1 rúainnech

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Forms: ruaineach

n o,m. hair (coll.): ruaineach, O'Gr. Cat. 190.25 (of eye-lashes). cuirp mar ruainneach (= veluti capilli), 23 K 42, 61.21 . ruainneach bhar gcinn (= capilli), TSh. 7306 . do rúaidhneach chámhall, Matth. iii 4 . See róinnech.

2 rúainnech

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adj o,ā. hairy, made of hair : garb-bruit ruain[n]igh, O'Dav. 338 (perh. g s. of 1 ruainnech).

rúaisne

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x see roisne.

1 rúam

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Forms: ro- úam

n ā,f. perh. a variant form of róm (róim) < Lat. Roma, and used in same senses; in ZCP iv 577 - 8 the derivation ro- úam `a great hole (cave)' is suggested. rūam quasi rōm a Roma(e) , Corm. Y 1090 .

(a) as n.l. Rome: i Ruaim, Fél.² Mar. 4 = hir Róim, Fél. cathair . . . samail re Rūaim Letha, ZCP x 53.26 . hi rRúaim Letha, Ériu ii 192.5 , cf. ib. 11 (but: abb Rómae, ib. 12 ).

(b) a monastic settlement or `city': rúam iarthair betha (of Glendalough), Fél. Prol. 195 (ruaim, roim v.ll.). ruaim coit- chenn do Ghaidhelaib (of Daiminis), 206.31 . tír i fail do rúaim (said to St. Brigid of Leinster), LL 50a32 ( Hail Brigit § 26 ). dā chomurtha . . . | ac Lainn sech cach rūaim . . . | muilenn cerr fri comblethad | ocus brat im a bachaill, BColm. 96.17 (distinguishing features of the monastery of Lann). pl. ind locáin . . . it rúama co ndálaib monasteries with assemblies , Fél. Prol. 211 . ticfat tailcind, conutsat [v.l. conucsat] rúama, noifit cella, Trip.², 346 .

(c) a burial-place, cemetery : Babilón a rrúam-som, Fél. Oct. 28 (of SS. Simon and Thaddaeus or Jude, acc. to tradi- tion buried at Babylon). an tAodh isin úir, an rí isin ruaimh, FM i 334.8 , see Bruchst. i § 99 . ēg in righ 'na ruaimh ar lár, BB 59b7 . is railecc ríg a rúam rán, Met. Dinds. iii 2 (of Carmun).

(d) of a gathering-place, capital centre or fort, etc.: ainm doróega sech rúama, Met. Dinds. i 28 (of Tara).

? 2 rúam

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Forms: rúaim

n [f.] fame, glory ? ro fess ruam, ro fess seiss `his fame was known' (of Colum C.), ACC 44 ( RC xx 178 ) = rúaim, LU 746 (with gl. .i. rofes roim a hadnaicthe nó rofes ic Róim a ecna-som); Atkinson in LHy. renders grave. ? adamra ind rig na ruam rath, | nimtha luad ara n-ilar, SR 7289 ; cf. tainic rath . . . orm o righ na ruaime, Anecd. ii 20 § 1 (poem ascribed to S. Moling). As epithet: forsind ríg ruam, for Saúl, SR 6094 . ? suan co sluagrath | ruam co rigrath, IT iii 76 § 41 ( BB 288a44 , 290a44 ) = ruan co rigdath, H.

3 rúam

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Forms: ruamh

n a spade, turf-spade : rúam ┐ bacc ria aiss, LL 159b29 (Dinds. of Mag Raigne) = ráma, RC xv 434.43 . cf. dia baicc ┐ dia ramaind, LL 159b35 (same text); O'R. gives: ruamh `a spade'. mo bró ┐ mo rúamor (leg. rúam mór) RC xiii 82 .1 , Celtica i 364 . ro ghabsat leit do na ruamaib bátar ina lámaib ina chenn co fargsat cen anmain é SG i 396.17 . do ghabhadar da rámhaibh (ruamhaibh, v.l.) is dá sásaibh oile air, gur mharbhadar é Keat. iii 2151 . ni tregdand socc nā coltar nā rámund talmain lind Alex. 860 = ruamu BB 498 a 36 . cf. rúamar.

4 rúam

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Forms: rūain

n (1 Sprache xliv 42 ). red dye or colouring matter : ruam .i. luss dosber dath no cucht in faciem cu mbi derg, Corm. p. 39 = rūain, Corm. Y 1094 . mād rūam in bruit `red dye', Cáin Ad. 52 . Cf. the npr. m. Tipraiti mac Ruamlusa, AU i 332.11 ; the same person is called Ruamnus at 284.4 (the same discrepancy occurs between FM i 462.9 and 404.10 ). See rúan.

rúamach

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o,ā. adj. of uncertain meaning.

(a) from 1 rúam? Carthach rígdae rúamach ` city-possessing ', Fél. Mar. 5 . Romula rúamach `Roman (?)', July 20 . Sistán epscop rúamach `Roman', Aug. 6 ; glossed in LB in two latter exx. by catharda belonging to (possessing) a monastery '; under Mar. 5 .i. do Roim ro foid Ciaran he Ciarán sent him to Rome.

(b) os róen rúamach ré, LU 4325 (: sluagach) = LL 145b45 , ( SG 84.40 ). barcc rēil ro-hētrocht rúamach ruad, Auraic., 5107 ( LL 37b13 ), cf. Auraic. 5138 .

rúamaid

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Forms: ruamadh

v ā (cf. 4 rúam and rúamnaid, Sprache xl 208 ) reddens, colours red : cethair . . . rú- amdais gail `that did red deeds of valour', Met. Dinds. iv 284 .

vn. tangatar Meic Miledh, | rangatar dia ruamadh , Leb. Gab. i 176.10 = ruadad, ZCP xiii 364.1 (see rúadaid).

rúaman

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n an incursion, raid ? is 'na aimsir dorondad sluaiged ┐ ruaman fogla ar tus i nErinn, Lec. 359b42 . do chonnairc rúamanna na ro-fheirge ina ghnúis `flushings', Ériu v 180.299 . gan techt ina ruamannuibh roretha (of deer), Acall. 910 ( rushes, dashes ?).

rúamanta

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adj io,iā. reddened, red : gai . . . la foga . . . for crannaib roiss rúamantai, LU 10228 ( IT i 310.29 ) = ruamanndai, ZCP iii 233.13 . ro ba ruisti rúamanta L. ón chomhrag, Cóir An. 199 . dumada . . . do collaip ruste ruamanta reddened corpses , CCath. 2851 . ba ruisti ruamanta ruisc an rig sin can codlad, TTebe 1094 , cf. 902 . dá rás-tharbh ruamanta `in- furiated', MR 298.18 . suile ruamanna (a disease of animals), Laws iii 6.2 Comm. cethruimthi diri cneidhi cacha ruib ruamanda, iii 362.3 (transld. `ruminating'). Of poetic lang. coloured , i.e. cryptic: a mberla forteidi .i. fordorcha no ru- amanta inna filideachta, Auraic. 1324 .