opar, (opair)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. opar, (opair) or dil.ie/33907

Forms: opar, obar, opair, oiprib, obair, oibre, obra, obar

n ā,f. (Lat. opera) n s. opar ( LU 4351 ); obar con- tinues in use beside opair (obair) throughout Mid.Ir. period. d p. oiprib, Wb. 9d19 (a prima manu). obair (g s. oibre, obra), IGT Dec. § 42.16 . obar, § 56 . In Mid.Ir. generally treated as guttural stem in pl.

(a) work, activity, employment, occupation in wide sense: opar ab operacione , Corm. Y 1012 = opair, Corm. p. 33. arna epíltis oc opair semper working, Ml. 121d16 . ni hopair niad náre diffidence is no business of a champion, TBC 3275. togaes denma opre proper folk for work (i.e. fighting), 5238 = degh-aos denma oibre, St. ro bai a n-obair ┐ a feidm ic a fulang (= they were sustained by their activity, of soldiers in battle), CCath. 5911. oc admilliud na hoipre frustrating the work (a siege), Met. Dinds. ii 4.28 . an tí ler obair bhar mbasuccadh whose endeavour it was to kill you, BNnÉ 73 § 130 . deilbh oige ní hobair dhuit `the making of poetry is not a thing for you!' Content. xxii 29. obair fhaoilte `an act of thanksgiving' (?), A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 18. Esp. menial work, toil, labour : mugsaine ┐ daer-opair, TBC 1760. fer oibre a work- man, Laws v 280.12 Comm. praind fir opra, O'Mulc. 16. lucht na hoibre, ML 2.18 . an tí ag nach biodh leighionn dobheirdís obair dho . . . .i. opus manuum , Rule of Tall. 32 § 54 . obair don daoirseach (= opus servo), TSh. 1874. an seachtmhadh lá . . . ní dhéana tú obair ar bith ann, Exod. xx 10 .

Of a laborious or difficult undertaking: in ochtar is calma . . . a n-opar 'com tharraing esti `the eight strongest men . . . had hard work to pull me out', Aisl. MC 93.4 . In the phrase (is) opair hardly, scarcely : ferais snechta mór dóibh gurbh obair doibh a n-airm do chongbáil 'so that they could scarcely hold their weapons' Cóir A.2 ii 21 , Celtica xiii 122 . obar . . . | breith na bpobal i bparrthus Dán Dé xviii 30 ; 'His people can scarcely gain entrance to Paradise' Celtica xiii 122 . duine . . . don fhuil-se Ádhaimh . . . mar Mhoire is obair gur fhás A. Ó Dálaigh xii 5 ; 'scarcely one like Mary arose from among those who descended from Adam ' Celtica xiii 122 .

In loose sense of doings, goings on, etc.: is ait an obair-se ar Thadhg this is a queer thing for T. to be doing, Content. xxv 1 . féach féin an obair-si, a Áodh . . . san uair-se tharla ar Thomás, Dánta Grádha 41.1 (ed. 1926) = Ériu ix 2 (= see for yourself what T. is up to now! making love to your wife).

In pl. works, deeds : din dib oiprib (gl. nolite fraudare invicem, 1 Cor. vii 5 ), Wb. 9d19 (leg. frudare inuicem, Ogma 236 ). (of the two works, i.e. reciprocal activity, coition, see Ped. ii 469 ). deth-oibrecha (leg. degh-) good works, ZCP vi 90.10 . oibreacha na trócaire, TSh. 1830. idir oibrea- chaibh Phádraic . . . scríobh sé Historia Hiberniae, Keat. i 152.81 .

(b) in concrete sense a piece of workmanship (late use; often of buildings). obair lín net-work, 1 Kings vii 20. d'obair ṡnáithede needlework, Exod. xxviii 39. doronsat obair ingnadh . . . .i. caislén crainn, Expug. Hib. § 13. obair croinn ┐ cloiche (i.e. a building), FM vi 2270.2 . go ffuil in caislen sin . . . ar oibreachoip lan-daingne na cristaigeachta `one of the greatest fortresses', Fl. Earls 66.29 .

opdálach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. opdálach or dil.ie/33908

adj o,ā. given to refusing (< opad)? bocdālach ratha in rī rēidh, | ni hopdālach catha cruaidh not one that shirks battle (?), ZCP viii 228 § 22 ; seems compounded of op- `to refuse' and dálach, prob. coined for the occasion.

opne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. opne or dil.ie/33909

x see oipne.

opostema

Cite this: eDIL s.v. opostema or dil.ie/33910

n (Lat. apostema) an imposthume, abscess ; Rosa Ang. 162.5 , etc.

opraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. opraid or dil.ie/33911

v (denom. from opair) works, exerts oneself: ro obair bréithir nDé do irrdercucchad, RC xxv 388 § 1.

opred

Cite this: eDIL s.v. opred or dil.ie/33912

x see oipred.

opreóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. opreóir or dil.ie/33913

x see oipreóir.

optait

Cite this: eDIL s.v. optait or dil.ie/33914

Forms: optait, n-optit

n (analogical formation from Lat. optativus, see Ped. i 191 , Thurn. Hdb. § 98 ) the optative mood (in grammar): n s. optait, Sg. 148a4 . d s. i n-optit , 190b6 .

opthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. opthach or dil.ie/33915

adj o,ā. (opad) given to refusing , with prep. or obj. gen. Esp. of declining or shirking combat: riam nirbat opthaich im ni they never refused anything, Ériu vi 122 § 10. nírbho hoptach irgaile é, Ériu iii 170.6 . fear nar optach n-iorghaile, Duan. Finn i 15.1 . as fir sin nach obthach n-áigh, IGT Dec. ex. 595 .

opuing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. opuing or dil.ie/33916

n a scruple (weight): screpall Gaedel din .i. opuingc, Corm. p. 35 s.v. puingcne = oiffing, Corm. Y 1050. See affaing.

opunn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. opunn or dil.ie/33917

Forms: obunn, opund

adj o,ā. later obunn, -onn, -ann. Quick, swift, prompt : obunn .i. luath, O'Dav. 1305. catha opni erlama `nimble and ready battalions', TTr. 1360 ( LL 225a44 ). co narbtar oipni ri airsclaige na gona dib `prompt to ward off the wounds', TTr. 2056 ( LL 244b4 ). muna dherna aithrighe n-obainn, BNnÉ 25 § 13. In unfavourable sense hasty, precipitate : nibbát ecal ocol opond, SC 25 ( LU 3468 ). saothor obund no remar, ZCP vii 311 § 15 (oppd. to: in cosmail caol fodae narrow persevering routine). Of events, sudden, unexpected : ēc oponn, Laws v 448.29 Comm. do thámh obunn énuaire, Acall. 1265. do bhásaibh obanna, TSh. 5438. compar. nach obainne bás na croiche ioná an bás nádúrtha speedier, 3786 . Adv. focheirdi erchor uait . . . docuirethar obonn anmandae ar a chind (=an animal suddenly intercepts the missile), Corm. Y 1229 = opund, Corm. p. 43 s.v. taurthait. opund dino atuaid [= aduaid] Eua in uball, LB 111a18 ( MacCarthy 54.11 ). aiti araciallathar tassic a n-opund who secures restitution promptly (?), Corm. Y 1232 = i n-opund LB, tassec opunn LL. la eirgi súas co opund, FB 25. tanic co hopand chucaind sollsi dermáir, PH 3777. étid co hoponn siph arm yourselves quickly, CCath. 5168. abair re B. nā fuirighedh a Temraig ach[t] imthiged asti co hobann at once, Ériu iii 170 § 29. [atá] canosasion chom a dhenta go hobonn air `he will soon be canonised', Fl. Earls 98.2 .

Compd. obann-briathrach cach bras, Arch. iii 229.114 (`hasty-spoken', ZCP xvii 63 § 36 ).