3 prím

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 prím or dil.ie/34561

Forms: primh

adj. indecl. (Lat. primus) first : a llaithe ndedenach . . . ┐ phrím ar chiunn the first [day] following, Bcr. 18d1 (perh. to be identified with 1 prím = first day). is hé cita- tairmdechoid cain Patraic o prim `from the beginning', Trip. 214.4 . Gener- ally used as indeclinable prefix, see follg.; primh .i. mór, O'Cl. seems meant for the prefix.

4 prím-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 prím- or dil.ie/34562

Forms: príomhathair, primgin, prímgeindi, primsacairt

adj (Lat. primus) used as indecl. prefix before nouns and adjectives, generally forming unstable compds.

I With noun, in sense

(a) first (in time), primary: ¤airec crainn chroiche first discovery, Fél. May 3 . ¤airigid `first dole' (i.e. refection), Aisl. MC 3.16 ( ¤airaigid), but transld. `prime feast', 45.8 (perhaps true meaning). ¤athair `a patriarch ', P. O'C. : príomhathair (of Abraham), Hebr. vii 4 . ¤bélra primitive (original) language: an primberla .i. Eabhra, Leb. Gab. i 192.15 . isna primbelraib .i. Ébra ┐ Grec ┐ Laten, LB 150b43 , perh. in sense (b). ¤chúis, Rosa Ang. 54.14 (= Lat. causa primitiva). ¤cuitech: ina p[h]rímchutig `first meal', Aisl. MC 45.8 . ¤fid primary vowel , Auraic. 1433 . ¤gein s,n., also ¤geinde io, iā. first-born : primgin, Corm. 37.12 (s.v. prúll). prímgeindi, Ml. 123c8 (n p.). co marbdais a primgeinné, SR 3676 . iar marbad a primgindi, 4026 . ro marb uli primgeni Egepti, PH 3612 . prímite ┐ primgene firstlings , LB 123a28 . mac primgeni, PH 6917 .

¤gentecht f. primogeniture; birth- right : rot-mill Esáu a p., PH 8400 .

Cf. ¤cinnect below (b). ¤les first-fruits? acht nochon-fognat mac Dé | is ní thabrat a primleis (.i. a primite), Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.17) = a primles (.i. a primgin), Corm. p. 37.12 = nocon-fhagbat a primless they do not find their prime good (summum bonum) (?), LL 167b 37 . primhleas .i. prímhide, O'Cl. ¤techt f. first coming: o primtecht Parthaloin, MacCarthy 316 § 5 ( BB 14a2 ).

(b) foremost, chief, principal, and without implied compari- son prime (in quality), eminent; a commoner use than pre- ceding. Of persons, esp. with titles, names of callings, etc.: ¤apstal: prímabstal hErenn, Hy. iii 1 . ¤ammait in domain chief witch (of Medea), CCath. 3910 . ¤ara: tri prímaraid ind ríg, BDD 113 . ¤challadoír Arda Macha `chief keeper of the calendar', FM ii 1052.8 . ¤chomairlid chief counsellor, SR 6652 . ¤c[h]onsul, CCath. 4467 . ¤chríochaire `chief antiquary', FM ii 1052.9 . ¤dalta: Lucas . . . p. Póil chief disciple, PH 5396 . ¤echlach: p. uile Mac Roth chief courier, TBC 100 . risin primechlaig, 4239 . Mac Roth in [ṗ]rímechlach (sic leg.), 5022 , cf. 5150 . ¤epscop, Ériu i 218 § 1 . ¤ḟáith, SR 5388 , 7132 . na .iiii. primfaith ┐ in dā minfaith dec major prophets, Hib. Min. 3.71 . tria gin in prímfatha Ysaias, Lism.L. 8 . CCath. 929 (of diviners). ¤fiadu: ticfa féin ar prim-fiada (of Christ), BColm. 14.8 . ¤ḟlaith, Acall. 595 . ¤fulachtóir: tri primfulachtore ind rig head-cooks, BDD 123 . ¤gaiscedach: a primgascedaig ollchuicid Ulad! LL 262b2 = MU 6.13 . ¤laech: tri prímlaích chief warriors, BDD 128 . Cf. priomhlach .i. priomhláoch, O'Cl. ¤laeches f.: bantrocht na primlaichas chief lay-women, SR 7818 . ¤liaig, Acall. 3812 . BColm. 104.28 . ¤martir, Fél. Oct. 18 . ¤mind: soscela Coluim Cille . . . primmind iartair domain `chief relic', AU 1006 . ¤óinmid, Ériu v 20.5 . ¤ollam, Acall. 3811 . ¤pecthach: in primpeccthaig great sinners, SR 8349 . ¤preceptóir, Lism.L. 2745 ( ¤proiceptoir). ¤rannaire: primronnaire Patraic head-dispenser , Acall. 3495 . ¤rechtaire, Acall. 1469 . ¤reto[i]ridh, CCath. 4469 (of Cicero). ¤sacart: primsacairt chief priests , Wb. 10d15 . ¤saer (soír): tricha saér do prímsáeraib hErend, FB 2 . do acallaim prímshair na ṅGréc, LL 218b21 . ¤senchaid(e): primshenchaide na nEbraide (of Josephus), PH 6945 . príomhsheanchaidh Árda Macha, Ériu i 82 § 16 . ¤staraide, Leb. Gab. i 4.9 . ¤suí, ZCP v 499 § 1 (used of head-teacher in a monastic school). ¤thoísech, SR 5388 . p. túaithi Dé, Ériu iv 142.2 (of Moses). ¤ugdar: teist an phríomhughdair S. Augustine, TSh. 5003 .

With names of things: ¤aba main river , ZCP viii 202.2 . ¤airecht chief assembly , FA 13 . ¤aiste: na seacht primaisti ` principal metres ', Auraic. 1586 . IT iii 49 § 90 . ¤altóir, SR 4265 . ¤bile, TBC 1816 . ¤caindel: i ndelbaib primcainnel, FA 13 ( ¤choindel, LB). ¤cathair: in primhcathair airderc .i. Babilóin, CCath. 15 . ardespuc na primcathrach, PH 17 . Chief monastery : Fél. 184.29 . Lism.L. 4255 . ¤chruachait prime joint (of meat), rump , LL 29b28 . ¤cubat: cuic prim- chubai[t], SR 2527 (where the prefix seems otiose). ¤chuit, Ériu i 134.6 ; viii 135.17 (chief ration or meal). ¤dorus, SR 7356 . ¤dún: for faidchi primdúni, TBC 1816 . ic togail na primdún chief fortresses (of Canaan), SR 7342 . IT i 118.5 . ¤eclais, Fl. Earls 174 y . ¤fhéil, Fél. June 10 . the 'principal feast' on which the saint's martyrdom is commemorated: oiffrend cecha primfheile, Ériu i 220.9 . ¤gaeth: cethri primgaetha . . . cethri fogaetha, SR 47 (winds blowing directly from the cardinal points), cf. CCath. 4335 . ¤inad: primhined chief abode , SR 6412 . ¤lepaid: meic Nechtain do chur assa primlepthaib (i.e. chief strongholds), TBC 1480 . ¤loch: prímlocha hErend, BDD 155 . ¤long: séolchrand primluṅgi móre a large ship, TBC 2623 . Lism.L. 3183 . ¤longphort, Keat. iii 542 . ¤mag: do prímmaigib hErend chief plains, IT i 127.24 . ¤oenach, TBC 2498 . ¤rand: anmand cheithre primrand chief kinds of quatrain, IT iii 51 § 95 . ¤reilec: prímreilce Herend chief burial-grounds, LU 4068 . rob í Tailltiu [sic leg.] tres primhreileag na hEirenn, Ériu iii 150 § 2 . ¤rót: coicc primroid Erenn, Anecd. ii 4.14 . ¤scél: the tales which the Irish filidh were required to know were divided into two classes, prímscél and foscél, see LL 189b44 ( MS. Mat. 583 ). iss iat so na prímscéoil .i. togla ┐ tana ┐ tochmarca, etc., 189b52 . ¤scol: do bhádar . . . cheithre príomhscola i nEirinn chief schools, Keat. iii 2573 . ¤ṡliab, TBC 1814 . ¤slige: primsligeda in choicid, TBC 1146 . ¤ṡlóg, Fél. Feb. 12 . ¤sráid, Fl. Earls 168.15 . ¤ṡuide, Fél. Prol. 117 . Lism.L. 427 . ¤tonn: primthonna Eirenn .i. tonn Glidhna ┐ t. Tuaidhe ┐ t. Rudhraigi, Acall. 7999 .

With abstracts (generally with emphasizing or intensifying force): ¤acallam: dolotar flaithi Laighen . . . co a rrig .i. primacallaim co Bran, Anecd. i 40.2 (`to take high counsel', Ériu iv 41 ). ¤chéssad, Fél. Oct. 15 . ¤cinnecht: in tan ruc [Iacob] in primchinnecht, SR 2920 (headship, supremacy? or birthright? cf. ¤gentecht above). ¤géim, TBC 6180 (< H.1. 13). ¤goibnecht, SR 4190 . ¤locht, Keat. Poems 661 . ¤lot, TSh. 7821 . ¤ṡorthan, Acall. 5304 n. = primordan, text.

II With adj. denoting possession of quality in superlative degree: ¤álaind: mac primalaind Priaim, BB 430b47 . TTebe 1394 . ¤arrachta, Ériu v 180.322 . ZCP vi 30.5 . ¤coitchenn: morleighnidh primhcoitcheann amail Origin, Lism.L. 3322 ; `a great reader of chief congregations', Stokes, perhaps rather universally known. ¤échtach, TTebe 3150 , 3315 . ¤elathnach, LL 218b22 . ¤eolach: fer frimeolach a man of great experience, Arch. iii 234 § 12 . ¤fáthacdae: sailmchetlaid primfhathacdai amail Daibith, Lism.L. 3319 : cf. ¤fáith above. ¤maith: (as subst.) ronsóera la primmaithiu, SR 8146 . ¤réid very smooth, LL 233a20 .

prímáid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. prímáid or dil.ie/34563

n m. (Lat. primatus) a primate (eccles.): láncuairt coicidh Connacht . . . la Gilla mac Liac comarba Patraic, idon la primaith Erenn, AU ii 172.22 . príomháidh Éireann, Keat. ii 814 . comhorba Pattraic ┐ príomhaidh na hEreann, FM iii 126.16 . primfaidh Eirenn, ALC i 148.14 (a popular etymology, cf. fáith?). on bpriomhfaidh protusdant, MS. Mat. 549.25 (preface of the Réim Ríoghraidhe, A.D. 1630).

prímaidecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. prímaidecht or dil.ie/34564

Forms: primaidhecht, prímaidecht

n f. primacy (eccles.): primáitecht Erenn, ALC i 262.9 , 11 . im phriomhaidhecht Arda Macha, FM i 436.21 . ? primaidhecht, gl. Anchises, Ir. Gl. 354 (Stokes suggests prímaidecht `prime tutorship').

prímamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. prímamail or dil.ie/34565

adj i. primary, original : do plannduigheadh go prío- mhamhuil an naomheagluis le Críost, Eochairsg. 2.31 .

prímda(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. prímda(e) or dil.ie/34566

adj io, iā. foremost, principal, pre-eminent : primda .i. aireagda, Lec. Gl. 65 , cf. 65 M . la Patricc prímde, Thes. ii 326.3 = Hy. iv 9 (prímda, primdu, primhdhai v.l.). baithes Pátraic prímdae, Fel. Ap. 5 . Pól prímdae, ib. Ep. 247 . Par- tholón prímda, LL 5b21 = priomda `P. the primaeval' (?), Leb. Gab. i 60.17 . búnad prímda `a pre-eminent stock', Thes. ii 295.14 ( SP v 13 ). in ri scaras goí fri fír . . . ruc breith primda for Saol a consummate (? notable) judgement, SR 6508 . flaithius primhda na Pers `primary' (?), CCath. 9 . dona secht n-aisti bprimda na filidhechta principal metres, Auraic. 4874 . batar primhda airm in [leg. na] rígh ro batar remibh (i.e. victorious?), BB 494a14 = IT ii2 99.10 .

prímdacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. prímdacht or dil.ie/34567

n f. primacy, superiority : ni rabi da cinib fer talman rasessad cutrumus fri Grecu . . . ar primdacht a popul, LL 217b45 TTr. 65 ). fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri mberla sin why superiority is assigned to these three languages, Auraic. 162 . priomhadhacht Peadar, Luc. Fid. 263.10 .

prímedach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. prímedach or dil.ie/34568

adj o, ā. (< prím on analogy of dechmadach ?) a payer of first-fruits? ba dechmadach primedach `pay tithes and first- fruits', Ériu ii 172 § 3 .

primidil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. primidil or dil.ie/34569

n f. (mod. Ir.) first-fruits, firstlings (coll.): primidil na mbeathach, Levit. xxvii 26 . le p.¤ h'uile bhisigh, Prov. iii 9 .

prímit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. prímit or dil.ie/34570

n f. (Lat. primitiae) generally used in pl.; the sing. is prob. a secondary formation. First-fruits: primit .i. in cre- dendo in Assia, gl. primitius Asiae, Wb. 7b10 . it primiti .i. nomen plurale, is primit som, gl. primitiae (of Christ), 13b24 . primiti a clainde ┐ primiti a torud, Ml. 99b5 . dechmada ┐ primiti ┐ almsana, Laws i 50.27 . Cf. O'Dav. 136 . dobertís dechmada ┐ prímite, PH 6013 . Lism.L. 1857 . As n-st.: ba hiat sin cét-asccada na ngennti do Dia ┐ a prímitin ar tús, LB 138b32 . ar cenn almsan ┐ primidhin, SG 87.31 . Dental stem: dechmhadh ┐ prīmhidedha do dhīl Celtica i 181.655 . (Fig.) caíntir co mmór in primit sin testá for Grécu (i.e. the first loss in- curred by the Greeks), LL 232a21 = TTr. 1100 . In Met. Dinds. i 20.98 : ar prímit áille, read prím-áit chief place, see v 284 s.v.

prímlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. prímlach or dil.ie/34571

n m. a hero-warrior ? priomhlach .i. priomhláoch, O'Cl. See prím-.