ríachtanas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ríachtanas or dil.ie/35192

Forms: ríachtanas, riachtanas

n o,m. abstr. from ríachtain, used in the expression: r.¤ a les(s), a petrified abstract from the phrase: ro-icc les(s) ` needs (it) ' (see ro-icc II d), meaning need, necessity ; later ríachtanas is used alone in the same sense. riachtanas `want, distress, necessity', P. O'C.

(a) need, necessity , with obj. gen. of thing needed (rarely with subj. gen. of pers. in need); freq. after prep. i n-. co mbetis uli i riachtanus a les Iosep in need of Joseph , LB 115a9 (= hi rrichtain lessa Ioseiph, SR 3084 ). dia mbemm i rriachtanus a less taige oíged in need of a hostel , PH 5816 . riachtanus a less do chomarsan d'ḟórithin to relieve thy neighbour's needs , 7567 . in uair ata i riachtanus a leass ort when thou art in need , 7554 (contamination of two constructions: ata r.¤ a l. ort, and: ataí i rr.¤ a l.). ní buí a riachtanus a les [lessa v.l.] occo they had not needed them , CCath. 483 . a riachtanus a less bidh ┐ dighe do thabairt chuca need of getting food and drink , Fl. Earls 8.16 . riachtanus a less gnáith habitual want , Maund. 131 . da rabh feidhm . . . no riachtanas a leas oraind, Carswell 221 . Later absol.: gur sinne is mó ríochtanus léo we need them most , CF 300 Eg. gach pecadh as riachtanas damh d'fháoisidin, Parrth. Anma 347.2 . biaidh ríachtanas ar bholg an drochdhuine, Prov. xiii 25 . ní fhuil riachtanas occa ré commaoinibh na mbeó, TSh. 4828 . cíít a peacaidh . . . cona n-uile riachtanus ┐ amghar all their need and distress , Fl. Earls 222.21 . lucht riachtanais needy folk , Mart. Don. 34.26 . crann an riach- danuis, Parrth. Anma 3a5 Pref. ).

(b) in concrete sense what is needful, necessary : (with less) ac fadhbail a riachtanais a les uadha getting their needments from him , Maund. 47 . dá rabh uireasbuidh riachtanais a leas ar an easlán, Carswell 155 . (Absol.) riachtanas an chuirp . . . riachtanas an anma, O'Hussey TC 105.7 . d'iarraidh ar riachtanais air to ask of him what we need , 148.16 . go lin- mhaireacht . . . in uile riachtanuiss every requisite , Fl. Earls 104.6 .

ríachtanasach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ríachtanasach or dil.ie/35193

adj o,ā. necessary : ata . . . ughdarras na heagluisi có riachdanasach . . . do chum na n-imreasan chreidimh do chur ar ccul, Luc. Fid. 260.5 .

1 ríad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ríad or dil.ie/35194

Forms: riad, riadu, ríadh, -a

n m. Orig. neuter? n s. riad n-etere, O'Mulc. 457 . r.¤ n-ind, 738 . n pl. riadu, LU 3643 . ríadh (ón phearsain), IGT Dec. § 95 (p. 127.18) m., g s. n p. -a. Vn. of 1 réidid q.v.

The act of riding or driving, and in wide sense, a race, course, journey, career: rith no riad fri hā racing up a height , Corm. Y 4 . `riadh' rith, Metr. Gl. Ff. 8 (= ria, LL 395a12 , St.). riadh .i. rith, O'Mulc. 860 . r.¤ .i. rioth, O'Cl. noí mis lána . . . fri riad ro-balcc na triath tenn | co toracht Hirusalem the strenuous journey (?), SR 6815 (cf. 2 Sam. xxiv 8 ). etach fri riad, 5935 . ríad roót driving over roads (?), FB 47 ( LU 8629 ). Carman cen riad without (chariot-) racing (?), ZCP x 421.8 (prophecy of evil times). riadu curach ┐ graig boat-races and horse-races , LU 3643 ( SC 31 ). Conan is Aed rind na rriad `of the races', Met. Dinds. iv 366.225 . in tan nā terna Foraind don riad raenach from the disastrous pursuit , LL 134a6 (Todd Nenn. 232 ). banriad a woman's excursion (of the Táin B.C.), CRR 4 . (as vn.) ag riadh sdéd, IGT Dec. ex. 1689 . cid dogni suairc sirach sēt | isind aidchi fri riad reb on its sportive course (?), SR 7915 (of the earth revolving round the sun). doléice aurchur a ríada di, BDD 88 (of a spear; casts it to its utmost reach ?; riara, St., YBL). rodam riada a great team- ox (?), Anec. i 66.4 . In fig. sense: cen berla fri riad rēlta for a way (means) of explanation (?), SR 3475 . cethri mili mac . . . cethorcha ocus cét glan-riad careers , i.e. lives ?, 596 (of the 144,000 redeemed on Mount Sion).

? In place-name:pn Escir Riadda (the ridge crossing central Ireland from east to west), Met. Dinds. iii 282.90 (see Hog. Onom.).

?2 ríad

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n authority, control ? `riadh' s[macht gan on], Metr. Gl. Ff. 8 = riasdracht éirghi, LL 395a12 . riadh .i. smacht, O'Cl. Perh. an inference from ríadaid = ríagaid q.v., but cf. IGT Decl. ex. 1689 , cited under 1 ríad.

ríadaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ríadaigid or dil.ie/35196

Forms: riagaither, riadugud

v i. rides, drives; fares, journeys : ro riadaig .i. ro imthig, gl. rēided, Hy. v 97 ( Thes. ii 349.33 ). Trans. of riding or training a horse: risin rig rad-riadaig `that trained thee' (to a horse), TTebe 3495 . Pass. pres. pl. rel. na riagaither , Laws i 190.5 Comm. Vn. [is] trian seisid in eich dorormacht riadugud air, Laws v 212 z (i.e. the training of a horse adds an eighteenth part to his value).

?ríadair

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ind adsuidet foluid rudrad cach ro-naidm riadair iar n-airilliud .i. is amail ni teit a nae rodair he im astud, Laws iii 10.9 , 12 . riadhair slighi .i. amail is asa dul iarsan sligid rēd i mag re, imta samlaid is rēdh tintugud gach tire lais i mbi suillsi di senchus, H. 3. 18 p. 245 ( O'C. 465 ).

1 ríag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ríag or dil.ie/35198

Forms: riad(h), riagu, réigh, riada

n ā,f. oft. written riad(h); a p. riagu occurs in LB 240b31 , Alex. 953 . A gibbet? riag gabul, gl. patibulum, Sg. 53a20 (perh. intended as an alternative gloss, patibulum being derived from patior in the text). croch, riagh (ó énchéill), IGT Dec. § 39.10 (f.). d s. réigh, ib. ex. 1080 (réidh v.l.). Gen. in wider sense punishment, torture; in early relig. lit. freq. used of martyrdom or of pains of hell. ríag már Martiáni, Fél. July 2 ; quoted by O'Dav. 1360 with gl. .i. césadh. ar Christ céssais riaga, Feb. 23 . Prol. 52 . do bith-aitreb pēne ┐ rége (of hell), LU 1405 ( RC xxi 384.4 ). d'insaigid iffirn . . . co n-immud a pían ┐ a ríag, FA 21 ( LU 2143 ). ro domsib-sea sech riaga, ACC 141 ( RC xx 414 ) = sech riagu, LB 240b31 . g s. as attrib.: nách óen gebas do immun . . . ní bá péne ná réigi (= will not be doomed to hell), Trip. 116.26 ; cf. ní pá pene na régi (= may I not be doomed to hell), Mon. Tall. §8 (see Thurn., KZ xlviii 63 ). Of punishment in general: gemel cruaid i coiss | is riag rúad ria ais `a red cross (?) on the back', KMMisc. 270.3 (perh. of stripes or lashes). dobeir riagh don áes fogla, Sitzungsb. der Preuss. Akad. 1919 v 92 § 11 . ron- gastigh Iudas budéin | ocus dorat hi cruad-rēig, Ériu iii 198 § 23 . doberat piana diḟulachta ┐ riagu tenṅtigi, Alex. 953 = riaga, Anecd. v 6.5 , riada, BB ( IT ii2 106 ). Ard na Riag height of the executions , Met. Dinds. iii 414.1 (see Hog. Onom.). ic Crois na Riag, AU ii 226.11 (see Hog.).

? 2 ríag

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ind línbarr .i. caille gela .i. riagh léine, O'Dav. 1149 . Cf. riagh .i. riaghalta, O'Cl.

ríagad

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u,m. vn. of ríagaid. Punishing, torturing : riaghadh .i. crochadh, O'Cl. riagad .i. tollad, O'Dav. 1381 . don ti doni imrim in eich .i. a riagudh, Laws v 212.24 (leg. ríadad?). a cuirp a bhus do crochadh ┐ a n-anmunda do riagad tall, PH 7333 . tria chorp Crist do riadud, 2448 . na hí forc[h]omat riagail ni tabhair riaghad orra, Sitzungsb. d. Preuss. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 24 . da riagad . . . da n-ilpianad, Met. Dinds. iii 416.33 . rucadh misi . . . co loc an chrochda dom riadhadh, Ériu v 148.46 . g s. uamdoirsi pianta ┐ riagta, CCath. 4262 . tigherna . . . riaghtha mhac mbáis, FM vi 2298.1 .

ríagaid

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v ā, inflicts punishment or torture, punishes, executes : noco ba rí ná ríagfa (i.e. a king must inflict punishment), ZCP iv 469.3 . rom-riagthar hi nglaccaib na ndrong ṅdemnach (i.e. in hell), PH 8261 . coro riagad la Simón, LL 128a35 = Mac- Carthy 172 § 3 (of Sétna k. of Irel., cf. Keat. ii 2205 : do riadhadh a bhaill ó chéile lé Simeon Breacc). do crochad a colla ┐ do riagad iad, Caithr. Cellaig 846 . coro riagta co mór eat, LB 159b27 . coro riagtha secht fichit diibh `were hanged', AU 985 . cota-riagfaider amail ribar .i. coro tolltar amail criathar, O'Dav. 1381 . ro riaghadh .i. do crochadh, O'Cl. In weakened sense: ?rincne . . . is eisside cat mac .i. iarsinni riachas na macaime becca no rigait [riaghait v.l., sic leg.] na macaim eissimh, O'Dav. 1365 `because it comes to the little children; or the little children reach to it', Stokes; it torments ( scratches ) . . . torment (tease) it ?

ríagail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ríagail or dil.ie/35202

x see réal and ríagal.