saerthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saerthach or dil.ie/35908

n o,m. (1 saer) a freeman : bó gacha tighe biataigh ┐ saertoigh, FM ii 1090.24 . bó gacha deisi biatach ┐ bó gacha trír s.¤ , 1092.3 (= a singulis tribus liberis personis, Colgan, see note). dia saerthachaib, ZCP xiii 25.25 .

saerthóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saerthóir or dil.ie/35909

n i,m. (1 saer) a saviour, deliverer : do thóg an Tighearna sáorthóir súas dóibh, Judges iii 15 . sé an Tighearna . . . mo sháorthóir, 2 Sam. xxii 2 .

saerugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saerugud or dil.ie/35910

Forms: saorugud

m. vn. formation from 1 saer. Lit. raising the status of, ennobling ; in prosody name of a device for securing correct metre by prefixing the particle so- to a word. s.¤ is daerugud, Auraic. 2096 . saorugud, 5045 . fer . . . sofer a shaerughudh, 1797 . ben . . . soben a s.¤ , 1845 . dia nditen-sidhe cethri cenela fichet .i. co raib ann : a formoladh . . ., a lugugud, a saerughudh, a daerughud `ennobling', 1946 (of Treḟocul).

saescuir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saescuir or dil.ie/35911

adj (cf. daescar, escar, oscar) attrib. g s. (?) of noble birth, well-born : ális Patraic fair ócláig n-álaind [bed soescuir], Trip.² 2221 , `well-born', Trip. 189 = fer sóer socheniúil, Thes. ii 241.8 ( Ardm. 18a ). dligtech cach torba techta, cach somaine, cach saescuir, Laws iii 22.10 .i. cach socindiud dib sin d'- eachaib ┐ do srianaib, 31 Comm . (of tribute due to a flaith).

saeth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saeth or dil.ie/35912

Forms: saoth, seth, saeth

n u m. trouble, hardship, distress, tribulation (both physical and mental); disease, illness: s.¤ (saoth, v.l.) .i. galar, O'Dav. 1471 . saoth .i. galar no easláinte; .i. pian; .i. sáothar, O'Cl. cen ascur sáitha `without remission of tribulation', Wb. 25d16 . issnib colnidib . . . ceste saithu who suffer tribulations, Cambr. 38b ( Thes. ii 247.19 ). téicht do Róim | mór saido, becc torbai `much labour', Thes. ii 296.4 . Dīa dím cech sáeth doringba (seth, saeth, v.ll.), Hy. vi 9 (.i. cech toirsi nó galar, gloss). ro cés mór sáeth (seth, v.l.) i lLethu, ii 35 (.i. saethair, T., soethar no galar, F.). ro damnatar sáethu, Fél. Prol. 32 ; quoted by O'Cl. (saoth) with gloss `piana'. sáeth sétaib `by ways of tribulations', Apr. 3 . arnách ruba(i) ar shóethaib that he slay him not on account of grievances, Críth Gabl. 582 . beim fácaib feith fo s.¤ (i.e. injures a sinew), Laws iii 360.22 Comm . imain i cathaig saetha `driving (cattle) into a diseased cow-house', v 138.14 . ni bia doib s.¤ na galar, PH 6910 . fada a ghúbha re saoth searc `with aching love', ML 22.11 . brocach cech s.¤ , Ériu ix 47 § 20 . nathir ron gáel . . . | donrat fri s.¤ tria aslach, SR 1342 . niba dín [ar] sóethu, LB 258b62 . Críost liom fri gach saoth, Ériu iv 236.13 . ni airechdais s.¤ na pein, Ériu ii 142 § 154 . cuthach dobheir saoth ar slúaghaibh which brings suffering to multitudes, BNnÉ 147.y . ba fochann soeth (.i. ba hadbar galair), Leb. Gab. i 272.18 . nach duine co n-ainimh no co ngalar . . . dicuiridh a shoethu dhe, Ériu ii 116 § 50 . ba mór saéth (of Colum Cille's austerities), BCC 440.12 = Keat. iii 1642 . diamad do shoeth no galar no dhighsed if he has died of disease or illness, Marco P. 51 .

As pred. with cop.: is s.¤ limm I am sorry, grieve: ro bói som i ngalar et ropo sáith libsi ón, Wb. 23d11 . i[s] sáeth rem' chride, LU 3574 ( SC 29 ). ba mor soeth la hUltu inni sin, IT i 143.6 . rosáeth linni do bithsiu for uisciu, LU 6051 = TBC² 1579 . sāeth lim-sa an ainīarmairt | bīas dōib, ZCP viii 209.17 . is saoth . . . lind an gniomh donither, x 278.17 . can ni is s.¤ re nech dib, Laws ii 362.10 Comm . soeth leam nach e an cuingidh . . ., MR 286.16 . saoth lemsa Aodh . . . | anocht i gcrích comuidhig, O'Gr. Cat. 451.10 . saoth liom-sa é gan oighre, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 31 . With proleptic poss. pron.: ba már a saéth la Deichtire díth a daltai, IT i 138.12 (LU) = ba s.¤ mor la D. . . . a dalta do ecib, 27 (Eg.). is s.¤ dom: is sáeth . . . dam nách accim in gilla, LU 6116 (om. TBC², see p. 61 n. 7 ). saoth don ghaisgedh . . . Domnoll (the death of) D. is a loss to chivalry, O'Gr. Cat. 444.13 . Cf. mo shaoth a chaomchorp i gcróchar, Keat. Poems 191 .

Compd. ¤galar: dosficed sár sáeth-galair `sore disease', Met. Dinds. iii 428.32 .

saethach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saethach or dil.ie/35913

adj o, ā (saeth) distressed, sick, suffering : roptar saéthaigh gallraigh la hiomcuimhge an ionaid, FM vi 2210.1 . As subst. luad saethaig .i. ach no uch `expression of a weary one', Auraic. 5612 = oud saothaid .i. uch, 4307 = od .i. uch saet[h]aig, Anecd. iii 44.6 . Cf. Hy. vi 19 , where sethach is a v.l. of sóethrach.

saethamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saethamail or dil.ie/35914

x see suíthemail.

saethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saethar or dil.ie/35915

Forms: saithar, saithir, saithir, sáithir, saithir, saithur, saithor, sóithar, soethra, saithar, saothar

n o,n., later m. (cf. saeth). First syllable always sái-, sai- in O.Ir. Glosses. See Thurn. ZCP xiv 8 . n s. a saithar , Wb. 11a9 , 11 . g s. int saithir , Ml. 102d13 . saithir, Wb. 29a14 . sáithir, 23c25 . saithir, Ardm. 184b ( Thes. i 498.4 ). d s ho saithur , Ml. 59b12 . a s. saithor, Cambr. Hom. 38a ( Thes. ii 247.8 ). fri sóithar , Fél. Ep. 298 . n p. soethra, PH 2520 . g p. inna saithar , Ml. 78b15 . saothar m., IGT Decl. § 17 (71.27) .

(a) work, labour, toil : gl. labor, Wb. 25a17 , Ml. 78b15 . gl. opus, Ml. 24d11 , 48c29 , 102d13 . ni fás a saithar dogniu-sa, Wb. 11a11 . saithar ho lámaib gl. operantes manibus nostrís, 9a5 . is uisse lóg a saithir do chách gl. dignus est operarius mercede sua, 29a14 . s.¤ madae vain labour, Fél. Ep. 227 . sasad cen s.¤ , MacCarthy 60.27 . = sassad saeri, SR 1493 . ro focht B. do Brigit cid s.¤ dognid dia codnach, Ir. Texts i 18 § 54 . soethar athar ┐ seanathar dúib inní 'g adathai cosnam, Alex. 203 . s.¤ cerda, Laws ii 414.24 Comm . log saethair, iii 426.x . com- roinnit itir re ┐ saothar don fochruic `they equally divide the hire between the time and the labour', iv 132.2 Comm . co saothraib ar hseirc Dē, ZCP vii 498.15 . saothar dúr = duram laborem, TSh. 8132 . bíd a uile laithe súd lán do shaotharaibh, 8566 . mór . . . a sáothar da cet slechtain matin ised dogníd, Mon. Tall. 141.2 . nem . . . i mbi s.¤ la cocetal ceol ┐ clasa aingel, Ériu ii 110 § 28 . cen s.¤ áine no abstanaite, PH 5548 . g s. as attrib.: do-ghéan duit an duain shaothoir `laboriously wrought (?) poem', TD 30.20 (perh. a techn. term, Notes). nír chuir greim achd greim saothair | i ngach eing `careful her touch', PBocht 12.29 .

(b) often with notion of difficulty, trouble, effort, exertion : intum (= in tain) . . . cessas saithor i ppennit ┐ ait[h]rigi, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 247.8 ). snim ┐ s.¤ , SR 1455 . isberait . . . nis biad ni don fiadach ro marbsat, uair nirbo soethar dóib since it had cost them no trouble, Ir. Texts i 63.15 . ar ni bia s.¤ no todernum tall dond eclais, PH 5550 . am crín indiu . . . | nímthá sáethar re imlúag (himluadh, v.l., sic leg.) `I have no trouble in telling it', Ériu iv 158.15 . tarla . . . an tseisrech fo réim saothair ┐ siubhail `the team straining in full career', BNnÉ 222.2 . ocus rop e mét a shoethair-sium (of Christ in Gethsemane), PH 3042 . do cunnaibh S. an leoman . . . ┐ ro an aici gan ts.¤ `without struggling', ZCP vi 293.25 . fuair an dall daothan . . . | gan shaothar ann d'uisge, Dán Dé xii 20 . a aendia . . . dorinne nem ┐ talam gan tsaetur, ZCP vi 286.15 . bas sochraidh . . . gan tendess gan tsaéthar, BCC § 357 (404.30) . do fuair se saethair ┐ gallraighti, ÉC i 89.18 . saothar ┐ cleachtadh `exercise and practice', Donl. 472.2 . denadh saothar ┐ siubhal mesarrdha, Reg. San. 21.19 . ag cur sháothair mhóir orrtha féin ag iomramh, Mark vi 48 . comdídnad iarsna saethraib, Arch. iii 10.14 = Trip.² 219 . ó tá an gadhar saothair se .i. an bás, ag seilg na hanma this panting hound, TSh. 592 . dobhí tríur . . . | 'sa bpíopuighe tobac aca dá gcathamh ar saothar smoking hard, ZCP v 245.13 (Midn. Court).

(c) of travail in childbirth: s.¤ in tusmiuda, PH 5719 . go rugass go mīrbaileach . . . gan saothar . . . Dia ┐ duine a n-aoinpersain, Fl. Earls 116.20 . ní geinter an chlann daon- daidhe . . . gan iomad saothair ┐ doilghis, O'Hussey T.C. 22.8 . Of coition: Mac Dé do thecht ana broinn cin shaethar ferrdha, Maund. 116 .

(d) in concrete sense a piece of work : soethra dímáine láma dóine (of idols), PH 2520 . Of a literary composition: gurob é tráth tinóileadh an saet[h]ar so, O'Gr. Cat. 290.21 . conidh dóibh ro chachain Benén in s.¤-sa sís, BR 136.11 . berimsi an sāethar . . . | co Cathal hua Conchobuir, Ériu ii 168.85 .

saethrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saethrach or dil.ie/35916

Forms: saíthrech, saíthrach

adj o, ā (saethar). In O.Ir. Glosses saíthrech, saíthrach, see Thurn. ZCP xiv 8 .

(a) laborious, toilsome, generally but not necessarily in sense of grievous, difficult: mad iar n-aicniud adrimther . . . is saithrech, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.8 ). nephsaith- rach, gl. inlaborata (defensio), Ml. 103b4 . compar. magnus labor .i. saethrigu, gl. operiosioris, Ench. Aug. 68a ( ZCP vii 479 ). obair sháothrach servile work, Levit. xxiii 8 , Numb. xxviii 25 , 26 . is saothrach do fuair obair `weary toil he under- went', Arch. Hib. i 92 § 24 . tarnic dénam daingin Ailig, cíarb ord sáethrach `a toilsome work', Met. Dinds. iv 114. 5 . taided remainn sligid s.¤ , Fél. 14.y . i mbethaid ṁbáethraig | . . . snimaig sirsaethraig, SR 1446 . saothrach dhamh 'san eglais- [s]i | . . . | saothraighe mo leabaidh-si wearisome, Buile Ṡ. 140.21 . gidh saothrach siubhal i bhfad, Aithd. D. 48.4 . dúil sin as saothrach betha `a creature . . . of strenuous life', O'Gr. Cat. 461.6 . is de an sengṡatharnn | sāethrach fa sech pain- ful (?), ZCP viii 206 § 36 (of Saturday follg. Good Friday). Adv. do chuir co sáethrach . . . chum sírtheichthe na sluaigh, Comp. Con C. 109.16 .

(b) of persons laborious, industrious, hard-working : cóic ríg cóicat, sáethraig se `laborious', Met. Dinds. iii 8.93 . doronsat na hingena éladna inganta co ségdu s.¤ , PH 898 (? or elabo- rately, skilfully). do ghabh go saothrach agá malairt, TSh. 7708 . With AR: gach lios dar loisg C. | budh saothrach ar a ghruaidh ngil | ag uaim aolchloch 'n-a n-áitibh will be at pains to, DDána 92.17 . saothrach ┐ tugtha d'foghluim, Donl. 336.10 . Of work laboriously-wrought : sróilmheirge sáothrach sirig, Duan. Finn i 70 § 148 . slios gach múir ghormsháothraigh gil `the side of each white blue-worked castle', Studies 1921, 419 § 16 . ceird shaothrach, DDána 68.32 .

(c) wearied, dejected : ba s.¤, ba gallrach in mathair, LB 63a14 ( IT i 40.9 ). bat saothraoigh (sic) ┐ bat scītthaig īatt asa aithle, BColm. 28.11 . a haithle a tturais . . . ba subāilceach dia n-anmannoibh ┐ ba saothrach dia gcolloibh, Fl. Earls 220.z . Colum . . . | saothrach ón gcuing a chorpán, Keat. iii 1650 . mad saothrach é melancholy, morbid (= solitarius), Rosa Ang. 228.17 (dubhach, v.l.).

saethraige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saethraige or dil.ie/35917

n [io,]m. (saethar) a labourer, worker : is milis codladh an tsáothruighthe, Eccles. v 12 . Med. agent (?): foghnaidh na saothraighe so go mor a n-aghaidh na n-easlainteadh teasaidhi, 23 K 42, 356.5 . comhfurtachtuightear o na saothruighibh so an inchinn ┐ an croidhe, 356.9 .

saethraigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saethraigidir or dil.ie/35918

Forms: saethrugad

v (saethar) works, labours.

(a) intrans.: is airi asbertar prímgeindi do suidib huare saithraigte in doini friu (of first-fruits), Ml. 123c8 . serc la Dia maicc Israhél frissaru- saithraigestar oc a tuididen for whom He had laboured, 92c5 . issed a cétna ro saethraiged frissin n-ag the same [amount of] labour had been expended on the ox, LL 285b33 . corp . . . in duine shoethraiges ar Dia, PH 3546 . Pól . . . is e is mó do soethraig dona hulib apstalaib, 1652 . saethraigfit bar saerchlanda your nobles will be forced to work, Alex. 213 . ni saethraigem ┐ ní threbam, 856 . co saethraigseat airdrig imda i cosnum ríghe duibh, BB 490a31 . saothraighet bar cossa, | imdaighter bar lossa let your feet be active (?), BNnÉ 309.5 = ZCP x 43.23 (injunction to monks). na n-aithrigheach shaothruigheas sna subháilcibh, TSh. 8875 . Of mental labour: atberim . . . fritt . . . naro soethraige ┐ naro guide in coimdid be not worried, LB 225b30 . is air sin shaethraighim . . . cindus do gheinfedh mac . . . gan sil duine I am puzzled, perplexed, ITS xix 58.1 (machtnaigim, v.l.).

(b) trans.: cia dhíobh ler saothroigheadh sin by which of them was that (house) built, Aithd. D. 37.29 . an té sháothrui- ghios a fhearann `he that tilleth his land', Prov. xii 11 . Earns by labour, works for: an solas nar saothruigheadh `the light he has not deserved', PBocht 19.21 . 'san obair dhaonna, le saorthaighthear slainte ar n-anma, Luc. Fid. 226.2 = le saoraighthear, ib. 12 .

Vn. saethrugad: cen saethrugud isin sapoit, PH 2590 . díultuighid a lámha sáothrughadh refuse to work, Prov. xxi 25 . tar éis saóthraighti doib ┐ móráin tagra do denamh `after their labouring', AU iii 556.17 (of a conference). ag saothrughadh mianaigh airgid, Eochairsg. 115.14 . ré saothrughadh na subháilceadh practising, cultivating, TSh. 1810 . mo dhán ar n-a shaothrughadh le fada, Aithd. D. 19.10 . foghluim do shaothrughadh go dithchiollach, Donl. 340.22 . dá raibhadar lucht sealga ag saothrughadh tuirc allta `hunting a wild boar', BNnÉ 165.y . do saethrugadh a mbethad earn their living, D iv 2, 42va39 . ag saorthughadh (sic) na beatha suthaine, Luc. Fid. 229.1 . i neamhshaothrughadh na n-ocht seinbhean- nachta (the Beatitudes), Eochairsg. 93.6 . drong lemh lucht a shaothraighte (of the art of poetry), O'Gr. Cat. 556.3 .