sainigud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sainigud or dil.ie/36027

u m. vn. of sainigidir act of distinguishing, differentiat- ing; diversity : cosmailius co s.¤ resemblance with variety, SR 7256 . a Dé, | trúagh an sainiughudh dogní: | marbai in rí[g] . . ., | aingi in trúagh, ZCP vii 269 § 11 . do sainigedh foghur forsna fedhaibh `to differentiate', Auraic. 1299 . ge atá sainiu- ghadh ┐ examhlacht aisneisi ind áireamh na n-aes ccetna eitir ughdaraip iomdha variety . . . in the enumeration, Leb. Gab. 2.14 . Cf. deligud .i. siniugud .i. etarscarad .i. deiliugud ind réta fria araill amail rondeiligthe sinethae dianat anmanna dela, Corm. Y 431 = síniugud, Corm. 16 = sinegud, Corm. Uí Maine 305.6 .

sainmech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sainmech or dil.ie/36028

adj. see sóinmech.

sainnt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sainnt or dil.ie/36029

x see sant.

sainred

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sainred or dil.ie/36030

Forms: sainreth, sun(n)rad, sonnrad, sunnradh

n u or o,n. later m. (1 sain). In O.Ir. freq. sainreth. In later Mid.Ir. generally sun(n)rad, sonnrad. sunnradh m. (g s. n p. -raidh, -artha), IGT Decl. § 49 (102.13) .

I

(a) peculiar property or characteristic, distinguishing an individual from others: a sainreth gl. proprium, Sg. 26b10 , 14 . is s.¤ do gl. speciale Ml. 44d5 . attáa lemsa a s.¤ -sa `I have this peculiarity', Wb. 32a5 . derscaigthetaid .i. a s.¤ techtas nech sech cách gl. praestantia, Ml. 37b8 . sainretha nó etarscarthi gl. vasa . . . sancta, 37b1 . sainretha .i. noiba gl. sanctos, 37b4 . Cf. 37a18 . With gen.: s.¤ n-eulais leu isin dan frisgníat sech cách, Ml. 37b12 . s.¤ litre gl. proprietatem, Sg. 6b25 . iss ed sainreth pronominis a shuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius gl. proprium est pronominis, 27a1 . sunnradh anmann ughdar shenchais . . . Érenn `a particular list of names', Geneal. Tr. i 4.1 . As pred. with copula folld. by DO proper to, character- istic of: is s.¤ doib insin .i. epert gue gl. quibus est familiare mendacium, Ml. 31b12 . s.¤ do daltu anisiu, Wb. 27d18 . is sainreth do interiecht guth formúigthe, Sg. 9b18 . sainreth do maccaib a pélogud, 45b6 . fobith is [s]ainred do Dróbéiss tonnem caín and for D. is noted for beautiful salmon, Trip.² 1697 . sainreth gním dogníth la D. distinguished the deed (?), LL 36a11 .

(b) in IGT state of being definite, act of making definite, a particle making a noun definite : ceithre sunnartha na Gáoidh- eilgi, tulshunnradh, ┐ sunnradh innsgne, ┐ sunnradh an táoibhréime, ┐ sunnradh an anma baisde; ┐ tigthear le sunnradh do bheith san iollradh mur so: `dá fhear' no `dá throich' the four (ways of making) definite nouns, by means of prefixed article, possessive, following genitive, and proper names, IGT Introd. § 15 (7.8) . Día nimhe, lochdach sunnradh air . . . gan shunnradh gach ní oirrdhearc énaránach, ib. ( 7.13 ). an fearsa, cóir; fearsoin . . . lochdach . . . óir ní cóir barr gan shunnradh, ib. ( 7.27 ). séimhiughadh sunnartha aspiration caused by article, § 68 (17.19) . easbaidh sunnartha (a metrical fault), § 2 (2.26) . iarmbérla sunnartha . . . mur tá don, no ón, no san. Fear, focal neamhshunnartha; an fear, focal sunnartha, § 15 (7.20) (participial form ?). See tulshunnrad.

II Generally used as an adv. in dat. case either alone or preceded by the article or prep. DO (DI) to qualify a word or a statement. Frequently in a particularizing statement follg. a more general one, to be precise, more exactly : amal nad finnatar sidi cia loc sainriud dia regtais `to what particular place they would go', Ml. 99b10 . duérglas soilse sainriud . . . do imthimchiull in choimded `a special radiance', 120d2 . is do as[sa]raib intsainriud `of the Assyrians in particular', 35a8 . doluid D. . . . inna ndunad ┐ luid co port i mbói in rí indsain- riud, 55c1 . hisind luc sin indshainriuth, Sg. 8b6 . togu damsa . . . túsu indsainriud dia nertad sech cách you of all others, PCr. 2a2 . seta in duine cu coitcend . . . ┐ ni seta oenduine sainrud, PH 4011 . sechum na peccaid dia domnaig saindrud especially on Sunday, 7360 . ní haigne sainrad `as such', Laws i 92.29 Comm . is edh tra sainriud i ragab cach dibh a ughtaras these are the authorities on whom they relied in particular, 24.x Comm . ceth sainriuth dotuic forsin meis[s]iu? what particular reason placed you on this dish? Ir. Texts i 11 § 33 = Lism. L. 325.x . ni rabi ic íarraid a dorais don t-ṡainruth itir, acht ra minaig beirn he was not looking for its door in particular but broke a breach, TBC 5137 . cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal? . . . I nEgipt. Ocus cia airm sonnrud? . . . I mmaigh Ucca, Auraic. 16 . iss airi is dia tochmarc sainrud ludi C. it is on this account that C. went to woo her above others, LU 10190 . inna mná aile bátár con ríg . . . .i. Eithne . . . in t[s]inrud E. in particular, 4239 . ba saeth mor la D. inn t-sinnruth, IT i 138.27 . in fad sin do tshinnrudh, St. Ercuil 54 . laad snechta an gemrid do sunnrad, Death-tales 36.11 . aidchi samna do sonrad, RC xxiv 178.17 . do Connachtaib dó . . . do clannaibh Bríain . . . an tsainnrith, BNnÉ 11 § 1 . cur' bhó sanntach um crudh ┐ um ór he do sunnraid , Lism. L. 292 . marbthar Zacarías . . . itir in altoir ┐ in tempul sáinnrud, LB 144a51 . fóidit . . . Balam in druí uadib . . . ┐ láir amail eoch fóa dishundrad, 122b52 . on lúan re samain sáinriuth cossin cetáin iar n-imbulc pre- cisely, TBC 2472 . a cínn a secht mbl[iadhna] deg do sinnr[u]d, RC x 187.21 . do feraib [Hérenn] a cenēl, do Ultaib intshainn- riuth, ZCP iv 45.26 . fuair se bás fa cend sé la iar sin adhaigh domnaich cincísse do sundradh, BCC 406.29 . itir gach nech da tanic ann tanic Sir H. do shinnrud . . . ann, ZCP vi 90.34 . in ix. ad laithi a raith samraid do sunrad sin, MR 114.3 . oidhche Cascc do shonradh, FM vi 1882.5 . bheith for a ccionn ag Scéith Ghabhra an tsainridh, 1876.2 .

sainredach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sainredach or dil.ie/36031

Forms: sun(n)radach, sainredaig, sainredchaib

adj o, ā (sainred) later generally sun(n)radach (sund-, sonn-).

I

(a) peculiar or belonging to (an individual), characteristic of; particular, special, set apart: s.¤ gl. peculiaris, Sg. 57a1 . Ml. 137b4 . sainredaig gl. peculiari, 138b3 . sainredchaib gl. pri- vatis, 126a10 . ind s.¤ gl. privato, 124d14 ; s.¤ gl. sua, Sg. 148b4 . inna caine sainredchae gl. elegantiae singularis, Ml. 37b10 . cach gnúis nad techta ainm s.¤ `a special name' (a name of its own), Sg. 154a2 . in son file iar cul indi as sanctis asberr du cech s.¤ ┐ rubrigach techtas nech `to everything particular and excellent', Ml. 37a18 . asberam sanctos sainredchu . . . doib dint sainriud inna noibe techtae, 37b16 . atat . . . .v. psailim sainrethcha isin tsaltair forsa taphair ind apgiter ebra, Hib. Min. 6.190 . in forcmaither áes sainrethech dond fhi[u]r midboth? Críth Gabl. 32 . selba sainrudcha personal pos- sessions, LU 2178 ( FA 25 ). da oibriughadh mor tshunnradhach fein, Smaointe B. Chr. 335 . In pl. also several, distinct : dunaib gnusib sainredchaib inna ndule, Ml. 108d14 . donaib oindaib nó donaib sainredcha[ib] gl. singulis, 45a8 (`preeminent', Thes.¤, cf. (c) below). ic sāssad cethri rann sundradach in betha, Corm. Y 607 .

(b) specific, definite (oft. = Lat. quidam, Eng. a certain): ainm do dorus s.¤ in hIerusalem, Ml. 131c3 . itá sóebchore sainraedach i mmedon in tsrothasin, LU 2113 ( FA 18 ). sluind persainni [sain]raidchi . . . in fer-sa saindriud cona anmaim . . . Sluind ceniuil immorro . . . is e in fear ┐ ni fes cia sainriudh acht is fer tantum, Auraic. 706 - 13 = persainde saindredaige, 3460 . daigh feised cisi inad sainradach a mboi, D iv 2, 73va4 . nāch do galar sainruthach etir atbath that he did not die of any particular disease, BColm. 106.4 . ro sudiged . . . fer sainrodach do guin ind arad that some man should be chosen to kill, LU 9755 = RC vi 164.16 . dofornic lanamnai sainredaig ara chiund a certain couple, LU 11017 . tre forcongra druincce sainredhaicche don Ord a certain section, Ir. Texts iii 40.13 . i mbeól átha sainredhaigh a certain ford, FM v 1856.3 . ro fhorcongair . . . for dhaoinibh sainredhacha uaisle, vi 2074.21 . aurthuch na forthuch for nech saindredach (.i. for nec dib go sunradach), Laws iv 178.20 , 180.12 Comm . sē laithe sonn- radhacha chom dēirce gacha bliadhna appointed days, Fl. Earls 100.2 . Perh. partial, biased in: ma fiada forgill ni bi . . . sunnra[da]ch seircech, ni bi eitsech eascorach, O'C. 2601 ( Eg. 88, 51 (52)b ).

(c) in sense special = pre-eminent: ferais Fand . . . fáelti sinredaig (sic) fri Coin C., LU 3779 ( SC 35 ). is e do-rat seirc sainredaig dó sech cach n-apstal, PH 1922 . Cf. Ml. 37b10 cited above. ? neamhchoimeád na dtrí subháilceadha dhiadha ┐ na gceithre subháilceadha sonnrádhacha the theological and cardinal virtues, Eochairsg. 93.8 . do bi se sunnradhach ingantach tar cach uile, Smaointe B. Chr. 1964 .

Gramm. definite, due to definition by the article: .t. lom séimhiughadh sunnarthach .s.¤ aspiration caused by the article, IGT Introd. § 34 (11.32) .

II As adv.

(a) used like sainriud, in tsainriud: ni dae saigit s.¤ .i. ni he a ttarbh airithe fein ionnsaighit, Leb. Gab. 30.18 . ro choraig airchindech airithe do na hulib dúilib saindredach: Lucifer dona demnaib, grian dona rendaib,etc., severally, PH 6380 . ateoch nem ┐ talmuin ┐ Cruinn in tsainrethaig C. above all, LU 5514 = inthainsrethaich, TBC² 1032 . dolluid dochum Fiachna in t[s]ainredach, LU 10925 . in na laimther forgull na airthiuch bid nech (leg. neich?) int[s]ainrudach `that it belongs to anyone in particular', Laws iv 192.14 . ? día sathairn do sundrách , BCC 268.19 .

(b) with co: in druth co sundradach, Laws v 144.1 Comm . beir lat soir go sunradhach go Breifneachaibh mo bhennacht especially, BNnÉ 266 § 234 . ar einech Ceneoil-Conaill uile ┐ hUi Tairce[i]rt co sonradhach, AU ii 254.8 . cur milset tuatha ┐ eclusai . . . ┐ co sundradach manestir Brathar Preciur, Ann. Conn. 1296.9 . ro fiarfaigh B. scela na criche-sin ┐ co sunn- radach scela Sisian, ZCP vi 290.30 . is é peacadh an éadóchais go sonnradhach thuigthear ann so, TSh. 1904 . ar na neic[h]ibh fliucha, ┐ ar usci na fairgi go sunnradach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.25 .

sainṡemail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sainṡemail or dil.ie/36032

Forms: sainsamail

adj i Appar. a form of sainemail infl. by samail: sainsamail (corrected in MS. from sainsemail) gl. potis, Sg. 39b4 . aire nó sainshamail gl. optimas, 50a27 . máthair s.¤ Samúail excellent, unique (?), SR 5376 .

sainṡemlae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sainṡemlae or dil.ie/36033

n [,f.] (sainṡemail) = sainemlae: secht ṅgrad ann, airegda in gnim, | fria sainṡemla ind ardríg as a distinctive attribute of the supreme king (?), SR 682 . rí dorat sainhṡamlai slain | for clainn n-airegdai nAbráim, 5017 .

sainṡerc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sainṡerc or dil.ie/36034

n (1 sain+serc) special love or affection : saine cron sainseirce (sic leg.?) .i. sainiugud cruid don ti is sercach leis sech a ceile da claind, Laws iii 50.27 , 52.3 Comm . an sainserc tucc . . . | do t[h]einm laodho na ffiledh, Sits 1919, v 93 § 26 . fri sain-sheirc na sóer-Banba, Met. Dinds. iii 4.30 . gé ro dlighset s.¤ dhó ar a cheneóil, FM vi 1924.12 . Of persons: is si mo sansercsa di cleirchib ind deiscirt, Mon. Tall. 150.10 . rob tusa t'oinar | s.¤ mo cridhe, Ériu ii 89 § 8 . ba s.¤ lais inti Comgan, v 20.18 . is railecc ríg . . . | cid s.¤ slúag `specially dear to hosts', Met. Dinds. iii 2.10 .

sainṡercach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sainṡercach or dil.ie/36035

adj (sainṡerc): nir bhó s.¤ las an ngeneral . . . é he was no favourite of the general, FM vi 2344.4 .

saint

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saint or dil.ie/36036

x see sant.

sair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sair or dil.ie/36037

adv.

(a) in a forward direction, forwards, to the front : a srón fata úadi s.¤ her long nose projecting in front of her, LL 210a57 . mo menma oc sullsigud s.¤ | fri diamairib in domain shining forth, 20 . dā chulaid ind araid frisna heocho, na hēisi ina ladair riam s.¤ the reins in his fist before him, TBC² 3399 . ro huisc a lurich dar a cend s.¤ `pulled his coat of mail over his head forward', Cog. 196.6 . días 'na díaid, dias roime soir, Ir. Re- view 1912, 250 § 13 .

(b) eastwards : a dhrúim s.¤ fria turcbail ṅgréni, PH 3319 . Fisson . . . s.¤ sniges; Tibris . . . siar sniges eastwards it flows, MacCarthy 46.22 = Fisson s.¤ sires a reim, SR 1005 . dia ndechaid s.¤ hi tirib Scithiach, LU 9042 ( FB 79 ). dodechoid asin tír di Bertlachaib aníar i mBertlachai sair, Lat. Lives 33.9 . doriachtadar Gaedil s.¤ | go Rōim, ZCP viii 115 § 25 . dā ndeachaid Congail a ccéin | 'sa domhan soir ar sliocht Néill if C. had gone through the world eastwards (i.e. to the Continent) like Niall, 109.1 . iar n-ascnam s.¤ tar caingel `going in past the altar-rail', Ériu iii 100 § 25 . tancatar cethri ollchoiceda hErend dar Móin C. s.¤ , TBC 541 . in Vaticano .i. én míle cémend o Róim s.¤ a mile from R. eastwards, PH 1917 . can comainm can medair | s.¤ siar cota romuir, Fél. Nov. 11 LB, glossed: co mair siar ┐ s.¤ , Fél.² clxvi . tar sál s.¤ , DDána 67.46 . leithneachuidh tú amach síar ┐ soir, Gen. xxviii 14 .

Often with idea of motion considerably attenuated: cach óen da mbíd dorus a phupla s.¤ díb facing east, TBC 5808 . atát arin dorus s.¤ | tri bile, LU 3694 ( SC 33 ) (cf. arin dorus tíar, 3690 ). is cian ro sraeined amach | Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach | fada ōn Ierusalemh soir, ZCP viii 115 § 26 . tuittid cach fer s.¤ is síar, LL 207a42 . luid tre chrích Ua nAilella ┐ fothaigis in eclaiss s.¤ hi Tamnuch in the east, Lat. Lives 33 . ris an aird soir . . . ris an aird siar, TSh. 5758 .

(c) in phr. s.¤ siar to and fro : argair cech n-ahél . . . | s.¤ síar isin ahér n-úar, SR 7936 . s.¤ síar doib cen tairisem dar na lecaib, LU 2210 ( FA 29 ). Cf. ar fhud an chroinn soir is siar, DDána 41.15 .

Compds. ¤des south-eastwards: soirdes co hardmhuir India, Ir. Texts iv 34.6 . ¤thúaid north-eastwards : neasa ar seolaidh-ne sor-thuaidh, DDána 74.2 .