Cite this: eDIL s.v. nissi or

x .i. crécht, O'Cl. see 3 nes(s).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. níth or

Forms: nithe, nítha, níthu, nitha, nníth, nithu

n m. (orig. neut.? cf. níth nglé, SR 5967 : n.¤ ṁbras, 3615 ; in both cases the word might be construed as acc.). g s. in nítho, Trip. 92.8 . nithe, Laws v 240.11 . nítha (usual form). a p. níthu, LL 365 m.sup. Rawl. 116a13 . nitha, TBC² 3349. g p. na nníth , SR 6041.

(a) fighting, conflict , and in concrete sense (esp. in pl.) a fight, combat: poet. and lit. word. nith .i. guin duine, Corm. Y 967 , cf. 973 , Lec. Gl. 26 M , Met. Gl. 26.1 , O'Cl. níth .i. deabhaidh nō cathughadh, O'Cl. nith, arin conflicht ro lasad na geinti and (explanation of n.l.), Laws i 2.11 . ní rubaim níth n-erred n-án, LU 6230 ( TBC² p. 64 n. 5 ). etach fri lith, arm fri nith, Laws i 122.9 (t.). comtís nertmenmnaig fri cach nith, LL 219b25 ( TTr. 186 ). dagaes n-imgona fri fuabairt cach nitha, TBC² 3181. mac Nesa noithech nitha renowned in battle, TFerbe 850 . ón áth a bhfuair Neimheadh níoth, Keat. i 172.1 (poem) = níth, BB 25a14 . as nith for naimhdibh (of a hero), TBC 5556 St. pl. fich nithu Nuadu Necht, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 27 § 7 ( = Rawl. 116a13 ). fer . . . conboing nitha for naimdiu, TBC² 3349. árad fri nime níthu a ladder to take heaven by storm, ZCP xiii 144.11 = fri nimib n.¤ , LL 365 m.sup. = fri nimhe nithiu, FM i 336.5 . Míchol na nníth contentious M., SR 6041. ar trommníthaib i críchaib ilib echtrannaib, TBC 3537. ? cath Glasse Críche ra chlóe | nithe dia mbae bretha ar báig, LL 44b37 , cf. 380b44 . In chevilles: níth ṅglé, SR 5967 , cf. 3615 . nith im gail, ZCP viii 106.2 . deilm nitha, LL 7a33 = delm ndíotha, Leb. Gab. i 110 y .

(b) spirit, pugnacity, mettle: ní ḟuil indum-sa níth ná nertt, Acall. 39. huathmar . . . indas na luinde ┐ na barainde ┐ ind nítha tucsat léo isin chath, TTr.² 927. mo chorpan cen nith, LB 141a29 . Anecd. ii 49.6 .

(c) anger, resentment: ba níth mór la Fergus oén do maídim thechid fri Coinculaind, TBC 1964. rapa níth menman . . . ┐ rapa anforlond aicnid lé, LL 222a16 ( TTr. 378 ). ba nith mór leó a mbuar do marbhadh, Cog. 210.21 .

Compds. ¤gal: im nithgalaib, TBC² 3422 , cf. TBC 5738 , 5511 St. ¤galach: ro airigh an tṡleigh nithghalaidh `battle- strong spear', CF 876. ¤gonach: Neide n. `of the deadly wounds', Met. Dinds. iii 320.25 . ¤gubach: in Bé n. Néit, MR 242.1 (i.e. who wails over the fallen on the battle-field). ¤mass (epithet of Conchobar m. Nessa), IT i 77.21 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. níthach or

adj o, ā. pertaining to combat, martial; of persons warlike, aggressive. Nia nithach sab, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18.21 = LL 387a27 , where it is glossed `cartach' ( = cathach ?). dā Enna ui nithaig (.i. cathaigh) Nuadad, LL 392d21 . mac nithach Nesa, Ériu i 116 § 5. déccid ferta níthaig Néill `the grave of martial Niall', Met. Dinds. ii 36.1 (see corrigenda v 128 ). niata nitheach fri naimhdibh, Hugh Roe 226.28 (f. 60b) . o niamchlandaib . . . nithacha . . . Neill, MR 258.13 . Of things: gleo . . . nithach neimnech, LL 408a45 ( TTr. 2226 ). for dreich nithaig Neill, Bruchst. i § 101 (< FM i 470.20 ). o thrath nóna nithaige, TFerbe 191 . As npr. f., name of a shield: ind Nithach Loegaire, Ériu iv 28 § 17.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. níthaid or

Forms: nith, noshith, níthad

v ā. defeats, overpowers, subdues: imp. nith, nesaigh [mo phectha], Ir. Lit. 8 n. 14 . ? iarna gabail ar écin | is iarom nosnith, LB 261a50 (of a wicked bishop who lays waste the church) = noshith, Arch. iii 318.3 (a reading supported by the rhyme: clith, and by the comparison with a wolf implied in preceding stanza). bec nārom nítsat ind fir | ar imad comlaind oenfir, LU 6228 = TBC² p. 64 n. 5 . gur níthed a nert, Caithr. Toirdh. 52.5 . Vn. dom níthad ┐ dom nert- fhreagra, MR 302.10 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. níthaigid or

Forms: nithaiged

v g. = níthaid: pass. pf. becc nā ro nithaiged in tarb isin ngleo, PH 7229.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. níthó or

particle of negation used occas. instead of náthó in replying to a question, statement or request. nitho ám sin not so indeed, Aisl. MC 59.12 . `nitho' ol seseom, RC xxiv 198.4 (refusing a request). nitó etir, LB 239a63 ( ACC 104 Comm.).

? niuais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? niuais or

n (? Eng. news): gan bhúain briuais da gach bord | a n-uair niuais do nemlorg 'before you snatched brose from the tables, without asking for news (?)' Angus Matheson Essays 54 § 9 .

1 no

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 no or

Forms: nu, no, no


In O.Ir. used only with simple vb. in follg. cases: (a) regu- larly in impf. ind., impf. subj. and cond., when they are not preceded by any particle requiring the conjunct form of the vb.; this construction continues through Mid.Ir.; in Mod.Ir. do is used. (b) in 1 and 2 s. and pl. of pres. ind., pres. subj. and fut. when they are used relatively. (c) with all tenses of ind. and subj. to infix rel. n-. (d) with all parts of the vb., including the imp., to infix a pron.

Occas. written nu in O. and Mid.Ir.; nuggabad, Thes. ii 242.7 ( Ardm. 18b1 ); other exx. below.

Generally lenites the initial of the vb. in rel. sentences where there is no infixed pron.

(a) no scarinn friu, Wb. 24a4 . no scrutain-se in tan no mbiinn isnaib fochaidib I used to consider when I was in tribula- tions, Ml. 91c1 (with rel. -n- before second vb.). ba ac imradud chloine no bíth he used to be meditating iniquity, 55c19 . cia nu tiastais, 117d3 . no chinged, LU 8912 (cf. no cinged, 9136 ). no theiged, 9139 . no adratis they used to worship, PH 2512. With pass.: no leicthe . . . no oircthe, Tur. 110c (pass. impf. s.). no comallaibthe, Ml. 105b14 (cond. s.). nó edpairtha in t-uan used to be sacrificed, PH 5071. riasíu no baistide, 6110 . No is somet. omitted before the impf. ind. in archaic poetry: for exx. see Ériu xi 88.

(b) rel. construction: is hed inso no chairigur, Wb. 11d1 . is hed no adamrugur, 16a3 . inna hí no guidim, Ml. 21b8 . na ní no gigius whatever I shall pray for, 46b12 . forsani no thechti for what thou hast, Sg. 148a9 . a mbelra-sa no labraim-si this language which I speak, Ériu ii 102 § 10. do rígrad no molur, Fél. Prol. 13. mo Liba no rádi of whom thou speakest, Feb. 18. triasan ngním no maide which thou vauntest, PH 3848. With 3 s. pres.: don foirind . . . no chreit ho iris, 6791 (rectius creites; form prob. due to its separation from the ante- cedent by an intervening clause). teora fidhbhuidi no fhāsat imon cathraig, Marco P. 95. See ZCP iii 283 , 470 .

(c) with rel. -n-: hóre no cretim, Wb. 1a2 . in tain no-mbíu oc irbáig when I am glorying, 20a3 . amal no-nda-frecṅdircc- sa as I am present, 9b4 . a nno-ngeiss cách when thou beseechest, 30b4 . a nnu-nda-chocuibsid-siu when thou art conscious, Ml. 58b6 . in tan no labrither when thou sayest, Sg. 159a2 . a nno nderbid when ye prove, Wb. 22b24 . amal no-nded maicc as ye are sons, 27b16 .

(d) with inf. pron.: ma num-gaibi ar charit, gl. si habes me socium, Wb. 32a16 . nom-glantar (emungor), Sg. 178b5 . ní tu no-dn-ai[l] acht is hé no-t-ail, Wb. 5b28 . rolomur nu-ndat-ges I dare to entreat thee, Ml. 21b5 . With pron. a, no + a > na: na-gníu I do it, Wb. 3c30 . na-nglanad let him purify himself, 11d8 . na-carid love him, Ml. 68a15 . do neuch no-dn-eirbea ind who shall trust in him, 51b10 (refl.). huand uair nu-nda- bertatar, 82d9 (f.s.). non-moídem-ni, gl. gloriamur, Wb. 2d9 . nob-guidet .i. nob-bendachat, gl. salutant vos, 7b21 . ma nu- dub-feil i n-ellug coirp Crist if ye are in the union, 19c20 . is ecen dam no-nda-ges that I pray for them, Ml. 21b9 . not- saerfa, SR 3806. not-soerfaider, 3804 . co nam-diultfa-sa that thou wilt deny me, PH 3012. no-barn-aitchim I adjure you, 1852 . nos-geogain-seom uli, LU 6269 ( TBC² 1769 ).

(e) in Mid.Ir. no comes to be employed with compd. vbs. which are coming to be treated as simple: no thissed, SR 1510. no accallad, LU 694. no forcongrad, 2250 . no innisfed, 393 . no thairned, 8768 . dia num-ruca[id]-sa, RC xxiv 56 § 17. See ZCP ii 491 - 2 .

(f) exceptionally used instead of ro with the pret.: no lodadar uadaib, Ériu ii 20 y . no aentaigset, PH 2731 ; pos- sibly scribal errors.

2 no

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 no or

part Mid.Ir. syncopated form of dano; oft. preceded by conj. nó: nó no = or else . See dano (RIA Dict. D col. 87); to refer- ences there given add Acall. 1653 , 7475 , CCath. 5988 , Irish Texts ii 8 § 5 , §9 ; dna, gl. no, Leb. Gab. i 140.1 n. 1 .

1 nó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nó or

Forms: no-, atnoí, no, nu, na, ná

conj. or ; acc. to Ped. i 441 a petrified imperative from the vb. no- (found in 3 s. pr. atnoí); Thurneysen, Hdb. § 873 , conjectures that it may have been orig. negative.

In O.Ir. also written no and nu ( Camb. Hom. 37d = Thes. ii 245.36 ), and in Mid.Ir. somet. na, ná (through confusion with ná nor). In O. and Mid.Ir. lenites initial of a follg. noun (possibly in O.Ir. of a vb. also: no chonutangar, gl. aut comi- tur, Ml. 14c5 ); not so in Mod.Ir.

Generally expressed in MSS. by the Lat. contraction for vel (ł).

Used as disjunct. conj. to separate members of a clause or co-ordinate clauses in order to express one or more alterna- tives. Gl. aut ( Ml. 14c5 , 136b5 ) and vel ( 94c10 ). lia diis no thriur more than two or three persons, Wb. 13a4 . is lour dā preceptóir no thríi, 13a9 . fó dí nó fó thrí, FB 81. cith ine [sic leg.] chuis nu ine laim nu ine meraib whether in his foot or in his hand, Thes. ii 245.36 ( Camb. 37d ). cid mór in duil nó cid becc, Ml. 145c3 , cf. 17c3 . cid i caisc nó chorgus, Fél. Ep. 562 (corgus v.l.). itir foss no utmaille, itir suide no ṡessam, Hy. i 3 (T.). troscud ind nó bith for usciu ┐ bargin (alterna- tive penances), Mon. Tall. 9. nad ḟetar-sa . . . ar bad chalmu in Galian Lagen na Lúagni na Temrach andathi-siu whether the G. . . . or the L. . . . were braver than you, CRR 48. eplid do gorta . . . no ithed cách a céli uaib, PH 1023. ron-áil fair conā tormaigfed nó nā digebad cid a oen-fhocul not to add nor take away a single word, Mon. Tall. 61. nā rachthai ón Troí co tucthar síd dúib esti ná co taethaisti acci nó co ndechaisti ḟurri until peace be granted you or till ye fall or till ye overpower it, LL 240b26 ( TTr. 1774 ).

In disjunctive questions: in oc urnaidi Con Culaind bía fodechtsa no in lim-sa doraga? wilt thou await C. or come with me ? SC 46. indat sochenel no dochenel? PH 695. ba cunnta- bairt lemm in n-ó Dia no in n-o diabul ro boí sium, 1493 .

Somet. loosely used where sense is not disjunctive, almost = and: cait i fuarais hi no cia dosgni hi? PH 208. abair friumm cia cathair duit no caide h'ainm no cia fochund fora tanic, 1137 . Cf. nách nó deilighthi atá annsa chorp acht nó ar ocus that it is not disjunctive `or' which stands in the text but `or' used for `and', H. 3.18 p. 645a ( O'C. 1445 ).

Often (like Eng. or) used instead of ná in a neg. sent., somet. in juxtaposition with the latter: nichar-fail tlacht nó dagbíad, SR 1560 , cf. 512 . ni boi . . . i nnim nó hi talum, LB 112a10 ( MacCarthy 62.4 ) = i nnim nā talmain, SR 1511. áit innā bí bás nó peccad nā imorbus, LU 9996. ni coir lais berrad nā fothruc[ud] . . . nó nach gníomrad ale, Mon. Tall. 55. ní lécset uacht no scís no íttaid . . . fair, PH 1973. gan rún faladh nó formaid, Dán Dé xxv 34 .

nó . . . nó either . . . or , expressing an absolute alternative ( = Lat. aut . . . aut): no teidh-si . . . ar seachran no ni theid, Luc. Fid. 364.20 . no do an Criosd a bfochair a eagluisi . . . no nior an, 369.1 .

In late texts a spurious pl. form is occas. found, on the analogy of oldáit, indáit, etc.: mar dogénadh mac [sic leg.] tíre caírigh nóid uain sheep or lambs, RC xix 50 § 67. do fhiafruigh . . . an rabhadar biadha náid lóinte aca, Keat. ii 264 .

2 nó, noe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 nó, noe or

Forms: nau, naue, noa, noib, noe, nae, noí, noi, naoi, nau

n ā,f. (in O.Ir. a w-st., Ped. ii 93 ). O.Ir. n s. nau tholl, Thes. ii 294.27 ( SP iv 1 ). g s. naue, 272.8 (Adamnán). noe, Sg. 69a24 , 132b1 . a d s. (Mid.Ir.) noí. n p. noa, Ml. 67d23 . d p. noib 122a3 .

In Mid.Ir. the n s. is variously written (see exx. below); the forms noe, nae point to pronunciation noí. Occas. treated as a d-stem. Early obsolete, surviving in compds. in later Mid.Ir.

A boat (generally a small one, propelled by oars):

(a) filius navis . . . scoticâ vero linguâ Mac Naue, Thes. ii 272.8 (of Colum Cille's maternal grandfather); cf. ingen Díma maic Noee, LB 31a55 (of his mother) = Dimai meic Naei, Lism.L. 810 . sain écosc noe a peculiar species of boat (gl. celox), Sg. 69a24 . nai a naue [ = Lat. nave] dicitur, Corm. Y 985. noe co lin seasa a boat with a number of benches, Laws v 474.10 . fo imrim noe no leasdair, 474.8 . oin nae for muir the loan of a boat, 278.3 . long fri huath . . . no fri muin, Auraic. 6134 (name of the letter m in `Ogam n-eathrach'). loiscter in nóu, Lism.L. 4303 . lá ina tinnscanad nae, RC ix 458.21 . a d s: co mboí isind noi . . . .i. isin churuch, LU 10055. cimbith quasi cimba [ = Lat. cymba] .i. on noi oen-ṡeiched, Corm. Y 229 , cf. O'Mulc. 225 and see Ériu xi 97. a noi niamduinn tar ler londruadh, Anecd. i 52 § 19 (naoi v.l.). marbhan i nnoi a corpse in a boat, FM i 272.4 (poem), see Bruchst. i § 96 . in naoi , Lism.L. 4298 (a s.).

(b) coro laad i nnoid oenṡeched for muir é, LL 22b28 . issind noid credumai, 168b6 = isin naid, BB 374a6 . intí ga rabus bádud . . . is slan dō ge no deachsat fora ech no 'na noid, H. 2.15 p. 46b ( O'Don. 1187 ). asa naoed, ib. fer na noad . . . fer na noededh . . . fer na noedhe, ib. ( O'Don. 1188 ) = f. na naeead, Rawl. B 506 f. 61d ( O'Don. 2453 ).


(a) imdi noa occai, gl. navium potens, Ml. 67d23 . ? mebdatar a nnói, ZCP viii 313.35 . lēgiss cairptiu, carais noö he forsook chariots, he loved boats (i.e. became a pilgrim across seas), 198 § 19 (of Colum C.). ra batar . . . ina nóib fora n-iarraid, LL 232a18 .

(b) co mbetís nóthe ┐ longa ┐ lestair erlama léo, TTr.² 568. conacutar . . . nóethi beca cruinde . . . for in sruth, Alex. 689. is amlaid tangadur gan eathra gan naethe, BB 32a32 ( Ériu viii 25 n. 1 ). tarclam lucht .iii. noad do techt tar muir, Dinds. 5 ( RC xv 294.4 ). luid trí nóithib, Met. Dinds. ii 26.13 .

Compds. ¤airchinnech: d s. dund nau-eirchinniuch, gl. naviclero, Thes. i 498.21 ( Ardm. 188b1 ). ¤coblach a fleet of boats: nocoblach mar di Gentibh oc Loch D., A.U. 913 (i 428.13) . for fairinn nochoblaigh, 912 (i 426.10) . coimhleang nóchobh- laigh for Loch Ribh, FM ii 622.4 . ¤combádud shipwreck: is e foroerlangair in noecombádad fo thrí (of St. Paul), PH 1654 , cf. 1660 . nochombadud, 7043 . co facadur in naoi for nóchombáthad, Lism.L. 4298 . nocombadadh, CCath. 793 v.l.

See noedin.