhuit do Thighearna Dia féin do thréigean (amarum), TSh. 9481 . Adv. snaidfea na sluagu co s.¤ `du wirst die Schaaren bitter zerhauen', TFerbe 376 . bas-gaire co s.¤ écnech etuailngech, PH 394 . toibéchar fair co s.¤ ┐ co dichon- dirclech fa-deoid o Día, 4113 . Compar. maigen . . . serbiu ina neim, IT i 190.30 ( FA 30 , LB). adeirim-se gurab roisheirbhe easbaidh na glóire ioná í = maxime amarum, TSh. 6395 . Adv. int serbu gl. amarius (queri), Ml. 24c10 .

(c) of sounds, harsh, discordant : sgealparnach le téadaibh searbha, Tribes of Irel. 46.11 . Compar. is seirbhe ná an searbhán goirt | an duine bocht ag déanamh ceóil, Dánfhocail 25 .

(d) as subst. Of a warrior: fosropart in s.¤ slegrúad, SR 6778 . Of weather, harshness, bitterness : suidig sine s.¤ , RC v 201 § 20 .

Compds.

(a) with substantives: ¤airlech bitter slaughter : maidm nitha muáid nimṡlóig serbairlech, Death-tales 10.2 (`of bitter counsel', Glossary) = maidm netho mōith n-imdai slūag searbairlech, 12.16 . ¤chaer: searbhchaora na fí- neamhna fiadhánta, TSh. 3329 . ¤charcar: iar serbcharcraib cuimrech, Fél. Oct. 15 . nīmreilce isin searbcarcair `the bitter prison' (of Hell), Ériu iii 30 § 17 . ¤chath: s. Slēbe Eblinne, Arch. Hib. ii 59 § 12 . ¤chlár: Manannán tar searbhchlár sáile, Hackett xl 270 . ¤chroch: iar serbchrochaib síraib, Fél. May 13 . ¤deug: tria shæbreacht shuain serbhdhighe, BB 392b28 = sirdige, LL 213b22 . geir go mblas seirbhdhighe sin, TD 37.2 . ¤dremm: s. i rechtaib rúad-mucc `a baneful drove', Met. Dinds. iii 404.10 . ¤gábud: iar serbgáibthib gortae `after bitter dangers of famine', Fél. Dec. 2 . ¤gaeth: ceithre searbhghaotha iar slait Raoileann | . . . | tug ar laithibh gréine glas, DDána 110.19 . ¤glaedach: searbhghlaodhach a mbeann mbuabhall `harsh calling', TD 4.32 . ¤loimm: sergfait srotha serblomma the bitter drops of the streams (?), SR 8209 . ¤los?: rothecht Fergus filte, | do ṡerb-lus a ṡainte `crafty F. acquired land by dint of his bitter greed', Met. Dinds. iii 300.30 (cf. a llos, de los). ¤lus hop : tá an searbhlus agus an bhraich caillte, GJ i 207a15 . ¤maíth bitter sorrow : missi sund os leptha tra | fri serbmaid fri sirguba, LL 192b50 . ¤ṡál, ¤ṡáile bitter brine : tar serbhshal, Caithr. CC 50 § 87 . ac ól a fola féin maille is in serbṡaile in glasmara, CCath. 2009 . ¤ṡrón sharp-pointed (?): mór senlaech sirduilech (?) serbsrón `sharpnosed (?)', 6027 . roboccbertaich-sium in sleig searbsroin `bitter-nosed', TTebe 3262 . isna seicneadhuibh sēitreacha searbhróna do ficheadh do chēin, Cath. MT 502 . do mhionsad seinbhearn cēd isin chath ar comhair a chloidhimh ┐ slighe shearbhróin da sleaghaibh rompa, 819 (Ed. suggests reading slighidh searbhróin `he cuts a bitter track'). ? Cf. searbhrúan .i. searbhshráoineadh .i. briseadh searbh, O'Cl. ¤ṡruth: searbh-shrotha, TSh. 6628 . ¤thoirse bitter sorrow : ben- daighthe lucht serbthuirsi, | biaidh sólás fá dheoigh aca, O'Hussey T.C. 227.14 .

(b) with adjj.: ¤domain: eirgid ar in sáile s. amach, Acall. 6253 . ¤dúr: romessad ónd albín | tri chét sessar s., Met. Dinds. iii 220.58 . ¤garg: cosin slóg serig s., SR 4758 . ¤glas: in sal s., CCath. 3351 . ¤goirt: bidh s. a n-aithrighi `bitter and harsh', Ériu iii 30 § 9 . oirfitiud s. cen cheol cen áinius, PH 8138 . co nguilet co serb goirt, IT i 191.23 ( FA 30 , LB). ¤lonn: Saúl slan s. sirthech, SR 6372 . ¤rúad: tres an saile serbruadh, Cog. 98.28 .

In an adj. derived from a compd. noun: serbglórach harsh- voiced : siansan serbglorach . . . na sruthann `harsh', St. Ercuil 784 . na trí mná sáobha siúbhlacha searbhghlóracha, ML 124.18 . eugosg serbhghlórach senmhná ag coimhéd an tobair, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 4.1 .

(c) in vb. derived from compd. adj.: cor lobsat ┐ cor serb- goirtset a nétaige impu fri truma na hanbthine wasted away (?), LB 155a5 .

2 serb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 serb or dil.ie/37212

n a theft : `searbh' gaid, Met. Gl. 22 § 74 . serbh .i. gait (gaidh, v.l.), ut est fod sert s.¤ Ocus aderr i n-inadh aile: ubhall no buinne lossa no foserba becca .i. mingata `small little pilferings', O'Dav. 1466 . searb, no searbaidh .i. goid, O'Cl. siorbhai .i. gadaigheachd, O'Cl. See 2 serbad.

3 serb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 serb or dil.ie/37213

n (Lat. servus) a slave : bad ṡ.¤, bad umal, Ériu iii 96 § 7 (Rule of Ailbe; glossed .i. mogh in one MS., 110 ).

1 serbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 serbad or dil.ie/37214

vn. formation from serb. act of making bitter : an domblas ┐ an finéugra ata ag serbhadh do bhéoil, Parrth. Anma 394.14 .

2 serbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 serbad or dil.ie/37215

n (cf. 2 serb) act of stealing (?): a serbad .i. a ngait, O'Dav. 1154 . searb, no searbaidh .i. goid, O'Cl. Cf. fo-serba. Perh. same word as 3 serbad.

3 serbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 serbad or dil.ie/37216

n (1 serb?) act of perverting, distorting, act of leading astray (?): serbadh .i. saebad, ut est dícondircle cen serba[d] .i. cin saebad firinne, O'Dav. 1465 . ? To this: dar lium féin ní slad cluig gan teangain do (? leg. dō) na buachaillí aoidech do serbadh ó fhleasc gheal, O'Gr. Cat. 121.36 (`it is no injustice to give the name of "clapperless bells" to the cow-boys that have been taken from the white flail'). Cf. serbus.

serbae, seirbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. serbae, seirbe or dil.ie/37217

n ,f. (1 serb) bitterness (both of taste and in abstract sense), asperity: o cech cenélu serbe `of every kind of bitterness', Wb. 2a22 . deserbdi .i. cen serbi pectho, 9b12 . indliged for in linn, sceith no seirbe, Laws v 166.9 Comm . mad ratud in biadh searbh no sgethuch . . . muna feas a seirbhe no a sgeathuighe, ii 32.18 Comm . serbai co n-inire (vice springing from `dogailse domanda'), ZCP iii 27.33 . descaid serba burba, RC xlv 75 § 21 . ferr sūan serba `sleep is better than bitterness', 22 § 17 (serbad, v.l.). noco gnáth gart cen ṡerbe, LL 146b34 . [sruth] co seirbi saili, YBL 83b4 . adbur di serbai ┐ saldatu conid ed dognī serbha inna ndēr insin, Ériu ii 102 § 12 . ni hiarsiní batis somillsi acht is lugam a serbi, Auraic. 3489 . a drái cuilech, a lestar lán do (sic MS.) démnaib ┐ do sherba, PH 1811 . cuirid uaib . . . serua ┐ arsaidecht bar pecctha, 3543 . aitt i mbia doib immad cech sherbi ┐ domblais, 4310 . ni ro fhaolustar a tomhailt ara sheirbhi, BNnÉ 294 § 14 . ge tic apium ┐ alues le cele da rer a serui `parsley and aloes agree in pungency', Ir. Astr. Tr. 72.10 . na leigis ana fuil seirbi ┐ gēiri, RSláinte 1822 . créad é seirbhe do chuimhne (quam amara est memoria tua), TSh. 1122 . cinel sirbe isin bel, Rosa Ang. 252.8 .

Of speech: do dhá phríomhlochd na Gáoidheilge . . . mur atá neimhtheachd céille no s.¤ ráidh harshness of utterance, IGT Introd. 32 § 145 .

serbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. serbaid or dil.ie/37218

v steals: la lóg n-enech n-ellam fir bes a ṡét serbthar 'together with the prompt honour-price of the man whose chattel is stolen' A Companion in Linguistics 145 (Bretha Nemed Dédenach) .

serbaigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. serbaigidir or dil.ie/37219

Forms: serbaigthir

v (1 serb) becomes bitter, makes bitter : serbaigthir gl. amaricatur, Tur. 69 . ag denumh na humhla so di, do ser- baighedh a hanim co leir innti, oir nír fed si an tserbis so, mar dob ail le, Smaointe B. Chr. 4411 .

serbán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. serbán or dil.ie/37220

n (1 serb)

(a) oats : serbān .i. cenēl n-arba, ┐ ba dōig co mbad é in corci, O'Mulc. 848 . na hocht n-orbaind . . . secul, seruān, mælān, rūadān, cruithnec[h]t, . . . `wild-oats', Aisl. MC 99.4 . searbhan .i. coirce, O'Cl.

(b) s.¤ mucc translates dens leonis, endivia sylvestris, etc. dens leonis .i. in serban muc, RC ix 230.9 . la[c]tucella seruan mucc .i. lus na monog, Arch. i 334.48 (Med. Gl.). caput monachi dens leonis .i. serban muc, 332.43 (do.). capud manisi [leg. caput monachi] .i. in serba[n] muc, 327.49 (do.). serban mucc (rostrum porcinum), Rosa Ang. 286.14 . serban mucc (endivia sylvestris), 140.18 . is seirbhe ná an searbhán goirt | an duine bocht ag déanamh ceóil, Dánfhocail 25 . See next word.

serbann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. serbann or dil.ie/37221

n f. oats : ni bo chomailt far serbainn | [a]ro milt for uibh Cerbhaill, AU i 110.8 = for serblinn, Fél. 134.15 . See Loth, RC xlii 61 .