1 rám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rám or dil.ie/34778

m. (vn. of ráïd) the act of rowing : ocon rám (: snám) `a-rowing', Met. Dinds. iv 98.83 ( LL 164b8 ). Generally fig., course, career :? fora rriad rochéim rám étruth (of a horse), FB 47 ( LU 8630 ); `in seinem gewaltigen eifernden Lauf', Thurn., Sagen aus dem alten Irland; = rain etruth, Eg., leg. rám-étruth? (? leg. ra mét riuth, ZCP xx 487 ). cóic rig déc . . . gabsat rám os Raigni rúad `grasped the helm', Met. Dinds. iv 344.68 ( LL 201b34 ). re secht [m]bliadna reraig rām he stretched his course (i.e. reigned), Rawl. 85a40 (quoted Bruchst. i § 102 n. ). Briotán Maol, mac na flatha, | saor an sliocht-rámh tar sreatha `noble the stock- branch spreading from him', Keat. i 186.99 = saer in slicht ram dar sreathadh, BB 28b50 ; perh. a cheville. Plummer, MS. Notes, sees in this ex. a deriv. of Lat. rāmus `branch', but see 3 rám. .

2 rám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 rám or dil.ie/34779

n oar see ráma.

3 rám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 rám or dil.ie/34780

n (Lat. ramus) (a) branch (?): ? dellid ind [ḟ]idbad for lar | Parduis fri fidrad fonnram SR 1389 . See also 1 rám, fonnrám. (b) column (of writing); section, part : ar ndighe don ḟir do thrácht na tri raimisi dún 'ce trois colonnes-ci (de ms.)' ZCP iv 31 (Eg. 1782. fo. 53a), ÉC xvii 179 . gabad antí leghfes egnairc in trir do sgrib in raimh seo, 'que le lecteur fasse une prière d'intercession pour les trois qui ont écrit cette colonne' RIA 1243 (23 Q 6) 6 , ÉC xvii 179 . na tabraidh masán i ndeire cadeir (leg. indire cad eir) in raim thes oir is drochiall ata ann ┐ dar Dia is a lebur fuaras, 'ne jetez pas le blâme sur …, la colonne de droite, car cela contient un sens mauvais, et, par Dieu, je l'ai tiré d'un livre.' RIA 1243 (23 Q 6) 42 , ÉC xvii 179 . amhail chuireas Stoo san treas leathanach is caogad san chéadramh da Chroinic, 'à la page 53, première colonne, de sa Chronique' Keat. ii 6150 , ÉC xvii 180 . See also lethrám.

1 ráma, rám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ráma, rám or dil.ie/34781

Forms: rám(a)e, rámae, ráma, rámha, ráimhe, rámh, ráimh, rámha, rámh, ráimhe

n m. and f. (cf. 1 rám) an oar . The O.I. n s. is prob. rám(a)e (io-stem); g p. cét rámae fuiri (of a ship), Sg. 36a7 . In Mid.Ir. ráma seems the usual form. rámha ráimhe m., IGT Dec. § 2.9 . rámh m. (g s. ráimh, rámha), § 38.4 . rámh f. (g s. ráimhe), § 39.4 .

(a) ro memaid in ráma ro baí i lláim Ír, LL 12b26 . ro bris E. a ramha ar treseacht an imruma, BB 414a25 . gach ráma bán ara mbáduibh, IGT Dec. ex. 79 .

(b) ráimhe an fhir aga n-ionramh, ib. ex. 118 .

(c) brisis Ír an ráimh reamhair, Content. xxviii 32 . rug ar ráimh . . . taoiseach gacha tréanluinge, ib. 29 , cf. xxx 5 . ar earluinn ráimhe, IGT Dec. ex. 591 . n du. da rámma do iurn . . . i ndib lamaib dó ic tescad in mara, LL 108a23 ( RC xiv 402 § 9 ). pl. lecam ar ráma úan isa muir, LL 283a19 = ar raimh, Lism.L. viii 11 . brister na rama, Aen. 243 . nar badar forréli na ramai, CCath. 2630 . ramada diorda ina laim, Ériu i 114 § 2 ( YBL 214a12 ). nos-tocbat na ramhada, RC xiv 40 § 42 . coblach for rot ramat .i. ani fora comimluaiter na rama [ramad v.l.], O'Dav. 478 . réim na séol . . . ┐ inna ruad-ráma ruad-undsend, LL 235a19 ( TTr. 1343 ). ó buil- lighibh rámh oarstrokes , Duan. Finn. ii 224 § 4 . ethar bec . . . cona ramaib, Aisl. MC 85.12 . ra sudigit sretha . . . di ruad- ramaib ara ochorborddaib, LL 219b31 ( TTr. 190 ). an uile dhuine ghlacus na rámhadh, Ezek. xxvii 29 . nach racha áonlong le rámhuibh, Isa. xxxiii 21 . tri sretha di rámhadhuibh for cech luing, Lism.L. 3574 = di ramaib, 3581 (verse).

? fri fidrad fonnram a wood of delightful boughs (?), SR 1390 .

2 ráma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ráma or dil.ie/34782

n m. (prob. same word as preceding) an agricultural tool, a spade : bac ┐ rama, Laws v 410.17 Comm. ramu fri clais, iv 70.8 Comm. túag oc tamnad . . . ocus bacc . . . ocus ráma oc rorúamar, Met. Dinds. iii 198.12 . g s. Raigne in rámai ráin `of the noble spade', 194.13 . lorgg rammai, Laws iv 334.18 Comm. do ghabhadar da rámhaibh ┐ dá sásaibh oile air (of turf-cutters), Keat. iii 2152 . As fictive npr. m.: Ráma mac Rochlaidhe, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. rámann.

rámach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rámach or dil.ie/34783

adj o,ā. (cf. 1 rám and 1 ráma) pertaining to rowing or oars .

(a) of vessels equipped with oars: ag daingniughadh a long eidir ramhach ┐ ruadhclárach both their rowing and their strong-decked vessels , ITS v 68.3 . Esp. in Roth Rámach ( `the Rowing Wheel ', O'Curry), the machine constructed by Simon Magus and Mogh Ruith, for account of which see MS. Mat. 401 fg . ; it seems to have been a primitive flying-machine and the epithet prob. referred to its paddles or wings. Mug Ruith . . . is he luid do foglaim druidechta co Simon ┐ is malle doronsat in roth ramach tic tar Eoraip ria mbráth, ZCP viii 332.13 = doronsat in roith ramaig, LL 331b32 ; cf. Rawl. 157.37 ; roth rāmach ZCP x 343.19 . in roth ramach ┐ in scuap a Fanait, LB 242b47 ( MS. Mat. 632, App. clii ). Hence with epithet transferred to inventor: Tlac[h]tga ingean Mog Ruith ramhaig, Ériu x 77 § 11 (perh. = Mogh ruith r.¤ ).

(b) of seas and waters and sea-coasts, plied with oars, boat- frequented, marine : Loch Ri ramhach, Ériu x 87 § 99 . d'Ess Rúaid rámach, LL 306b42 ( SG 386.4 ). Ess rónach [rámach v.l.] Rúaidh, Anecd. i 27.5 . bun rámach Raiti, Caithr. Toirdh. 34.2 (Bun Raite in Co. Clare). im Corcamoroith rámach, ZCP viii 226 § 6 . a righe ramhach `their oar-plied-kingship' (of Corcamruad), Misc. Hag. 28.19 .

rámaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rámaid or dil.ie/34784

n m. an oarsman : pl. thugadar do rámhuighthe thú annsna huisgeadhuibh móra, Ezek. xxvii 26 . gáir rámhadh isteach san gcuan, Measgra Dánta 57.23 (early 17th cent.); in vocab. assigned to rámhaidh, but perh. g p. of ráma oar .

rámaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rámaigid or dil.ie/34785

v g. rows? longais curchan . . . ┐ ramaightar isin sīth, ZCP viii 104.18 .

rámann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rámann or dil.ie/34786

Forms: rámhann, ruamu

n ā,f. (cf. 2 ráma) a spade : rámhann f., IGT Dec. § 12.15 . ni tregdand socc nā coltar nā rámund talmain lind, Alex. 860 = ramann, Anecd. v 3.8 , ruamu, BB 498a36 . tuc leis tuaig, baicc is rámann, Met. Dinds. iii 194.20 = ramaind, LL 196a44 . coro ṡelaig é dia baicc ┐ dia ramaind, LL 159b35 . trí glúine ó rígh go rámhainn three generations from king to spade (i.e. labourer ), O'Gr. Cat. 532.7 . ó rígh go rámhuinn, Hackett 50.12 .

ramar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ramar or dil.ie/34787

adj thick see remor.

rámat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rámat or dil.ie/34788

n u, m. (? 1 rám or 2 ráma + 1 sét Celtica xxiii 171 , cf. Fil Súil nGlais 20-21 ) (a) a high-road, main route : set ┐ rout ┐ ramat, Corm. Y 1082 , where it is defined: ramut [rámut, LB] i.. mō oldas rout .i. aurscar bís ann ar dūn ríg [urscor bís for urdhúnib ríg, LB]. Cach comaithech asa tír dot-roich, dlegar de a glanad (i.e. it was bigger than a `rót', passed by the residences of kings, and every one whose land touched on it was responsible for its upkeep?). sen-ainm na slighed rámhad, Met. Gl. Ff. 18 (ramat v.l.). rámhad .i. ród no slighe, O'Cl. rámhad .i. ainm do shlighe ┐ as fairsinge leithne rámhad ina ród, ib. cach rīgi a rāmad, Arch. iii 226.18 . commuir . . . co roilbhi, co ramut bidbad, ZCP xii 363.12 . ar cach ramut ar bith ché | ría slúag nāmat conar tí, LL 308b7 ( SG 389.24 ). ramat righ `the road of a king', FM ii 606.7 (poem). suil ind ríg ramot clothach do Athirne ba bríg brethach, LL 114b22 . pl. fer tri ramata, TBC 5430 = ramada, TBC² 3348 , i.e. a `briugaid' or hospitaller whose hostel stood at the junction of three high-roads. in briugu cedach . . . a teach i comrag tri ramat, Laws v 76.26 Comm. briugu leiteach . . . tri ramuta lais (.i. tri rōid ar amus a tigi), v 78.7 , 13 . In fig. sense: ramat firinne, ZCP xii 364.25 . dinnap inna ramot techtai torai (.i. minab tora ina conair dligteac) `in a lawful way', Ériu xii 52 § 64 (Bretha Crólige).

(b)

cleared area in front of the king's dún : ramhut .i. urscur bis ar dun rig 'clearing i.e. the open space which is in front of the fortress of a king' EIF 538 § 4 .