rand

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rand or dil.ie/34799

x see 1 rann.

ránda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ránda or dil.ie/34800

adj io,iā. (rán) noble, fine : coíca rechtaire ránda, Met. Dinds. i 34.81 (rámda v.l.).

randatu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. randatu or dil.ie/34801

Forms: rann, randatu, randatid, randatad, randatath

n d,m. (abstr. from 1 rann) used in Sg. to express the property of belonging to a certain part of speech (rand, rann): n s. randatu, Sg. 188a7 . cia randdatu bis indi, 27a12 (i.e. under what part of speech does it fall?). a s. in randatid , 203a24 . g s. randatad, 188a9 , 203b4 . dechor randatath a distinction of parts of speech , 220b6 . d s. ónd óen-ranndato, 203b4 .

rand(a)e

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rand(a)e or dil.ie/34802

Forms: rande

adj io,iā. (rand, rann) partial; pertaining to a part : a randae, gl. partionale, Ml. 16b16 (neut. sing. as subst.). rande, gl. tropicus (of the tropic of Capricorn), Thes. ii 34.33 ( Bvn. 3b2 ).

rang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rang or dil.ie/34803

n a corncrake ? rang .i. tradhnai, H. 3. 18 p. 74 ( O'C. 122 ).

1 rann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rann or dil.ie/34804

Forms: rand, rann, ran, rán, rainn, rain, rainn, rainne, rainn, ranna, rann, rannaib, rainn, roinn, rann, rann, roinn, roinne, ronna, rann

n ā,f. (cf. W. rhan `part') in Mid.Ir. somet. written rand. O.Ir. n s. rann Wb. 10d18, 14c15, 25c26 ; ran, rán Wb. 12c13 . a s. rainn, Ml. 63c18 et pass. rain, 24c2 . d s. rainn, Sg. 18b1 . g s. rainne, 26b9 . a du. etar ṅdi rainn , 2b2 ; 74b3 . g du. ó chechtar in da rann, 74b5 ; 75a3 . d du. ó díb rannaib, 75a1 . a p. la ranna , 26b6 . g p. rann, 2b3 , 95a3 . d p. onaib rannaib , 202b3 . In later Mid.Ir. somet. o,m.

During the Mid.Ir. period the a d s. form rainn, freq. written roinn, comes into use as n s. and gradually supplants rann in the sense of part ; rann however persists in early Mod.Ir. (chiefly in the sense of party, side, adherent ), being treated as o,m. roinn f. (g s. roinne, ronna), IGT Dec. § 42.9 . rann (carad) m. § 73 .

Oft. confounded with rind.

I

(a) a part (of a whole): rann airegda inna anme, gl. spiritus, Wb. 25c26 . rann do loscud . . . rann aile do airbirt bith, 10d18 . aisneis rainne for tóit, no aisneis tōite for raind (definition of synecdoche), PH 5656 . ro thescc hi i ṅdíb rannu, 7240 . coro deglad a ṅdeich renda [sic] a chorp, 1212 ( LB 191b28 ). ros fodail a thorud i ndíb rendaib déc, IT i 40.12 ( LB 63a17 ). tri renna dogníd don aidchi ┐ cethri huaire cacha raindi, BColm. 104.29 . co ríg sechtmad rainni de Lochlainn of the seventh part , CRR 7 (cf. ríg in sechtmad raind do L., ib. 10 ). co fuilid dā rand fuara and ┐ aon rann te, Rosa Ang. 112.27 (i.e. two- thirds and one-third). intlecht i ndreich sech cech raind above all other parts (of the body ), Arch. iii 223.8 .

Of a main part or division of the earth, passing into specific sense of continent: ro rannad in domun i tri rannaib .i. Eoraip. Afraic, Asia, LU 13 . ra roinn i trib rigrannaib . . . Assia, Eoraip iss Affricc, SR 2650 . ní bhfuil aon ríoghacht de thrí ronnaibh an domhain nach raibh sé ann, Eochairsg. 8.17 ; cf. Keat. i 98.20 . tú . . . dod chor i n-iongnadh | ó aos timchill na dtrí rann `celebrated by those who travel the three continents', TD 29.29 ; but cf. saoi na tTri Rand, FM ii 708.11 (i.e. Ireland, Scotland, and the Isle of Man, O'Don. note). In looser sense: atát péste i n-aroile randaib thair in certain eastern parts , Ériu ii 192 § 3 (rendaib v.l.). do chuaidh B. isin rann siar went westwards , BNnÉ 52 § 43 . tar cethri rannuibh an betha quarters (cardinal points ), RC xxviii 310 z .

In fig. sense: is becc rand áos túate `the laity are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 26 . Cf. the chevilles: óclach . . . maelgorm san treas, ferdha in roinn, Acall. 2002 . angbaid in raind, MR 210.1 .

Of part or section of a book: do réir S. Tomás san dara rann don dara cuid dá Dhiadhacht, TSh. 4955 .

a rainn (= Lat. ex parte), folld. by gen., as regards, on the part of: adib mairb a rainn pecctha dead as regards sin , Wb. 3b6 . a rrainn ind aitrebthado on the part of the possessor , Sg. 198a12 , cf. 204a2 . co techtand bethaid as ind raind is deróile and .i. i rraind a chuirp, ni thechtand as ind raind is uaisle .i. i rraínd a anma, PH 4809 . a rraind a doennachta . . . a rrind a diadachta, 3834 - 5 . ní dlig ni a raind ecaillsi Dé he is entitled to nothing on the part of the church , Ériu i 218 § 4 . do síl Il . . . dó a rraind a máthar on his mother's side , CCath. 107 (a rinn v.l.); cf. FM vi 1924.4 . brathair dhó eisidhe i rainn a máthar, Hugh Roe 228.20 (f. 61a) . Cluain E. do losccadh ass an raind as mo `for the most part', FM ii 1070.7 . ni cóir deit immarbáig rim as cách raind on every score , LL 265a24 ( MU 22.21 ).

(b) rann insce a part of speech (= Lat. pars orationis), Sg. 3b15 , 26b6 . folad cach rainne, 26b9 . raind indsce, Auraic. 316 . itat. viii. randa insci and .i. nomen, pronomen , etc., 317 .

(c) a share : ruuc cách a rainn dísin, Ml. 63c18 . oen chóiced ic Feraib Bolg . . . tri cóicid in rand rucsat Fir datta Domnand, LL 127a33 ( MacCarthy 148 § 4 ); cf. coica toirge lasna Déisi. a cuic fichet díb tarthatar raind (i.e. they acquired territory), Ériu iii 140.55 . guala ríogh, roinn a chuilte `the sharing of his bed' (privilege of an ollave), O'Gr. Cat. 475.16 .

Lot, portion : nachan-tecma drochrann an evil lot , Fél. Jan. 10 . nach bhfuil roinn nó oighreacht . . . ag Lébhi, Deuter. x 9 . ní léigthear flaithios faoim roinn does not fall to my lot , Hackett x 19 .

With FRI, participation (communion) with: a banchumal im [ic, do v.l.] raind ris `his maid-servant having dealings with him', Ériu ix 46 § 12 . oircheas roinn ris an ríoghraidh, Studies 1919, 439 § 8 . ionnas nach biadh roinn risin saoghal aige that he might have no dealings (intercourse) with the world , BNnÉ 146 § 4 . do bhríogh nach raibhe rioth ná roinn aca acht ris an saoghal, TSh. 10144 .

(d) the act of sharing, dividing ; oft. of dividing food, esp. meat (hence freq. rendered carving ), oppd. to dáil = dis- pensing liquor. do raind na mucce, IT i 101.2 . dobretha a cuit . . . tíagait na randairi dia raind, FB 72 ( LU 8968 ). tráth tánic dóib . . . co roind ┐ dáil, FB 90 . ro gabad dáil ┐ raind ┐ fodail i nEmain, TBC 1195 . fer uird rainne butler, dispenser , 134 . roind an aird-rig . . . ag Ua Urain (i.e. office of carver or butler), Hy Many 86.11 . doroine roinn dia aigedhaibh, ZCP iii 32.28 . in lá do raind i trí, TBC 869 . sanntaigit . . . roind m'etaig aterra (leg. etarru), PH 1416 . fig. cumha Rois Gredha gum roinn rending me , Anecd. i 25 § 3 . i gceart na ronna dorinneadh idir Mhogh N. ┐ Chonn by right of the partition , Keat. iii 3087 . mar shaidhbhreas réna roinn idir a chloinn for dividing among , TSh. 238 . trian gach cíosa . . . dliccid Férna . . . do chuid ronna a third . . . is due to F. as its portion , BNnÉ 259.19 . tug mé dhuit-si cuid ronna ós cionn do dhearbhráithreach, Gen. xlviii 22 ; cf. Isa. xvii 14 . is í Alba do ráinig mar mhir ronna dó as his share , Keat. ii 5820 . cen rainn without division, entirely : báidid and sin Rí cen raind `it drowns R. completely', Met. Dinds. iii 456.93 . ro rígad cen raind Fiachu, 460.17 (perh. without opposition , see follg.). beanaid Meic Míleadh Easbáin | gan roinn do tharbha troda | Banbha do chloinn C. TD 28.16 . ba lais Mumha gan roinn ris M. was his alone , Ir. Monthly 1919, 400 , 26 (quoted TD ii 270 ).

(e) passing into sense division, strife : ná beth ria chlaind . . . | cosnam nó raind, Met. Dinds. iii 410.23 . muime Chuinn no charad raind `who loved strife', iv 266.9 (see note). ? rann isteach tháinig tharsa | sa leath thall don talamh-sa `an invasion has come in upon them', Content. xi 2 (roinn `part' occurs in same stanza; see follg. head).

A party, side (of persons concerned in a controversy, legal transaction, etc.); cf. mairg bale bís ar dā raind (= that is divided against itself?), LL 296b39 ( SG 363.27 ). quinta etas mundi, idon, nóe mbliadna ochtmogad . . . do reir in dā rand (i.e. the Hebrew Masters and the Schoolmen), MacCarthy 278 (a) ( BB 9a41 ). eittirbretha . . . do bheith eidir dā rann (i.e. the men of Breifne and the community of Druim Lethan), BNnÉ 262.15 . do thoil in da rann by agreement of both parties , Hy Many 162.13 . in tan bis dligthe na rann comdorca (gl. cum sunt partium iura obscura ), H. 3.17, c. 603 ( O'Don. 848 ). breitheamhnas do dhéanamh idir an dá rann, TSh. 3002 , cf. 6789 . ag a rádh ris an rann eile bheith ar a gcoiméad telling the other party (in a combat) to be on their guard , Keat. i 42.76 .

(g) partisanship, faction, alliance : do bhíodh . . rann cinnte carad ag gach cúigeadh i nÉirinn don leith thall d'fhairrge `a special friendly alliance beyond the sea', Keat. ii 2608 . ni coir don righ taoph do thaphairt . . . re duine bus rann da esccaruit who will side with his enemy , Ériu v 132.65 . gach aon agá mbaoi báidh no rann lé Gallaibh, FM v 1660.3 . ní ro fháccaibhsiot toíseach . . . nár chuirsiot a n-aonrann coccaidh friu `whom they did not induce to become their confederate of war', 1660.11 , cf. 1770.17 . fear rainn ┐ pairte a partisan , iv 1092.22 . an tí cheanglas rann ris who joins his party , TSh. 7029 . ag denum rainn ┐ comaenta ina adhaigh le slicht mic Feidhlimthe, AU iii 8.18 , cf. 126.23 . do rinne ar námha rann rinn, Ir. Monthly 1930, 590 § 3 . See rannta.

II Sometimes used for rind star, point (esp. in oblique cases where the stem rend- should be used): rith rann ┐ reltann of the constellations and stars , Ériu iii 156.5 . indis . . . duind na hilcenela rann, YBL 84b47 = inna ilceneuil rend, Ériu ii 126.3 . So in: rí na rann, freq. title of Deity in poetry, ZCP v 263 § 8 , 268.11 , BNnÉ 85.20 , 23 . ar sgáth fola Thriaith na rann, Dánfhocail 200 (Bonaventura Ó Heoghusa). Cf. rand- mas below. ar cara . . . rand 'na láim `in his hand a spear', RC xxix 211 § 2 . ? roinde (v.l. renna) na n-ardchúiced ind- Uisnech rúitt `the points of the great provinces run towards U.', Ériu iv 154.8 (perh. parts ).

Compds. ¤chara: ba ranncara[i]t dhó Mac U. ┐ Ua C. partisans, allies , FM iv 1048.6 . ¤chobfodlaid a participator, sharer : ranchobfodlaid tristitiae meae (gl. particeps), Ml. 86d5 . ¤chuit part, portion : rannchuid don chroich chēsta, Fl. Earls 10.7 ; 166.22 . fidhair chroiche Crist issin egluiss a rannchuid ro-onoraigh mirbhailigh `in a splendid miraculous position' ( part , niche or chapel?), 182.24 . ¤chuitiugud participation, alliance : co ḟuidbet comlaintes ┐ randchuitiugud maroen fria Muire, LB 232b30 . o ghniomh an teasa . . . ┐ é ag rann- cuidiughadh dorcachta (i.e. by the co-operation of heat and darkness), 23 K 42, 171.18 . ¤leth a moiety, share : dlighid . . . roinn-leath toighe na Teamhrach, Content. xxx 24 . ? ¤mas(s): an rí randmais, Anecd. i 63 § 112 : leg. rindmass ( ZCP xi 156.1 , Meyer's emendation) and see II above. ¤páir- teach participant: an bhfuilid na heithricedha rannphairteach don loghadh?, Parrth. Anma 109.1 = rannphartach don leaghas-so, Luc. Fid. 62.16 .

2 rann, rand

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 rann, rand or dil.ie/34805

Forms: rand, roind, rund, rond, roinn

n o,m. In Mid.Ir. a > u often in d s. and a p. rand (dúaine) m., g s. roind, d s. rund, rond, IGT Dec. § 74 .

A quatrain or stave of four lines in poetry; oft. of extempore or amoebean verse. rand can smuainedh extempore verse , Laws i 42 y . sé sillaeba in cach cethrumthain ┐ .xii. isin lethrand; .xxiiii. immorro isin rand chomlan, Fél. 4.28 = isin runn, Fél.² xi 12 . conid desin ro gab-si in rand, LU 4431 . emnad óen-focuil i n-oen-iniud isind runn, 411 , cf. RC xx 144.26 . rann láir gacha dúaine the middle stanza , Content. xxviii 5 . an cethrar dherbhus an rand whom the verse makes known , BNnÉ 252.15 , cf. derbod raind testimony of verse (?), SR 7327 (cheville). adeir file éigin an rann, TSh. 6174 . do réir an rainn seo, Keat. i 168.67 (roinn v.l.). bríogh an roinn, TSh. 7612 . du. dā ṡenrand ra chuala Find, Fianaig. 48.7 . pl. ro chan-som na runnu-sea, LU 9834 . is di-si ro chet in senchaid na runnu, 3062 . Anecd. i 7.2 . gabais doib inna rundu-sa sis, LU 3307 ( SC 11 ); cf. 10111 (rundnu). iter senchas ┐ rundu ┐ cuslind ┐ cach ciniul airfidig, RC xxiv 50.2 . co ndernsat in triar tri runda do Choisimnach, BNnÉ 314 § 8 . conid de ro cett an raind, ZCP vii 306.7 . co bás Mughroin mortais rainn whom verses extolled , FM ii 710.3 . rainn seanchusa `verses of antiquity', Keat. i 192.33 . roinn, TSh. 5582 . a Phátraic na rann! Oss. iv 14.1 . adbar rand a theme for verses , ZCP viii 562 § 6 . a bás . . . i nIndia iar rannaib `according to (historic) staves', Fél. Dec. 21 . dia ḟoglaim co rréil im rannaib, LL 136b20 ( RC xlvii 289.5 ). r.¤ lethach a quatrain to which two persons contribute each a distich : do rinne an dá óinmhid . . an rann leathach iomar- bhádha eatorra araon, Keat. iii 2083 . (cf. the dialogue in verse in Corm. Y 1059 .)

3 rann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 rann or dil.ie/34806

x see rond.

rannach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rannach or dil.ie/34807

adj o,ā. (< 1 rann?): ec[h]lach . . . rannach ro-dalach, BB 257b8 = YBL 177a13 ; i.e. given to dispensing food and drink lavishly? cf. mna Aililla feisroinnigh feast-giving (?), BB 397a5 , and see ronnach. Or perh. 'divisive' (see R 11.79f), Celtica xiii 19 .

rannad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rannad or dil.ie/34808

m. (vn. of rannaid) dividing : ronnaire .i. ronnad doni don biud, Corm. Y 1124 . ? rannadh .i. ruamnad nó marbhadh, ut est ana roirannathar ferrga .i. . . . intí marbthar i roe tri feirg, O'Dav. 1376 (perh. dismembering ). ? g s. na treinfhir gan rūn ronda | tnūdh do eirigh etorra (of Caesar and Pompey = without intent of sundering their alliance?), Ir. Texts ii 107 § 29 .

rannaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rannaid or dil.ie/34809

Forms: rannam, rantar, rannait, raind, roinne

v ā. (1 rann) also with palatal stem rainn-, roinn-. O.I. indic. pres. sg. pass. with ro: -rornaiter (MS.) Corm. Y § 447 , ZCP xxiv 125 . subj. pr. 1 pl. coro rannam , Wb. 4a16 . subj. pass. pr. s. rantar, Ml. 37d9 . The palatal stem appears early in Mid.Ir. and seems to be used indifferently with rann- or ronn- till Mod.Ir. when roinn- prevails. pres. 3 pl. rannait, SR 4735 . imp. 2 s. raind, 1332 . subj. pr. 2 s. roinne, 3348 .

I Trans. divides (into parts): no rannad cech n-ágae cona chlaidiub, TBFr. 126 ( LL 249a47 ). cinnas rainnfither in mucc? IT i 100.3 . bentai hi fossud a mullaich conid ro rand corigi a imlind cleft him , TBC² 1207 . coro raind a druim dar dó cleft in two , CRR 51 . randaich [leg. rannaid] cach caocad hi cethair he divides every fifty (psalms) into four , Mon. Tall. 31 . sonnach . . . ros rand in n-insi i ndé, RC ix 480.1 ( LU 1728 ). ro randsat a feranda hi cetheora ranna, ZCP viii 314.27 . ro rannad in domun i trí rannaib, LU 13 . rannais Ugaine Éire i gcúig rannaibh fichead, Keat. i 110.66 (do roinn v.l.). i gcúig míribh do ronnadh an chríoch, 106.26 (do roinneadh v.l.). (Fig.) iris náomh nach ronnfa a rún `that will not divide its purpose', Studies 1919, 75 § 18 . ? nir roindedh ara maith[i]us co haimsir a hoidhedha `there was no stint to her goodness', AU ii 516.17 . Parts, separates : rannfuighear an ndá rioghacht, Ezek. xxxvii 22 . roinnfighear leis gach aon-duine do réir a uilc ┐ a mhaitheasa, Eochairsg. 117.10 (where the subject is a virtual plural).

Cf. no rannad bledmila in mara immi do bressaib na ruadrama súas i n-ardda clethi `he would cleave (?)' (? he would part , i.e. scatter ), RC xiv 402 § 9 ( LL 108a25 ). do roinnseamar sinn budhdhéin | don taoibh aníar do Loch Léin we scattered ourselves , Duan. Finn ii 184 § 3 . claideb . . . roindes crú, LU 3826 , prob. belongs to rondid, q.v.

Distributes, apportions : cloch cach ḟir ro raind in fadb who divided the spoil , Met. Dinds. iv 34.41 . cinnas no roinnfitis chrao ┐ díbad, Ériu i 214.3 . do roinnfeadh go fiall an t-arán, Oss. iv 124.4 .

With FRI of pers., divides with, shares, passing later into sense apportions to, bestows: coro rannam á orpe fri Crist that we may be partakers of Christ's heritage , Wb. 4a16 . roinne ris do ḟlathemnas, SR 3348 . roindfid Cormac comgním fri cach óenfer will share (engage in) combat with any single man , BDD 77 ; cf. conrainfet comgnim fri cach triar, 83 , 108 . mac Eogain Taidlig ro raind hErinn ra Cond C., LL 320b29 . roinn do bairgin frisin mbocht, PH 4958 . roinnfidh [Dia] ris gach n-aon do réir a oibre (= reddet unicuique), TSh. 4335 . grádh ribh gin go roinneam, PBocht 4.32 . With omission of obj.: an mhuinntear ré roinnid na hósdóire se to whom these inn- keepers give hospitality , TSh. 3619 . With ETER divides (dis- tributes) between: raind etrut ocus Adam, SR 1332 = roind, LB 111a39 ( MacCarthy 54 y ). ro rannsat étach Ísu eterru, PH 2858 . rannais Noe trí ranna an domhain idir a thrí macaibh, Keat. i 136.75 . rointir in banchuri etorro, FB 63 . rannta Erenn [leg. Ériu] eter Cearmna ┐ Sobairce, MacCarthy 294 y ( BB 12a13 ).

II Intrans.: roinset etorro i tri they separated into three parties , Cog. 30.5 . cathuir . . . isí roinnes réna thigernus that marcheth on (borders on) his lordship , Maund. 182 .

See also rannad and rannta.