rap

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rap or dil.ie/34825

x see robb.

1 ras, ? rás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ras, ? rás or dil.ie/34826

Forms: ras, rás

n (Eng. or Fr. race) ras o,m., IGT Dec. § 68 . ras ar nach foil dimdha ag Día | imda troigh as go hIndia, ib. ex. 1519 . Cf. mod. rás.

(a) racing, a running contest : ar báire, rás is radaireacht, Cúirt an Mheadon Oidhche 277 (ed. 1912). ar mhachaire . . . an ráis ná an rinnce, ib. 253 .

(b) race, tribe, descent : dá rástharbh ruamanta `impetuous . . . bulls' ( pedigree bulls? ), MR 298.18 .

2 ras

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ras or dil.ie/34827

n .i. sirecht longing (?), H. 3. 18 p. 74 ( O'C. 122 ).

rasas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rasas or dil.ie/34828

n m. despoiling, stripping? im rasas do murmaige `for the crop of thy sea-marsh', Laws i 166.27 (explained: im ini ro fasas ar ur na dumaige in magru . . . no luachair in muirmuige do buain essleir .i. a scris no a claide, 170.25 ). rasus .i. scris ondí is rado, H. 3. 18 p. 73 ( O'C. 119 ). rosas .i. buain, H. 3. 18 370 ( O'C. 797 ).

rasc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rasc or dil.ie/34829

x see resc, -ach.

rástáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rástáil or dil.ie/34830

vn stride, pace: ar mbeith dóibh ag rásdáil 'when they had strode' PCT2 187 , Celtica xiii 135 .

rasmoel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rasmoel or dil.ie/34831

Forms: rasmhaol

n a seal, sea-calf : rasmoel .i. rōn, Corm. Y 1125 ; prob. for rosmoel, cf. rossal, rosualt (< O.N. hrosshualr, Marstr. Bidrag 107 ). raesmael .i. ron, Lec. Gl. 337 = rosmeal, 151 M . rasmhaol `a sea-calf', O'R.

rastal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rastal or dil.ie/34832

Forms: rastail

n o,m. (Lat. rastellus) a rake, agricultural tool : rastal .i. ris talmuin benas, Corm. Y 1121 . rastail, gl. rastrum, Ir. Gl. 814 . a corrana ┐ a rastail troma treuairi, TTebe 1278 . do rastlaib ┐ do corránaibh, CCath. 2506 .

1 rath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rath or dil.ie/34833

Forms: ratha, rath, rrad, rad, rad, raith, ratha, rath, rathaib, rath, raith, ratha

n o,n. and m. in Mid.Ir. g s. also ratha (usual later form). n s. rath, Wb. 2c17 ; (with art.) a rrad , 29d29 ; rad ṅDé, 7d3 (but: rad Dée, 13b6 , cf. 3d16 ). g s. raith, 14c42 , 29a7 , 33b8 ; SR 3317 , 3322 , 5319 ; ratha, 6061 . g p. inna rath , Wb. 15c3 . d p. huanaib rathaib , Ml. 116c1 . rath m., g s. raith, ratha, IGT Dec. § 38.7 .

Acc. to Thurn. Hdb. § 726 , Lewis-Ped. § 542 , vn. of ernaid bestows, grants , s. RIA Dict. E 172.5.

(a) grace , esp. in religious sense, both of Divine grace and grace as a spiritual quality in man; general meaning in Glosses, where it nearly always translates Lat. gratia. manim- chobrad rad Dáe (= gratia Dei), Wb. 3d16 . do rath Dé ba forlán, Fél. Nov. 5 . duine co rrath Dé, Mon. Tall. § 32 . eícndag ind raith diadi, Wb. 29a7 . amal romboí cuit cáich din rath diadu (= secundum gratiam quae data est nobis), 5d6 . ro línad o rath in spiruta naím, LU 9826 . rath in Spirto, Fél. May 15 ; cf. PH 5409 . teirt . . . is inti tanic rath super apostolos, Ériu iii 116.11 . cride co rad ríg nime `the gracious heart of the King of Heaven', ii 118 § 56 ; cf. alaind baí in rígan cu rath `lovely and gracious was the princess', Met. Dinds. ii 74.49 (perh. = d). in rí go rath, gan deiredh is gan tosach, ZCP viii 114 § 2 . cenotad maic-si raith sons of grace , Wb. 33b8 . a meic raith! (of Joseph), SR 3317 . Ioseph in bith-raith, 3322 . in mac raith Eibbán (of St. Abbán), ZCP viii 110 § 9 . Cf. an Mac Ratha (name of Maedóc's bell), BNnÉ 245 § 197 . fer raith, Fél. Aug. 18 . aes raith, SR 5319 . `sin chanoin ruith- senaig raith, Arch. iii 307 § 27 . ? ferr rath inā riagal, ZCP vi 261.14 .

(b) a grace, virtue, gift (= Lat. charisma), oft. with defining gen.: rath dénma ferte (= gratiam curationum), Wb. 12b21 . rath precepte, 12b29 . rath somailse, Ml. 89c15 . tic rath fastini fair the gift of prophecy , LU 9827 . rath ecna ┐ fatsine, PH 4490 . BNnÉ 265.4 . muime gach ratha rāin (of isle of Rachriu), ZCP x 53 § 4 . ro fallsiged rath in aislingi, Aisl. MC 39.28 . pl. ata imda ratha ind Fheilire, Fél. 10.30 . is liriu feor ilratha in marbnaid noeb-siu, ZCP iii 225.4 . it e sin ratha na haíne, PH 8422 . co rathaib righ-c[h]ealla, ZCP viii 203.30 .

The two follg. exx. from SR, by Stokes in Index referred to O'Clery's rath .i. baile (which = ráth), prob. represent this word: cia dechair fail dar a rath? what difference is there in their virtue? (of winds), SR 7947 (: dath). diar bris dia rigroimsi rath | primdo[i]rsi na morcatrach, 7355 (of Samson; abundance of graces, virtues ?).

(c) the granting of a favour : tuc A. . . . maidm forro . . . tre rath Chiarain, RC xvii 404.29 . ro muid for Gallaib tria rath Poil ┐ Pedair, Cog. 14.23 . A mark of favour, a boon : is rath co feirg a wrathful gift , RC iii 180.23 ( LL 121a48 ) (of a spear asked as a gift, which is thrown to the asker and wounds him). Cf. is ann is etail duine | i [= a] mba cuma lais uile | a aor ocus a molad, | a rath ocus a ghueidhe, ZCP vii 298.9 , 10 (i.e. when it is alike to him whether he be censured or praised, receive favours or be asked for them?). Mercy : crochad is riaghad gan rath, Acall. 1852 .

(d) good luck, fortune, prosperity (usual later sense): eochair ratha ro-chruth (i.e. beauty wins prosperity), ZCP vi 270 § 2 . ni hingnad a beith cen rath, duine drechmas (of one who is fair of face but lacks sense), 267 § 3 . in fer ba huasle ┐ ba mó rath isin tuaith, LL 2a30 . fer in ratha `man of luck' (of Find m. Cumaill), Met. Dinds. ii 74.42 . ni gēbha rath, recht nā righe, ZCP viii 110 § 11 . do ben dím mo rath 's tuc me gan righe, BCC § 139 . do chinnsat ar chomha[i]rle fa mór rath which turned out very successful , Ériu i 98.18 . fuarais mór ríg co rath āig, RC xx 12 § 18 ( LL 47b36 ). réim go rath, Cog. 96.31 . ruathar go rath `victorious march', 104.19 . Domnall dorinde oirne maith | fa deoigh coma fer raith `may he be a man of bounty' (? may he prosper ), BCC § 136 . Cormac hua Cuind an ri raith, Anecd. i 18.10 . for rith raith `in a successful career', Ériu ix 46 § 11 . fágbhaidh la hOilill a rath | i gcath Ceall Osnadha (i.e. was defeated by O.), Keat. iii 709 (poem). fá mór rath Éireann ré linn Chor- maic, 3028 . do mhúch rath na cathrach, Keat. Poems 1508 . Aedh . . . d'hēg a tus a ratha `in the beginning of his felicity', AU iii 80 y , cf. 354 y . rath beg saoghalta ar fedh ttamaill, O'Hussey TC 72.8 . a mí aoibhill a ratha saoghalta, TSh. 542 . tuar goimhe rochtain i rath, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 175.87 . go gcuireadh an Tighearna rath air, Gen. xxxix 23 . pl. in dis- tributive sense: claifitir a ratha, tairnfither a bríg, CRR 22 (: datha). ro bhoi 'sa dun fo rathaib `in happiness (?)', ZCP xi 41 § 5 . diombágh druim rena rathaibh [ag leannán Chuinn] `alas that Conn's darling turned her back on her good fortune!' A. Ó Dálaigh liii 14 .

fri rath on account of: do-foeth mór fer find fria rath, Sc. MMD § 3.15 .

Compds. ¤bard: Raigne na rathbard `of the lucky bards', Met. Dinds. ii 46.11 . ¤beo: tria rún raith rathaig rath-bi `through the mystery of the bountiful living grace', KMMisc. 154.98 . rathbla áig, LL 211a50 = uath-bla, Met. Dinds. iii 396.5 . rí co rrathbuidnib `with blessed hosts', 24.323 . ós Raigniu rath-chert `of hallowed rights', iii 2.2 . ri roghach rathgorm, AU 902 (poem) = rogach rath, FM a. 898 . ós rathlind Charmain `hallowed water', Met. Dinds. iii 22.275 , cf. 260.7 . rathmac `son of grace', BColm. 20.8 . athnugud na cell | tre rathmūnud mind `the gracious doctrine of relics', KMMisc. 274.9 . hua Lathbertuig . . . rathnertaig, LL 141a48 . recht ruirech rathordan, BDD 100 (c) = BDD² 1016 `honor of bestowal'. úasind ruirig rathrúanaid, ib. (k) = rathrúnigh `intent on bestowing'?, BDD² 1043 .

2 rath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 rath or dil.ie/34834

n o,m. (orig. neut.; n s. rath n-athigh ZCP xv 251 § 7 ) prob. orig. same word as 1 rath, from which it is not always to be easily distinguished. See ZCP xiv 339.33 .

Goods, chattels, property , esp. as bestowed in bounty (cf. 1 rath) or given as a due or stipend. Cf. icund rathtig, gl. in macello, Wb. 11b19 (a prima manu), i.e. a provision or store-house? rath .i. foirithin, ut est . . . cét-rath cacha selba .i. . . . cét-foirithin cacha sealba, O'Dav. 1374 (i.e. subsidy ?). cotomroir o rathaib (.i. romfoirestar o tuarustal), LL 392d27 . ro gnathaig ratha (.i. ro gnataig tuarustal do tabairt dam), ib. 37 . urlam do rath, rurtech do chách ready in bounty (?), LU 3398 ( SC 18 ). seanchus cach righ is a rath `the history of every king and his income', BR 52.18 (poem dealing with the tributes and subsidies due to the king of Cashel). intí . . . dobered rath doib, ba isin coire dobered, Corm. Y 141 s.v. bōige (of fees or food-gifts to qualified poets). forscailtech raith lavish of property, bounty (?), LL 147a20 = PRIA iii 546 § 17 . mise ó's ag min-roinn mo raith | timnaim ise don Ardḟlaith, IGT Dec. ex. 902 . ? i n-inber raithe `the inver of bounties', RC xxvi 26 § 104 (raith v.l.; glossed .i. i n-inber ind ratha .i. i n-ollam- nas). maic Aincgeis co méit ratha `rich in substance', Met. Dinds. iii 4.27 .

a fief of stock or land given by a chief or landlord to a tribesman or tenant subject to certain counter-obligations (divided mainly into doír-rath and soír-rath ); by Thurneysen, Cóic Con. Fug. p. 9 defined as Lehen, Viehstellung mit Gegenleistung. in fuidir . . . nochin-fuil ni is mó dō nā rath dā bō . . . cid mor do nechib iartair air, is ecen dō in rath sin do aisic no in fognam do denam uada, Cóic Con. Fug. 54 § 123 (the `fuidir' has a loan or stipend of two cows; whatever service may be required of him, he must perform it or restore the loan). dilis, acht cu muine coire, rath n-athigh do flaith, ZCP xv 251 § 7 (the `rath' of a peasant is forfeit to the lord provided the latter has fulfilled his obligations; the `rath' here is an acknowledgement, probably in stock, of benefits conferred by the lord in representing him or defending his rights). rath aithuigh di alaile, 251 § 8 (a loan or subsidy given by one peasant to another on footing of equal rank). a biathadh fo méit a raith o ṡaerceilibh ┐ o dhaercheilibh, Rawl. B 506 f. 35b ( O'Don. 2329 ). A list of various kinds of `rath' is given in H. 3. 18 p. 392b ( O'C. 874 ). dliged raith fine. Se rath file la feine . . . luath-rath, fi[a]drath, etc., H. 3. 18 393b ( O'C. 878 ). luath-rath .i. rath ernar iar fuilliucht athar ┐ sean-athar . . . fiad-rath .i. rath ernir i fid heirnidh loingsech no fogluid no feinniuth, ib. ( O'C. 879 ). cor druith (.i. co rath) no mire (.i. cen rath), Laws i 52.1 , 31 (transld. `one who can do work', `one who cannot work'). im gaire ndruith (.i. co rath .i. nesam in biad ┐ in t-etach ro caithfithea riu); im gaire mire (.i. ben mer, .i. gin rath), i 124.9 ; 136.18 , 20 .

3 rath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 rath or dil.ie/34835

n fern see raith.