núachar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. núachar or dil.ie/33324

Forms: nóchar, nuachar, nodhchar

n o,m. in late poetry also nóchar, a mate, spouse , poetic term, used of both sexes. nuachar `a companion, a wife, a husband ', O'R., who gives also the form nodhchar. a Medb . . . nít chredb caíne nuachair, TBC 3093 = nit cerb caime n.¤ , TBC² 2282 ; said by Fer Diad to Medb who tries to induce him to fight Cú Chulaind by offering him her daughter Findabair in marriage; the plaint (? beauty) of a bridegroom (lover) does not touch thee? ba hadba niad is núachair `a home of hero and bride', Met. Dinds. iii 236.10 (: Lúachair). ó ríg Crúachan clothchóir | fuair núachar co nert-maín `he got a bride rich in substance', 298.10 . do dith Maisten, méit núa- chair `for the loss of Maistin goodly bride', 134.3 . ar bhithin leannain tsídhe ┐ ardnuachair . . . .i. Crédhe ingen Cairbri, Acall. 748. ba roga nuachair cen ach | ingen Tuathail a choice mate (bride), LL 298b42 ( SG 367.37 ). is tú a rogha nuachair her choice of husband, ZCP vi 31.20 . ni túgha nuachuir lem-sa `I have no choice of bridegroom', Im. Brain 69. 15 . deir co núachraib núa `a fresh girl sought by suitors', Met. Dinds. iii 300.41 . ní heol dom an nóchar budh céile dhí, Keat. Poems 121. do chéile nóchair thy husband, 212 .

Used fig. of a ruler or champion of Ireland: raba missi a nuachur coir | d'ingin alaind hErimoin, LL 149b46 . biaid cen buachail inis Fáil | aithli nuacha[i]r maith d'fhagbail, ib. 39 . ba he aonghlór na sochraite . . . gur vo hadhbhar nua- chair d'Eirinn antí Conall (i.e. that C. was a fit successor to the high kingship), ZCP xiv 223.12 . dod nuachar (addressing Banba), Keat. Poems 1352. As epithet: na cethri chóicid la Corpre núachar, LL 297a50 (of Coirpre Lifeachair).

In semi-abstract sense: no miltís im Thúathaib Dé | in t-áes núachair náimtide `the folk of a hostile wedlock' (?), Met. Dinds. iii 4.38 (duachair, nuathmar v.l.; see note p. 472 and cf. nuachor below). Sampait garg cen gním núachair, | sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail `who scorned dalliance', iv 22.7 (n-uabair v.l.). coibhche nó crodh nuachair `dowry of cattle', Keat. ii 4642. eirreadh nuachair, IGT Dec. ex. 431.

Cf. go mbeith io[n]nuachair di till she was ripe for marriage, IT ii2 111.28 .

nuachor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nuachor or dil.ie/33325

Forms: núachar, núachar

n .i. nuachúartach a new-comer (?), O'Cl. An etymo- logical gloss on núachar? but cf. Met. Dinds. iii 4.38 quoted under núachar (of Carmun and her sons who came from the East to raid Ireland).

núachrad

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Forms: núachar

n [o, m.] wedlock, marriage? o ríg Cruachna cloth- chóir | fúair nuachrad ar nert-maen, LL 156a42 = núachar Met. Dinds. iii 298.10 .

núacht

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n f. (núa) newness, novelty: nách foil ann ní nuacht that it is nothing new, MacAingil 500.4 .

núada, núadu

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Forms: nuadat

n m. a hero, champion, king (poetic)? am nuadai tedmai tataigh conai (Cú Chulaind's description of himself to Emer), ZCP iii 237 § 27 = am nuatai . . . am nuada, 245 § 51 , where it is glossed: am cumnid trén an tedma sin .i. am feochair ┐ im angbaid i cataib ┐ i congalaib. Cf. tucc Cu Chulainn ainm teimhen|air d'Eimir aga tochmarc . . . nuadh tedma tathaig cona a hero of the disease that visits hounds (i.e. rabies, fury?), Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 93 § 20 . ? g s. cid dond Emir úanfebli | nachasáil in nertnuadat | ría n-andrib án ard-Ulad, FB § 68 ( LU 8910 , where it is glossed .i. in ríg) = nacha isail an tuata, Eg. Cf. also: a ṡamhghlan, nuadha na naomh `queen of saints' (of the Virgin Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 10.

Prob. same as npr. Núadu q.v.

núadad

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n m. the act of renewing: ba bithnuagad renewal; Laws i 12.18 . bithnógod 'continually renewing' Celtica xiii 15.295 . See núaidid.

? núada(i)t

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Forms: nuadhat, N., núadat

n a hand, wrist or arm? iarrigh mhna nuadot .i. cumhdach d'foilgibh bai inna lamhaibh. Idh .i. foilghi no cumdach. Nuadoit .i. lámh, H. 3.18 p. 627 ( O'C. 1378 ) = nuadhat, 650a ( O'C. 1460 ). The citation seems a remini- scence of: iar rig mná Nuadat (name of part of the upper course of the river Boyne), RC xxvi 18 § 35 , cf. Met. Dinds. iii 26.15 and ZCP viii 106.6 , where N. is a proper name; the word núadat (-ait) may have been used in B. na f. in sense given above through the influence of the legend of Núadu Airgetlám, or misunderstanding of the gloss nuadat .i. in ríg, LU 8910 (taken as = in rig).

Núadu

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Forms: Nodonti, Nodenti, Nuadu, Nuado, Nuada, Nuadha, Nuadat, Nuadhat, Nodtat, Núadhat, Nuadhait, Nuadhat, Nuadhat, Nuadhaid, Nodan, Núadha, Núadhait

npr. m. a name borne by more than one mythical king of Ireland and later by some historic persons. The orig. vowel is ō, cf. the dat. forms Nodonti, Nodenti ( Corp. Inscr. Lat. vii 138 , 140 ).

Declined

(a) as d-stem: n s. Nuadu, LL 127a48 , 128a27 . Nuado, 25b13 . Possibly earlier Nuada, AU 780. Nuadha, AU 810 , 811 ; O'Mulc. 665 (one of the three `fáithi fis' of the heathen Irish), and later texts generally. g s. Nuadat, LL 128a26 . Nuadhat, AU 774. Nodtat, Mart. Tall. Feb. 19. a d s. la Nuadait, LL 128a25 . In later Mid. and Mod.Ir. the g s. Núadhat (-ad) continues in use (Nuaghad, BB 32b38 ); also d s. Nuadhait, Keat. i 218.36 (Nuadha v.l.), but: lé Nuadha, ii 2175 . The n s. Nuadhat (-ad) is occas. found, BB 46b37 (g s. Nuadhat, ib. 36 ); g s. Nuadhaid (: cuid), Content. vi 154.

(b) traces of a parallel n-declension occur in early texts: g s. in oratorio Nodan , AU 808 , cf. ath Dísirt Nuadhat, ii 448.5 (prob. same place, see Hog. Onom. s.v. Disert Nodan). d s. ut impletum est i Nodáin [leg. Nódain] locha hUama [sic leg.], Trip. 144.15 , cf. Nuadha locha hUamae episcopus et ancorita abbas Airrd Machae, AU 811.

Núadha, IGT Dec. § 8.9 (declined like elta, n-stem, but d s. do Núadhait ).

nuagar

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adj heavenly, heaven-sent? an drucht nuaghar heavenly dew (of manna), Hackett xlii 55 (nuadhghair v.l.) = nuaghair, Keat. Poems 1243. Cf. nuaigh `heaven', O'R.

núaide, núide, nuíde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. núaide, núide, nuíde or dil.ie/33333

Forms: núide, nuaidi, nuie, núide, nuaide, nuidhe, nuíde, naoidhe, núide, nuaidi, núidi, nuighe

adj io, iā. (núe, núa+ suff. -de, Ped. ii 28 ) O.Ir. núide, a s f. nuaidi, Ml. 17b5 . Ped. ii 28 refers the form nuie, Wb. 4b29 , 7c7 , to this word. In later Mid.Ir. the de- velopment is twofold: (a) núide, nuaide: nuidhe (: glúine), IGT Dec. ex. 1233 ; (: rúine), 1264 . (b) nuíde > naoidhe (always disyll. in poetry).

In O.Ir. newish, rather new, novel: amal bid nuide, gl. velut novella [seditio], Ml. 18d5 . núide, Sg. 59b14 . a s f. nuaidi, gl. novellam, Ml. 17b5 . d s f. i comairbirt núidi in a new way of life, Wb. 3c16 . Late, recent: (superl.) cid as nuidem tucsat? what is the latest thing they have carried off? LL 252a13 ( TBFr. 388 ), cf. ZCP iv 45.16 .

In later Mid. and Mod.Ir. used indifferently with núa in various senses of that word:

(a) crann nuaidhe nem-arsaidh, BNnÉ 191.7 . dreachnuaidhe `fresh-faced', Content. xxix 33. Baile Lithbhir na learg núidhe `of the bright lawns', TD 11.40 (: uaidhe; naoidhe, nuaidhe v.l.). ár nuaidhe timcheal na Traoi fresh (renewed), 26.34 . dlighthe nuaidhe new laws, 30.7 . nós nuaidhe, A. Ó Dálaigh liii 16. maraidh si go nuaidhe aniogh `remains in freshness', TD 25.31 . tainic go nuaidhe an tan sin i nEirinn had recently come, ITS xvi 12.28 . go nuaidhe anew, again , Content. vi 268.

(b) fearann naíde nua-thoraid ` fresh ', Hy Fiach. 266.6 (: saíre). a bhen náoidhe young , Duan. Finn i 15.11 (: -maoile). a ghnúis naoidhe ` bright ', TD i 28 (: saoile). ar chloinn naoidhe Néill ` vigorous ', 3.48 . sliocht peinne caoile . . . naoidhe, Ériu v 62.8 . As subst. g p. mian na nuighe craving for novelties (change), 23 K 42, 166 z (symptom in illness). ? daur co ndla co núaidib Studi Celtici iv 252 .

núaidecht

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n f. newness, recentness, novelty: ionnus nach fuil i n-uile sheanchus na n-uile chineadh eile acht nuaidheacht (= ut omnis omnium gentium antiquitas sit novitas), Keat. i 44.22 . gurb é M. tug mar nuaideacht doibh e introduced it as a novelty, Rule of Tall. § 43 marg. note . siubhal a núadhaigh- eachd bheatha, Rom. vi 4.