? 2 nú

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n n. abbrev. of nufíadnaise the New Testament used in archaic poetry: adfet co nú . . . adfet fil and idem ┐ vetus testamentum ┐ a nnu. is nouum testamentum .i. no aisneded dūn fetarlaic co núfíadnaise ut dixit. . . . fortgella .nú. ┐ fet, LU 883 fg . ( ACC 66 Comm.) = fortgella nu ocus uet, RC xx 260 .

núa, núae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. núa, núae or dil.ie/33322

Forms: nōe, nuae, nue, naue, nuu, nuai, núi, nuie, nuai, nui, nui, nui, nuae, nuib, núa, núa, nuadh, núa, núa, naí, naoi, núa, núa, naoi, nóe, nú-, nuad, nó-, nuachrechnaigthi

adj io, iā. O.Ir. nōe, Thes. ii 270.6 ( L. Ardm. 16a2 ). nuae, Ml. 17b5 , 18d6 , etc. nue, Sg. 131b1 . naue, 217 marg. ( Thes. ii p. xxii ); 5b6 . d s m. nuu, Ml. 2b11 , Enchir. Aug. 85a ( ZCP vii 485 ) ? g s n. nuai, Ml. 106d8 (gl. recentis [victoriae], but the glossator prob. thought of the Irish buaid). a s f. núi, Hy. v 74 (nue v.l.). a s n. nuie, Wb. 4b29 , 7c7 , cf. 28b29 (nuiethicid); Ped. ii 28 refers this form to núide. d s f. nuai, Ml. 32b14 . nui, 2b11 , 35c3 . n p m. nui, Wb. 22a30 , Ml. 115b4 . a p m. nui, 115b2 . g p n. nuae, 138c16 . d p n. nuib, 75a12 , 139a2 . Mid.Ir. núa (common form), núe. Mod. núa, often written nuadh in classical period. núa, IGT Dec. § 139 , § 204 , § 206 . g s m. núa, naí, § 204 . naoi, § 206 (in phr. Rí nimhe naoi; the word neamh being treated as of two genders). Cf. meic Naoi nert-naoi, Ir. Texts iv 34.2 . g s f. núa (na nimhe núa), IGT Dec. § 206. d s m. núa, ib. d s f. naoi, ib.; ex. 1934 . The archaic form nóe survives in poetry down to Mod.Ir.; see nódh and 3 nó.

(a) new, recent, fresh: in Glosses translates novus and recens. nua quasi noua , Corm. Y 995. cétal nuae, gl. canti- cum novum, Ml. 60a12 . moltai nui . . . nad ro cheta riam (= inusitata carmina), 115b4 . ní nuae dunni ind esamnae so this confidence is not new to us, 110d12 , cf. 17b5 . memmbrum naue new parchment, Sg. 217 m. inf. hó shiun co nuie, Wb. 4b29 . is gel cach nua, SC 43. tech nue, IT i 137.8 ( LU 10580 ) = t. nuad, ib. 21 (Eg.). a tigh naí, ZCP x 345 § 4. dorónad fín nua isna lestraib nuib, PH 5511. forcetul nua, 1688 . sc[el]a an rechta naeí of the new (i.e. Gospel) law, RC x 184.9 . i ndligheadh nua ┐ i seindliccheadh, FM iii 536 n . an soitheach nua ┐ an sean-shoitheach, TSh. 728. rígh núa, Exod. i 8. a ló na rée nuáidhe of the new-moon, Ezek. xlvi 1.

(b) of persons in various senses young, fresh, lusty, vigorous, passing in later poetry into that of bright, fair: gilla nua noidenda, LL 267a7 = MU 34.9 (of a boy of 11). Níall núa `young N.', Ériu iv 104.1 . ni nia nad nua fri cotach Conuail `not a champion that is not strong as to the league of C.', ACC 118 ( RC xx 286 ). do throit ra níaíd nua, TBC 3410 ; quoted by O'Cl. with gl. nua .i. lāidir, and so taken by Windisch (mit einem starken Helde). macan Cathbaid coeim ocus Neassa nua `of N. the strong' (? fair, bright), RC vi 177 z . in cuire noem nua (of the Apostles in heaven), KMMisc. 256.2 (= LB 262b37 ). Iosa Chríosd ceann na naomh nua `the bright saints', Dán Dé xxvi 34 .

(c) of things, often fresh, clear, bright, fair: nemh núa, Arch. iii 307 § 22 ; a common epithet of nem, see IGT Dec. § 206. comde nimi núi (? nuí), LL 307a14 . ríoghain nimhe naoi, A. Ó Dálaigh ii 7. ? inar nar mín fa cnes núa, ZCP vii 303 § 4 (: luadh; of Colum Cille, perh. tender, sensitive). cróch buidhe i gcoróin naoi a cinn (of a fair woman compared to a daisy), Hackett xi 14 . rosg nua `bright', TD 19.1 ; cf. guidhis an bhféata bhfoltnaoi `the lovely shining-haired one', 1.24 . decair coimes red chéibh núa, IGT Dec. ex. 1934. don fhréimh naoi-si chéibhfinn Chuinn, Ériu viii 193.43 .

(d) as subst. folld. by gen. that which is new (fresh): núa cacha bíd ┐ sen cacha dighi, Acall. 27 , cf. 5061 . ro thoirbir nua bidh ┐ sen corma, ZCP vi 25.25 . núa corma new ale, Ériu iv 124.22 . conid for mesca do nua fína ro batar, PH 5394. núa luachra fresh rushes, IGT Dec. ex. 685. tabhram fad' bhreith . . . nua na calla sul chríonai-se `my body's vigour ere it withers', Dán Dé xvi 8 , cf. ZCP xii 383.23 . Newness: in tempall do dhénamh asa núa to rebuild the church, ZCP x 14.22 . a leagadh aris, indus co ndentaí asa núa é that it might be remade (of a knife), BCC § 260. Youth: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheandacht, ML 100.14 .

(e) in advl. use: nuie tanicc cuccumsa (gl. hospes meus) lately, Wb. 7c7 . co naue till lately , Sg. 5b6 . dorinne ridire co nua dim, RC xix 30 § 30. go nó (nuadh v.l.) ` lately ', O'Bruad. i 18 § 1. slucit na dá draic déc co nóe d'éis aroli in anmain swallow the soul anew one after another, IT i 183.29 ( FA 20 LB). d'iarraidh síth go nua 'nois anew, again , Content. ix 15 , cf. viii 18 , xvi 78 . muna ndiúlta dibh go nuadh `unless you deny (as no one yet)', xvi 21 . Also co nú, see 1 nú. is i nnuu atbath recently, just now , ACC 11 Comm. ( RC xx 160.14 ) = is nu, LU 575. gid andlaicter misi a nÍ . . . is a nDun anfad a nuadh `in Down I shall dwell anew', BCC § 373.

Compds. Freq. used in various senses to form unstable compd. (often in contrast with similar compd. with sen-); also nú-, in mod. lang. often nuad h- and in late poetry nó-.

(a) with noun: ¤bla (pl.) `new fames', Thes. ii 295.8 ( SP v 4 ). ¤bés: i n-urd núabésa `of the new rite', Fél. 76 x . ¤cath: Aed eangach na nuachath, IT iii 89 § 116. n.¤cland new plantations: nua-chlandib(us) gl. noualibus ÉC xxii 212 § 62 . ¤cnám: núadchnáimh géill asail, Judges xv 15 . ¤congbál a new steading, settlement : as n.l. cell nuachoṅgbal, LL 286a40 ( Ir. Texts i 34 ). ¤cride: fig. nuachroidhe chreidimh newfangled doctrine, MacAingil 9.9 (pref.). ¤cruth: it núacrutha na haisti seo new [metrical] forms, IT iii 23 § 68. ¤cúirt a new court: g s. na nuachúirte, Fl. Earls. 80.1 . ¤ésca: nú-esca a new moon , PH 1686. ¤fala: a senghomh ┐ a nuafhaladh di aroile, FM vi 2266.24 . a sean- fholta ┐ a nuafholta, iv 1176.6 . ¤litrid a new (recent) writer: pl. núalitríde, IT iii 23 § 68. nuailitridi, ib. la nuelitridi, Sg. 5b11 , 90b4 . ¤long: a núalonga . . . a senlonga, CCath. 1919. ¤maise: fo nuamaisi fhigi ┐ ber[r]tha, TBC² 2423 . ¤partaing: cosmail do nuapartaing a beóil, TBC 208. dergithir nua- partaingi, MR 64.24 . ¤peccad: a thaiscid senpheccaid, a thuilled nuapheccaid! PH 8227. ¤recht: sacramuinti an nuai-reachta of the new law (Gospel dispensation), MacAingil 2.8 . ¤slige (vn.): horaili nuasligi (gl. quodam novali) newly broken land, Ml. 2a6 . ¤tech: núathaig .i. teach nua nimhe bright (resplendent) house, O'Cl. nuiethicid a novice (gl. neophytum), Wb. 28b29 . pl. nuethigti, IT iii 28 § 68. nuae- thintud a new translation , Ml. 2a6 . See also núfiadnaise.

(b) with adj. formed from noun; with others forming dwanda-compds.: ¤crothach: [Fedlim] núachrothach .i. cruth núa do thaisbentá do cach áen fuirri ara caíme, Cóir Anm. 257. Fedlím nochrothach . . . no nuachraideach, BB 253b1 . See noí (compds.). ¤maisech: comp. cach ní . . . bá nuamassigi dá n-étaigib, LL 219b2 . ¤bind: cruite nuabinde, Acall. 3793. ¤gel: co núagel, Met. Dinds. iii 270.2 . gasraid . . . nuagel, Cog. 160.6 . ¤glan: dechealta nuaglana, Acall. 3869. d'ainglib nuaghlana bright and pure, BNnÉ 274.4 . TTebe 1373 . tír nóghlan, O'Bruad. iii 68 z . ¤glas: co coilltib nuaglasa, TTebe 1715 .

(c) with vb. in adverbial sense anew, afresh: ro nigh ┐ ro nuacōrigh a gnuis, ZCP vi 25.24 . ra nuaglanait a n-étaigi, LL 232a30 . ro nuaglanaid cathbarr[a], TTebe 1273 .

Similarly with vn.: in lebar so . . . do núachorúghadh to rearrange (re-edite), Fen. 392.5 . tech . . . iarna nuadhenum, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. i 42.30 . iar nódhul i dtalamh d'Éamonn `since the late interment of E.', O'Bruad. i 146.19. ag nuaghol weeping anew, Keat. Poems 162.

With part.: nuachrechnaigthi freshly (lately) wounded , ZCP iv 384.20 . Nena nuagnithi, Fianaig. 50.3 (`new-made?' Gloss.; fair-formed?).

? nuachalla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? nuachalla or dil.ie/33323

Forms: nuachalda, nuachalla, nuacolla, nuacholla

n ba dál amnas fuachalda [nuachalda, nuachalla, nuacolla v.l.], Met. Dinds. ii 4.43 (of an incestuous union); leg. uachalda, see v 313 ; the v.l. represent the same word with prosthetic n. Hence: nuacholla .i. uathbhásach, O'Cl. O'R. gives: nuacholla ` astronomy '.

núachar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. núachar or dil.ie/33324

Forms: nóchar, nuachar, nodhchar

n o,m. in late poetry also nóchar, a mate, spouse , poetic term, used of both sexes. nuachar `a companion, a wife, a husband ', O'R., who gives also the form nodhchar. a Medb . . . nít chredb caíne nuachair, TBC 3093 = nit cerb caime n.¤ , TBC² 2282 ; said by Fer Diad to Medb who tries to induce him to fight Cú Chulaind by offering him her daughter Findabair in marriage; the plaint (? beauty) of a bridegroom (lover) does not touch thee? ba hadba niad is núachair `a home of hero and bride', Met. Dinds. iii 236.10 (: Lúachair). ó ríg Crúachan clothchóir | fuair núachar co nert-maín `he got a bride rich in substance', 298.10 . do dith Maisten, méit núa- chair `for the loss of Maistin goodly bride', 134.3 . ar bhithin leannain tsídhe ┐ ardnuachair . . . .i. Crédhe ingen Cairbri, Acall. 748. ba roga nuachair cen ach | ingen Tuathail a choice mate (bride), LL 298b42 ( SG 367.37 ). is tú a rogha nuachair her choice of husband, ZCP vi 31.20 . ni túgha nuachuir lem-sa `I have no choice of bridegroom', Im. Brain 69. 15 . deir co núachraib núa `a fresh girl sought by suitors', Met. Dinds. iii 300.41 . ní heol dom an nóchar budh céile dhí, Keat. Poems 121. do chéile nóchair thy husband, 212 .

Used fig. of a ruler or champion of Ireland: raba missi a nuachur coir | d'ingin alaind hErimoin, LL 149b46 . biaid cen buachail inis Fáil | aithli nuacha[i]r maith d'fhagbail, ib. 39 . ba he aonghlór na sochraite . . . gur vo hadhbhar nua- chair d'Eirinn antí Conall (i.e. that C. was a fit successor to the high kingship), ZCP xiv 223.12 . dod nuachar (addressing Banba), Keat. Poems 1352. As epithet: na cethri chóicid la Corpre núachar, LL 297a50 (of Coirpre Lifeachair).

In semi-abstract sense: no miltís im Thúathaib Dé | in t-áes núachair náimtide `the folk of a hostile wedlock' (?), Met. Dinds. iii 4.38 (duachair, nuathmar v.l.; see note p. 472 and cf. nuachor below). Sampait garg cen gním núachair, | sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail `who scorned dalliance', iv 22.7 (n-uabair v.l.). coibhche nó crodh nuachair `dowry of cattle', Keat. ii 4642. eirreadh nuachair, IGT Dec. ex. 431.

Cf. go mbeith io[n]nuachair di till she was ripe for marriage, IT ii2 111.28 .

nuachor

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Forms: núachar, núachar

n .i. nuachúartach a new-comer (?), O'Cl. An etymo- logical gloss on núachar? but cf. Met. Dinds. iii 4.38 quoted under núachar (of Carmun and her sons who came from the East to raid Ireland).

núachrad

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Forms: núachar

n [o, m.] wedlock, marriage? o ríg Cruachna cloth- chóir | fúair nuachrad ar nert-maen, LL 156a42 = núachar Met. Dinds. iii 298.10 .

núacht

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n f. (núa) newness, novelty: nách foil ann ní nuacht that it is nothing new, MacAingil 500.4 .

núada, núadu

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Forms: nuadat

n m. a hero, champion, king (poetic)? am nuadai tedmai tataigh conai (Cú Chulaind's description of himself to Emer), ZCP iii 237 § 27 = am nuatai . . . am nuada, 245 § 51 , where it is glossed: am cumnid trén an tedma sin .i. am feochair ┐ im angbaid i cataib ┐ i congalaib. Cf. tucc Cu Chulainn ainm teimhen|air d'Eimir aga tochmarc . . . nuadh tedma tathaig cona a hero of the disease that visits hounds (i.e. rabies, fury?), Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 93 § 20 . ? g s. cid dond Emir úanfebli | nachasáil in nertnuadat | ría n-andrib án ard-Ulad, FB § 68 ( LU 8910 , where it is glossed .i. in ríg) = nacha isail an tuata, Eg. Cf. also: a ṡamhghlan, nuadha na naomh `queen of saints' (of the Virgin Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 10.

Prob. same as npr. Núadu q.v.

núadad

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n m. the act of renewing: ba bithnuagad renewal; Laws i 12.18 . bithnógod 'continually renewing' Celtica xiii 15.295 . See núaidid.

? núada(i)t

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Forms: nuadhat, N., núadat

n a hand, wrist or arm? iarrigh mhna nuadot .i. cumhdach d'foilgibh bai inna lamhaibh. Idh .i. foilghi no cumdach. Nuadoit .i. lámh, H. 3.18 p. 627 ( O'C. 1378 ) = nuadhat, 650a ( O'C. 1460 ). The citation seems a remini- scence of: iar rig mná Nuadat (name of part of the upper course of the river Boyne), RC xxvi 18 § 35 , cf. Met. Dinds. iii 26.15 and ZCP viii 106.6 , where N. is a proper name; the word núadat (-ait) may have been used in B. na f. in sense given above through the influence of the legend of Núadu Airgetlám, or misunderstanding of the gloss nuadat .i. in ríg, LU 8910 (taken as = in rig).

Núadu

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Forms: Nodonti, Nodenti, Nuadu, Nuado, Nuada, Nuadha, Nuadat, Nuadhat, Nodtat, Núadhat, Nuadhait, Nuadhat, Nuadhat, Nuadhaid, Nodan, Núadha, Núadhait

npr. m. a name borne by more than one mythical king of Ireland and later by some historic persons. The orig. vowel is ō, cf. the dat. forms Nodonti, Nodenti ( Corp. Inscr. Lat. vii 138 , 140 ).

Declined

(a) as d-stem: n s. Nuadu, LL 127a48 , 128a27 . Nuado, 25b13 . Possibly earlier Nuada, AU 780. Nuadha, AU 810 , 811 ; O'Mulc. 665 (one of the three `fáithi fis' of the heathen Irish), and later texts generally. g s. Nuadat, LL 128a26 . Nuadhat, AU 774. Nodtat, Mart. Tall. Feb. 19. a d s. la Nuadait, LL 128a25 . In later Mid. and Mod.Ir. the g s. Núadhat (-ad) continues in use (Nuaghad, BB 32b38 ); also d s. Nuadhait, Keat. i 218.36 (Nuadha v.l.), but: lé Nuadha, ii 2175 . The n s. Nuadhat (-ad) is occas. found, BB 46b37 (g s. Nuadhat, ib. 36 ); g s. Nuadhaid (: cuid), Content. vi 154.

(b) traces of a parallel n-declension occur in early texts: g s. in oratorio Nodan , AU 808 , cf. ath Dísirt Nuadhat, ii 448.5 (prob. same place, see Hog. Onom. s.v. Disert Nodan). d s. ut impletum est i Nodáin [leg. Nódain] locha hUama [sic leg.], Trip. 144.15 , cf. Nuadha locha hUamae episcopus et ancorita abbas Airrd Machae, AU 811.

Núadha, IGT Dec. § 8.9 (declined like elta, n-stem, but d s. do Núadhait ).