?rothail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ?rothail or dil.ie/35589

ind cuairt cethrochair . . . | nirbo drech-rothail dermár, SR 4226 (of the Tabernacle).

rothán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rothán or dil.ie/35590

n o,m. (dim. of 1 roth) a small wheel : lúathidir rothán ṁbúaled a mill-wheel , BDD 107 . ó rothan na carpat, Cóir Anm. 13 . ? ban rothan (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181 .

róthar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. róthar or dil.ie/35591

x see rúathar.

? rothches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? rothches or dil.ie/35592

ind ré cen ḟoghlaim, | cāch oc rothces (prophecy of a degenerate age), ZCP viii 196.7 .

rothmol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rothmol or dil.ie/35593

Forms: rothmual, rothmol, rothnuall, rothnuall, rothnuall, rathnuall, rath- nuaill

n o,m. (compd. of roth and mol), also later in the corrupt forms rothmual (acc. to Zimmer ZCP i 100 a confla- tion of rothmol and roth buale, in acc. generally r.¤ mbuale) and rothnuall.

(a) literally the wheel of a water-mill (roth being the hori- zontal wheel, mol the vertical shaft: amal bis rothmol for luth | tria bithu for bith-imputh, SR 199 (describing rotation of the seventh heaven).

(b) a rapid whirling movement, gyration , ascribed in Irish heroic saga to warriors, esp. Cuchulainn (to whom all follg. exx. from TBC refer), when labouring under intense excite- ment; see Zimmer ZCP i 81 fg . and cf. the rotatory feats of the animals in the Imram Maíle Dúin ch. viii ( RC ix 470 , Anecd. i 55 § 40 , § 41 ). Later the literal sense was lost sight of, and the word was used (always with the adj. corcorda, corcra and in the same stereotyped phrase) as a conventional description of a state of anger or excitement. doringni rothmol corcarda de o mulluch co talmain, TBC 1256 , cf. 1370 (rothmól) = rothnuall, St. dorigni rothmúal corcra o mulluch co talmain, TBC² 1842 ( LU 6356 ) = rothnúall TBC 2496 , St., H. 2.17 , rothmhael, Eg. 93 . dorindeadh rothnuall corcra de [o bhonn go bathis], IT ii2 129.187 . ITS i 150.16 (rothnúaill), 86.23 (rónuaill). dorónadh rothnúall corcra óa bhonn góa bherradh dhe (of S. Molaise), Ériu v 76.22 . dorinnedh rothnúall corcra di o bonn goa bathais (of S. Lasair), 105.4 . See also TD 4.2 ; 8.25 .

(c) a scrimmage, mêlée or massacre ? bid Mag Rath o'n rothmal-sa `it shall be called M.R. from this prosperous battle' (?), MR 174.9 (prob. a play on words roth and rath).

(d) in form rothnuall, the name of a bardic metre of which there were several varieties: rothnuall bairdni, IT iii 23.15 ; 91 § 131 . rathnuall bairdne, 14 § 32 , 44 § 58 , 91 § 130 . rath- nuaill, 91 § 128 , § 129 . See ib. p. 141 .

rothmual

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rothmual or dil.ie/35594

x see rothmol.

rothnuall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rothnuall or dil.ie/35595

x see rothmol.

? rothre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? rothre or dil.ie/35596

ind (g p.) ro-īr dam . . . tricha ech, tricha rothre ron- ērbrad fri hechraidi ndam, Ériu ii 28.34 .

ro-ucc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ro-ucc or dil.ie/35597

x see beirid.

rous

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rous or dil.ie/35598

x see rús.

1 rout

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rout or dil.ie/35599

Forms: roüt, roït, roüt, róut

n o,m. (orig. n. ?) (< ro-ḟot? cf. roḟut. TBC 747 below) orig. disyll.: roüt: foät, ZCP viii 196.20 ; g s. roït, Hy. v 72 ; d s. roüt, RC xvii 159.16 .

The strict meaning is perhaps a distance or length ; folld. by a defining gen. rout (n-)urchair the length of a cast or throw = a cast, throw (of a missile of any kind). Cf. TBC² 630 quoted below. ro gab Cú Ch. . . . a ṡleg . . . ┐ tarlaic rout n-urchair uad di, CRR 51 . focheird rout n-urchair din liathróit, TBC 1024 ; cf. 1270 , 3944 , (roḟut n-urchair) 747 , (rót n-u.) 1992 , 4454 , (roth n-u.) 675 , (rot n-u.) Acall. 4432 n. , 4904 n. , (rod n-u.) 4802 n. , goro la rot ro-urcuir di, CCath. 5601 . tug C. root n-urchuir don Mhórrighain, Cóir Anm. 149 . no léicthe láthir laích dó . . . co mbid rót n-urchura úad cen nech día naimtib fair so that there was a spear's throw [of ground] about him without any enemy on it , TTr.² 1426 . As advbl. acc.: focheird a bunsaig rout n-aurchora úad, LL 248b17 ( TBFr. 51 , cf. ZCP iv 34.8 ); LL 250b4 ( TBFr. 234 ). srēithi in n-id . . . rout [róut LU] a lāma isin n-abaind the length of his arm (i.e. as far as he could) into the river , TBC² 630 .

Hence absol. a throw, cast : nír imthige fri roth ná rout (i.e. do not compete in running with a chariot or a cast), Tec. Corm. § 19.9 . focress i mmuir fut roït, Hy. v 72 , glossed .i. fut erchora, Thes. ii 345.13 . bíait Cíanacht[a] i fout, | ní bat foicsiu do roüt (= they will not be within reach of missiles? ), RC xvii 159.16 (Tig.) = FM i 214.6 . ród súla Miodhair .i. an t-urchar tugadh ar shúil Mhiodhair, O'Cl. See Herm. xiv 473 .