? pennán

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ind impi in eóit Luchair in lennán | ba duthain pennan na pell, LL 136b33 ( RC xlvii 289 y ) = ba suthain pellan na pell, Lec. 395a27 (f. 208) ; `the torment of the couch' (?), RC xlvii 316.11 .

? pennas

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n o,m. pain, penalty : pl. na pianta [┐ na peannais] síorrdhaidhe, ZCP iv 400.7 and n. 14 . Cf. go bfhuighe [an t-aithrigheach] peanós, MacAingil 255.4 .

pennatóir

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Forms: pennadoir

n i,m. a penitential, manual of penances ; aralega-su ind riaguil ┐ ind [sic] pennatoir, Mon. Tall. 78 . pennatoir dilgind frepthae cech pecthae, ZCP iii 24.30 = Ériu vii 135.33 . pennadoir, Ériu vii 144 § 25 . O'Dav. 1389 .

? pennér

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Forms: peinear

n (penn) a pen-case : mo fpennér . . . líonta d'airmphean- naibh, Studies 1923, 597 § 3 (poem of beginning of 16th cent.). peinear `a pen-case or ink-horn ', P. O'C.

penning

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n (O.N. loan-word, see Bidrag 62 , 119 ) a coin of small value : penning . . . .i. pars in uncio [leg. uncia] . . . .i. cruind, Corm. Y 1076 . ba samalta re Meidb nā beth penning a selba lé as if she did not possess a mite, TBC 83 .

pensóir

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Forms: peansóir, peansoir

n i,m. a fencer (swordsman): peansóir `a fencer', Eg. Gl. 770 . peansoir, P. O'C. Cf. pinnseóir.

pentol

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n m. (Lat. mentulum? or pendulum?) the membrum virile : osse tarrnocht lebar-pentol, TBC² 2938 . Cf. inor aodhar imbe go foph a tonai. Is ed dano uchtlebar penntol, RC xii 86 § 93 [leg. is e dēnucht lebar-p.¤ ?].

pérla

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Forms: pérla

n m. (Eng. loan-word?) a pearl. pérla, IGT Dec. § 2.34 . i bpearla do chlaonrosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ós cionn pérladh, Prov. xxi 10 .

1 Pers

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Forms: Persu, Pearsa, Persaibh

pn m. (fr. pl. Lat. Persae) a Persian : n p. Medi ┐ Persa, PH 5381.6968 . MacCarthy 288.10 ( BB 11a ). Persu, PH 6966 . Pearsa, Ériu iv 174.4 . g p. deired flatha Pers, LL 131a16 . cétrí Pers, CCath. 28 . rí na Pers, Maund. 226 . d p. o Persaibh , CCath. 34 . Cf. presen (leg. persen), gl. persianus, Ir. Gl. 524 .

2 pers

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Forms: Persa, Persiaibh

n m. (O.N. loan-word, Bidrag 62 ), a berserk : n p. Persa, Caithr. CC § 89.40 . g p. longius na Pers, § 79 . d p. Persiaibh, § 66 .

persa

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Forms: persan, persann, persain, persin, persain, persin, persine, persin, persin, persana, persannu, persan, personaib, persunnaib, persa, perso, persu, persain, persain(n)e, persan, persainn, persan(n)a, persan(n), pearsa, pearsa, pearsa

n n,f. (Lat. persona) O.Ir. n s. persan, Sg. 138a1 , 189a9 , b2 , Hib. Min. 4.103 . persann, Ml. 90a12 . a s. persain, Sg. 71b5 , 72a1 . persin 198a24 . d s. persain, Ml. 33b24 , 115a7 . persin, Sg. 140a1 , 162a3 . g s. inna persine , Sg. 197b10 ; 71b10 , 189b8 , Wb. 6b13 . n du. di persin , Sg. 212b5 . n p. persin, Sg. 203b10 , cf. 197a15 , 199a1 . a p. persana, 191a2 . persannu, Hib. Min. 10.315 (leg. -nna). g p. persan, Sg. 220a9 , 10 . d p. personaib, 186a2 . persunnaib, Hib. Min. 5.136 .

Mid.Ir. n s. persa; perso, LU 295 , 2308 , Auraic. 39 , 324 . persu, Hib. Min. 3.91 ; common form in PH. a d s. persain, -sainn, -saind. g s. persain(n)e; persan, Laws iii 460.1 , cf. Fl. Earls 254.2 . n p. persainn, IT iii 65 x ( BB 305a47 ); persan(n)a. g p. persan(n). pearsa, f. d s. -ain(n), g s. -an(n), -ainne, n p. -ain, -an(n)a, g p. -an(n), IGT Dec. § 121 . Mod. pearsa, g s. -an; g p. occas. pearsa, ( 1 Cor. x 8 ; Fl. Earls 186.30 ).

(a) a person, an individual : do neuch dofoirṅde persain deirb to what signifies a determinate person, Sg. 72a1 . cindas persine attotchomnicc? (gl. tu quis es?), Wb. 6b13 . issí persann fil and . . . paupertas, Ml. 90a12 (i.e. ` paupertas' is the subject of the sentence glossed; cf. ni do cach brethir tecming persona all verbs have not a personal subject, Sg. 161a1 , where the Lat. word is used). cen airitin persainde etir aichnid ┐ anaichnid, PH 4152 ; cf. airitiu persand, 4011 (g p.) co nar persu dingbala don epscopoti hé a fit person for the episcopate, Lat. Lives 92.4 . bid Crist i persaind cech bocht iressach, LB 63a24 = i persoin cech aighedh [áighidh MS.] irisigh, Lism.L. 1273 . doraga mac Dé ┐ duini i n-oenpersaind in one (the same) person, LU 2317 ( RC iv 246 § 5 ). na drúdi ┐ na ríga i n-oenpersain do adrad rig na firinde, LB 138a22 (of the Magi, who were at once astrologers and kings). adubairt . . . nach rachad ana persain fein that he would not go in person, ZCP xiii 183.15 . dodheachaidh badéin a persain, Fl. Earls 40.22 . eirgit na maithe ina persanoip badhdein, 94.21 .

Of bodily presence, appearance, etc. : cia th'ainm-siu? Ni ansa. Robec (.i. i persaind). Romor (.i. i n-eolas), LL 186b58 = RC xxvi 20 § 40 , 21 n. 1 . ar mhéid a phearsan, Keat. ii 5154 , cf. 5078 . dā thrūp marcslaighi . . . ba lor dianfheabhus . . . eitir arm, eachroid ┐ eideadh cona persanoip urdhalta, Fl. Earls 174.2 . múil persan na gcardenal the cardinals' body- mules, 254.2 . go dtug [Dia] pearsa osgardhe dhó, TSh. 2424 .

a (i) persain, folld. by gen. in the person (character, quality) of: labraid in spiurt noib tri giun Dauid inso .i. a persainn ríg, Ml. 115a2 . in tan labratar ind ḟilid a persin inna ṅdea, Sg. 162a3 . bid as mo p[h]ersain fén da-aicer I will plead in my own person, Ériu xi 43.27 . do thecaisc Dia a persain Heremías fáid, PH 7577 . atbert Dauid i persain Dia fodesin, 2276 . is iat so lucht na hailitre . . . isa persainn atbeir in faidh, Lism.L. 727 . TSh. 3004 . is i bpearsanaibh na marbh so labhraid na Macha- baei, 4478 . Eochairsg. 24 y .

In theology of the persons of the Trinity : Isu Crist . . . in tres perso na deachta, LU 2308 ( RC iv 246 § 3 ). in spirut noem, in tres persu na deachta, PH 1087 . fó breith na tri persan bias i n-aen-persain, 7520 . tri persana na Trinóidi, Maund. 121 . ga mhéud persa san Tríonóid? Parrth. Anma 59.14 . Of the person who writes (a book, etc.) author: treidhe . . . arrecar do cach hsairsi . . . .i. loc ┐ aimser ┐ persu, Hib. Min. 3.91 . loccus huius artis Cúil Bendchuir . . . persa dó Óengus mac Oengoband, Fél. 6.23 . perso Dallán Forgaill, LU 295 (ACC Introd.). perso dī Fergus mac Róich, ar is he ro thirchan dona hexib, Arch. iii 3.5 (of the Táin Bó C.). locc don lebur-sa Ross Broin . . . pearsa dó Seon Maudauil, Maund. 1 . Caide loc ┐ aimsear ┐ perso . . . din Gaedelg? . . . Persu dī Sachab mac R. inventor, Auraic. 36.39 . ite tra persainn na dā rann dēc .i. Coirpri . . . Ai . . . Athairne, IT iii 65 § 137 .

Folld. by gen. denoting calling, etc. : pearsa ecclaisi a churchman, FM iii 470.16 . Luc. Fid. 104.17 . do mhiltibh persa eguilsi, Fl. Earls 186.30 . ar phearsanaibh eagailse, Hackett xvii 22 . Cf. persún.

(b) gram. term person (of a verb or pronoun): hi cetni persin brethre . . . hi tert-persin . . . hí persin tánaisi, Sg. 215a9 . donaib teoraib personaib uathatib the three persons singular, 186a2 . cetpearsu uathaid . . . persa tanaiste . . . treas persa, Auraic. 304 - 6 . etargoire persainne, 642 .

(c) in late gram. texts used of abstract nouns : persa lóir an abstract noun, IGT Dec. § 26 (e.g. ferdacht, bandacht, etc.). p.¤ oibrighthe a verbal abstract, Introd. 33.10 (e.g. ag fearachadh, ag fearugadh, from fearach). pearsa iomurbhádha a compara- tive, 33.14 (e.g. as fearuighe mé iná thú; the term persa is used by analogy because the compar. in form resembles an abstract, cf. ó phearsuin lóir as mó bheantur iomurbháidh mur tá so: as lor mo ghile ┐ as gile mé iná thú, 27.5 ). éideadh (an uair nach persa), 54.11 (in a list of masc. nouns with attenuated g s., i.e. éideadh forms g s. -idh except when it is a verbal noun).