rulacht

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n = ro-lecht a great grave or tomb : bíd hé in t-inad oirrnidi . . . mochin rí darab rulacht, Acall. 2622 = ro-lucht, BNnÉ 193.16 .

? rulad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? rulad or dil.ie/35781

Forms: ruladh

n destroying; destruction, slaughter? ammiti tuath- chaecha taircebat mo milliud mo rulad, LL 119b30 (Beochobra Con C.). ruladh `slaughtering, massacring', O'R. See follg.

? rulaid

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ind trí maic ro ḟácaib Lugaid | cársat rulaid a febda, LL 206a42 . dobér-sa teist ar Fiacho | cársat rulaid a ḟebda, ib. 49 = gersat rulaidh a bhḟeadma . . . gérsat rulaidh a ḟaghla, Acall. 457 , 461 ; O'Gr. SG 104.11 , 15 gives ruladh in both lines and translates `passed away', `obscured'. Cf. as-lui ?

? rull, ? roll

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ind fir hÉrenn o thuind co tuind, | ní himmarbáig im mór-ruill `about great pride (?)', Ériu i 132.70 ( LL 46b27 ).

rúm

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n room, interior space : in follg. exx. appar. used of the hold or interior of a sailing-vessel. rainic a cenn ┐ a colann i rumh na rata . . . i raibhe, CCath. 2814 . ro tuitsetar . . . i ruma na rat[h]a, 2838 ; `on the floor of the raft' Stokes in both exx., deriving it from O.N. and A.S. rúm; the ratis of Lucan ren- dered in Irish by raith seems to have been rather a flat- bottomed boat or punt than a raft (see the description in Phars. iv 420 fg. ). ruchtgal na rúm ica ruth, LL 236a16 ( TTr. 1419 , `the rumbling of the hawsers'?). ro suidighset a longa . . . ┐ ro lasat a rama uili ina rumaib `put all their oars in their places' (? holds ), Aen. 985 .

? rumnad

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ind menbad leca lis Lugdach | lasarumnad [rumnad v.l.] cach ṅderba [ndremna v.l.], Ériu v 210.53 ( LL 125b6 ); the phrase `leca l. Lugdach' is glossed: ruici ┐ aithis, p. 217 .

rumpud, ? rompud

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n m., LL 267a18 , in description of a youth who has eleven chains attached to his body with seven men at the end of each: com[.] rompur ferda feramail cu[sin?] óen mórfessiur déc, cunas-tairṅgend feib ro thairṅged a com- lín de bolganaib belca for áthi ┐ etrummi . . . in tan rabenad cend ind ḟir díb . . . risin carraic clochi issed atbered in fer-sin `ní da thetarrachtain gaili na gascid berair in rumpud sin', LL 267a11 fg . ( MU 34.12 fg. ), where apparently rompur and rumpud are intended for the same word, perh. meaning tug, wrench, twist or someth. similar (`uproar', MU where rompur is not translated); perh. we should read rompud (< ro-impód) in both cases. Cf. MU² p. 100 s.v. rompud.

1 rún

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rún or dil.ie/35787

Forms: rún, rúun, rúin, rúin, rúin, rúnae, runi, rúna, rúine, rúna, rúnaib, rúinib, rún, rúun, ruin, rún, rúin, rúine, rúna, rúin

n ā,f. (W. rhin) n s. ind rún , Wb. 5c14 , 13d16 , Ml. 2d2 . rúun, Wb. 1d8 , 26d24 . In Mid.Ir. oft. rúin. a s. rúin, Wb. 15a34 , 27c22 , 20d18 , Ml. 45a2 . d s. rúin, Ml. 44b6 , Tur. 103 , SR 6547 . g s. rúnae, Thes. i 496.1 ( LArdm. 170b2 ). runi, LU 9336 . n p. rúna, Wb. 12a10 . IT i 123.18 . rúine, LU 1949 ( FA 2 ). PH 8421 . a p. rúna, Wb. 8b10 . 27c21 . d p. rúnaib, 2b10 , Ml. 66c6 , SR 531 . rúinib, SR 9 , 2017 , Hib. Min. 2.28 . g p. rún, Wb. 27c24 , SR 325 . rúun, Wb. 12b23 , d44 , 26c7 . In later Mid.Ir. also treated as o,m.: g s. ruin, Laws v 72.24 ; 176. 13 Comm. ). rún m. (g s. n p. rúin, rúine, rúna), IGT Dec. § 46 .

(a) something hidden or occult, a mystery , usual sense in Glosses and early relig. lit.: transl. mysterium, Wb. 13d16 , 26d24 , 27c21 , Ml. 2d2 , Hib. Min. 2.28 . ind rún ┐ ind etercert, Ml. 2d2 . ní tuccfither rún inna cruche, Wb. 8a5 . foilsigud rúun, gl. apocalypsin, 12d44 . arnaib rúnaib ┐ diamraib inna deachtae, gl. pro arcanis, Ml. 66c6 . día ro faillsigtheá rúine ┐ derritiusa flatha nimi, FA 2 ( LU 1949 ) = rúni, LB. ro foillsigthea ruine nime do Eoin, PH 8421 . a Rī rūine (of Deity), ZCP vii 309 w . in rí reil na run, SR 325 . ar coimdiu gle co rúinib, 2017 , cf. 9 , 221 , 531 . Of profane mysteries: int id cid immatá a rún? wherein lies the mystery of the withe ?, TBC 587 = rūin, TBC² 259 (rún, LU). rí na rún (of the Dagda), Ériu vii 227 z ( LL 209a54 ). ní fheduim rún na riaghail ar mo ghalur secret cure, spell (?), ZCP vi 26.9 . bean sídhe ag reic a rúine, IGT Dec. ex. 1266 . rúne ro-mera `keen riddles', Met. Dinds. iii 20 .

In early relig. lit. oft. mystic or hidden meaning (as oppd. to literal sense): sollummun litre. sollummun rúnae, Thes. i 496.1 , cf. tria rúin na sollamun-sa, PH 3519 . rúna do thabairt á óen-sonaib, gl. interpretatio sermonum, Wb. 12a10 , cf. 12b23 . ind fiugor fuandrogab in fāith ┐ ind rún fuantaibret in suis- scélaichthi the mystic sense in which the evangelists apply it , Ml. 45a3 . Crist ma[d] du rúin according to the mystic sense , 44b6 , cf. Tur. 103 ( Thes. i 491.33 ). mad iar sians . . . (.i. iar ruin), PH 6804 . Cf. 6083 : santugud in molta doennai as rúin asin clíí, do indithim in gníma dírig as rúin assin deis (i.e. the left hand signifies desire for human praise, comment on verse nesciat sinistra quid faciat dextera ).

(b) a secret : bása chomrar cacha runi do andrib Ulad the repository of every secret (?), LU 9336 = gacha ruine, Anecd. iii 53.23 . an duine chuimetus a run who keeps a secret , Ériu v 128 § 31 . run do dhenam ara chomairled to keep his counsel secret , § 29 . gell damh . . . co ndingnair run ar gach ní in- deósus me duit, BCC 240.24 . rún do dhéunamh ar na peca- dhaibh do chluin san bhfaoisidin (duty of a confessor), Parrth. Anma 204.13 . dá ndeindís uile rún ar mhalairt creidhim kept their change of faith secret , Mac Aingil 545.14 . gur léig a rún le Caoilte revealed his secret to C. , Oss. vi 12.3 . nīt lia Lagin rúni `not more numerous are Leinstermen than (their) secrets', ZCP iii 7 § 23 . In adverbial phrases: la taidbsin fainni fo rúin secretly (?), SR 6547 . sliocht sceo mo risi fa rūn (.i. innis dó mo sgéla gan fis), ZCP v 487 § 1 (B. na f.). coro indis[s]ium di inní-sin i rrún as a secret , LB 127b16 . atrubairt fris ina rūin, RC xvii 283 . dia ngaet . . . tria rún when he was slain by stealth , Met. Dinds. ii 38.2 . gach ní do nochtfadh seisean tré rún dī as a secret , Keat. ii 5277 . cen rúin openly, undisguisedly : tarraid diliu Bith | ina ṡléib cen rúin, LL 4b8 . gibé adearadh nárbh fhíor dhúinn | mo ghlór re Torna gan rúin `that my plain words to T. were untrue', Content. xiv 11 . Hence prob.: rún .i. cealg; tre rún .i. tre cheilg, O'Cl. (an inference). g s. as attrib.: amus ruin no raid no imacallma `a confidential servant', Laws v 72.24 Comm. comhrádh rúin private conversation , Keat. ii 5298 .

(c) secret thoughts or wishes, intention, purpose, design : general later Mid.Ir. meaning, often without particular notion of secrecy: falmaigis Dagda a dún, | rapa rún can tarba a purpose without profit , Ériu vii 227 § 62 ( LL 209a49 ). ? nidat maithe banrúna women's plans (counsels ), IT i 123.18 . Dubhduin . . . rug run airgne ind aird-ruireach [sic leg.] formed the design of destroying the high-king , MacCarthy 416 § 3 ( BB 50a44 ). ro bai a run Oilella marbad Meic Con, Anecd. ii 78.2 . mani cindis [i] cend a cētcomlín do miledhuibh . . . co rún a marbta uili with intent to kill them all , CCath. 3117 . ar mbeith do rún aige bheith eolach 'sna hilbhéarlaibh, Keat. ii 47 . nír bo rún iomgabhala, na menma teichme, FM vi 2162.2 . as é mo rún . . . gan aonphecadh do dhénamh, Mac- Aingil 2 § 2 . ro ḟaisnés rún menman ┐ aicenta cech énduine (of the spokesman for a number), CCath. 624 . ba hé rún craidhe ┐ toil menman cech óen-duine, 659 . do rinneas do rún cridhe | feidhm díbh `with sincerity of heart', Content. xxix 4 . Dia féin . . . go mbé a réir im' rún, Pilip Bocht 20 § 7 . daoine eile, ag a raibhe an rún ceudna d'Éireannchaibh who had the same feelings towards the Irish , Keat. i 54.24 . rígradh go rún gcertbhrethach `minded to judge justly', O'Gr. Cat. 396.2 . a n-áines menma . . . a rún toirbirt `propensity to give away', 472.27 . rún na gcroidheadh, 1 Corinth. iv 5 (= τὰς βουλάς).

(d) passing into sense of full consciousness, knowledge : cf. run .i. eolus, ut est cerd cen run, O'Dav. 1351 , perh. an inference from sense (b) or (c). ? cach dīsli co rūn: cach rūn co tubad, Arch. iii 228.71 , 72 = ZCP xvii 58 (`every forfeiture with know- ledge; every knowledge with proof '). ass e as túr anóra ann | rún an ansodha d'fhulang (i.e. experience of adversity is a promise of good fortune), Ir. Texts ii p. 25 § 1 . as mairg don té . . . ag a bfuil rún air féin iomad fiach do bheith ag Dia air who is conscious that he owes God many debts , Mac Aingil 322.2 . gan rún cléirigh without a priest's ministrations (on a death- bed), O'Bruad. iii 2 .

(e) in later poetry oft. a term of endearment, darling, love (for persons of either sex): a rún dil! MS. Mat. 569.24 . triath Dúin Bhúinne, rún na ríoghradh, Keat. Poems 727 . dom' shíor-rún réidh Raemonn, Hackett xxxv 1 . uired grās re Gilla Brighde | braithim mo rún da rosc glan love, affection (?), Ir. Texts ii p. 44 § 28 .

Compds. cach āen da rac[h]a ad' rūn-debaidh who will dis- pute Thy designs (?), Arch. iii 235 § 26 . dūthracht . . . gan trīst im rúnghart ro-lond generosity of impulse, disposition (?), ZCP x 340.10 . ba rún-mer im cach rogail `who was eager- willed for every exploit', Metr. Dinds. iv 314.10 ( LL 162b47 ). le rúin-neimh wicked intent , A. Ó Dálaigh liii 7 . See also rúndiamair.

2 rún

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adj.? liaig is dálem, goba gúr, | rechtaire, randaire rún `portly butler', Met. Dinds. i 24.158 (cf. rón `strong, fat', O'R., note) = randuiri run `lusty', Hill of Tara 148.26 ; perh. g p. of 1 rún loosely used, see 1 rún (d) and cf. ron-cúr, ron-cengail in ben: | fo rengaib rún rocailled `in cords cunningly knotted', Met. Dinds. iv 24 .

rúnach

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adj o,ā mysterious: riched rúnach, Fél. Nov. 6 . Versed in mysteries, possessing rare knowledge ? drecht .i. eolus, ut est carmar drechtach ra-runach, O'Dav. 625 , cf. 1351 . rúnaigh .i. teimhliġhthe, no doirche hidden or obscure , O'Cl.

rúnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rúnad or dil.ie/35790

n [u,m.] the act of concealing ? ráth . . . dorónad dia rúnad `for her concealment' (i.e. burial ), Met. Dinds. i 8 . gabhsad an tír rúnadh feadh `quiet the division' (?), CRR² § 46 ( p. 106.11 ; cf. p. 58 ), prob. a cheville.