5 ré

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 ré or dil.ie/34868

n a kind or species (of verse)? ind anamain mór . . . cethri re inti-sside .i. nath ┐ anair, laíd ┐ emain. Itt e sein tra cetrí re na hanamna, IT iii 59 § 114 = ré BB. anamain . . . ceithri reich ann . . . nath ┐ anair, etc., 96 § 152 . Cf. `re' ainm milis do gach modh, Met. Gl. D. § 15 (ré, read v.ll.). ré f. `a device, motto, piece of poetry, i.e. aiste', O'R. re .i. aiste `a kind of verse', P. O'C.

6 ré, ría

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 ré, ría or dil.ie/34869

Forms: re, ré, ri, ria, re, ré, ría, re, résin(d), riasin(d), résna, riasna, reum, róm, remum, remut, remut, riut, rōt, riam, ríam, reme, roime, remi, remi, romi, rempe, roimpe, reunn, remond, remaind, remhainn, riun, remunn, remainn, round, romainn, remib, romaib, remib, remaib, roaib, rempu, rompu, rompoibh, rom(h)am, rom(h)at, rém, rom, rét, rót, réna, riana, rem, reim, roim, roimh, roimhe, rem-, remi-, reim-, réimh-, rem-

prep. gov. dat., eclipses follg. initial. In Glosses generally re; ré, Sg. 169a1 , Wb. 9b16 . ri, Wb. 28c4 . ria, Thes. ii 240.19 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). Mid.Ir. re, ré, ría. In later Mid.Ir. somet. confounded with re (ri) < fri. Folld. by art. résin(d), riasin(d); pl. résna, riasna.

With pers. pron. suffix.: 1 s. O.Ir. reum, Thes. ii 357.14 (Hy. vii); Mid.Ir. rium; róm, SR 1270 ; remum. 2 s. O.Ir. remut; Mid.Ir. remut, riut; rōt, SR 1273 . 3 s. m. n. O.Ir. riam (disyll.); Mid.Ir. ríam; a form which comes to be used as an adv. and is supplanted by reme (remi, roime). 3 s. f. O.Ir. remi; Mid.Ir. remi, romi, later rempe, roimpe. 1 pl. reunn, Thes. ii 325.18 ( Hy. iv 4 , reading of T; remond, remaind, remhainn v.l.); Mid.Ir. riun, remunn, remainn; round, TBC 992 , 1132 ; romainn. 2 pl. Mid.Ir. [remib?], romaib. 3 pl. O.Ir. remib; Mid.Ir. remaib; roaib, LL 198a19 ( Met. Dinds. iii 80.46 ). Early in Mid.Ir. the 3 pl. form is replaced by rempu (-o, -a), rompu; rompoibh, Sits 1919 v 92 § 2 (metri gratiâ). In later Mid.Ir. and in mod. lang. the pro- nominal forms are added to the stem rom-; rom(h)am, rom(h)at, etc.

With poss. pron.: rém, rom; rét, rót: 3 s. and pl. réna, riana.

In late Mid.Ir. the simple prep. is freq. displaced by rem, reim, ( ZCP xii 292.21 ; Ériu ii 174.10 ), roim ( PH 7774 ), mod. roimh, roimhe, leniting follg. consonant. ría .i. roimhe, O'Cl.

In compos. with vb. rem-, proclitic remi- (O.Ir.), later rem-, reim-, mod. also réimh-.

In compos. with verbal nouns and other nouns, rem- (reim-).

I In general sense before :

(a) of time: ut fuit Adam ré n-immarmus, Wb. 9b16 ; cf. ria n-immarbos, SR 1040 ; roim peccad, PH 7774 . ma théis . . . rium-sa before me , Wb. 14a14 . re ngrád et iar mbathis before ordination , 31b4 . rem chuimrig before my captivity , 30a5 . rena galar-som before his sickness , 23d5 . di bliadin re mbas, Thes. ii 238.18 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). fubíthin creitme ria cách because of believing before all others , 240.19 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). ni longe co longe céle Dé remut till a Culdee eats before thee , 258.31 . is me ra chunnig in coibchi na ra chunnig ben riam remom which no woman ever asked for before me , TBC 30 . ní buí róm, ní bia tar m'éis | nech bus eólchu, Met. Dinds. iii 304.7 . co na boi remut nach hi [leg. hit] diaid rig bus ecnaide, PH 3968 . corub ed connesum . . . in ní ro chuinnig in fáith romaind that we should ask what the prophet asked before us , 7966 . nárbh eól dá rabha romhat unknown to all before thee , Studies 1919, 612 § 6 . cerd do shen rót the profession of thy ancestors before thee , O'Gr. Cat. 392.10 (early 17th cent.). ni dernad aer dia n-aithrib . . . reimibh | nach dia senaithrib re suidhibh to their fathers before them nor to their grandfathers before those , Arch. iii 297 § 59 . ata ann o aimsir na dílend ┐ do bí roimpi, Maund. 42 . ríasind trath cóir, Mon. Tall. 9 . résan dílinn, Keat. i 146 y . is cian ria gCormac do céadtógbhadh Teach Miodh- chuarta, ii 4745 . ri techt gráid foir before taking orders , Wb. 28b32 . ria n-airnechtain duib before the invention of ink , Hib. Min. 8.242 . in adaig [sic leg.] reim chath D. do thobairt, Ériu ii 174.10 (re v.l.).

The Mid.Ir. 3 s. m. (orig. f.) pron. form remi (sin) is used freq. as adv. before that, previously : ind úaburdelb tárfás dóib in adaig sin reme the night before , LU 6539 = riam reme, TBC² 2022 , TBC 2710 . ro chrithnaigsetar tri tonna Herend remi sin in n-aidchi sin previously that night , CRR 16 . co n-acatar he remi sin co menic, PH 3418 . gar reimi sin a short time before , Arch. iii 225.20 . See ríam.

(b) Implying preference: lánbendacht . . . for Máelruain ria ṅdaínib before all (other) men , Fél. Ep. 64 . sluind dó ri cāch bréthir announce the word to him before all others , ZCP xi 80 § 4 . buaidh ria mbannaibh a victory above all achievements , vi 264 § 5 . neamh ré ngach ní iarram ort, Timthiridh vi 17 § 2 .

(c) Used with reflex. pers. pron. in adverbial sense referring to a previous statement or passage, previously, above : amal ra scribsam remaind, TBC 1470 . amal ro ráidsium remaind, PH 1082 , cf. 6424 (romaind). tugsad Gaoidhil, mar tá róm as I have said , Content. vi 96 . as na mallachtaibh do luaidheamar romhainn, TSh. 9726 . See remainn.

(d) occas. with reflex. pron. of that which awaits a person in the future: do chaith na hocht mbliadhna déag do bhí roimhe do fhlaitheas Néill the remaining eight years of Niall's reign , Keat. iii 206 . in meide bui rompa don lo the remainder of the day , Fl. Earls 14.32 . fech leathanach ród a page further on , Hy Fiachr. 46 .

II In local sense,

(a) before, in front of : ní airecar .b. remi ( the letter) b is not found before it (the letter m), Sg. 20a9 . a thitol re cach libur, 2a8 . ni feil titlu remib (of the psalms), Ml. 2b4 . (with acc.) atat cethri tituil resna psalmo, Hib. Min. 8.272 . Christ reum, Crist im degaid, Thes. ii 357.14 ( Hy. vii ). bid reid riam cach n-amreid, Thes. 235.16 ( Bern. 117a ), cf. rop reid rémunn cech n-amreid, Thes. 304.2 ( Hy. i 34 ), ZCP vii 268 § 2 (riëm). imreditis a t[h]raigthi iarma ┐ a escata remi, TBC² 1451 . ro díbairg in ṅgai dó 'sa urlond reme butt foremost , RC iii 178.9 . feib théit echrad láir rena serrgraig, TBC 6103 . in redlu resna draide preceding the Magi , PH 7067 = resna draidib, 7094 . luid in t-aingel roim Finnén, Lism.L. 2636 . Labion . . . rompo L. leading them , CCath. 177 . Diarmait Gall ré nglasláith nAirtigh, IGT Dec. ex. 641 .

In Mid. Ir. the pron. form is often preceded by a preposi- tional form ríam, so that the preposition is doubled: ciataim ane ar loṅgais riam reme, though we are in exile before him , TBC 874 . ni thechiub-sa riam remut I shall not flee before thee , 1861 . co mbatar riam remi, 2596 . For further exx. see remáin, ríam.

In fig. sense: cid dam-sa na curfind mo chomlund a chetóir romum why should I not resolve on (undertake) my combat at once? CRR 25 , cf. 26 . aní se do chuireamair romhainn do chríochnughadh to finish what I propose to do , TSh. 31 .

(b) with reflex. pron. after vb. of motion on, forwards (very common in Mid. and Mod.Ir.): luid in mac remi, TBC 886 . lotar rempu connice in dún, 1227 . raghat-sa róm gonige an baile, Buile S. § 30 . imthigh-si romhad go Sord, Ériu i 88 § 34 . tibra ita i Loch Con . . . teit 'na diaid in tan traiges, inn uair linas in loch lan teit romi subsides when (the lake) ebbs, rises when the lake fills , ZCP v 24 § 11 (cf. Todd Nenn. 195 n. d ). luidsed fo thuaid rompo, viii 274.12 . In the follg. exx. the pron. is virtually reflex.: tair round timchull na Emna come on , TBC 1132 ; cf. TBC² 461 (tair ruind = reond, LU). dó run co tech Conaill let us get on to C.'s house , RC xiv 418 § 36 . Ellipt.: rout, a gillai, dar druim sair `forward, boy', Met. Dinds. iv 348.23 . By extension, of progress or con- tinuance: tuigium romaind gu ria aris let me go on thatching , Arch. iii 236 § 9 . Cf. innis rod TD 28.1 .

(c) after vbs. of fleeing (= Eng. before, from, Germ. vor): dochuaid rim-sa for teithed, TBC² 1262 (= reomsa, LU 5736 ). in tan teithes ria n-oenḟer, 1268 . TBC 1861 , 6060 . for teched re guth in duileman, MacCarthy 58.1 ( LB 111b14 ). beit ina rith romaind, CRR 22 . With ellipse of vb.: Slige Dalo, fosfuair Setna . . . ria ndrui[d]ib hIrmuman, Dinds. 58 ( RC xv 454 x .), cf. is rempu-sin . . . fúair rót Dala `fleeing before them', Met. Dinds. iii 282.81 . Cf. cia bemni for loinges riam, TBC² 372 .

(d) after maidid the victor is expressed by RÉ, the van- quished by FOR or FRI: in tan rommemaid re nAbracham forsna cóic riga, Ml. 127d 6 . ho rumaith fora naimtea remib 51c9 . go tiasur-sa da ḟiss cia riasa maidend in cath fa thrí ruind (leg. frind), TBC 5972 = cia resa maid in cath frind, TBC² 3575 . reime no maidsed ┐ ni fair ro rainfide he would win , TBC 830 . is rem Eogan ro moigsed na catha sin, ZCP xii 292.21 . ro meabhaidh riamh forro he defeated them , FM v 1524 z . See maidid. Similarly: ro roína reunn cathu cach thedme may she break before us the battles of every plague , Hy. iv 4 ( Thes. ii 325.18 ). After a noun: mad romum bus róen if I rout (the enemy ), TBC 3753 . cath Formāili rīam for Conall he won the battle of F. over C. , Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 54 ( LL 183a49 ). Cath Chind A. . . . risna [= riasna] tri Chairpri . . . for Lugaidh, RC xvii 10.25 . coscradh Atha Cliath ria Ciannacht for hU Teig, AU 769 .

(e) after vbs. of opening: hoslaic róm dorus Parduis, SR 1270 . conérget . . . cach fer díib do oslogud ríana mnaí to let his wife in , LU 8271 ( FB 21 ). cor oscail roaib in rígthech, Met. Dinds. iii 80.46 . ro oslaic in dorus re Cesair, CCath. 3334 .

(f) in fig. sense after words expressing welcome, etc.: rom chrideōn is mochenōn welcome to my heart , Sits 1912, xxv 439 § 9 . don mhór-fhuil ré mbiodh fáilte . . . gach fóirne, Keat. Poems 174 . rob suilbhir aghaidh gach fhir | róibh-si, Studies 1921, 74 § 6 . forffailidh e rompa ag toigeacht, Fl. Earls 100.31 . ní foláir don uile dhuine bheith ollamh roimhe to be prepared for it (i.e. death), TSh. 131 .

(g) after words expressing fear, abhorrence, etc., of cause of feeling: na gabad oman sib reme, PH 2100 . ata do meit in omhain ann for na hanmunnaibh riasna pianuibh, Ériu ii 134 y . corab mór mh'[im]egla resan mac mallachtan, ZCP viii 203.11 . fer is mó gráin . . . re n-urcharaib the most terrified at shots , Ériu iv 214.24 , cf. is móidi a gráin re a ngothaib, 216.4 . cia an duine . . . nach géabhadh gráin rompa? TSh. 6753 . déistin roimh dhrúcht nimhe, loathing of manna , Hackett xlii 53 .

(h) after words expressing protection, warning etc., against : rabadh . . . roim mailis na mban, RC xix 152.16 . ar comairci Colmain dūnn riasin ngabad-sa we put ourselves in the safe- guard of C. against this danger , BColm. 86.28 . atu-ssa ar comairge Concobair romut, Ériu v 72.13 . comhla gen gobi rem' baeis though there be no guard against my folly , Arch. iii 236 § 9 .

7 ré, re

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 ré, re or dil.ie/34870

ind in phrase: cach ré n- every alternate ; a late form of earlier cach ala (cach la, gach le). gach re n-am, TSh. 6220 (poem). gach ré lá every other day , FM vi 1956.28 . bid .vii. rigdha ac seruís dó gach ré mí, Maund. 250 (i.e. serving him for a month in turns?). ata gach re cloich d'or ┐ d'airget the stones are alternatively of gold and silver , 159 . cach ra n-orbba . . . o Chnamchaill co Ath Cliath, Rawl. 149b40 . targaidh . . . gach ré mboin . . . otá Lionnglais co Lughmagh every second cow , ZCP viii 220.5 . cach re rí i Casiul, Cog. 54.12 (right of the Dál Cais that every alternate king of Cashel should be of their tribe). For: cach ar fecht, ib. read: cach re f.

réäch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. réäch or dil.ie/34871

Forms: reach

adj o,ā. (1 ré) spacious : reach, gl. spatiosum, Ml. 50a15 .

réal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. réal or dil.ie/34872

n f. (Sp. loanword) sixpence: ní íocfuidh Gall nár tteannta ráol de, Diarmaid Mac Seáin Bhuí (ed. Tórna, 1916) 204 § 45 . tri ráel sa phúnt, 204 § 46 (both exx. in 23 C 8, p. 204 , in a poem by Éamonn an Dúna, c. 1656). don té sin do bheir réal níos mó ortha, 23.269 . gan réal gheal, GJ ii 226.197 . do chaith a choróinn 's a réul gheal, Hard. i 193. 19 . trí riaghlacha, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 43.30 . cheithre sgillinge agus riail, MacCurtin 171a . réal m. and f. Dinneen.

reb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. reb or dil.ie/34873

n ā,f. meaning doubtful, apparently sport, game (of various kinds, esp. feats of skill or strength); in pl. feats, tricks. aen- reab .i. aen-cleas, H. 3. 18 p. 531 . reabh .i. cleas, O'Cl.

óen-reb leó uli .i. gabaid cach fer díb rind a claidib eter a dá mér ┐ imdacuiret imma mér, etc., BDD 76 . is sí reb dogniat día claidbib, 95 . focheird cach fer a brat immáraile. . . . Nis dérbaind día ndáil ind reb sin `that feat does not hinder them from their skinking' (of the cupbearers of Tara), 107 , 108 . iṅgnad reb ┐ abairt ┐ adabair dogní, TBC² 1796 ( LU 6298 ), cf. TBC 2457 . ro both ocond reib sin ┐ ocond abairt on tráth co' raile, TBC² 1418 (of an interchange of stone missiles between two warriors). segoind ar reb (.i. cleas), ZCP v 485 § 4 (B. na f.). gan reb chatha do corugud (of warriors in retreat), TTébe 2977 . ba sed a reba ┐ abairti, LL 266b33 ( MU 32.18 ) (of magic feats performed by the Dagda). cia bet na righ fri reba, | a feba nitat buana, ZCP ix 166 § 4 . na madaid re reba dogs at their tricks (?), Arch. iii 240 z (prophecy of lawless times). a Midir na reb ra-glan `of the splendid feats', Met. Dinds. iii 350.43 . hi Ráith Crúachan na reb réid `of lightsome sports', 464.55 . aenach na rebh ro-ghuinech, BB 401a42 . Rudraige ruire na reb, Ériu viii 16.19 . ruiri reb richid (of the Deity), SR 7828 , cf. rí na réb, Fen. 228 . Of magical feats or properties of things: is bés dí ind reb sin, BDD 129 (of a spear which emits flames). is iṅgnad reba ┐ abarta dogní in tṡleg, TBC 5191 . ? bid lat cech ní imrega, | cech tír cit réidi reba, Trip. 112.16 = Trip.² 1278 (promise of angel to S. Patrick). cid dogni suairc sirach sēt | isind aidchi fri riad reb? (:gel) SR 7915 (of the earth?). mar atchualá Euá in sain | reba adchossain Adaim outbursts (?) of reproach , 1718 (= amal itchuala E. athcosan Adaim, MacCarthy 66.19 ). sernnaid sreith 'mond eclais . . . for son (= ar son, KM, Wortk. 201 ) reilgce co rebaib | do anartaib oen-gelaib, 4411 (command to Levites in service of the Tabernacle; actively, nimbly ? or joyfully ?).

Compd. ¤tromm: airgfea Reacraind rebtruim ruaidh, `das kampflustige R.', Bruchst. i § 33 ( IT iii 88 § 105 ).

rebach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rebach or dil.ie/34874

adj o,ā. (reb) skilled in feats (of valour or strength), passing into sense of dextrous, nimble or sportive, playful. reabhach .i. fear doní cleasa, O'Cl. Of persons: Niall ua Ruairc rebach `spritely', Arch. Hib. ii 74 § 58 = LL 184a59 . flesc Find maic Rossa rebaig `nimble', Met. Dinds. ii 80.19 . co bās in rig ro- rebaid `athletic', iii 422.22 . Áed mac Ronáin rorebaig `of many feats', iv 356.84 . úa na rígh reabhach `deedful (?)', Duan. Finn ii 166.1 . an draoi reabhach `tricky', ML 90.3 . Of women and children, prob. sportive, playful, lively : dār ob an rīogain reabaig, RC xxxvii 351 § 5 . ócmná rebecha `joyous', TTr.² 1090 . maccaim ro-bega rebacha, TTébe 2265 . Of animals: fo damraid ruaid rói-reabaig sportive stags (?), Acall. 496 . adba rōn rebach, Bruchst. i § 149 = IT iii 38 § 24 (= riabach 102 § 187 ). Of abstracts and things: gaiscidh rod ro-rebach, Aen. 2038 . gabais Brian rigi rebach `a featful kingship', RC xxiv 182.16 . sé blíadna i rrīgi rebach `joyous kingship', Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 22 ( LL 185a2 ). reabach an ris si (.i. as súgach no as clesach an scel so), Leb. Gab. i 112.9 . meinic táinic toisg reabhaigh d'ḟis Amhlaeibh `on a visit of pleasure', Misc. Celt. Soc. 166 w . dá brúgaid 'sa ráith rébaig, Hy Fiachr. 260 .

rébach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rébach or dil.ie/34875

adj o,ā. (cf. répaid) that rends or tears; torn, rent (mod.). reubach `penetrative; that teareth ', O'R. As subst. m. a rag, torn cloth : éadach . . . is léine 'na réabach in tatters , Keat. Poems 356 .

rébaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rébaid or dil.ie/34876

v tears , see répaid.

? rebaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? rebaige or dil.ie/34877

ind (rebach): is mellca ara rebaigi, LL vi 51796 = is mellcha ararebaige 'un charme pour la joie' RC xxxi 310 .

? rebán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? rebán or dil.ie/34878

n epithet of a mountain: i cionn sléibe rebháin ró- ruaidh, SG 24.21 . A dim. of reb?