óen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. óen or dil.ie/33512

Forms: óen, oín, oena, aine, oina, oína, oen, aen, én, éin, aon, oen, oinaidaircechu, oinbenchu, oinchosaig

num. adj. and pron. óen, Sg. 201a11 , Wb. 4d21 (oén). oín, Ml. 90d1 , Sg. 162b1 and in compds. (Ml. and Wb.). g s f. oena, Sg. 203a26 . aine, Bcr. 31c4 (pron.). a p m. oina, Ml. 70a4 (adj.); oína, ib. (pron.). Mid.Ir. oen , later aen; in compds. often én- or (before palatal vowel in follg. syll.) éin-. Mod. aon.

I As num. adj. one .

(a) absol.: oen .i. un ab eo quod est unus , Corm. Y 1001. a hoen, a dó, a trí, SR 741. a n-oén ar fichit it tri secht són the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 (treated as neut.).

As pred. with cop.: is oín hua tinscanat, ni oín hi foircniter (i.e. they begin but do not end with the same letter), Sg. 162b1 . Generally in sense unique: Brigtae ba hóen a amra, Hy. v 43 (`B's miracle was unique', Thes.). int Imblech . . . is oin ina erdarcus I. is unapproached in fame, Bruchst. i § 145 ( An. Inisfallen 742 ). a Flaith na naem, robo aen do chaemh thy loved one had no equal (?), Arch. iii 298 § 70.

(b) attrib., rarely follg. noun (this construction seems con- fined chiefly to expressions of time): dia oin `ein einziger Gott', Ält. Ir. Dict. ii 10 § 5 (oen, aon MSS.). Moin oin `M. der einzige', ib. § 1 . as athair aen dan in coibche sin `it is to the father alone this nuptial present is due' (?), Laws iv 60.12 . luid in gilla lathi óen and one day, LL 51b2 . laa n-oen and, IT i 122.19 . PH 74. fec[h]t n-oen ann, IT i 136.17 .

(c) generally preceding noun, forming a compd. and re- maining indeclinable, one, a single . Lenites follg. cons. and often prefixes t- to s. (When the noun is folld. by prep. ar and a multiple of 10, oen is freq. omitted: bó ar fhichit = oenbhó ar fh. twenty-one cows.) cid oín dune (gl. nemo), Ml. 33c12 . ma tecmadh secht tengt[h]a i cinn aenduine, ZCP viii 111.20 . ildáni do óenfiur . . . óendán do sochuidi, Wb. 11a16 . triar, óenfer (of the Trinity), Hy. v 18. in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer, FB 15. comland oenfir single combat, Ériu i 114 § 1. eirge athlamh aeinfir rising quickly as one man, CCath. 4436 , cf. ZCP xiii 205.1 (where read: aoinfir). fer oínsétche du-nar- ructhæ act oentuistiu a man of one wife to whom only one child has been born, Thes. ii 241.9 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). Echaid Oenáu (= one-eared), Trip. 126.18 . Eochaidh aonshula of the one eye, ML 86.23 . ro sníastar ar oenchois ┐ ar oenláim ┐ oensúil, TBC 564. ba hoinlebor leo int saltair they considered the Psalter a single book, Hib. Min. 2.56 . Lugid Macnía (.i. oenainm), ZCP viii 312.5 (i.e. Macnía is a single word, a name not a patronymic). oen-chailech indises Matha . . . a dō indises Lucas, PH 5219. ind aenailidh dún ar ttriur | is aenbla lin dar ar cend we three shall be in one grave with one shroud about us, Anecd. ii 30 § 4. hi curach óenseiched of one hide, Trip. 222.11 . oín fecht once, Ml. 138b8 . oin[ḟ]echt, 34a9 . du intiuch oín lai a journey of one day, 140a1 . oigreadh éntráith ice of twenty-four hours, Ériu iv 218.16 . bás aonuaire `instant', Keat. iii 2272. ata oenní ocund do denam `I have one expedient', PH 1192. cidh énní dhibh a single item, Laws ii 156.3 Comm.

Often used to strengthen cech (cach): ni choemsaitis . . . cech oenfochraic dib d'aisnes, SR 520. cech laithi, cech óenbliadain, 1458 . mórfessiur . . . oc cor cacha hóenslaite, FB 2. gulban cach óen-eóin, Met. Dinds. iii 258.26 . tri mile ceol . . . cacha henchlaisi, RC xxvi 146.7 .

Used to emphasize a follg. superlative: issí in dictatoirecht éncéim ba huaisle buí occo, CCath. 95.

The numeral often appears superfluous: teuir oenaidchi three nights, Thes. ii 291.6 ( Ml. Poems i 2 ). co n-accai ni . . . .i. in n-aenmnaí for fertais in charpait a woman, TBC 201. co cualaid gul na henmna a woman's weeping, RC v 201.6 . coic oinfissigh five searchers, Duan. Finn i 45.5 . Esp. with nouns denoting number like días: toirmeasc itan eindeisi quenching the thirst of two, Ériu iv 224.6 . dochuaidh T. entriar marcach tarsa with three horsemen, FM iii 576.4 . oen-ocht ṁbliadan, LL 181b22 ( Arch. Hib. ii 49 ).

Such compds. are used in pl. without inflexion of oen: óenlitrib, gl. singulis litteris, Sg. 28a12 . frisna hoen n-apstal déc eleven, PH 5123. tri cét fer for oencosaib ┐ for oenlamaib ┐ aensuilib `each using only one leg', Dinds. 41 ( RC xv 431 w ). dariachtadar óendóene d'Ultaib . . . d'fórithin Conculaind .i. Senal U. ┐ dā mac Gégge a few individuals, TBC 4205. rosiachtadar aendhaíne asin máidm sin, Alex. 291. ra étlaitis . . . ar oenḟeraib one by one, LL 268b26 ( MU 44 ). go n-imthightís na haonmhna Erind women used to traverse Ireland alone, FM ii 1164.4 .

(d) used before noun in sense only : ni óentorbe doraricc dún not merely one profit, Wb. 19b23 . ba hed a n-oínbiad isin díthrub (= de mannae cibo solitario), Ml. 97d8 . bá hóenglunn dó sercc di mnai a brathar his only crime, IT i 121.3 . Tomas . . . is e oendiscipul nā boi imalle frisna hapstalu, PH 6728. énmac Dé, Ériu iv 114 § 17. Domnall . . . enrí Teftha sole king, RC xviii 18.1 . enrige in domain sole (undivided) sove- reignty, Alex. 114. se oenur 's a óenben his wife, SR 1888. Findabair d'óenmnaí F. as a wife, TBC 3031. mad ben tsaor í, biadh 'na henmnáoi agam, ZCP i 125.1 . tene an aonbeime [na n-oenbeim v.l.] .i. Aodh (i.e. one who strikes but once?), Anecd. ii 52.1 .

(e) unique, without equal, peerless : eirr óengaile, LU 10356. 'con óengabaind na hElgca Elg's foremost smith, Ériu iv 108 y . ar muin meicc óenfir Hérenn of Erin's chief, 102 § 43. oen- guinid Cilli Darae, ZCP ix 169.16 . Cf. TBC 5375. oenoinmit fer nErenn the greatest fool, Ériu v 28.2 . Tomaltach . . . enbranan cloinne Maolruanaidh `chief hero', FM iii 150.2 . aenollam na nGaedhel, RC xviii 191.8 .

(f) often the same (= Lat. idem); in this sense declined in Glosses. inna oena méite (gl. tantidem), Sg. 203a26 . inna oína oina-sa (gl. hos eosdem), Ml. 70a4 . Cf. Wb. 5d1 . ni tre oínmetur ro ceta [int ṡailm], Hib. Min. 6.182 . aensmacht ar cach ceathra the same `smacht'-fine, Laws iv 104.24 . bid grád n-oenfir forra they shall all have the same rank, Trip. 152.22 (= in pari habendos respectu, Colg.). ac oenmummib daronsat ceirdgnimrada gaile the same instructresses, TBC 3006. fer oentreue dō fellow-tribesman, PH 75. d'a fir aencluichi nō aentighe as his playmate or housemate, CCath. 2432 , cf. 644 . ni uīth cuit don m[n]ai . . . a n-oentig aithigh tighi, Cáin Ad. § 2 . t'fhear êanaoise thy coeval, Dán Dé xvii 3. in tan do bamar-ne ag aenfoghlaim gaiscidh learning . . . together, ZCP x 304.29 . clanna ar saor, meic ar moghadh | dheit . . . fá énomhan `united in fear', Studies 1921, 75.4 . ata sinne . . . dh'aoinchreidimh ┐ dh'aontsacramuintibh one in faith and sacraments, Luc. Fid. 378.7 .

Similarly in a number of stereotyped adverbial phrases: i n-ait . . . oenbaili in one place, together ; ó oenbél (-guth) with one voice, unanimously ; for oenchoí on one path = to- gether ; d'oendán (lit. `of one profession') united, in concert : co ndernsat caratrad do beth d'oeṅdhán i cend Aristobuil, LB 140a15 = Todd Lect. vi 76 z (see Scot. Gaelic Studies i 30 ); d'oenláim in co-operation, in concert , LB 140a16 (d'én- laim); i n-oenḟecht simultaneously ; d'oentoíb together ; i n- oenuair simultaneously , etc.

Folld. by FRI or OCUS (= as): oenfholaid . . . frissin athair of one substance with the Father, PH 177. do laechaib fa óengním ┐ óengaiscid fris féin of the same prowess as himself, FDG 733. i n-énaimsir [f]rium-sa in my time, CCath. 1704. marb a n-aonmhis . . . ocus Fiachra in the same month as F., ZCP xi 44 § 50. sinn d'éinfhine is an t-Airdrí, Dán Dé xv 15. go gcuire ionn i n-aointeach 's an cuire fionn, xiv 26 . Fiach- raidh . . . ó aoinchill ┐ Fiacc from the same church as F., Mart. Don. Oct. 12 ( p. 272 x ). aen .i. inann, O'Dav. 165.

(g) in late Mid. and Mod.Ir. aen (aon) used alone with a noun = any; aen . . . amháin one, a single. The sense any arises naturally from the use of oen in neg. or indef. state- ments. cipe toltnaigfes don chomdid i n-aen-urd díb, PH 4014 . aen cach .i. nech itir ut est: ni aera óen cach he does not satirize any one, O'Dav. 11. ata in t-aenridiri amain agar leonadh uile, ZCP vi 41.30 . en-spirut amhain one spirit, Fl. Earls 136.15 . aointsióth amháin do bheith i nÉirinn uile `general peace', Keat. iii 3135. go mbeidheadh corp na hEagluise ar aonbheusaibh amháin that . . . might follow the same customs, Eochairsg. 5.36 .

II As indef. pron.

(a) one, an individual (declined). ednon óen (gl. ĭdem), Sg. 201a11 , cf. 55b3 and Ml. 70d1 . inunn oín, Ml. 56b1 . cuit inna aine ┐ inna aile, Bcr. 31c4 (referring to `prima luna' and `secunda l.' of Lat. text). inna oína oina-sa these same individuals (gl. hos eosdem), Ml. 70a4 . cach oén creitfess hí Crist every one, Wb. 4d21 . fer . . . saiges a chert do cech óen, FB 11. pianad cech oein as dir duit, PH 6599. malarta cech oin olchena the ruin of all, 714 . nach oen déraich a tír any one who deserts his country, Mon. Tall. 17. oenaib. dedaib. tredaib, LL 123a9 .

Folld. by part. gen. or prep.: i ṅ-óen na lith-sa on one of these festivals, Fél. Ep. 20. cotlait . . . i n-oen a mbrug, LL 144b14 . gebid . . . oen na tire, 333a42 , cf. ZCP viii 318.33 . inn-aen na rigbaili romor, CCath. 5824. cech oen uainn each of us, SR 1076. is aen uaib nom-braithfi-sea, PH 2372. oen dona Cristaigib, 1220 . aon don chuideachta, Fl. Earls 36.18 . i n-aghaidh gach aoin againn, Maguires of F. § 88. (This use was prob. at first confined to cases in wh. oen was preceded by cach, cech or folld. by a pers. pron.; with a subst. the older idiom was: fer dena feraib.) In expressions of time: aen na fecht ann once, Ériu v 122.34 . ag siubhal . . aon do laitib one day, BNnÉ 239 § 169. aen na n-oidhche (aen do n-oidchib v.l.) one night, Buile S. 124.21 . aon d'oidhchibh, FM vi 2280. 23 . Hence the later idiom: aen do lá one day, Ériu iii 150 § 3 ; áon do ló, Ériu v 86.16 ; 96.28 . oen da laí, RC xxiii 396 § 1 (= older lá n-oen).

With art.: in t-oen neamfoitnech nemaicside the One im- passible, invisible , PH 178. Cf. bíaidh solud Israel mar theine ┐ a Aóinnáomhtha mar lasair his Holy One, Isa. x 17. lé bréithir na n-áon náomhtha of the holy ones, Daniel iv 17 . saor . . . mo aon ó neart an mhadraidh, Psa. xxii 20.

(b) in late Mid. and Mod.Ir. any one , esp. in neg. and indef. sentences: [gnúis] nach obann aon that rejects none, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 4 . atbert N. na ro choemnagair aen do leigen innti that he could not let any one into it, Leb. Gab. i 10.3 . níor bh'uamhan liom aon dom chreich I had no fear of being raided by any one, Ériu i 95.19 . tuc Dia nert . . . duit ná tucad d'áon romad, BNnÉ 7.4 . dá mbiadh i n-a iongnadh ar aon if any one should wonder, Eochairsg. 16.36 . imdeargadh aoin gan adhbhar abuse of any one, Content. xxiv 13.

III Used with prep. in the follg. adverbial phrases: ar oen (fri) together, at the same time (with): cach baili i fagabhar iat araen wherever both are found together, Laws ii 414.9 . mas etarru araen atat buachaili `if the servants belong to them both', 416.11 . céin bemaid araen beó as long as we both live, ZCP iv 239.29 . in mac gēntar uatha ar áen who will be born to them both, viii 113.16 . curab da ndēruib aráen doronadh an loch of the tears they both shed, Maund. 179. dob í inghean Uí N. a máthair ar aon the mother of them both, Maguires of F. § 8. do rithreadar ar aon i n-aoinfheacht (= ambo simul), TSh. 10325 .

With FRI: co tisad ar oen fri Ultu along with, TBC2 1477. tanic in rig . . . ┐ in uli shacart ar oen fris, PH 2159. an ccéin báoi ar aon léa anam `so long as he lived along with his soul' (? as long as body and soul were together), ZCP i 64 § 69. Folld. by ocus: dofóeth Marcán . . . ar óen ocus Medraige, Met. Dinds. iii 320.36 . dochuaidh Bairri . . . ar áen ┐ Eolang, BNnÉ 17. 19 .

mar oen (fri) together (with): doruacht mar aon re fuigeall `along with the remnant', Laws ii 238.7 Comm. oc fledugud mar oen fris, PH 2372. téid . . . mar aon re hiomad d'ógaibh, Keat. ii 55. cosa . . . mar aon ris gach mball oile, TSh. 60. bud hi an bāidh braithreisi | beith dūinn mar aon that we should be together, ZCP viii 214.12 .

IV In some cases oen forms genuine compds. in which the meaning of the follg. word is modified:

(a) chiefly with adj., esp. adj. derived from noun: ¤adair- cech: a p m. oinaidaircechu, gl. unicornes, Ml. 45a5 . ¤bélrach: dorat rath na n-ilbelra doib . . . is iat oenbelraig có sin .i. Ebrai speaking (only) one language, PH 2517. ¤bennach one- horned , as subst. a unicorn , LL 135a50 . tír nathrach is oen- benach, 136a19 . a p. oinbenchu, Ml. 45a5 . See oenberach (treated separately below). ¤charptech, TBC 4252 (where it is used of one who drives alone, a warrior without a chario- teer). fuilliucht ind óenchárptig, 713 . ¤cosach one-legged (-footed): g s m. ind oinchosaig , Goid. 71.3 . pl. na hoenchossaig odra, Rawl. 76a46 . ¤dánach, ¤dírech: beas aendanach, bid aendireach `who has one art, let him have one "dire"', Laws v 108.11 (opp. to il-dánach, -dírech). ¤faebrach: do biailib oenfoebrac[h]aib one-edged, CCath. 5442. ¤fiaclach one- toothed, Leb. Gab. i 78.9 (en-). ? ¤folbthach: a oenḟolbthaig oeniressaig! `of one substance and one faith [with the Father]' (? only praiseworthy, only faithful, reading ṁolbthaig), PH 161 . ¤geinne: óengeinne Dé only-begotten, Hy. vi 25 ; cf. tar in mac n-óengine .i. Críst, Ériu i 196 § 13. ¤gel altogether fair or white, pure white, common epithet of silver: oengel in dún, Met. Dinds. ii 72.17 . cúach argit oengil, LL 34a54 . do cnaimh aoingel elifinte, CCath. 4691. do cholomhnaib marmair aingil, Fl. Earls 152 x . a díí láim oengela, LB 124b26 . im thrí .ix. con n-éngel, LU 6768 ( BDD 28 ). tred do chaorchaibh aen- gealae, BNnÉ 56 § 63. ¤ingnech: Monica éningnech one- hoofed , CCath. 3841 (explanation of the name Monychus < μονόνυχος). ¤iressach, see -molbthach. ¤menmnach: in t-ennac aenm. `single-minded', BColm. 12.16 . co henme[n]m- nach unanimously, Cog. 120.6 . ¤trabdae (< treb), gl. soli- tarius, Ml. 46d1 .

(b) with noun: ¤ciniud in Laws, only child or descendant , the last living member of a `fine', Thurneysen, ZCP xiv 347 § 3 b. is e bes foloing aencinnid `the food-rent which the sole survivor submits to', Laws ii 256.25 . bes oencinneda, iv 302.20 . biathad in aencineda gin fine, ii 354.3 Comm. Also of any propertyless man of the fer midboth grade, even if he had kin, ZCP xlii 68 : ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch céin mbes maice, combi túalaing saintrebtha ┐ gabála[e] se(a)lb, do ḟi[u]r midboth(a) céin mbes n-óenchin(n)i[u]d 'hospitality of his house is not due from anyone for as long as he remains in boyhood until he is capable of separate husbandry and of taking property - from a fer midboth for as long as he is an óenchiniud ' Críth G. 77 , ZCP xlii 68 . ¤coissid m.: oenchossid sciach `a one-stemmed thorn', ZCP iii 7 § 25. mac ind oenchoisseda one-footed , IT i 102.17 . ¤echaid m. a rider : gl. eques, Sg. 55b7 , 50b2 (óin-). da o[e]nechdae, Corm. Y 1082 = do aen[e]achdae, Corm. p. 38 (rót). ¤taeb a particular place: do chuir sí a haire d’éantaobh LBranach 2 . do-chuaidh an t-eólus d’éntaobh 362 . dá gcuirinn m’intinn d’éantaobh 'even if I set my mind to going somewhere' Sages, Saints and Storytellers 34 § 1 . ¤tiges (= ¤tigedus) dwelling together with, cohabitation: aontíghios daor an dia- bhail, RC xxiii 12.10 .

1 oenach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 oenach or dil.ie/33513

Forms: áonach

n o,n. and m. (oén) n s. (with art.) a n-oinach sin, Ériu ii 100.1 (Tenga Bithnua). a n-óenach, LU 3239 ( SC 3 ). óenach mbúada, 4549 . ( TBC 59 ). Later masc. áonach (m., g s. -aigh, n p. -aighi), IGT Dec. § 55.11 .

(a) in primary sense `a reunion', hence a popular assembly or gathering , generally (though not exclusively) for games, races, and similar contests, as distinguished from an `airecht' or assembly for communal business; commonly transld. `fair', though it does not seem to have been intended for com- mercial purposes. The chief oenaige were held periodically at fixed places. The word is often used of the place where the assembly was held and hence figures in many place-names, usually folld. by a gen. but occas. absol., e.g. mod. Nenagh (Co. Tipperary) < an Aenach < a n-oenach; fón Aenach, AU ii 376.15 (= mod. Enagh. Co. Roscommon). See Hogan, Onom. s.v. oínach .

i n-oinach, gl. in theatrum, Thes. i 497.38 ( Ardm. 183b2 ). aenach, gl. agon, Gild. Lor. 45. in t-oinach rígda (= agon regale), Lat. Lives 21.9 . oenach Tailten do cumusc, AU 830 = commixtio agonis Talten, 716 . oenach .i. āine ech, Corm. Y 1002 (i.e. horse-races). d'echtres nō d'oenuch, Sitzb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 26 . fer ro chóemaig na cleasa | ic gním óenaig ech-thressa `holding a meeting for horse-races', Met. Dinds. iii 350.23 . oenach dogníthe la Ultu cecha bliadna, SC 1. bá hiat dā comthinól airegda no bítis oc feraib Herend .i. fes Temra cecha samna . . . ┐ óenach Tailten cech lúgnasaid, LU 4212 . iar cor graphand doib i n-óenach na Cruachna, FB 66. ruc Cu C. buaid ind óenaig, ib. Tir Tailten . . . iss ed tir in sein bas oenach cluchi dot claind-siu, ZCP xiii 372 § 4 (Baile in Scáil). iar n-aighe aonaigh Life fri tríbh láibh, FM ii 672.11 . aimser aenaid (during which fighting was forbidden), Laws v 302 y . ní hinbaid oenaig ind inbaid garb gemretta so, LL 264b12 = MU 18.21 . gaibid som a dillut oenaig immi, TBC 2727 = a dilatt n-oenaich, TBC2 2038. do cuir a deisi aenaigh ┐ oirechtais uime, ZCP vi 27.34 . i Cruachain dognithea aenaichi Erind, Ériu ii 178.12 (aenuig v.l.). dligit amais aenechu, ZCP iv 468 § 5.

In wider sense, of other gatherings of a social nature: in cetna oenach Olimp the first Olympiad, Rawl. 73b21 . oenach Slebhe Sion, Ériu ii 98 § 3. a haenach nime `from the assembly of heaven', Fél. p. xxiv § 3 . i lLoind Ela . . . ba he an tres priomh- aonach Erenn eissem .i. aonach Taillten ┐ aonach Cluana meic Nois ┐ Lainn Ela, BNnÉ 178 § 30 (where `aonach' in the case of Cluain m. N. and Lann E. refers to the religious com- munities in those places). tri haonaighe Erenn . . . an tres aonach m'aonach féin, ib. § 31 (the speaker is St. Colmán of Ela). Cf. Triads 35 : tri háenaig Hérenn: áenach Tailten, á. Crúachan, á. Colmáin Ela.

In follg. exx. seems used as a semi-abstract: a haithle a n-oenaig ┐ a n-aniusa (= their sports), FA 30. bíadd prantigi . . . ised aonach ndedenach indsin is coir do imbirt isna mbelaib iar praind hi sessam, Mon. Tall. 83 , where it seems to mean a religious observance (chant) in which a number take part (but text may be corrupt).

o.¤ ngubae funeral games : coro clantar mo lia ┐ coro hagthar m'oenach ṅgubae, ZCP iii 3.4 ( Rawl. 130b28 ). ro cuindig . . . airm i n-adnaicfidea co n-agtais a haenach and, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 311.20 ). claidhter a fert . . . ┐ digníther a aonach gubha la hUltu, MS. Mat. 473.21 .

(b) transf. of place where an `oenach' or assembly is held: for forod áenaig in dūine, LU 10194 = oenaic, ZCP iii 232.3 (of the green or playground adjoining a chief's residence). ro gab dar oenuch mBreg Leth, IT i 119.11 , cf. dar Aenach mBreg Leith, BDD 1. Similarly in place-names. Somet. of a burial-ground: co fil [corp Dá Thí] for lár Óenaig Crúacan, LU 2801 , cf. 2851 . ni fil cnoc i nOenuch Cruachna nach fert rig nó rigflatha nó mna nó eicis, YBL 192a50 . Lagin i nOenuch Albi [no adnaictis] . . . Fir Muman i nOenuch Culi ┐ i nOenuch Colman, LU 4111 , 4112 . There was also an O.¤ Colmáin in S. Leinster: coscradh Oenaigh C. la Muiredhach for Laigniu Desgabair, AU 826 ; cf. in circo Colmain hi lLifiu, LL 321h44 = in circio C., BB 177e47 .

Of a harbour: óenach na n-ethar n-étromm, Met. Dinds. iii 168.4 . Of the Roman Forum: is lais ro címdaiged oenach na Románach, LB 150b47 . for cathairib in oenaig isin Roimh, CCath. 5145. (fig.) óenach mbúada a thulchind, TBC2 59 = o.¤ buada ina thilchind, TBC 258 (`ein Festplatz des Triumphes', Wind.). sinidh mo p[h]enn bec braenach | tar aonach lebor lig-oll, ZCP 8.12 .

2 oenach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 oenach or dil.ie/33514

n some kind of injury or wound ? is cutruma trin coirpdiri cacha cneidi do rith ann cach aenaigh coruicci tri oenaighe `in the case for each "aenach"-injury', Laws iii 346.2 , do rith ann cach oenaig co cenn tri aenaighi, ib. 9 . ar oenach, ib. 16 .

oenachda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oenachda or dil.ie/33515

Forms: haenachdu

adj io,iā. pertaining to an `oenach' or public contest ; as subst. m. a participator (? president or judge) in such: a p. na haenachdu , gl. agonithetas .i. principes belli, Gild. Lor. 45.

oenaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oenaide or dil.ie/33516

adj io,iā. (oen) alone, solitary : da sirinn am' aonaidhe | sléibhti domhain duinn, Buile S. 70.9 .

1 oenaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 oenaigid or dil.ie/33517

v is dochma don menmain d'oenaig(id) dona hair- cride i n-oenfecht ┐ na mathiusa suthaine (= non valet caduca simul et eterna diligere), LB 59a38 (-id added above line) = RC ii 384 § 5 , `to delight in'; but possibly to join, cleave to, see oenaigidir.

2 oenaigid

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v g. (oenach) holds an `oenach', hence makes merry, rejoices? aghair .i. aonaigit nó subaigit `they rejoice', O'Dav. 77 (gl. on Fél. Sep. 4 ; the corresponding gl. in LB gives oentaigit, perh. the right reading, Fél.2 cxl ).

oenaigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oenaigidir or dil.ie/33519

Forms: oínaichthir, oinigthe

v g. (oen) makes one, unites , with FRI: pres. 3 s. (with reflex. pron. suff.) oenichthi som frisna hireschu He unites Himself to, Wb. 32d8 . ore n-oenigether frisin chorp, Thes. ii 255.16 ( Stowe Miss. 66a ). tolin a fir asind aicniud co n- oenigedar fri fir na screptra, Corm. Y 1224 = co n-aeniger, Corm. p. 42 s.v. tuilgein; co n-oenaigter, Bodl. (pass.). fobíth ṅ-oenaigedar a cialla unites their meanings, Sg. 172a3 . pass. pres. oínaichthir, gl. unitur, Sg. 212a4 . part. oinigthe, gl. unitus, Ml. 25a2 . vn. diar n-oínigud to unite us, Wb. 21c3 . Brings to agreement : ni haighne nad óenaighedar ai he is no advocate who does not settle a dispute, ZCP xii 364.14 , cf. Cóic Con. Fug. p. 11. ? aenether clanda .i. o aenaighter, ł dī annaighter, a ferann dona clannaib-sin CIH iii 751.35 .

óenán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. óenán or dil.ie/33520

Forms: oenán

n [o,m.] (oen)

(a) as dim. of oen: oenán, gl. ullus (derived by Priscian from unus), Sg. 37b10 .

(b) the same (cf. W. hunan `self' < un `one'): crui tire do tellach in [leg. ní] aenan main moaightear (.i. ni hínand mogaigus maine . . . i tir co cruib ┐ i tir cen cru), Laws iv 20.5 , 24.5 . mar da badar ime sin | aenan la iarsin mbliadain `in the same way, after the year was done' (? on the same day after the year, i.e. the day the year expired), Met. Dinds. iv 6.22 . Cf. airne toile fóenan [faonan v.l.] cuma fri toilfeith O'Dav. 159 (`the same as for', Stokes, taking as = oenán), and ib. 1435 .

(c) alone, only ? aonan .i. aonur ut est ó athair óenan in coibche sin `from the father alone', O'Dav. 127 ; the citation seems = o athair aen dan in c. s., Laws iv 60.12 , and may be a misunderstanding. Cf. faenan.

oenar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oenar or dil.ie/33521

n o,m. a compd. of oen+fer, Thurn. Hdb. § 387 , but see Ped. ii 136. énar áonar, IGT Dec. § 11 (p. 55.1) .

(a) a single individual, one alone ; strictly of persons only, used of both sexes and numbers, generally as appositional dat. with poss. pron., referring to a noun or pron. expressed or implicit (as subj. or obj. of vb.), in sense alone, by oneself : ni fil nech and . . . acht meisse m'oínur save I alone, Wb. 5a25 . mé i ndaire . . . m'oenur i tirib anheoil, SR 3180. m'aenur dolod forsin mbith, m'aenur ragad de, Ériu ii 56 § 14. don- úadhus m'oenur é, Cóir An. 70 (p. 320.18) . nā hadair dee bréci, acht me féin m'aenur, PH 7311. domroiched for rith soithech . . . co roich m'oenar moch, Arch. iii 232 § 2 (`that it may reach me betimes', Ériu vi 113 ). tusu t'oínur, Ml. 78b18 . ní nad roichet Ulaid uli, rosoichi-siu th'óenur, FB 11. ni fil cuit . . . acht duit-siu th'óenur, SC 6. it' agaid-sea th'oenur against thee alone, PH 8194. arná dernae tré báegul | m'óenur t'óenur ar Demun, Ériu i 198.6 (= lest you find yourself tête- à-tête with the Devil? Prob. a cant phrase). a oinur, gl. (qui finxit) singulatim, Ml. 53a9 . ro marb tríar for trichait díb a oenur, SC 36. curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 4.128 . dérgud do Máel D. a óenur ┐ dérgud cach triir dia muintir a separate couch for M., LU 1815 ( RC ix 490.12 ). níro rathaig nech díb aní sin acht Fand a hoenur, SC 45. noí carpait fóthi a oenur for her special use, TBC 695. napad airib far n-oínur for yourselves only, Wb. 22d25 . is la demnaib a n-oenur a airichas, FA 29. ro bu la filedu a n-aenur brei- themnus, Laws i 18.12 .

léicid . . . a oenur leaves . . . alone, does not meddle with: léic he a oenur, PH 3356. leic a oenur in fognam give up serving, RC xxiv 192.18 . leac[ad] iarsin a n-imrom a aenur they desist from rowing, RC ix 18.15 .

With omission of poss. pron.: cen nech n-aili . . . acht se oenur 's a óenben, SR 1888. in duine fodein aonur, Laws i 270.22 . do Coinculaind aenur, Ériu i 120.2 . leic aenur in mignim desist from the evil deed, TTebe 2130 . d'ar ndéanamh dheit éanar to make us Thine only, Dán Dé xvi 22.

Later with prep. i n- and poss. pron.: tucus-[s]a a m'oenur amus fair, PH 3840. tusa at'aonar, Ériu ii 56 § 13. mac mheic Concubhair . . . ní hÉirionnach 'na aonor `he is not a mere Irishman', Ériu v 64.2 . ní maith an duine bheith 'na áonar, Gen. ii 18.

Rarely as subst. one person : ni fortreisi oeth oenuir ardmius ilmile . . . .i. ni treisi toimdin a sochaide oldass luighe n-aonfir `the oath of one man', O'Dav. 36.

(b) occas. in sense of oneself, of one's own accord, without external agency ; esp. of things. noda-sínet na claidib a n-óenur, BDD 76. conda-samaigetar [na trualli] impu a n-oenur (the sheaths) encase (the swords) of themselves, 95 . con- acca in muilenn for bleith a oenar, Lism.L. 2001. gach glas iata . . . da oslaicead 'na haenar, ZCP v 24 § 3. sicip leth tíassat ind ocdaim a n-oenar, Trip. 252.27 . co n-erbail a aonar died a natural death, Leb. Gab. i 202.20 . coro marbhtha iad idir nō go n-eiblidis a n-aenar do ghorta, FM vi 2074.11 .

(c) in late texts occas. in the construction: is o.¤ dom I am alone, solitary . cona bad aenur do i[n] céin no biad immalle fris, D IV 2, 73vb6 . aonar dhamhsa eidir dhaoinibh, Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 1 . Cf. Ó hEachaidh ní háonur leis | ceis cheathair fhaobhar re ais Ó hE. is not lonely while his harp is beside him, IGT Introd. § 18.

(d) in mod. lang. the gen. aonair is used as an adj. = lonely, solitary : Carrig na C. 'na fothraigh aonair a lonely ruin, D. MacCarrthaigh 4.27 . See Dinneen s.v. aonair.

oenarán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oenarán or dil.ie/33522

Forms: oenurán

n o,m. also oenurán (perh. older form), dim. of oenar and used in same way, chiefly in poetry. énarán áonarán, IGT Dec. § 35.17 . subaigthius a óenurán, Thes. i 294.2 ( SP ii ). m'oenarān im aireglān gan duinēn im gnāis, Ériu i 138.1 . m'oenuran im romra ró, LU 3015. m'oenurán dam ar eitib, TBC 2333 = m'oenaran, TBC2 1726. corr indsi G. . . . isan insi a haenuran alone in the island, ZCP v 24.7 . With prep. i n-: dogheabhair comhrac ad aonarán `thou shalt have single combat', Oss. iv 102.7 . táinig amach 'na aonarán, Ériu i 28. 196 . do uí sí fén 'na haonarán isin bforaóis, v 184.387 . pl. trí haonarain is ferr ioná iomad, Triads p. 38 § 93 (gl. trí húathaid).