1 oenach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 oenach or dil.ie/33513

Forms: áonach

n o,n. and m. (oén) n s. (with art.) a n-oinach sin, Ériu ii 100.1 (Tenga Bithnua). a n-óenach, LU 3239 ( SC 3 ). óenach mbúada, 4549 . ( TBC 59 ). Later masc. áonach (m., g s. -aigh, n p. -aighi), IGT Dec. § 55.11 .

(a) in primary sense `a reunion', hence a popular assembly or gathering , generally (though not exclusively) for games, races, and similar contests, as distinguished from an `airecht' or assembly for communal business; commonly transld. `fair', though it does not seem to have been intended for com- mercial purposes. The chief oenaige were held periodically at fixed places. The word is often used of the place where the assembly was held and hence figures in many place-names, usually folld. by a gen. but occas. absol., e.g. mod. Nenagh (Co. Tipperary) < an Aenach < a n-oenach; fón Aenach, AU ii 376.15 (= mod. Enagh. Co. Roscommon). See Hogan, Onom. s.v. oínach .

i n-oinach, gl. in theatrum, Thes. i 497.38 ( Ardm. 183b2 ). aenach, gl. agon, Gild. Lor. 45. in t-oinach rígda (= agon regale), Lat. Lives 21.9 . oenach Tailten do cumusc, AU 830 = commixtio agonis Talten, 716 . oenach .i. āine ech, Corm. Y 1002 (i.e. horse-races). d'echtres nō d'oenuch, Sitzb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 26 . fer ro chóemaig na cleasa | ic gním óenaig ech-thressa `holding a meeting for horse-races', Met. Dinds. iii 350.23 . oenach dogníthe la Ultu cecha bliadna, SC 1. bá hiat dā comthinól airegda no bítis oc feraib Herend .i. fes Temra cecha samna . . . ┐ óenach Tailten cech lúgnasaid, LU 4212 . iar cor graphand doib i n-óenach na Cruachna, FB 66. ruc Cu C. buaid ind óenaig, ib. Tir Tailten . . . iss ed tir in sein bas oenach cluchi dot claind-siu, ZCP xiii 372 § 4 (Baile in Scáil). iar n-aighe aonaigh Life fri tríbh láibh, FM ii 672.11 . aimser aenaid (during which fighting was forbidden), Laws v 302 y . ní hinbaid oenaig ind inbaid garb gemretta so, LL 264b12 = MU 18.21 . gaibid som a dillut oenaig immi, TBC 2727 = a dilatt n-oenaich, TBC2 2038. do cuir a deisi aenaigh ┐ oirechtais uime, ZCP vi 27.34 . i Cruachain dognithea aenaichi Erind, Ériu ii 178.12 (aenuig v.l.). dligit amais aenechu, ZCP iv 468 § 5.

In wider sense, of other gatherings of a social nature: in cetna oenach Olimp the first Olympiad, Rawl. 73b21 . oenach Slebhe Sion, Ériu ii 98 § 3. a haenach nime `from the assembly of heaven', Fél. p. xxiv § 3 . i lLoind Ela . . . ba he an tres priomh- aonach Erenn eissem .i. aonach Taillten ┐ aonach Cluana meic Nois ┐ Lainn Ela, BNnÉ 178 § 30 (where `aonach' in the case of Cluain m. N. and Lann E. refers to the religious com- munities in those places). tri haonaighe Erenn . . . an tres aonach m'aonach féin, ib. § 31 (the speaker is St. Colmán of Ela). Cf. Triads 35 : tri háenaig Hérenn: áenach Tailten, á. Crúachan, á. Colmáin Ela.

In follg. exx. seems used as a semi-abstract: a haithle a n-oenaig ┐ a n-aniusa (= their sports), FA 30. bíadd prantigi . . . ised aonach ndedenach indsin is coir do imbirt isna mbelaib iar praind hi sessam, Mon. Tall. 83 , where it seems to mean a religious observance (chant) in which a number take part (but text may be corrupt).

o.¤ ngubae funeral games : coro clantar mo lia ┐ coro hagthar m'oenach ṅgubae, ZCP iii 3.4 ( Rawl. 130b28 ). ro cuindig . . . airm i n-adnaicfidea co n-agtais a haenach and, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 311.20 ). claidhter a fert . . . ┐ digníther a aonach gubha la hUltu, MS. Mat. 473.21 .

(b) transf. of place where an `oenach' or assembly is held: for forod áenaig in dūine, LU 10194 = oenaic, ZCP iii 232.3 (of the green or playground adjoining a chief's residence). ro gab dar oenuch mBreg Leth, IT i 119.11 , cf. dar Aenach mBreg Leith, BDD 1. Similarly in place-names. Somet. of a burial-ground: co fil [corp Dá Thí] for lár Óenaig Crúacan, LU 2801 , cf. 2851 . ni fil cnoc i nOenuch Cruachna nach fert rig nó rigflatha nó mna nó eicis, YBL 192a50 . Lagin i nOenuch Albi [no adnaictis] . . . Fir Muman i nOenuch Culi ┐ i nOenuch Colman, LU 4111 , 4112 . There was also an O.¤ Colmáin in S. Leinster: coscradh Oenaigh C. la Muiredhach for Laigniu Desgabair, AU 826 ; cf. in circo Colmain hi lLifiu, LL 321h44 = in circio C., BB 177e47 .

Of a harbour: óenach na n-ethar n-étromm, Met. Dinds. iii 168.4 . Of the Roman Forum: is lais ro címdaiged oenach na Románach, LB 150b47 . for cathairib in oenaig isin Roimh, CCath. 5145. (fig.) óenach mbúada a thulchind, TBC2 59 = o.¤ buada ina thilchind, TBC 258 (`ein Festplatz des Triumphes', Wind.). sinidh mo p[h]enn bec braenach | tar aonach lebor lig-oll, ZCP 8.12 .

2 oenach

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n some kind of injury or wound ? is cutruma trin coirpdiri cacha cneidi do rith ann cach aenaigh coruicci tri oenaighe `in the case for each "aenach"-injury', Laws iii 346.2 , do rith ann cach oenaig co cenn tri aenaighi, ib. 9 . ar oenach, ib. 16 .

oenachda

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Forms: haenachdu

adj io,iā. pertaining to an `oenach' or public contest ; as subst. m. a participator (? president or judge) in such: a p. na haenachdu , gl. agonithetas .i. principes belli, Gild. Lor. 45.

oenaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oenaide or dil.ie/33516

adj io,iā. (oen) alone, solitary : da sirinn am' aonaidhe | sléibhti domhain duinn, Buile S. 70.9 .

1 oenaigid

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v is dochma don menmain d'oenaig(id) dona hair- cride i n-oenfecht ┐ na mathiusa suthaine (= non valet caduca simul et eterna diligere), LB 59a38 (-id added above line) = RC ii 384 § 5 , `to delight in'; but possibly to join, cleave to, see oenaigidir.

2 oenaigid

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v g. (oenach) holds an `oenach', hence makes merry, rejoices? aghair .i. aonaigit nó subaigit `they rejoice', O'Dav. 77 (gl. on Fél. Sep. 4 ; the corresponding gl. in LB gives oentaigit, perh. the right reading, Fél.2 cxl ).

oenaigidir

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Forms: oínaichthir, oinigthe

v g. (oen) makes one, unites , with FRI: pres. 3 s. (with reflex. pron. suff.) oenichthi som frisna hireschu He unites Himself to, Wb. 32d8 . ore n-oenigether frisin chorp, Thes. ii 255.16 ( Stowe Miss. 66a ). tolin a fir asind aicniud co n- oenigedar fri fir na screptra, Corm. Y 1224 = co n-aeniger, Corm. p. 42 s.v. tuilgein; co n-oenaigter, Bodl. (pass.). fobíth ṅ-oenaigedar a cialla unites their meanings, Sg. 172a3 . pass. pres. oínaichthir, gl. unitur, Sg. 212a4 . part. oinigthe, gl. unitus, Ml. 25a2 . vn. diar n-oínigud to unite us, Wb. 21c3 . Brings to agreement : ni haighne nad óenaighedar ai he is no advocate who does not settle a dispute, ZCP xii 364.14 , cf. Cóic Con. Fug. p. 11. ? aenether clanda .i. o aenaighter, ł dī annaighter, a ferann dona clannaib-sin CIH iii 751.35 .

óenán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. óenán or dil.ie/33520

Forms: oenán

n [o,m.] (oen)

(a) as dim. of oen: oenán, gl. ullus (derived by Priscian from unus), Sg. 37b10 .

(b) the same (cf. W. hunan `self' < un `one'): crui tire do tellach in [leg. ní] aenan main moaightear (.i. ni hínand mogaigus maine . . . i tir co cruib ┐ i tir cen cru), Laws iv 20.5 , 24.5 . mar da badar ime sin | aenan la iarsin mbliadain `in the same way, after the year was done' (? on the same day after the year, i.e. the day the year expired), Met. Dinds. iv 6.22 . Cf. airne toile fóenan [faonan v.l.] cuma fri toilfeith O'Dav. 159 (`the same as for', Stokes, taking as = oenán), and ib. 1435 .

(c) alone, only ? aonan .i. aonur ut est ó athair óenan in coibche sin `from the father alone', O'Dav. 127 ; the citation seems = o athair aen dan in c. s., Laws iv 60.12 , and may be a misunderstanding. Cf. faenan.

oenar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oenar or dil.ie/33521

n o,m. a compd. of oen+fer, Thurn. Hdb. § 387 , but see Ped. ii 136. énar áonar, IGT Dec. § 11 (p. 55.1) .

(a) a single individual, one alone ; strictly of persons only, used of both sexes and numbers, generally as appositional dat. with poss. pron., referring to a noun or pron. expressed or implicit (as subj. or obj. of vb.), in sense alone, by oneself : ni fil nech and . . . acht meisse m'oínur save I alone, Wb. 5a25 . mé i ndaire . . . m'oenur i tirib anheoil, SR 3180. m'aenur dolod forsin mbith, m'aenur ragad de, Ériu ii 56 § 14. don- úadhus m'oenur é, Cóir An. 70 (p. 320.18) . nā hadair dee bréci, acht me féin m'aenur, PH 7311. domroiched for rith soithech . . . co roich m'oenar moch, Arch. iii 232 § 2 (`that it may reach me betimes', Ériu vi 113 ). tusu t'oínur, Ml. 78b18 . ní nad roichet Ulaid uli, rosoichi-siu th'óenur, FB 11. ni fil cuit . . . acht duit-siu th'óenur, SC 6. it' agaid-sea th'oenur against thee alone, PH 8194. arná dernae tré báegul | m'óenur t'óenur ar Demun, Ériu i 198.6 (= lest you find yourself tête- à-tête with the Devil? Prob. a cant phrase). a oinur, gl. (qui finxit) singulatim, Ml. 53a9 . ro marb tríar for trichait díb a oenur, SC 36. curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 4.128 . dérgud do Máel D. a óenur ┐ dérgud cach triir dia muintir a separate couch for M., LU 1815 ( RC ix 490.12 ). níro rathaig nech díb aní sin acht Fand a hoenur, SC 45. noí carpait fóthi a oenur for her special use, TBC 695. napad airib far n-oínur for yourselves only, Wb. 22d25 . is la demnaib a n-oenur a airichas, FA 29. ro bu la filedu a n-aenur brei- themnus, Laws i 18.12 .

léicid . . . a oenur leaves . . . alone, does not meddle with: léic he a oenur, PH 3356. leic a oenur in fognam give up serving, RC xxiv 192.18 . leac[ad] iarsin a n-imrom a aenur they desist from rowing, RC ix 18.15 .

With omission of poss. pron.: cen nech n-aili . . . acht se oenur 's a óenben, SR 1888. in duine fodein aonur, Laws i 270.22 . do Coinculaind aenur, Ériu i 120.2 . leic aenur in mignim desist from the evil deed, TTebe 2130 . d'ar ndéanamh dheit éanar to make us Thine only, Dán Dé xvi 22.

Later with prep. i n- and poss. pron.: tucus-[s]a a m'oenur amus fair, PH 3840. tusa at'aonar, Ériu ii 56 § 13. mac mheic Concubhair . . . ní hÉirionnach 'na aonor `he is not a mere Irishman', Ériu v 64.2 . ní maith an duine bheith 'na áonar, Gen. ii 18.

Rarely as subst. one person : ni fortreisi oeth oenuir ardmius ilmile . . . .i. ni treisi toimdin a sochaide oldass luighe n-aonfir `the oath of one man', O'Dav. 36.

(b) occas. in sense of oneself, of one's own accord, without external agency ; esp. of things. noda-sínet na claidib a n-óenur, BDD 76. conda-samaigetar [na trualli] impu a n-oenur (the sheaths) encase (the swords) of themselves, 95 . con- acca in muilenn for bleith a oenar, Lism.L. 2001. gach glas iata . . . da oslaicead 'na haenar, ZCP v 24 § 3. sicip leth tíassat ind ocdaim a n-oenar, Trip. 252.27 . co n-erbail a aonar died a natural death, Leb. Gab. i 202.20 . coro marbhtha iad idir nō go n-eiblidis a n-aenar do ghorta, FM vi 2074.11 .

(c) in late texts occas. in the construction: is o.¤ dom I am alone, solitary . cona bad aenur do i[n] céin no biad immalle fris, D IV 2, 73vb6 . aonar dhamhsa eidir dhaoinibh, Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 1 . Cf. Ó hEachaidh ní háonur leis | ceis cheathair fhaobhar re ais Ó hE. is not lonely while his harp is beside him, IGT Introd. § 18.

(d) in mod. lang. the gen. aonair is used as an adj. = lonely, solitary : Carrig na C. 'na fothraigh aonair a lonely ruin, D. MacCarrthaigh 4.27 . See Dinneen s.v. aonair.

oenarán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oenarán or dil.ie/33522

Forms: oenurán

n o,m. also oenurán (perh. older form), dim. of oenar and used in same way, chiefly in poetry. énarán áonarán, IGT Dec. § 35.17 . subaigthius a óenurán, Thes. i 294.2 ( SP ii ). m'oenarān im aireglān gan duinēn im gnāis, Ériu i 138.1 . m'oenuran im romra ró, LU 3015. m'oenurán dam ar eitib, TBC 2333 = m'oenaran, TBC2 1726. corr indsi G. . . . isan insi a haenuran alone in the island, ZCP v 24.7 . With prep. i n-: dogheabhair comhrac ad aonarán `thou shalt have single combat', Oss. iv 102.7 . táinig amach 'na aonarán, Ériu i 28. 196 . do uí sí fén 'na haonarán isin bforaóis, v 184.387 . pl. trí haonarain is ferr ioná iomad, Triads p. 38 § 93 (gl. trí húathaid).

*oenaránach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. *oenaránach or dil.ie/33523

adj o,ā. (late deriv. of oenarán) single, indi- vidual, alone : gan shunnradh gach ní oirrdhearc énaránach (i.e. a proper noun denoting an individual does not require the art.), IGT Introd. § 15. gur mhó d'úghdardhas an sean- chus do bhí coitcheann ioná aon úghdar amhain go haon- aránach any single author by himself, Keat. i p. 90 . unique : ar ghlēs aonarānach Celtica i 171.312 . Solitary, desolate : bíodh an oidhche sin aonránach, Job iii 7. is mó clann na haonránuigh [sic] ná clann na mná pósta, Isa. liv 1. compar. an truaghán is aonaránaighe . . . ar bioth, TSh. 4219.