1 scíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 scíath or dil.ie/36453

n o,m. Perh. orig. same word as 2 scíath (in spite of Ped. i 76 ). wing : du s.¤ gl. sub umra alarum tuarum, Ml. 39c21 . hua sciathaib gl. pinnis suis, 23 . delb hiruphin . . . | co scathaib a s.¤ scailte, SR 4316 . tré s.¤ n-ete indala heóin, LU 3282 ( SC 7 ). ni thainic talmain ligdath na attoidet assa sciathaibh, Ériu ii 128 § 92 . co leathdiss a n-eiteada ┐ a sciathu tairis, v 20.17 . scéith cach éoin, Met. Dinds. iii 258.24 . búailtis in loch . . . | dona scíathaib, 378.18 . la cudruma ceithri s.¤ feitlican do gallurad gallgruitni the weight of four butterfly's wings (?), Hib. Min. 66.32 . sgiatha iolair, Aisl. Tund. 108.7 . smól-mhala . . . mar scéith an daoil, Keat. Poems 98 .

Compd. ¤glan: in slúag s. ` bright-winged ' (of a flock of birds), Met. Dinds. iii 256.10 .

2 scíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 scíath or dil.ie/36454

Forms: cruindsciath

n o,m., later also ā,f. Cf. in s.¤ . . . ro noíseghedh ainm dó la hUltu . . . bid imda broen derg tarse, BDD² 975 ff . s.¤ . . . co ngemaib óir furri, LU 10796 . m., IGT Decl. § 96 (130.11) . f., § 39 (91.6) . Perh. same word as 1 scíath (in spite of Ped. i 76 ).

(a) shield, buckler : fri nech tarsa tochuirther sciath, Ml. 22c1 . amal bid ho s.¤ gl. ut scuto, 49d11 . cruindsciath (sic leg.), Sg. 49b12 . scīath Dé | dom imditin, Hy. vii ( Thes. ii 356.14 ). , Laws v 310.4 . da ba ar sciathaib (fee paid to a craftsman), 94.16 Comm . dubs.¤ co calathbúali findruni fair, LU 6297 (TBC). crands.¤ odor iarndae fair, 7195 (BDD). di cailc na s.¤ , 8203 (FB 15). gabtait a scíathu foraib, 8200 ( FB 15 ). laech as deach fil íar cúl scéith i tír Hérend, BDD² 690 . co ro-gésetar scéith Ulad uile, CRR 35 . crunds.¤ , TBC 5284 . sceldgur na s.¤ cliss `der Schilde zum Kunstspiel', 3308 . rí . . . | go sgéith n-uaine, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 92.134 . bíthe a rí ar sgáth do sgéithi, IGT Decl. ex. 1065 . sgéith dhatha ar a ndromandaib, ex. 1132 . ina leibenn . . . lebar-shciath, MR 216.9 . ro chuireas a g-comhrainn mo sgéithe iad, Oss. iii 190.5 . fear iomchuir sgéithe Sauil, TSh. 2451 . Perh. battle- ments of a castle in: a díol innigh fúithe fríoth | d'ingir go madh dlúithe an sgiath, DDána 119.31 . As n.pr.: Sciath ┐ Scath, imtar da shiabar, IT iii 243.249 .

In phrases: do-beir s.¤ tar lorg do covers the retreat of, acts as rearguard to: do [f]oggradar d' Feargus sciath tar lorg do thabairt do Ulltaib, RC xxxix 18.18 . tuc sciath tar lorg doib, Acall. 2137 . dobertatar sciath dar lorg dar a n-eis, CRR 52 . tuc sciath tar lorg do maithib Muman, ML² 274 . do-beir s.¤ fri s.¤ do engages in combat with: dorat . . . P. sciath fri s.¤ do Hectoir, TTr.² 1175 . tucastar sciath fri sciath, CRR 45 . buailid s.¤ strikes the shield (as an act of defiance or encourage- ment): sgiath an bhádha mar do bhual when He proclaimed His love, Aithd. D. 63.23 . sgiath Dé i n-uair ar n-anaghail | do bhuail sé fan seanfhalaidh God, when saving us, set at defiance our original sin, 65.36 . ag éisteacht re béim sgiath, Oss. iv 16.18 . ? consephnatar forsna scīathu, ZCP viii 105.9 . Cf. Dinn. s.v. buaileam . lám (in) scéith the shield hand, the left hand (cf. 's a s.¤ da leith chlíu, MU² 489 ): tadbaid a láim scéith his left hand, BDD² 1527 . i cath is a cleith | dot lāim sceith cen scīs, KMMisc. 266.z . is í so slighe ina ttáinig . . . .i. láimh sgéith re Ráith Fhionnchaoimhe, Ériu viii 135.24 . do t-suided Oilill ar gualainn sgeit[h] Medba at M.'s left, Celt. Rev. i 296. 11 . tug an dara fecht leagadh ar laimh na sgeithe fa nasgail ar truaill an chloidhimh, Rel. Celt. ii 188.37 . fo óens.: dolotar ina curaidh . . . i n-aoncomairli fo aonsciath d'orgain ina cathrach together (?), Anecd. ii 50.15 .

(b) by metonymy fighting-man, warrior : cach sceith fri creich, .i. cach aen ar a mbiadh sciath ar a scath, do neoch bus incomlaind (sic leg.), do dul ar in creich, Laws i 158.3 Comm . (word om. before sceith?). ? comlín sciath is lann is laech, Ir. Texts ii 34 § 23 . ro badh lugha iná céd scciath comhairemh a throighteach, FM v 1748.8 .

(c) in fig. meanings protection, defence, safeguard : sciath Aitherni .i. aér ┐ glám dícend ┐ ailges, LL 187b2 (cf. RC xxvi 24.8 ). o chath-sciath na fírinde, PH 4851 . clár Cliach . . . | fa sgiath dorcha druigeachta `under a dark veil of wizardry', Ériu iv 222.24 . lá ar sgáth sgéith an dlighidh, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 156.83 . nó gur éirig áirdsciath áibnesa eturru ┐ cumha in degláich sin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 120.14 . an dream . . . do ghlacadh faoi na sgéith `should be received into favour', Donl. xiv 13 . sgiath an chreidimh, Eph. vi 16 .

(d) legal: muna be sgiath aga dhitin, Laws ii 58.10 Comm . `unless there be some valid excuse protecting him', Plummer, Ériu x 117 . atait secht fir-eberta . . . ┐ is doiligh uasal-sciath ditin do thabairt tairsib, Laws v 290.26 Comm . , glossing secht frithberta . . . ada andsum do ursciathu[d], 17 . s.¤ .i. ditin, ut est ata[t] .uii. frithberta i ndligid ada annsa do aurscíathadh, O'Dav. 1413 .

(e) metr., name of certain devices (addition and deletion of letters, inversion, metathesis, etc.) permitted in order to avoid faults in versification: is sead is sciath and cach baile i mbí in locht ar dús ┐ in leasugad fa deoid, O'Don. 961 ( H. 3.17, 671 ). na ceithre fichet sceith ┐ gnuisi lesaigit iat, ┐ is slán dond filedh a ndénam re hécentaid (after list of faults), O'Don. 962 ( H. 3.17, 672 ). ? faidh uile a Aimirgen abair .i. sciath cait inn so, O'Don. 2195 ( Nero A vii 135b ). See Auraic. 1793 ff . , the poem 1962 ff . and the exx. 5287 ff . is iat sin na da sciath deg, 2002 . is iat sin gnuisi is sceith | d'eicsib nochon at anfheigh, 2119 .

(f) of persons in sense of protector, guardian : cech nōeb . . . | rop scīath dún diar nimdegail, Hy. i 20 . a sgiaith chogaidh Chláir Banbha, Studies 1928, 266 § 2 . a sgiath coimhdhe chuain Uladh, TD 3.44 . sgiath ar n-a fhothrogadh a hór (Mary), PBocht 2.32 . bí sé na scéith don druing shiubh- luighios go hionnraic `he is a buckler', Prov. ii 7 . do ghabhas-sa léi, mar scéith dom cheartchumhdach, Keat. Poems 77 .

See also under scadarc.

Compds.

(a) with nouns: ¤armgaisced accoutrements (dvandva compd.?): comtis fir fo sciatharmgaisciud ré ṅdeo[d] lái (the dragons' teeth), LL 220b31 ( TTr. 261 ). ¤bert defence, protection: éirghe na hÉireann le Dia na ngrás | 's a naomh- chroch n-a scéithbheirt um fhiannaibh Fáil, Hackett xliii 102 . ¤buiden armed band : dar Scadarc re sciathbuidin | doria mac meic Muredaig, SG 373.9 . ? ¤charaib ( ¤chor?): con- uargabthar hídnai arda . . . uas sciathcaraib . . . na curad `Schildränder', Alex. 9 . ¤chró enclosure of shields : ro shui- digset . . . sciathchro na sciath . . . for a cind, Alex. 712 . ¤ergal: sciethergal n-etrocht n-ailenda . . . for ceactar na teora ruadchaistel battle-array of shields (?) (of three warriors), TBC 5593 (St.). ¤fhál protecting wall : da Iacop cen fích | sciath[fh]ál (sic leg.) ar mo scáth, KMMisc. 256 § 23 . ¤gaisced (dvandva compd.?): rosuidiged [corp] L. fo sciathgaisgiudh `with his shield and spear', Dinds. 7 ( RC xv 281 ). ¤lúirech protective corselet (?): re scath-glaine a sciath-luirech, MR 184.5 . Fig.: 's í ar ar sgáth 'n-a sgiathlúirigh (Mary), DDána 49.5 .

(b) with adjj.: ¤armach having shield and weapons. As subst.: ocht cét sciatharmach, Acall. 556 . ¤brecc having speckled shields: rogab in Scithia sciathbricc, LL 3b28 . ¤briste with broken shield: ina scceolangaibh sciathbriste, FM vi 2058.3 . ¤búan: Cenel C. . . . | romum i scainnir sciath- buain `in the battle of strong shields', MR 162.25 . ¤gel: Scemel scíathgel of the bright shield, LU 1259 . ¤glan having a bright shield: fri hingin Scoriath sciathglain, Rawl. 82b12 . ¤lethan having a broad shield: go Scáthaig sciathlethain, TBC 4133 . bró sgiaithleathan sgoramhail, TD 16.50 . ¤nár: le Caithiss scerdha sciathnar, Ir. Texts i 56.17 . ¤úaine having green shields: re Scithecdaib scíath-úainib, Met. Dinds. iii 276.12 . ¤urlam: do erigh co scenbdha sciathurlamh with ready shield, TBC p. 651 n. 3 .

3 scíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 scíath or dil.ie/36455

n (same word as 1 or 2 scíath) paddle or float of a mill- wheel : cosmail fri mol muilind cona scíathaib, BDD² 794 .

scíathach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scíathach or dil.ie/36456

adj o, ā (2 scíath) having a shield or shields : Dalo don Scithia scíathaig `from Scythia of the shields', Met. Dinds. iii 276.5 . do scoraib sciathcha scáthbricci, TBC 4024 . [C.] in scāl scīathach, RC xxxvi 262 § 2 . do dhalta Scathchi sciathcha, vi 183.28 . gaisgedhaig sciathaigh sgenaigh, Ir. Texts iv 36 § 3 . lethanscīathach with broad shields, Bruchst. i 6 § 4 = IT iii 33 § 7 . ic Ath Chliach sciathach co scéim, RC xlvii 295.14 . ? am ail for slēib scīathach, ZCP x 346 § 12 .

scíathaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scíathaigid or dil.ie/36457

v (2 scíath) shields : scíathaigit ind ḟir eturru `shield him between them', RC xiii 464 § 72 `opposed a barrier of shields', SG ii 359 .

scíathaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scíathaire or dil.ie/36458

n io,m. (2 scíath) shield-maker: s.¤ is fianaide féig, Met. Dinds. i 24.162 = sciathairi, Petrie Tara 148.y .

scíathán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scíathán or dil.ie/36459

Forms: sgíthéan

n o,m. (1 scíath) in bardic verse also sgíthéan. wing : co fhásait sciathana forri, PH 7652 . ni bi ligdath na taitnem na sciathanaib, YBL 85a22 . lí datha 'na n-eitib nách bí ná scíathánaib, RC xxiv 379.10 . sgiathán eóin, TD 20.33 . gnáthfhál dhamh sgáth a sgíthéan, DDána 24.30 . mór ainchir ar sgáth do sgíthéin, PBocht 18.33 . aingeal go gcosaibh ┐ go sgiathánaibh, TSh. 7622 . mo sgiathain do reóidh ream thaoibh, Atlantis iv 132.31 . do bhí ar gach beathadhach . . . sé sgitháin fá gcuáirt, Rev. iv 8 . Of the wing of an army: biad- sa . . . isin deghmedón . . . ┐ bididhse in dá brathchórugad oile da gach táib . . . in bar sciathánaib, Caithr. Thoirdh. 40.39 .

Compd. ¤glas: for tir Sachsan sciathanglas, IT iii 87.z .

scíathánach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scíathánach or dil.ie/36460

adj (scíathán) winged : ris a nuile éun sciathanach, Ezek. xxxix 17 .

? scíathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? scíathar or dil.ie/36461

ind (cf. 2 scíath, scíathrach). In compd. only (name of a shield): in Sciatharglan Senchada, Ériu iv 28.11 .

scíathga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scíathga or dil.ie/36462

according to Content. Gloss. g s. of *scíathad, vn. formation from 2 scíath: aithnidh dhamh . . . | na gaoi lé n-iarrthaoi mh'amos | fios a sgiathgha ar a sgáth sin | i dtráth an iarrtha (sic leg.?) is aithnidh `I know the way to shield my- self', Content. viii 18 .

scíathlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scíathlach or dil.ie/36463

x see scíathrach.