ríabach

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Forms: riabhach

adj o,ā. of an indefinite dusky hue, swarthy (of animals), brindled; the orig. sense is prob. streaked, striped , which is perh. that of the earlier exx. given below. riabhach, gl. fuscum, Ir. Gl. 804 . eter chorcair ┐ gorm ┐ dub . . . odor, alad ┐ riabach, TBC 67 (= streaked?). brat ríabach ro-lómar, BDD 61 . dath dub riabach dorca, Rosa Ang. 176.15 . in persun riabach mac Tigernain hui C, `the swarthy parson', AU ii 354.9 (a. 1278) = rector fuscus, D. an Giolla riabhach (nickname), FM ii 1022.16 ben ríabhach, IGT Dec. § 141 . ech riabhach, Tromdh. Guaire 408 (`a bay steed', Oss. v 47 ). adhbha rōn riabach, IT iii 102 § 187 . Senglenn na cnoc ria- bach, ZCP xii 388.29 . an Chontae Riabhach, FM iv 784.3 (the Co. Wexford, so called in the 15th and 16th centuries). Goill na Cunntae Riabcha, AU iii 66.17 (a. 1414). leisin Cundae Riabaigh, 276.21 (a. 1481). aibíd shalach riabhach, Eochairsg. 113.9 . malairt na ndonn riabhach, Hackett xlii 116 (an exchange of dark brindled cows, i.e. there is nothing to choose between them). tri laethe na seanriaibhiche three days of the old brindled cow , Gadelica i 59.167 (i.e. the last three days of March, see Dinneen s.v. riabhach ).

In uncomplimentary fig. sense: creideamh brocach ria- bhach, Luc. Fid. 291.9 , cf. 311.9 . ní riabhach an t-abhar, O'Bruad. ii 242.27 (`nondescript, worthless, trifling' note).

ríabán

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ind TBC² 3280 . see ríbán.

ríabcha

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n [f.] swarthiness, a dusky hue : truailliughadh geal an fhuilt ag dol i riabhcha (= vergens fuscedinem), 23 K 42, 285.5 .

ríacad

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n m. the act of tearing or rending ? riacad étaich (a punish- able offence against a woman), Cáin Ad. § 50 . Cf. ríagad.

ríachda

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adj painful, torturing ? deich mbliadna don Delbaeth dichra . . . co ricc remgaeth riachda, ZCP xiii 363.6 (riachta, riachna v.l.; : Fiachna), cf. Leb. Gab. i 176.2 . Possibly an adj. from stem ríag- `to torture', or for ríagtha g s. of ríagad q.v.

ríacht

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x see ro-saig.

ríachtain

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Forms: riachtu

n i,f. Mid.Ir. variant form of ríchtu vn. of ro-icc, through influence of pret. stem of ro-saig; used as vn. of both verbs, see Ped. ii 556 , 610 . The n s. riachtu does not occur; but cf. iar riachtu anunn, ZCP iv 242.29 . The act of arriving or of reaching (a place or person): íar ríachtain ind robaid o Fergus when F.'s warning had arrived , LU 4691 = iar richtain, TBC² 218 YBL. íar riachtain doib i nAlbain, ZCP xi 57.2 . With obj. gen.: is cóir dul dia ríachtain to go to reach it (a place), SC 34 ( LU 3739 ). íar riachtain dóib in tslébe, LU 5102 = iar tiachtain, TBC² 616 . dia mbe i riachtain a lessa in need of it , PH 6041 . gan riachtain a leas, CRR² 88.21 . g s. gid acmaing riachtana as[so] fogabaind `a means of escape from this', CCath. 2725 . co sailechtain a riachtana, Laws iii 168.12 .

ríachtanach

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adj o,ā. (late) necessitous, needy : sáor an bocht ┐ an ríachtanach, Psa. lxxxii 4 . aighnis cúis . . . an ríachtanuigh, Prov. xxxi 9 .

ríachtanas

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Forms: ríachtanas, riachtanas

n o,m. abstr. from ríachtain, used in the expression: r.¤ a les(s), a petrified abstract from the phrase: ro-icc les(s) ` needs (it) ' (see ro-icc II d), meaning need, necessity ; later ríachtanas is used alone in the same sense. riachtanas `want, distress, necessity', P. O'C.

(a) need, necessity , with obj. gen. of thing needed (rarely with subj. gen. of pers. in need); freq. after prep. i n-. co mbetis uli i riachtanus a les Iosep in need of Joseph , LB 115a9 (= hi rrichtain lessa Ioseiph, SR 3084 ). dia mbemm i rriachtanus a less taige oíged in need of a hostel , PH 5816 . riachtanus a less do chomarsan d'ḟórithin to relieve thy neighbour's needs , 7567 . in uair ata i riachtanus a leass ort when thou art in need , 7554 (contamination of two constructions: ata r.¤ a l. ort, and: ataí i rr.¤ a l.). ní buí a riachtanus a les [lessa v.l.] occo they had not needed them , CCath. 483 . a riachtanus a less bidh ┐ dighe do thabairt chuca need of getting food and drink , Fl. Earls 8.16 . riachtanus a less gnáith habitual want , Maund. 131 . da rabh feidhm . . . no riachtanas a leas oraind, Carswell 221 . Later absol.: gur sinne is mó ríochtanus léo we need them most , CF 300 Eg. gach pecadh as riachtanas damh d'fháoisidin, Parrth. Anma 347.2 . biaidh ríachtanas ar bholg an drochdhuine, Prov. xiii 25 . ní fhuil riachtanas occa ré commaoinibh na mbeó, TSh. 4828 . cíít a peacaidh . . . cona n-uile riachtanus ┐ amghar all their need and distress , Fl. Earls 222.21 . lucht riachtanais needy folk , Mart. Don. 34.26 . crann an riach- danuis, Parrth. Anma 3a5 Pref. ).

(b) in concrete sense what is needful, necessary : (with less) ac fadhbail a riachtanais a les uadha getting their needments from him , Maund. 47 . dá rabh uireasbuidh riachtanais a leas ar an easlán, Carswell 155 . (Absol.) riachtanas an chuirp . . . riachtanas an anma, O'Hussey TC 105.7 . d'iarraidh ar riachtanais air to ask of him what we need , 148.16 . go lin- mhaireacht . . . in uile riachtanuiss every requisite , Fl. Earls 104.6 .

ríachtanasach

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adj o,ā. necessary : ata . . . ughdarras na heagluisi có riachdanasach . . . do chum na n-imreasan chreidimh do chur ar ccul, Luc. Fid. 260.5 .

1 ríad

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Forms: riad, riadu, ríadh, -a

n m. Orig. neuter? n s. riad n-etere, O'Mulc. 457 . r.¤ n-ind, 738 . n pl. riadu, LU 3643 . ríadh (ón phearsain), IGT Dec. § 95 (p. 127.18) m., g s. n p. -a. Vn. of 1 réidid q.v.

The act of riding or driving, and in wide sense, a race, course, journey, career: rith no riad fri hā racing up a height , Corm. Y 4 . `riadh' rith, Metr. Gl. Ff. 8 (= ria, LL 395a12 , St.). riadh .i. rith, O'Mulc. 860 . r.¤ .i. rioth, O'Cl. noí mis lána . . . fri riad ro-balcc na triath tenn | co toracht Hirusalem the strenuous journey (?), SR 6815 (cf. 2 Sam. xxiv 8 ). etach fri riad, 5935 . ríad roót driving over roads (?), FB 47 ( LU 8629 ). Carman cen riad without (chariot-) racing (?), ZCP x 421.8 (prophecy of evil times). riadu curach ┐ graig boat-races and horse-races , LU 3643 ( SC 31 ). Conan is Aed rind na rriad `of the races', Met. Dinds. iv 366.225 . in tan nā terna Foraind don riad raenach from the disastrous pursuit , LL 134a6 (Todd Nenn. 232 ). banriad a woman's excursion (of the Táin B.C.), CRR 4 . (as vn.) ag riadh sdéd, IGT Dec. ex. 1689 . cid dogni suairc sirach sēt | isind aidchi fri riad reb on its sportive course (?), SR 7915 (of the earth revolving round the sun). doléice aurchur a ríada di, BDD 88 (of a spear; casts it to its utmost reach ?; riara, St., YBL). rodam riada a great team- ox (?), Anec. i 66.4 . In fig. sense: cen berla fri riad rēlta for a way (means) of explanation (?), SR 3475 . cethri mili mac . . . cethorcha ocus cét glan-riad careers , i.e. lives ?, 596 (of the 144,000 redeemed on Mount Sion).

? In place-name:pn Escir Riadda (the ridge crossing central Ireland from east to west), Met. Dinds. iii 282.90 (see Hog. Onom.).