saerad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saerad or dil.ie/35901

u m. vn. of saeraid. In Mod.Ir. also o,m. IGT Verbs § 80 . act of freeing, delivering : cumachtae ṅdé du soirad, Ml. 74b13 . inna diad int soirtha sin, 35c4 . mo soirthasa ón, 45b2 . a buidigud dosom int soirtha sin, 62c6b . no chlechtatis na genti s.¤ a mogad isin sechtmad bliadain, LB 25b34 ( Thr. Hom. 12.6 ). fear ar saoraidhne, TD 13.29 . ar son ar saerta fein = propter nostram salutem, Smaointe B. Chr. 662 .

With prepp.: guidhedh in tathair neamda . . . ma s.¤ ar naire ┐ ar miclu, Ir. Texts v 2.15 . lámh shaortha an chogaidh ar chách, Aithd. D. 75.1 . mo sóirtha asnaib imnedaib, Ml. 92b8 . do saerud P. a cath na Teue, TTebe 3716 . int soirthi (n p.) dinaib fochaidibsin, Ml. 19b11 . Cf. a soertha de manu assirio- rum, 35c3 . día sáerad for barnib na cloch, LU 5888 . fear ar saortha ón lia luighe, DDána 61.18 . Cf. ar sóirad ab ira futura, Wb. 2d14 . Act of raising to the status of a `saer': s.¤ fuidre, Laws v 450.14 .i. daer-fuidir do saeradh taris ceim bas etar leis, 25 Comm .

saeraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saeraid or dil.ie/35902

Forms: saerad

v ā (saer)

(a) frees, liberates, delivers, saves (in concrete and relig. sense): amal ronsóir fesin sóirfed (for -id) cách cretfes and, Wb. 32d13 . nobsoirfea gl. absoluet, Ml. 45d10 . soirasiu gl. liberato, 61c15 . a llaithe nundamsoira, 62c6b . soirfithir, 68d14 . inna ní soirdae . . . alailiu, 75a2 - 3 . inna ní soirtar and, 75a4 . ni fetar in damsoirfad dia fanacc, 90c19 . nosoirfitissom tri pecthu inna nnamat, 91a10 . in damsoirthae du lamaib mu námat fa naic `whether I might be delivered', 91d4 . huare nachansoiraini, 93d10 . maninsoirthae, 96a10 . ni fetatar in sóirfetar fa nacc, 96b2 . nonsóirni a dæ, 136c11 . manim soirae se `if Thou deliver me not', 142b3 . sóersunn sóeras in popul `may he deliver us who delivered the people', Hy. i 28 ( Thes. ii 303 ) (see Thurn. Gramm. § 430 ). Críst ronsóera ronsēna, Hy. 54 ( Thes. ii 306 ). a curpu ro sóerae, Fél. Ep. 435 . amail sóersai L., 459 . ro sóerais na huili, 486 . saer gl. libera, Gild. Lor. 73 . ? co Samáer sáersat a sreith `loosened rein', Met. Dinds. iv 180.11 . a chorp naom[h]tha . . . | ní shaorfa mé nach marann the fact that it is not living will not absolve me, PBocht 11.23 .

With prepp.: with AR, FOR: ni bói numsoiradsa ar chum- achtae ṅduini . . . manim soirad cumachtae ṅdǽ there was nothing to save me from the power of man, Ml. 74b13 . in rí doda saer . . . | ar Fhoraind, SR 3985 . cora shaerur-sa morfessiur . . . ar phianuib iffrind, LB 28b59 ( Thr. Hom. 38.4 ). 's é sain | shaorfas mé ar phéin an pheacaidh, DDána 16.6 . not soer- faider for Foraind, SR 3804 . saer-sa . . . sinne fair, BColm. 70.25 . co ra-shaera sind for a n-ulcu, PH 764 . co ro-saerait for digail Dé, 8409 . With AS: amal as nerlatu . . . rosoer maccu israhel asin doiri, Ml. 60b16 . in tain iarum rocretset nondasoirfed dia rosoirtha dano hi suidiu as in doir[i] sin, 131c9 . With DI: romsóirsa rect spirto di rect pectho, Wb. 3d20 (cf. 2d14 ). nobsóirfasi dia dinab fochidib, 11b4 . hóre ronsoír di peccad, 24c18 . nonsoerni . . . di doiri babelon, Ml. 46b26 . a cumachtae . . . indí dǽ rodamsoersa din galar sa, 48a21 . asberad . . . nachasoirbed dia lamaib som `would not deliver them from his hands', 53d6 . as tria airilliud som rosoirad in chathir di lamaib assar, 61d2 . Cf. ronsōerat a airnigthe | ab omne formidine, Hy. i 24 ( Thes. ii 302 ). S. sōeras L. di thein, 25 (glossed .i. rosoerastar). amail sóersai I. | de bru céti, Fél. Ep. 463 . fer sóeras di chrú, fer sóeras di gabail (attendants of a king), Críth Gabl. 578 . With ó: saer sinne . . . on mor-gabud a filem, PH 2884 . is i cáisc ro-saertha meic I. on dóire, 3255 . créd do shaor ón égsin iad? L. Cl. A. Buidhe 80.128 .

(b) exempts, excuses (from duty, legal action, etc.): is don tshluaiged sin ro sóertha cleirig ar sluaiged that clerics were exempted from military service, Fél. 10.16 . díaro sáertha na mná la Adomnan, LU 2258 ( FA 32 ). saeraidh dlighedh na mir ┐ na écodnaig ┐ na dair, Laws i 88.8 Comm . araill dib so sis ar a n-uaisle saerthar iat are exempted on account of their rank, iii 112.13 Comm . ni saorann ainfis in dligid nech gl. non excusat, O'Don. 570 ( H. 3.17, 440 - 1 ). saorthar lucht tighe Í Néill, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 43.5 .

(c) raises to free (saer) status; ennobles, exalts: do gobainn no cerda no umaidi saertar la tuaith, Laws v 114.19 .i. soraiter eneclann doib isin tuaith, 23 Comm . cid nodasóera? what ennobles them? Críth Gabl. 319 . sóerait calne Apréil | Ambrois `ennoble', Fél. Apr. 1 . la cléir Eusebi | sóerais cech fleid, Sept. 25 . slúaig Helair . . . | sóerait samain síanaig confer honour on, Nov. 1 .

(d) relieves, abates, dissolves, clears away: a Sbiorad . . . | do shaor iomad m'fholadh, DDána 14.5 . broid an chóigidh saor- faidh súd, 93.2 . ar luigh oirne i mbeirn bhaoghail | saoraidh t'oidhre `thy Son . . . cleared away all the pressure on us', Aithd. D. 64.26 . cinnus do saorfaidhe tuitim Adhaimh how the fall of A. might be remedied, Smaointe B. Chr. 3166 .

Part. inna soerthae gl. uiuorum, Ml. 130c14 . mac cor mbel i seilb soertha uccu in free possession (?), O'Dav. 1470 . Part. of necess.: cid aire sin namá ba sáertha in domnach `Sunday should be kept holy', Ériu ii 194.13 .

Vn. saerad.

1 saerda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 saerda or dil.ie/35903

Forms: saerdai

adj io, iā (1 saer) privileged, of high degree, noble : s.¤ scel, SR 7337 (chev.). soerda clu, 7783 . ardrí Saxan sóerdae, Fél. Aug. 5 (sóerda, -dha, saerdai, v.l.). hi sídfhlaith sóerdai, Jul. 13 . hi síd sóerdae, Jul. 18 . miad soerda, Thes. ii 295.14 . sōerdae fairenn (folld. by list of names), Ält. Ir. Dicht. 41 § 33 . sód sáerda `a lofty delight', Met. Dinds. iii 166.36 .

2 saerda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 saerda or dil.ie/35904

adj io, iā (2 saer) artificial, conventional (opp. to aicenta), gen. of words employed in fig. or metaphorical sense: fid acenta ┐ fid s.¤ : fid aicenta fid na caille, ┐ fid s.¤ fid ind ogoim, Cóic Con. Fug. 25.3 (cf. Auraic. 396 = 2816 ). ferinnsci aicnid, is e in fer: ferinnsci s.¤, is e an neam. Baninnsci aicnid, is i in bean; baninnsci s.¤, is i in chloch, 595 (natural and grammatical gender). alt s.¤ . . . alt aicenta, 910 . in chonar aicenta . . . conar iarsa n-imthiget doine, ┐ conar s.¤ in chonar fugill (i.e. path in lit. sense and way, procedure of judgement), Cóic Con. Fug. 25.2 (= 61 § 145 ). laithe s.¤ an artificial or working-day (of 12 hours) opp. to l. aicenta (of 24 hours). lá alone in Laws always means l. saerda (Thurn.): láithi aicinta ┐ ceithri laithi s.¤ , Laws i 252.33 Comm . (reckoned as 5 days in Senchas Mór, but as 1+4 halves = 3 in Heptads). da laithi aiginta ┐ tri laithi s.¤ , v 62.11 Comm . (i.e. 2 natural days and 3 half-days = 3½ full days). tricha láithe isin mis .i. da lá déc aicenta ┐ ocht la déc tsaoerrda ar naoi laithe aicenta, O'Don. 510 ( H. 3.17 c. 414 ) i.e. (12+9 =) 21 full+18 half-days = 30. laithi aicenta ┐ da laithi soérda isin tresi sin `one full and two work- ing days', Ériu xi 46.18 . So with other units of time: cona tri mi aicenta ┐ .vi. mi ths.¤ thic dib sin . . . ┐ leith-bliadain ts.¤ sin, O'C. 238 ( H. 3.18, p. 132 ). caire saordha metaphorical cauldron, title given to a brehon, O'C. 2268 ( Eg. 88, f. 20a ).

See saírdid.

1 saerdacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 saerdacht or dil.ie/35905

n ā,f. (1 saerda) nobility (freedom?): fri cosnum sairdachta Caisil fri Leith Cuind `freedom', Cog. 54.9 . ma dala sairdachta in cinid sin, ib. 24 .

2 saerdacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 saerdacht or dil.ie/35906

n ā,f. (2 saerda) skill, craftsmanship : dá saordhacht snoighe an chailbh-se, DDána 78.7 . plannda . . . | far fhuin saordhacht mac Míleadh, 20 .

saerdatu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saerdatu or dil.ie/35907

Forms: saordataid

n t,m. (2 saerda) artificiality, conventionality; conven- tional or technical usage: is ed onn iar n-aicneadh ail, | is i in cloch iar saerdataid (i.e. by grammatical gender), Auraic. 555 = íar sáirdataid, RC xx 264.17 = saordataid, Corm. Y 80 . iar saerdataid . . . iar n-aic[niud], IT iii 27.30 .

saerthach

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n o,m. (1 saer) a freeman : bó gacha tighe biataigh ┐ saertoigh, FM ii 1090.24 . bó gacha deisi biatach ┐ bó gacha trír s.¤ , 1092.3 (= a singulis tribus liberis personis, Colgan, see note). dia saerthachaib, ZCP xiii 25.25 .

saerthóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saerthóir or dil.ie/35909

n i,m. (1 saer) a saviour, deliverer : do thóg an Tighearna sáorthóir súas dóibh, Judges iii 15 . sé an Tighearna . . . mo sháorthóir, 2 Sam. xxii 2 .

saerugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saerugud or dil.ie/35910

Forms: saorugud

m. vn. formation from 1 saer. Lit. raising the status of, ennobling ; in prosody name of a device for securing correct metre by prefixing the particle so- to a word. s.¤ is daerugud, Auraic. 2096 . saorugud, 5045 . fer . . . sofer a shaerughudh, 1797 . ben . . . soben a s.¤ , 1845 . dia nditen-sidhe cethri cenela fichet .i. co raib ann : a formoladh . . ., a lugugud, a saerughudh, a daerughud `ennobling', 1946 (of Treḟocul).

saescuir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saescuir or dil.ie/35911

adj (cf. daescar, escar, oscar) attrib. g s. (?) of noble birth, well-born : ális Patraic fair ócláig n-álaind [bed soescuir], Trip.² 2221 , `well-born', Trip. 189 = fer sóer socheniúil, Thes. ii 241.8 ( Ardm. 18a ). dligtech cach torba techta, cach somaine, cach saescuir, Laws iii 22.10 .i. cach socindiud dib sin d'- eachaib ┐ do srianaib, 31 Comm . (of tribute due to a flaith).