1 recht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 recht or dil.ie/34898

Forms: rect, rechto, recto, rectto, rechta, rechta, recht, recte, racht, reacht

n u,m. O.Ir. n s. in rect , Wb. 13d27 . g s. ind rechto , 15a34 , cf. 1d16 , 21b13 , Ml. 60b12 , 74b7 . recto, Thes. ii 247.15 ( Cambr. 38a ), Wb. 2b26 . rectto, 1d15 , 4d11 . rechta, 18c9 , 21c1 (rccta). Ml. 74b5 . Mid.Ir. rechta. n d. in da recht , Wb. 29a16 . n p. recte, 29a16 . a p. tri dub-rechtu, Thes. ii 357.5 ( Hy. vii ). In Mid.Ir. occas. treated as neut.: n s. recht n-airberta, Eg. 88 f. 21a ( O'C. 2280 ), Alex. 851 below (perh. to be taken as d s.). Occas. written racht. reacht m. (g s. n p. -a), IGT Dec. § 95 (p. 127.14) .

(a) law , in wide sense of a collective system of prescripts, whether traditional or codified or inherent; in Glosses = Lat. lex (later superseded by dliged). reacht, dlighe, lagh, Eg. Gl. 520 . forcetul recto Dee, Thes. ii 247.15 . iar riaglaib in rechta diada, PH 4227 . rom-soír-sa rect spirto di rect pectho (gl. lex spiritus . . . a lege peccati ), Wb. 3d20 . in rect comaccobuir file i mballaib caích the law of concupiscence , 13d27 . ro taisfen filidecht ┐ brethemnas ┐ recht fer nErend olchéna, RC vi 165.2 ( LU 9777 ). is tre ḟír flathemon cach recht rán, ZCP xi 81 § 12 . recht, ┐ enech, ┐ ainim (foundations of social ordi- nances), Laws i 230.4 (glossed: recht, .i. flatha. Enech, .i. Feni . . . Ainim, .i. eclasa, ib. 9 ). fer rechta i n-ecosc dilsigh . . . . . . do marbhadh, iii 214.20 (i.e. killing a man who is within the protection of the law, a homo legalis, in mistake for an outlaw). elodhach rechta `an absconder from law', v 174.17 . breth rechta a legal judgement , PH 2810 . mar ar horduigheadh reacht is dlighe . . . ar Éirinn, Keat. iii 2349 .

(b) recht aicnid the law of nature (morality arising from natural instinct): tar recht ṅ-aicnid, gl. cis naturae leges, Sg. 217b16 . Used esp. of the moral law before the Mosaic legisla- tion: recht aicnig ro bai la firu Erind [sic] co tiachtain creitme, Laws iii 26 y . ateoch huile thuicsenchu rechta aicnid, im Aibel, im Sheth, etc., Ir. Lit. 32.15 . ni aidlingcet o nachaib rechtaib nā fúiglib nā brethemnachtaib acht recht n-aicnid namma, Alex. 851 .

(c) in Glosses and earliest rel. lit. used (generally without art.) in special sense of the Mosaic law (later a qualifying gen. or adj. is usual): is he-side ro fiugrad i rrecht et adfiadar i soscelu, Wb. 18c8 . is ed ro boi hi rrecht digal cutrummae frissin peccad, Ml. 54c2 . in recht arsata Muisi, PH 487 . Gamaliél .i. sai rechta, 1649 . aos rechta (those under the Mosaic dispensation), Hib. Min. 7.206 . luid fo recht . . . Críst i callaind Enair was made subject to the law (by circumcision), Fél. Jan. 1 . do fuagradh isin tsenrecht can muic do ithe, Maund. 61 . eagluis an tsean-rachda, Eochairsg. 5 z . ro scríb [Moyse] i llébraib in rechta fáthacda, PH 5731 . ateoch huli thuicsinchu rechta fatha, im Eliam, im Eliseum, etc. the law of the prophets , Ir. Lit. 32.20 . racht faide . . . .i. diriataidh na faistine ro bi ac na faidhib anallut, Laws iii 30.23 .

Of the new dispensation or Gospel law: in da recht . . . uetus et nouum nó na tri recte .i. naturae rl, Wb. 29a16 . on dib rachtaib .i. ho phetarlaicc ┐ nufhiadnaise, PH 6783 . coinneal tóidhius teóra reachta (of Colum C.), ZCP viii 197 § 11 (as fem.). ateoch huile thuicsenchu rechta nuafiadnaise, Ir. Lit. 32.22 . scéla an rechta naeí, RC x 184.3 . seacht sacra- muinti an nuai-reacht, Mac Aingil 2.8 Pref. ).

r.¤ litre the written law, scripture: racht n-aicnig ┐ racht litre (.i. tucastar Patraic leis), Laws iii 28.3 , 7 . Cf. ib. 30.31 . ateoch huili thuicsenchu rechta litre, im Moysi, etc., Ir. Lit. 32.18 (where recht. l. is used of O.T.). Similarly: doridnacht recht bérlai báin do Moyse, Ériu iv 136.7 (where bérla bán = Latin, the lang. of Scripture).

In later writers of Scripture or church law: don Choimdi[d] ni comharba | nech nā lega a recht, Arch. iii 313 § 14 . a n- aghoidh reachta ┐ chreidimh eguilsi De, Fl. Earls 112.28 . éin-eglas, éun-bhaisdedh ┐ éin-réchd, Parrth. Anma 52.20 .

(d) of a particular law or ordinance : dia ro fuirmed recht Adomnáin for Góedelaib, FA 32 = r.¤ nA., LB. intí téte fo recht n-imdibi the law of circumcision , Wb. 20a12 . do rect fognama do fiur the law of service to a husband , 10b22 . So in pl.: i carnd fhind na racht is na riaghal, Ériu x 84 § 75 (: seacht, leg. reacht). sruth Tibir i rRóim na recht, ZCP viii 106 § 7 . Loosely used in chevilles: innis dúinni tré rechtaib (i.e. as is due?), Anecd. i 29 § 34 .

(e) authority, rule : Maelmorda . . . glorda a ṡét is a recht ríg. LL 30a29 . do chruas rechta ríg Ailig `sway', O'Gr. Cat. 384.7 . níor chanas . . . glór ribh acht do reacht leabhar `according to the books', Content. xxiv 23 . recht n-abaidh iar sein ro gab the authority (office) of an abbot , ZCP viii 115.6 .

(f) in abstr. sense right, lawfulness : racht .i. ceart, Lec. Gl. 116 M . recht .i. cuimsech, O'Dav. 1349 . lucht mo ríartha ba recht lais do beith accom he thought it right that I should have people to serve me (?), ZCP viii 220 § 31 . a ndernadar a daoine | re Dia dh'adhbhar egaoine | reacht lind go dtanaig astegh | ar brághaid ghill na nGaoidheal we deemed it just until it was visited upon the hostage of the G. , Ir. Texts ii 105 y . ? ra recht rubad, TBC 1667 (`das Recht der Erstechungen', Windisch). ? fri cach racht cid fiala a flaithe though their chiefs be generous to every claim (?), Arch. iii 296 § 38 .

Rare in compds.: mór a recht-blad dar rígaib `his rightful fame', Met. Dinds. ii 48.34 . dā recht-iarla `two just rulers' ( administrators of law ?), MacCarthy 176 § 5 ( LL 128a51 ).

2 recht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 recht or dil.ie/34899

Forms: racht

n u,m. reacht (ó dhá cheill), IGT Dec. § 95 (p. 127.14) , declined like 1 recht. Mod. racht.

A paroxysm, outburst (of anger, passion, etc.): co n-epert la recht ┐ feirg, RC ix 456.1 ( LU 1672 ). ro gab recht hé `fury', xiii 66 § 66 ( LL 301b43 ). ba recht a[i]cnid leo sin, ba ferg `frenzy of mind', Cog. 72.2 . ge do atadh rim-sa a reacht though his fury swelled up against me , Ériu iv 216.9 . go reacht ┐ go ffraech neimhe, Fl. Earls 138.16 . ro gab . . . buinne roda rechta an t-imperi, ZCP vi 40.24 . mathair Eoin . . . a rosc mongach nar mor reacht free from anger, calm (?), viii 562 § 9 . reacht gan adhbhar eatorra (of two bards in contention). Content. xi 1 . ? gach glór . . . ba oilbhéim da bhar n-onóir, | do chuir mé le ceart ar gcúl, | do badh reacht gan é d'iompúdh ( it would have made me furious not to confute it ?), xxix 6 (dob anreacht v.l.). sluag as ferr ráinic gach racht `touched the utmost pitch of valour', Caithr. Toirdh. 122.28 . Of grief: leigedh an rigan a rec[h]t let the queen lay aside her violent grief , ZCP vi 269 § 3 . racht gola a fit of weeping , RC xxiii 28.3 . Of a horse: an t-ech . . . línuidh reacht hí ara n-oman, Ériu iv 214 y . ? dom-árfás recht ruad-theined a furious blaze (?), RC xxiii 418 § 33 (`a form of red fire' transl. as if = richt). A fit (of apoplexy, in medical sense): Seoan rí Saxan . . . a hég do reacht, ALC i 254.15 .

Compds. ¤aicnetach (aicentach) passionate, stormy : cet ridiri rechtaigenntach, ZCP vi 45.2 . ro sgrech in rigan co rechtaicenntach, 99.21 (of grief). an Mhuir Romur reacht- aigeantach, CF 887 , cf. 927 . ¤bruth, BDD 100 (a) ( LU 7373 ).

3 recht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 recht or dil.ie/34900

Forms: rect

n the itch, impetigo : rect gl. impetiginem, Thes. ii 38.17 .

4 recht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 recht or dil.ie/34901

Forms: reacht

n law-abiding person, person of legal status: cach recht .i. cach richt duine, Laws iii 24.29 Comm. = cach recht .i. cach gradh tuait[h]e, H. 3. 18 p. 381a b ( O'C. 833 ). alidh cach recht a otrus la Fene `every condition of person is entitled to his nursing', Bretha Crólige § 17 ( Ériu xii 14 ). ben gadas ar cach recht `who robs everybody', Bretha Crólige § 44 ( Ériu xii 34 ); Bretha Crólige § 24 gl. 8 . fri cach racht cid fíala a flaithe though their lords be generous to everybody JCS ii 98 § 38 . Cf. also: reacht nar an re aipthiughadh (of one cut off in youth), Ir. Texts ii 105 § 12 . reacht `a man', O'R. Cf. richt (b), (c). See ZCP xiv 380.24 .

rechta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rechta or dil.ie/34902

adj. straight ? (g s. of 1 recht?): for rout recta (.i. for sligi dirig), LL 316c12 (: fec[h]ta). uasna rinni recta (of spears), 265a17 ( MU 22.12 ) (: bec[h]ta).

1 rechtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rechtach or dil.ie/34903

Forms: Rechtach

adj o,ā. (1 recht) just, equitable, law-giving : (as sobri- quet) pn Fedelmed Rechtach , LU 4165 = Met. Dinds. ii 14.1 (`F. the Lawgiver'; rechtaid, rechtmar v.ll.).

2 rechtach

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adj o,ā. (richt) possessing . . . forms, appearances, in compd.: is and sin cét-riastarda im Choinculaind, co nderna uathbásach n-ilrechtach n-iṅgantach de of many (i.e. shifting ?) forms , TBC 2590 = TBC² 1929 ( LU 6443 ).

rechtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rechtaid or dil.ie/34905

n i,m. a judge, lawgiver (?); a legal person (?): rechtaid cách co lelbu `every one is a lawgiver till it comes to children', Tec. Corm. § 31.5 . is rechtaid cach for a deis fodeisin (.i. is indraicthi cach ar a ferann), Laws i 230.7 , 18 (i.e. every man is master in his own domain?). ba rachtaigh criche, iv 16.22 . rechtaidh amhail Moysi, BNnÉ 44 § 2 . senrechtaid búada, FB 46 . rechtaid geill a ruler entitled to hostages , Bretha Crólige § 32 ( Ériu xii 26 ), applied to a woman-ruler. Aspn sobriquet: Fedlimid Rechtaidh .i. bretha rechta do fhoghnaidís dó, Cóir Anm. 110 . g s. mac Feidlimthe Rectaid, LL 35a23 . meic Fédlimthe Rechtuda, LB 62a8 ( Thr. Hom. 52.21 ). n du. in da Feidlimid Reachtaidi, BDD 8 . Also occurs as npr. m.

rechtaide

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adj io,iā. legal; pertaining (or according) to the law ; in Wb. and PH in restricted sense of the Mosaic Law. dígal rectide forru, gl. per legem iudicabuntur, Wb. 1d3 . fírinne rectide, gl. iustitiam quae in lege est, 24a1 . tri hiris . . . ní tri gnímu rechtidi, 2b24 . crich do dul for in forbunn rechtaide la tuidecht soscela, PH 3450 . isna edpartaib rechtaidib, 5322 . In wider sense lawful: ro tharclamsat Lagin a chis rectaide dó, LL 160a17 . ? dognithea airig doib comdar reachtaidi uile ( =so that they all attained legal status, of serfs), BDD 8 .

rechtaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rechtaigid or dil.ie/34907

Forms: réchtaigim

v g. legislates: réchtaigim, gl. lēgo (< lēgare), Sg. 60b16 .

rechtaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rechtaire or dil.ie/34908

n io,m.

(a) a steward, bailiff, administrator : in early Irish heroic lit. generally the major-domo of a king or chief who directed his household and whose duties somet. included collecting food-dues or tributes; also used of deputies or governors appointed by a ruler over a city or province. rechtaire .i. rector a rege , Corm. Y 1078 = .i. rechtorairge, Corm. p. 38 . regerent[ur] .i. rechtire forru, Thes. i 497.20 ( Ardm. 179a1 , of Blastus, chamberlain of Herod, Acts xii 20 ). rectire ind ríg, gl. praepositus regis, Wb. 17d13 (a prima manu). rechtaire, gl. villicus, Sg. 156b1 . ond rechtairiu, gl. villico, Pcr. 65a3 . rechtaire teglaig Conaire . . . fer conic suide ┐ lige ┐ bíad do chách, BDD 86 ( LU 7184 ). coica rectaire randa lasin flaith, LL 28b38 , cf. rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib (of household of Tara), Ériu iv 124 § 2 . is é ropo primrechtaire fer ṅHerend, LL 165b28 (of Lindgadan, called `rannaire Osraige', Met. Dinds. iv 218.7 ) = is hé ba rondaire ┐ ba sluagh-rechtaire fer nErenn, Dinds. 119 ( RC xvi 71.28 ). luid rechtaire ríg Bretan do chuinchid chísa grotha (= pro- curator regis), Lat. Lives 49.7 . Margg . . . rechtaire ríg Fomóre . . . dolluid dochum ṅHerend do thobuch a chísa, LL 160a14 . maoir no rechtuire in rí, Laws ii 94.4 Comm. ro ráidh D. fri a rechtairiu ┐ fri hoes tobaig a chana, MR 16.3 ( FDG 110 ). do ordaich . . . maeru ┐ reachtairedu in cach tir ┐ in cach thuaith (of a Danish conqueror), Cog. 48.12 . batar rechtairea rig Roman . . . for indsip fuinid, Death-tales 12 § 1 = reacht- uireadha righ an domuin, 14 § 2 (appar. procurators appointed by the Roman emperor). Of officials employed to collect certain imposts or fines: rechtaire Cāna Adomnān, Cáin Ad. § 48 . do rechtairib na cána (i.e. the Cáin Domnaig), Ériu ii 208 § 29 .

In monasteries the prior (dispensator, economus) was somet. called in Irish rechtaire: rechtaire na mBocht, FM ii 904.4 (i.e. of the Community of Maol Ciaráin Mac Con na mBocht; the translator of the Annals of Clonmacnois a. 1069 alludes to the same person as `the steward of that family').

(b) a judge? reachtaire .i. rí no breitheamh, O'Cl. (perh. an inference from particular exx.).

(c) in late lang. somet. a herd or dairy-farmer : tug x mba fithchead ┐ tarbh ┐ dís rachtaireada ┐ dís bhainrachtaireadha leis, ITS xvi 116 z . Cf. reachtaire `a dairy-man . . . a small farmer who rents a number of milch-cows ', Dinneen; and: rechtaire .i. rechtorairge, Corm. p. 38 (= rector airge if not a mistake for r.¤ a rege Corm. Y 1078 ?).