píast, (péist)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. píast, (péist) or dil.ie/34317

Forms: béist, biast, béssti, píast, pheist, bíasta, bíasta, bésti, pésti, péisd, béisd, bhíasdaibh

n ā,f. (Lat. bestia) also béist, biast, an older form; n p. béssti, Wb. 31b21 . In Mid.Ir. both forms are used side by side, but píast (péist) is commoner and ultimately prevails in Ireland (cf. biast/biasd in Scotland). n s. in pheist , LU 2428 . 9101 ( FB 85 ). g s. bíasta, 9153 ( FB 39 ). n p. bíasta, 8762 ( FB 57 ): bésti, PH 7587 , but pésti, 7670 . péisd béisd IGT Dec. § 43 . g s. píasda, ib. ex. 1126 . d p. ar bhíasdaibh , ex. 1125 .

A beast, monster , in early lit. generally of fabulous monsters, rarely of wild beasts in general; in sagas and folk-lore of marine or more commonly sublacustrine monsters, often bearing special names and in hagiogr. lit. freq. ejected by the power of saints; an outbreak of pestilence was somet. ascribed to the ravages of a ` píast'; cf. the Life of Mac Creiche, Misc. Hag. Hib. 36 § 49 : da ttangatar tedmanna mora . . . .i. an gríbh ingnech ┐ an bhuidhe Connuill ┐ in bolccsighi ┐ in gerrghar ┐ in broicseach Locha Broicsighi .i. pést. Cf. also: peist quasi pestis .i. teidm, Corm. Y 1067 . béssti olca, gl. malae bestiae, Wb. 31b21 . no chodlad eter na hilphiasta wild beasts, PH 875 . co mbia tríur óigred oc fir husarachta .i. bésti ┐ nathracha ┐ cruma; beit a maíne oc na piastaib, 7587 - 8 (= serpentes et bestias et vermes, Ecclesiasticus x 13 ). tri cait- tini . . . .i. tri bíasta druidechta, FB 57 . airm i mbia . . . in pheist irdairc úathmar ilchennach (i.e. the Devil), LU 2428 = RC iv 252.25 . piasta ifrinn, BNnÉ 216 § 95 . ilpesti ithfrinn, RC xxviii 320 § 39 . Of marine or lacustrine monsters : cidh ara tuc in bheist isin mhuir anoir do Brigit, Lism.L. 1729 . o bhél na péiste, BNnÉ 72 § 127 = an t-iascc adhbalmhór, ib. le piastaibh an aigéoin, 73 § 130 . don pheist ro boí isind loch, FB 83 . gaibthi in béist assind uisci, LL 250a51 = a mmíl, 250b7 ( TBFr. 229 , 236 ). peisd adhuathmur . . . Cathach a hainm, Lism.L. 1840 (of a monster inhabiting Inis Cathaigh). Of locusts: atát péste i n-aroile randaib thair . . . brucha a n-anman, Ériu ii 192 § 3 (cf. Lat. bruchus, Levit. xi 22 ). frisin béist re n-abar locusta, PH 7651 .

In later lit. a creeping reptile, esp. a worm: nach ferr duit do t[h]omuilt dūinne . . . inā do thomhuilt do phiasdaib na tal- man? Marco P. 164 . an cholann do chor i n-uaimh . . . i gcaidreabh crumh ┐ chiaróg ┐ phiast ndochraidh . . . archeana, TSh. 1109 . péiste géara na dtuambaoi . . . doghéanaid ort féasta, Keat. Poems 363 . peste worms, Rosa Angl. 132.18 . pestida, 121.16 . peiste cruime, gl. lumbrici, 23 K 42, 38.15 . piastaidhe an tsíoda silkworms , Corp. Astron. 64.19 . an phiast palmer . . . an péist chancair the palmerworm . . . the cankerworm, Joel i 4 . péist, mialtog, gadmuin, miolcrion `a moth', Eg. Gl. 417 . Fig. of human beings ; gé nach bfuil- maoid acht 'nar bpiasdaibh though we are but worms, Carswell 187.18 . Of ships : do chuireadar amach a bpiasda uathmhara, ML 44.23 .

píastach

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adj o, ā. abounding in monsters : isa Banbha piastaigh, Ériu x 78.3 .

píastamail

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Forms: píastamail

adj i. resembling a `píast', monster-like ? ennach imfada faobarghorm . . . piastamail claisréid . . . i gcengal in chresa (of a warrior's accoutrement), Caithr. Thoirdh. 39.31 ; the sense of ennach is obscure, `dirk', O'Grady, who does not translate the adj. píastamail; perh. serpent-like (in form) or dangerous . compar. piastamla cu ina muc ┐ píastamla muc ina bo `more beastly' (? more vicious, fiercer), Laws iii 244.2 Comm. (see fg.).

píastamlacht

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n f. (píastamail): nocon fogabar cethruimthe ar muic ara piastamlacht, Laws iii 244.1 Comm. (on fines for injuries inflicted by a pig under provocation; transl. `beastli- ness'; viciousness, aggressiveness ?).

píb

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x and derivv. see píp.

píbaid, píbaigid

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v g. chirps, squeaks (a deriv. of píp or a loan- word from Eng. peep `mutter, squeak'?): ar fháistineachaibh phíobas ┐ channranus, Isa. viii 19 . ni raibh neach . . . d'fhos- cuil an béul nó do phíobuidh, x 14 (the Engl. A.V. uses the vb. `peep' in both instances).

pibar

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x see pipur.

pibín

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n m. name of a plant : pibin allaid, gl. salvaria sparagus, Arch. i 334.1 . Stokes connects the word with píp.

pibracas, (pibarcas)

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Forms: pibrais, piobarcas

n (Eng. pepper-cress or pepper-carse) m. name of a plant, nasturtium ? gl. auisterium, Arch. i 331.15 . sil pibracais, 23 P 10, iii 25b21 , cf. sil pibrais , ib. 11a38 . (? leg. pibr[ac]ais Éigse iii 224-25 ). do-ni pibur cas … an cedna = et similiter nasturcium Éigse iii 225 . d'olaid lile ┐ do pibur cas = oleo de lilio et nasturcio ibid . piobarcas ` pepperwort, dillander, cock- weed ', P. O'C.

pic(c)

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Forms: picc

n f. (Lat. pix, pic-em) pitch, tar : in picc, gl. pix, RC ix 243.5 . airbrunni na liburni . . . árna níamdubad di phicc, LL 235b29 ( TTr. 1390 ). ni chuirid pic forro, Marco P. 145 (of caulking boats). do chuimlettar da ccenglaibh . . . pic ┐ róisin, BNnÉ 52 § 44 . a gclaochlódh i bpic (= in picem), TSh. 6725 . picc, Rosa Angl. 118.3 . imat crann giúaiss . . . dia ttair[rng]ther pic (i.e. resin), Fl. Earls 84.28 . do loguibh pice talmhuidhe slime-pits, Gen. xiv 10 . As name of a plant : pic gregach, gl. col[o]fuinia (= colophonia), Arch. i 327.58 .

pic(c)ardach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. pic(c)ardach or dil.ie/34327

n o,m. a Scottish Pict (a formation by metathesis from Lat. Pictores, see AU 668 , 675 , 727 ?): ro gab Nechtan ríghi na Picardach, RC xvii 234.15 (Tig.). cath . . . iter Picardachaib, ib. 13 . eter Piccardaib, 235.6 .