1 rót

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rót or dil.ie/35579

Forms: rout, root, rout, róit, rota, rota, rótu, róot, ród, rád, róid, róide, róda, róide, rót-bla, rót, ró-ḟot

n o,m., occas. rout, root. d s. rout, LL 316c12 . n p. róit; ?rota, IT i 100.11 ( LL 112b31 , perh. n s. rota ` bog- stuff ').

a p. rótu, Fél. Prol. 29 . ? g p. róot, LU 8633 ( FB 47 ). ród rád m. (n p. róid, róide, a p. róda, róide), IGT Dec. § 88 .

A road, highway : rōut .i. ro-ṡét .i. mō oldās sēt . . . Rōut .i. da cubat [= cuat] carpat ┐ dā ō[ e]nechdae imme. Dorōnath fri hechroeta nō frī hecraite mennota, Corm. Y 1082 ; appar. the `rót' came between a `sét' or path, track and a `rámat' and admitted of a chariot being driven on it with a mounted horseman on either side. It has fences or dykes: ramat .i. mor; rot, .i. bec, .i. ima mbi clad, Laws i 232.17 Comm. crich son incoisce rod righ no tuaithe, no rod ímfeagna [= imfedna], iv 144.13 Comm. cach rot ríadas do charpat-su, FB 34 . segda cairptech docing rot, SC 37 (: óc). na fail . . . lia for tilaig nā chend-róit nā sliged bar crīg Breg . . . nach lán d'á ṅgraigib head of a road, road-end (?), CRR 28 . slighe shocair . . . ┐ ród cobhsaidh coimhreidh, tresna sleibhtiph, BNnÉ 227.6 . mōir- thimchiol in prīmh-róitt, Fl. Earls 40.16 . pl. róit romra the ocean-roads, sea-tracks , LL 17a46 . fada na róide gu Róimh, IGT Dec. ex. 1631 . ? fri . . . fidbotha ┐ róitiu, Anecd. iii 23.7 . ránic mór rót traversed many roads , Met. Dinds. iii 242.11 . for ródaibh raoín-ndírghe na Midhe, FM vi 1920.18 .

In loose sense: rōut na māile ōthā ind ētan . . . corricci in mullach (i.e. patch, extent of baldness ), Corm. Y 1091 . Fig. ród imais (of the r. Boyne), Anecd. ii 2.7 . ród na haithrighe, TSh. 9294 . Cf. rád (: atát), Trip.² 1320 ( KM. Wortk., 79 . see 2 ruibne below).

Compds. ¤bruiden road-hostel, caravansary : ? (fig.) go tī a purt bhfind | na hēg-bethad rim rōtbruithean, Arch. iii 235.3 . ¤gabál a road-tax, toll ? ro bói rodgabáil ┐ salanngabal for Árainn, Anecd. iii 60.24 . In the compds. rót-bla, Met. Dinds. ii 26.5 and rótblad rígrátha, iii 410.8 Gwynn explains rót as ró-ḟot, `far-extending'; but cf. `sa rāith rōtgloin os Breagmaigh `mit glänzenden Pfaden', Sitzungsb. der preuss. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 16 ; in poetry the roads approaching a fort or residence are freq. emphasized as a mark of its importance.

2 rót

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 rót or dil.ie/35580

x see 1 rout.

rota

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rota or dil.ie/35581

n io,m. bog-water, bog-stuff : rotta (.i. uisce) . . . ōn derge asberthar, Corm. Y 1107 . rait ōn rota i mmbī a hinas, 1112 (see rait). táes secail ┐ rota ra comled impe, RC xvi 280.25 ( Dinds. 161 ). Bres mac Eladan . . . éc atbath don ruad-rota, LL 127a52 ( MacCarthy 154 § 1 = roda, BB). .ccc. dubṡesra di rotu rotaide monad, LL 169a33 = tri cét duibsesra do rodo ruad mōna, RC xv 439.16 ( Dinds. 46 ). ro fothraicit . . . for dubro- dae, ib. 10 . g s. ropo domna trota trá | ól rota i rricht ind lomma, LL 11a40 = roda, Leb. Gab. i 180.12 . A bog, marsh : Femen cid sescand cose, | ocus cid rota Raigne, Met. Dinds. iv 306.26 .

rotach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rotach or dil.ie/35582

n an onset, attack ? in rotach leó-som . . . for cach leth . . . in maidb [= maidm] remib-seom for cach leth, LU 4442 = an ruag, Anecd. i 21.16 (roteach v.l.); 'violence, turbulence' ZCP xxvii 58 n. 15 . Cf. rothach and 2 ruthach.

rotaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rotaide or dil.ie/35583

adj io,iā (rota) lit. ` pertaining to bog land ', hence

(a) reddish brown : talum . . ruad rotaidi, IT i 190.33 ( FA 30 LB). blegon rotaide, LL 169a31 . di rotu rotaide, ib. 33 . ina ndelbaib rinnta rotaigi, LB 155a23 .

(b) as subst. a bog, marsh ? i sescnib ┐ i rrotaigib, FA 14 .

rotan, rotán?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rotan, rotán? or dil.ie/35584

n something reddish or red-brown? rotta ┐ rotan .i. ōn derge asberthar, Corm. Y 1107 . ? tnotog .i. liath, no rodan, H. 4.22 p. 67 ( O'C. 2067 ).

roth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. roth or dil.ie/35585

Forms: routh, roith, rotha, roth, rotha, rothadha, roth, roith-néll

n o,m. (cf. W. rhod) d s. i routh , Wb. 11a3 (a primâ manu). n p. roith, rotha. roth m. (g s. n p. -a), IGT Dec. § 95 (p. 127.24) . In early Mod.Ir. n s. rotha occurs (Bedell, Eccles. xii 6 ), pl. rothadha ( Ezek. i 20 ; FM).

(a) something circular, or wheel-shaped : roth a rotá .i. ōn c[h]ūairt, Corm. Y 1087 (a false etymology; the word is native, see Ped. i 33 ). roth, gl. rota, Ir. Gl. 227 . roth cruind forsa-ndenat na cerda in[na] lestrai, gl. rotae, Ml. 18b4 . dona rothib (gl. rotis), Gild. Lor. 119 . Esp. (a) a wheel (of a vehicle): droch .i. roth carpait, O'Mulc. 350 . roth nó fonnud nó fertas . . . in charpait, TBC 772 . du. nechtar in dá roth (.i. fonnod) iarndae in carpait, LU 5180 ( TBC² 701 ), where it is used of the outer rim or tyre of a wheel. hi carput dā rath, Hy. v 84 (metri gratiâ). Pl. nom thescfat roith iarnaide in charpait, TBC 1340 . dollotar rotha iarnaidi in carpait hi talmain, 2640 . ruamghail na roth, CCath. 1834 . ni bhí in cathair . . . gin míli roth for fenaibh ┐ damhuibh ┐ asanaibh ac togluasacht ṡida, Marco P. 70 . ro fucctha . . . rothadha faoí dia fhógluasacht, FM vi 1980.10 . Meton. the vehicle itself: nír imthige fri roth `do not race against a wheel (i.e. chariot )', Tec. Corm. § 19.9 . ag dol i roth isin aier, FM a. 553 = in curru suó, RC xvii 142 (Tig.). leth ruith ┐ leth gobra half [of them] in chariots and half on horseback (?), BDD 51 (of advancing warriors). Of other wheels: lúathidir roth [m]búali, BDD 127 , cf. FB 87 (a mill-wheel turned by water, see ZCP i 94 , 98 ). Of a wheel for torture: roth mor . . . ┐ bera áithe ┐ clóidbe . . . in a medon, PH 1204 .

(b) a disc or sphere : rotha grene ┐ escai, Marco P. 68 . doimchellat na renda roth cruinn in domuin, Ériu ii 106 § 19 . ardruiri ind roith rigda ail | garg-ruide fri croich coem-nair, SR 1077 ; i.e. of the circular universe? but 1078 suggests the circular panel at the juncture of the cross-arms, on which in Irish high-crosses the Crucifixion was often depicted; cf. .xx. pars inna cuairt-roth `circle-wheel' (of the centre of the cross), Thes. ii 255.4 ( Stowe Miss. 65b ). gu Rīg na roth, ZCP vii 304 § 17 . a gac[h] rotha do rothaib [rothaidhibh v.l.] na firmaminti spheres , ITS xiv 68.7 . in roth árd . . . reithes grian (of the Zodiac), MR 112.20 . See also rothchles(s) below.

(c) a circular brooch, wheel-brooch : atcondarc roth n-óir isin brut ara bélaib, BDD 99 . roth creda sin brutt, TBC 5401 = delcc, St. cu ndechutar do chunchid roith croi for Aed mac Ainmirech .i. delg nos-facbad cech rig diaroile, LB 238cb23 , cf. RC xx 421 . a chneas-léine . . . gona teóra roth . . . do dhearg-ór, ML 110.29 . roth credha .i. dealg, O'Cl.

(d) in follg. exx. appar. of circular torques or fillets en- circling neck or head: rotha derga tentide for sírlasad imma mbrágtib, FA 28 . atchíu [a] ardroth n-imnaisse | imma chend, BDD 100 (e) . Cf. cóicroth óir . . . úas cach ae, 91 . Of (? con- centric) circles traced as ornament on a shield: dondscīath . . . co cōic roth ōir co mbil findruine fair, TBC² 2045 . cromscīath . . . co trī radhaib ro-dēnma, 2339 . Cf. the story of Cuchu- lainn's shield, Ériu v 72 and xi 54 , Macalister Archaeol. of Irel. 146 .

(e) a loop, noose : atnaig a cend i ruth gait in the noose of a gad , Met. Dinds. iii 252.127 (see note). Hence prob. O'Cl.: ruth ghaid .i. rathán gadraigh. ruth `a chain, link ', O'R.

(f) in TBC 5590 fg . (Stowe) used of movable war-machines mounted on wheels: tri rúada rot[h]a, 5591 . ar cach roth nét dona teoraibh rothaibh, 5604 .

(g) roth rámach `rowing (?) wheel', name of a fabulous flying-machine , see rámach. The term roth may denote the circular body, or car, of the machine.

(h) fig. uses: roth creth `circle of science', RC xx 44 (ACC Introd.) = roth cráed (.i. filidecht), LU 354 . roth soithe (name of a metre?), IT iii 36 § 18 , also called r.¤ soadh (= suadh?), ib. i roth na réime aimseardha revolution , TSh. 537 . rochtain . . . go roth uachtrach urchóide the topmost revolution (i.e. zenith) of iniquity , Hackett xliii 42 . eo Rosa, | roth ruirech | recht flatha, 'a king's circle' LL iv 27650 , Mifologiya prostranstva drevney Irlandii 278, 281 .

Compds. ¤chles(s) n name of a feat or game of skill : LU 9291 . FB 30 . Ériu iv 30.11 . oc cur in rothclessa, FB 64 (where it is described; the `roth' was appar. a disc or quoit hurled into the air). ¤gal: tucsatar . . . craithed neim-meirtnech do roth- gail ro-tren `twirling' (of wrestlers), MR 256.5 . ¤impód: ag roithled ┐ ag roth-impod aroile twirling , MR 256.18 . ruathar . . . ag roith-lingeadh orra wheeling round them (?), TSh. 6635 . roith-néll a whirling cloud (i.e. dizziness ), MR 270.2 . ? ¤richt wheel-shape, circular form : Tech Duind . . . rothricht ré lan ler fethaigthi, IT iii 22 § 66 = rodrict, 49 § 88 (LL), ródrícht, ib. (BB), rath righ, 98 § 161 ; Meyer Bruchst. i § 133 emends: rāith rīg.

rothach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rothach or dil.ie/35587

n an attack, onslaught ? in rothach ┐ in ruathar ron-uc fon sluag, Ériu v 240.150 . Cf. rotach and 2 ruthach.

?rothaigthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ?rothaigthe or dil.ie/35588

ind in ruiri rothaigthi, YBL 181a14 ( SG 254.32 ).

?rothail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ?rothail or dil.ie/35589

ind cuairt cethrochair . . . | nirbo drech-rothail dermár, SR 4226 (of the Tabernacle).