rom

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adv. (= ro+mos `soon'?) early, too soon ; poet., used as pred. with cop. rom .i. moch nó luath, Arch. iii 24.17 (gl. on Trip. 150.15 ). mithig dam-sa dul for cel | scarad frim etal bes [omit] ni rom, LU 3048 ( SG 235.41 ). iar sin tánic cretem glan | for Mag Fáil, bés nirbo rom, Met. Dinds. ii 14.70 . cía ro crínad nírbo rom `though it is withered now, it had not an early end', iv 242 (of Bile Tortan). cia dom-īssed nīpo rom it were not too soon for him to come to [succour] me , TBC² 1728 . sét ná bo rom a way never too early taken , LU 1201 = nad bī r.¤ , ZCP viii 287.18 . mad do chomruc . . . is rom sōn dait-si cose beos (= thou art yet too young for that), TBC² 600 . la Coin Culaind la Lugaid | risna-rom úath na hómon, LL 125b3 ( Ériu v 210.45 , tr. `with whom there was not soon fear nor terror'; whom it were well to fear betimes (?), i.e. before pro- voking a quarrel). ba rom ron-traethad I (lit. we) was cut off before my time , LL 122b46 (Siaburchobra Con Ch.). moruar ba rom a bhoeghal, FM i 544 z . tonn báis ba romh rod- báidhe, i 472.11 .

róm-

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pref. chief, preëminent : lucht righe rómh-ghnáith Té `of Te's chief home', Content. xii 4 (: ór-shnáith). sé na rómh- oide is na shruth `a pre-eminent teacher', xxii 14 (: córaide). Perh. = róm q.v.

Róm

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Forms: Róim, Róm, Rómae, Róim, Romh, Rómh, -a, Róim

pn ā,f., later Róim (Lat. Roma) the city of Rome: n s. ind Róm , Sg. 174a1 . g s. inna Rómae , ib. d s. hi Róim , 148a6 . ropad tánaissi Romae Letha . . . mo chathair-si a second Rome of Latium , Trip. 146.25 (g s.). indara cathair re n-abar in Rōmh, ZCP xiii 182.37 . do ghabāil na Rōma, ib. 36 . co Roim, PH 284 . orrig na Roma, 289 . in Roim, CCath. 405 (n s.). cumdach na Rómha, 149 . v s. a Romh , 1495 . Rómh f. (g s. -a, no pl.), IGT Dec. § 149.8 . Róim f. (g s. -e, no pl.), § 42.11 .

róm

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Forms: róim

n ā,f. and róim (Lat. Roma) strictly `the city of Rome' (see above), hence used in early Ir. relig. lit. of a saint's settlement in which he was buried and hence of a burial-ground in general; the full term for the latter being r.¤ adnaicthe. Brega Tea . . . in róm relgech ná rairged `the burying ground that was not rifled', Met. Dinds. i 6.20 . 'sna roim arrsaig adlaici `in the ancient place of burial', iii 422.20 . is é . . . Glen da lacha in cethramadh Roimh adhlaicthe as ferr i nErinn one of the four greatest burial-places , BNnÉ 128 § 23 . trian ele an chiosa . . . tucc Maodócc . . . da Roimh aoibhinn adhlaicthe, 259.16 (of Ros Inbhir, Maedóc's settlement). is e bud roimh adhlaicthe do sloghaib iarthair domhain, BCC § 156 (of Aran). go róim adlaicte a shenathar, Caithr. Toirdh. 130.31 . an rómh adhnaicthe in ro dheónuigh an Coimdhe a adhnacal .i. an Rómh cenn na Criostuidhe, FM vi 2372 y - z . i rróimh adhna- cail Shíl Aodha, 2048.3 . ro badh ádhbha aineoil . . . robtar rómha adhnaicthe dóibh, 2298.24 . béarthar thú le céathrar ar ghuailníbh id róimh, Keat. Poems 357 . Cf. Bk. of Landaff pp. 1 , 83 : insula Enli que more britannico uocatur Roma Britannie . . . cum xx millia sanctorum ibi iacent corpora confessorum.

In bardic poetry freq. also of a frequented centre of resort, chief's residence, etc.; cf. bennán cét ríg, róim aile a second Rome (of Tara), Ériu iv 92 § 4 ( LL 33b18 ; ro mbaile, Rawl.). Colum Cille . . . oghdar dían ardrōm [sic MS.] airdnem whose high sanctuary is heaven , ZCP x 340.8 . a rómh na ríogh !, Measgra Dánta 56.67 (of castle of Donegal destroyed in 1595). an róimh nósmhar so fúibh, 57.34 (of a ruined castle). róimh eighreachta an eangnomha `valor's inherited capital', TD 3.4 . sen-róimh na naom 's na neimead (of Ireland), O'Gr. Cat. 466.19 (Eochaidh Ó Heodhusa). trí rómha a ngabhmaois grádha (of the bardic schools' rooms of study), Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 8 .

Compd. Daimhinis . . . is i rōim-inis na renn | ocus ōig-inis Ērenn, MacCarthy 436.4 ( BB 51a47 ).

? rómail

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ind in rómail gu roimhsibh rīgh (of Colum C.), ZCP x 54.4 ; = ro-mál great prince, chief ?

romaíle

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n (ro- intens.) a degree of baldness extending from ear to ear: romāile .i. eter in dā n-ō uili, Corm. Y 1091 .

Rómán

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Forms: romáin, rómanu

pn o,m. (Lat. romanus) a Roman: n p. ó Aeneas ro cinnset ind romain, Sg. 31b5 . romáin, 33a11 . v p. a rómanu , 41b5 . g p. coscrad flatho román, Wb. 26a10 . crich flaithusa Rómán, Anecd. iii 66.18 . la Romhanu, CCath. 1054 .

Rómánach

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Forms: romanach, romanach

adj o,ā. Roman : romanach, gl. Romigena, Ir. Gl. 310 . tir romanach , gl. romanus, Sg. 33a11 . don occbaidh romanaig, CCath. 5583 . na himpere Rómanachu, PH 2350 (n p m.). As subst. o,m. a Roman : na Rómanaig, PH 533 . la Romhanchu, CCath. 78 (Romanacha v.l.). ar saidhbris na Romhánach, 241 Comm. in mod. lang., displacing rómán.

Rómánda

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Forms: rómánta, romándi

adj io,iā, later also rómánta, belonging to Rome, Roman (in origin or nature): románda, Sg. 49b23 . n p m. romándi, gl. Romani, 31b6 . g s f. na sulbaire romanta, Hib. Min. 13.441 = romanda, Harl. in ríghe Románta, CCath. 83 . tinnscedal in ríghflaithiusa Romhanta, 45 . don eglais Romanta, O'Hussey TC 240.1 .

rómar

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x see ruamar.

romda

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adj (cf. rom, see ZCP iv 578 ) timely, seasonable (?): bamar lathi—romda rind—| i tuaith Tem[rach] tess Boind it was timely for us (?), CRR 56 = roirtiu, ZCP xiv 58 (Lec., rordu, other MSS.). The sense early, too soon would suit the sug- gested derivation better, but the reading is doubtful.