scí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scí or dil.ie/36445

x = scíam? s.¤ .i. sgeimh, O'Cl. sgi .i. cuma, ut est: Ris cach sgél sgiamhdha sgi, | ┐ risi sgelaidhe, O'C. 1377 ( H. 3.18, 627 ).

scíall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scíall or dil.ie/36446

x see cíall.

scíam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scíam or dil.ie/36447

Forms: scéim, sgíamh

n ā, f. (Lat. schema) n s. later also scéim. sgíamh f., IGT Decl. § 39 (91.17) .

(a) figure of speech : in sciám arafoimsom gl. scema `figure', Ml. 29a3 . ón sceim ascnaidi gl. scemate petito, 31c21 .

(b) form, appearance, guise : fo scéim chrábuid thogoethaid, PH 5307 . día rothogaibh spirat na hécsi cenn do fo sceib dodheilbh `under a hideous form', Cóir Anm. 272 . tri deich- nemhair fa sgeimh sgol | na bhfhein chleithremair churad arrayed in bands (?), LL 394.2 = Keat. ii 4040 . In cheville: gan sceimh ngaind, BB 20b25 . beith co doichlech olc in sgīam | do neoch da fuil i corp criad is an evil guise, Arch. iii 221.21 . fuilt sgaoilte go sgéimh thuirsigh, TD 24.24 . sgiamh aith- mhéile ní háil linn | ar rinn áigh caithfhréimhe Ó gCuinn, DDána 79.21 . tancatar Connachta esti fo scem engnuma ┐ somasi `in valorous and honourable plight', Ann. Conn. 1235.10 . ? tucait tri xx. . . . cliab asna templaib mar oen riu-sin ┐ sciam cendaig tara n-ese token payment, pretence of payment (?), 1236.11 = sciamchendaig, ALC i 338.10 . scéimh eolchuire ar órdaibh atá ina dhiaidh, Ó Bruad. iii 58.9 .

(c) beauty, splendour : ingelt sula sochaidhi feccain a sgemhe ┐ a n-ecuisc, TBC 5448 (St.). bar sciam ┐ bar ndán la Fiachra, ol in drai the beauty and science that is among you, F. has it, RC xxiv 194.10 . Crimthaind Sciath-bél, roscáil s.¤ `whose beauty shone', Met. Dinds. iii 164.5 . o sgéimh do sguch (of a dead pig), Ir. Texts i 29.36 . do dhoirt Ceananndas a sccíamh | ōn ló nach maireann Níall féain, KMMisc. 348.27 . fīn sgēimhe nochar sgāthach (of a chief), ZCP viii 226 § 10 . a ghiolla gusan ngaillsgéimh `of foreign beauty', Studies 1924, 241 § 1 . in scīam cuiri 'mat c[h]olaind adornment, Arch. iii 238 § 13 ( Aithd. D. 80.13 ). ní ar sgáth sgéimhe mo dhána | téighim d'iarraidh eadrána, Content. viii 25 . a naomha Erenn go scceim, BNnÉ 169.z . is dochraidh gránna mísgiamhach do- rinnis do sgéimh ┐ do dheagh-mhaise féin = decorem tuam, TSh. 1342 . atá sgéimh an tsaoghailse ag ternógh mar cheó, 1 Cor. vii 31 .

(d) honour, dignity: ní ar sgáth sgéimhe mo dhána 'not on account of our poets' dignity' ITS xx 98 § 25 . do-bhéara sgiamh ort gun ól 'it will confer dignity on you at the drinking-feast ' Sages, Saints and Storytellers 167 § 21 . Compds. ¤adbul of great beauty: ag codarsnadh . . . re sgúdadhaibh sgiamh-aidhbhle, ML 48.7 . ¤glan polished, burnished : na sciath sciamglan, LL 236b6 ( TTr. 1447 ). le sguaib sgiamh-ghloin . . . an sgrúduighthe, TSh. 5250 . ¤glanaid polishes, burnishes : rascíamglanait a scéith, LL 232a27 ( TTr. 1106 ). ¤lúirech: ro gab sciamhluirig . . . tarsu imuich, CCath. 4680 . ¤thosach: ag agallmhadh na sgúd ┐ na sgiamh-thosach, ML 46.1 .

scíamach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scíamach or dil.ie/36448

adj o, ā (scíam) fair, beautiful : do bí sé sgiamach, degh- maisech mar Dabit, BNnÉ 291 § 7 . magh sciemach `a beauti- ful plain', Fl. Earls 156.23 . leigheas . . . chum na mban do dhenamh sgíamhach, Mackinnon Cat. 300 . do'n ghnúis ba sgiamhach snuadh, Oss. vi 24.18 . dís óganach roisgemhach, Mac Aingil 106.12 . mná sciamcha, Maund. 181 . mic Seaain Sgiamhaigh, Hy Fiachr. 84.1 . nach fetar an cinedh daenna do ceandach co sgiamhach . . . acht tre dortadh a fola-san = decenter, Smaointe B. Chr. 3475 . Compar. budh sciamhcha an dún dealbhaighsin, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 185.140 . As subst.: amhairc sonn an sciamhach, Keat. Poems 1303 .

scíamaid, scíamaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scíamaid, scíamaigid or dil.ie/36449

v (scíam) adorns, beautifies : gur sgia- mhuidh tú ┐ gur chur tú dealradh néamhdha . . . ar a ndérnais d'olcuibh, Mac Aingil 111.10 . do scíamhuigh mé mo leabhuidh `I have decked my bed', Prov. vii 16 . Of literary compositions: i gceardchain na gceas ndorcha | do sgiamhas sgoth m'ealathna (sic leg.), Content. x 23 n .

Vn. gud sgiamhadh as do sgáthán adorning thyself at thy mirror, Aithd. D. 79.7 . do scíamhadh thighe an tighearna `to beautify', Ezra vii 27 . gréas badh sgoithghile sgiamhadh (of an artistic elegy), DDána 73.31 .

scíamda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scíamda or dil.ie/36450

adj io, iā (scíam) beautiful, ornamented, polished, refined : testemain taiscidi amal scrin sciamda co n-illdelbaib . . . ordaigti, BB 241b21 . Scoitt o Scotta sciamda, RC xlvii 290.19 . bérla teibide co tenn | gaeidelg sciamda gá scríbenn, SG 348.11 . dar na bruigib sciamhda Scillecda, TTebe 264 . Flannaccán flaith sciamhda an scuir, FM i 506.7 . na mná sgiamhdha, Dánta Gr. 6.5 . blodbeim . . . sciath sciamda, Cog. 180.6 . mór magh sgoithsheamrach sgiamhdha, Misc. Celt. Soc. 354.1 . ní raibhe i nÉirinn . . . gein ba sciamhdha ioná í, Keat. iii 2126 . iád féin do thaiséunadh gu sgiámhgha sa bhfeóil, Galat. vi 12 .

scíamdacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scíamdacht or dil.ie/36451

n (scíamda) beauty, refinement : sgiomhacht na sgol (: diagacht), Rel. Celt. ii 276.15 .

scían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scían or dil.ie/36452

Forms: scín, sciain, sceine, scine, scena, scen

n ā,f. Orig. disyll., Thurn. Gramm. § 183 , Sc.M2. a d s. scín, later sciain. g s. sceine, scine. pl. scena. g p. scen. IGT Introd. § 152 . Decl. § 139 , §147 , §165 .

knife : scena buana aíne, Críth Gabl. 177 . im scin, Laws i 124.13 , .i. tairget scena feis, 138.29 Comm . comfat eim na sceine, 132.20 Comm . taircit scena feis, taircit slegha treis, etc., iii 492.3 Comm . nach sét eirenar otha sgin co ruigi secht cumala dligidh somaine ┐ frichnam ┐ biathadh, O'Don. 2233 ( Nero A vii, 155 - 6 ). forāccaib ind scīn ar bēlaib ind orci, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.11 ). do s.¤ tím thanaidi, LU 3898 ( SC 41 ). co scenaib glasgéraib ina ndeslamaib, LU 3888 ( SC 40 ). ix. scena clis, LU 8566 ( FB 42 ). ro-gab scín inna láim, Sc.M² 8 . cúan na scen is na scíath nglan (: rolen), Met. Dinds. iii 174.91 . drong ar na bhfhennadh le scenuibh, ITS xix 80.4 . C. . . . do mharbad . . . do bhuille do sciain, ALC i 368.4 . tug sáthadh . . . | dá sgiain . . . | san mbairghin, Aithd. D. 53.14 . maide sgine gl. manubrium, Ir. Gl. 1139 . altan scene im láim, ZCP iii 3.10 . nos-clanna in sciain ind, 15 . fraoch orra mar ealtuin sgean, TD 31.25 . menadh sgeine, see under menad. do sgenaibh berrtha razors, Rawl. B 513 fo. 7a cited Plummer MS. notes. mar fháobhar sgían mbearrtha (lochdach), IGT Decl. ex. 2042 . le scín bhérrtha `with a razor', Isa. vii 20 . re sgia[i]n mbearrta, O'Gr. Cat. 271.4 .

Compd. ¤ga edged spear : do bhí sgíangha fhoda ann, IGT Introd. § 83 (21.11) .

1 scíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 scíath or dil.ie/36453

n o,m. Perh. orig. same word as 2 scíath (in spite of Ped. i 76 ). wing : du s.¤ gl. sub umra alarum tuarum, Ml. 39c21 . hua sciathaib gl. pinnis suis, 23 . delb hiruphin . . . | co scathaib a s.¤ scailte, SR 4316 . tré s.¤ n-ete indala heóin, LU 3282 ( SC 7 ). ni thainic talmain ligdath na attoidet assa sciathaibh, Ériu ii 128 § 92 . co leathdiss a n-eiteada ┐ a sciathu tairis, v 20.17 . scéith cach éoin, Met. Dinds. iii 258.24 . búailtis in loch . . . | dona scíathaib, 378.18 . la cudruma ceithri s.¤ feitlican do gallurad gallgruitni the weight of four butterfly's wings (?), Hib. Min. 66.32 . sgiatha iolair, Aisl. Tund. 108.7 . smól-mhala . . . mar scéith an daoil, Keat. Poems 98 .

Compd. ¤glan: in slúag s. ` bright-winged ' (of a flock of birds), Met. Dinds. iii 256.10 .

2 scíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 scíath or dil.ie/36454

Forms: cruindsciath

n o,m., later also ā,f. Cf. in s.¤ . . . ro noíseghedh ainm dó la hUltu . . . bid imda broen derg tarse, BDD² 975 ff . s.¤ . . . co ngemaib óir furri, LU 10796 . m., IGT Decl. § 96 (130.11) . f., § 39 (91.6) . Perh. same word as 1 scíath (in spite of Ped. i 76 ).

(a) shield, buckler : fri nech tarsa tochuirther sciath, Ml. 22c1 . amal bid ho s.¤ gl. ut scuto, 49d11 . cruindsciath (sic leg.), Sg. 49b12 . scīath Dé | dom imditin, Hy. vii ( Thes. ii 356.14 ). , Laws v 310.4 . da ba ar sciathaib (fee paid to a craftsman), 94.16 Comm . dubs.¤ co calathbúali findruni fair, LU 6297 (TBC). crands.¤ odor iarndae fair, 7195 (BDD). di cailc na s.¤ , 8203 (FB 15). gabtait a scíathu foraib, 8200 ( FB 15 ). laech as deach fil íar cúl scéith i tír Hérend, BDD² 690 . co ro-gésetar scéith Ulad uile, CRR 35 . crunds.¤ , TBC 5284 . sceldgur na s.¤ cliss `der Schilde zum Kunstspiel', 3308 . rí . . . | go sgéith n-uaine, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 92.134 . bíthe a rí ar sgáth do sgéithi, IGT Decl. ex. 1065 . sgéith dhatha ar a ndromandaib, ex. 1132 . ina leibenn . . . lebar-shciath, MR 216.9 . ro chuireas a g-comhrainn mo sgéithe iad, Oss. iii 190.5 . fear iomchuir sgéithe Sauil, TSh. 2451 . Perh. battle- ments of a castle in: a díol innigh fúithe fríoth | d'ingir go madh dlúithe an sgiath, DDána 119.31 . As n.pr.: Sciath ┐ Scath, imtar da shiabar, IT iii 243.249 .

In phrases: do-beir s.¤ tar lorg do covers the retreat of, acts as rearguard to: do [f]oggradar d' Feargus sciath tar lorg do thabairt do Ulltaib, RC xxxix 18.18 . tuc sciath tar lorg doib, Acall. 2137 . dobertatar sciath dar lorg dar a n-eis, CRR 52 . tuc sciath tar lorg do maithib Muman, ML² 274 . do-beir s.¤ fri s.¤ do engages in combat with: dorat . . . P. sciath fri s.¤ do Hectoir, TTr.² 1175 . tucastar sciath fri sciath, CRR 45 . buailid s.¤ strikes the shield (as an act of defiance or encourage- ment): sgiath an bhádha mar do bhual when He proclaimed His love, Aithd. D. 63.23 . sgiath Dé i n-uair ar n-anaghail | do bhuail sé fan seanfhalaidh God, when saving us, set at defiance our original sin, 65.36 . ag éisteacht re béim sgiath, Oss. iv 16.18 . ? consephnatar forsna scīathu, ZCP viii 105.9 . Cf. Dinn. s.v. buaileam . lám (in) scéith the shield hand, the left hand (cf. 's a s.¤ da leith chlíu, MU² 489 ): tadbaid a láim scéith his left hand, BDD² 1527 . i cath is a cleith | dot lāim sceith cen scīs, KMMisc. 266.z . is í so slighe ina ttáinig . . . .i. láimh sgéith re Ráith Fhionnchaoimhe, Ériu viii 135.24 . do t-suided Oilill ar gualainn sgeit[h] Medba at M.'s left, Celt. Rev. i 296. 11 . tug an dara fecht leagadh ar laimh na sgeithe fa nasgail ar truaill an chloidhimh, Rel. Celt. ii 188.37 . fo óens.: dolotar ina curaidh . . . i n-aoncomairli fo aonsciath d'orgain ina cathrach together (?), Anecd. ii 50.15 .

(b) by metonymy fighting-man, warrior : cach sceith fri creich, .i. cach aen ar a mbiadh sciath ar a scath, do neoch bus incomlaind (sic leg.), do dul ar in creich, Laws i 158.3 Comm . (word om. before sceith?). ? comlín sciath is lann is laech, Ir. Texts ii 34 § 23 . ro badh lugha iná céd scciath comhairemh a throighteach, FM v 1748.8 .

(c) in fig. meanings protection, defence, safeguard : sciath Aitherni .i. aér ┐ glám dícend ┐ ailges, LL 187b2 (cf. RC xxvi 24.8 ). o chath-sciath na fírinde, PH 4851 . clár Cliach . . . | fa sgiath dorcha druigeachta `under a dark veil of wizardry', Ériu iv 222.24 . lá ar sgáth sgéith an dlighidh, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 156.83 . nó gur éirig áirdsciath áibnesa eturru ┐ cumha in degláich sin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 120.14 . an dream . . . do ghlacadh faoi na sgéith `should be received into favour', Donl. xiv 13 . sgiath an chreidimh, Eph. vi 16 .

(d) legal: muna be sgiath aga dhitin, Laws ii 58.10 Comm . `unless there be some valid excuse protecting him', Plummer, Ériu x 117 . atait secht fir-eberta . . . ┐ is doiligh uasal-sciath ditin do thabairt tairsib, Laws v 290.26 Comm . , glossing secht frithberta . . . ada andsum do ursciathu[d], 17 . s.¤ .i. ditin, ut est ata[t] .uii. frithberta i ndligid ada annsa do aurscíathadh, O'Dav. 1413 .

(e) metr., name of certain devices (addition and deletion of letters, inversion, metathesis, etc.) permitted in order to avoid faults in versification: is sead is sciath and cach baile i mbí in locht ar dús ┐ in leasugad fa deoid, O'Don. 961 ( H. 3.17, 671 ). na ceithre fichet sceith ┐ gnuisi lesaigit iat, ┐ is slán dond filedh a ndénam re hécentaid (after list of faults), O'Don. 962 ( H. 3.17, 672 ). ? faidh uile a Aimirgen abair .i. sciath cait inn so, O'Don. 2195 ( Nero A vii 135b ). See Auraic. 1793 ff . , the poem 1962 ff . and the exx. 5287 ff . is iat sin na da sciath deg, 2002 . is iat sin gnuisi is sceith | d'eicsib nochon at anfheigh, 2119 .

(f) of persons in sense of protector, guardian : cech nōeb . . . | rop scīath dún diar nimdegail, Hy. i 20 . a sgiaith chogaidh Chláir Banbha, Studies 1928, 266 § 2 . a sgiath coimhdhe chuain Uladh, TD 3.44 . sgiath ar n-a fhothrogadh a hór (Mary), PBocht 2.32 . bí sé na scéith don druing shiubh- luighios go hionnraic `he is a buckler', Prov. ii 7 . do ghabhas-sa léi, mar scéith dom cheartchumhdach, Keat. Poems 77 .

See also under scadarc.

Compds.

(a) with nouns: ¤armgaisced accoutrements (dvandva compd.?): comtis fir fo sciatharmgaisciud ré ṅdeo[d] lái (the dragons' teeth), LL 220b31 ( TTr. 261 ). ¤bert defence, protection: éirghe na hÉireann le Dia na ngrás | 's a naomh- chroch n-a scéithbheirt um fhiannaibh Fáil, Hackett xliii 102 . ¤buiden armed band : dar Scadarc re sciathbuidin | doria mac meic Muredaig, SG 373.9 . ? ¤charaib ( ¤chor?): con- uargabthar hídnai arda . . . uas sciathcaraib . . . na curad `Schildränder', Alex. 9 . ¤chró enclosure of shields : ro shui- digset . . . sciathchro na sciath . . . for a cind, Alex. 712 . ¤ergal: sciethergal n-etrocht n-ailenda . . . for ceactar na teora ruadchaistel battle-array of shields (?) (of three warriors), TBC 5593 (St.). ¤fhál protecting wall : da Iacop cen fích | sciath[fh]ál (sic leg.) ar mo scáth, KMMisc. 256 § 23 . ¤gaisced (dvandva compd.?): rosuidiged [corp] L. fo sciathgaisgiudh `with his shield and spear', Dinds. 7 ( RC xv 281 ). ¤lúirech protective corselet (?): re scath-glaine a sciath-luirech, MR 184.5 . Fig.: 's í ar ar sgáth 'n-a sgiathlúirigh (Mary), DDána 49.5 .

(b) with adjj.: ¤armach having shield and weapons. As subst.: ocht cét sciatharmach, Acall. 556 . ¤brecc having speckled shields: rogab in Scithia sciathbricc, LL 3b28 . ¤briste with broken shield: ina scceolangaibh sciathbriste, FM vi 2058.3 . ¤búan: Cenel C. . . . | romum i scainnir sciath- buain `in the battle of strong shields', MR 162.25 . ¤gel: Scemel scíathgel of the bright shield, LU 1259 . ¤glan having a bright shield: fri hingin Scoriath sciathglain, Rawl. 82b12 . ¤lethan having a broad shield: go Scáthaig sciathlethain, TBC 4133 . bró sgiaithleathan sgoramhail, TD 16.50 . ¤nár: le Caithiss scerdha sciathnar, Ir. Texts i 56.17 . ¤úaine having green shields: re Scithecdaib scíath-úainib, Met. Dinds. iii 276.12 . ¤urlam: do erigh co scenbdha sciathurlamh with ready shield, TBC p. 651 n. 3 .

3 scíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 scíath or dil.ie/36455

n (same word as 1 or 2 scíath) paddle or float of a mill- wheel : cosmail fri mol muilind cona scíathaib, BDD² 794 .