Cite this: eDIL s.v. ninnsa or

x see annsa.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nisaidim or

n name of a poetical composition practised by the `doírbard': aisteda na ndaerbhard .i. . . . Nisaidim fri serthiu, IT iii 23.3 = nisaigim sirthu, 65 § 135 . Possibly = ní saigim, the opening words of a poem.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nissi or

x .i. crécht, O'Cl. see 3 nes(s).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. níth or

Forms: nithe, nítha, níthu, nitha, nníth, nithu

n m. (orig. neut.? cf. níth nglé, SR 5967 : n.¤ ṁbras, 3615 ; in both cases the word might be construed as acc.). g s. in nítho, Trip. 92.8 . nithe, Laws v 240.11 . nítha (usual form). a p. níthu, LL 365 m.sup. Rawl. 116a13 . nitha, TBC² 3349. g p. na nníth , SR 6041.

(a) fighting, conflict , and in concrete sense (esp. in pl.) a fight, combat: poet. and lit. word. nith .i. guin duine, Corm. Y 967 , cf. 973 , Lec. Gl. 26 M , Met. Gl. 26.1 , O'Cl. níth .i. deabhaidh nō cathughadh, O'Cl. nith, arin conflicht ro lasad na geinti and (explanation of n.l.), Laws i 2.11 . ní rubaim níth n-erred n-án, LU 6230 ( TBC² p. 64 n. 5 ). etach fri lith, arm fri nith, Laws i 122.9 (t.). comtís nertmenmnaig fri cach nith, LL 219b25 ( TTr. 186 ). dagaes n-imgona fri fuabairt cach nitha, TBC² 3181. mac Nesa noithech nitha renowned in battle, TFerbe 850 . ón áth a bhfuair Neimheadh níoth, Keat. i 172.1 (poem) = níth, BB 25a14 . as nith for naimhdibh (of a hero), TBC 5556 St. pl. fich nithu Nuadu Necht, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 27 § 7 ( = Rawl. 116a13 ). fer . . . conboing nitha for naimdiu, TBC² 3349. árad fri nime níthu a ladder to take heaven by storm, ZCP xiii 144.11 = fri nimib n.¤ , LL 365 m.sup. = fri nimhe nithiu, FM i 336.5 . Míchol na nníth contentious M., SR 6041. ar trommníthaib i críchaib ilib echtrannaib, TBC 3537. ? cath Glasse Críche ra chlóe | nithe dia mbae bretha ar báig, LL 44b37 , cf. 380b44 . In chevilles: níth ṅglé, SR 5967 , cf. 3615 . nith im gail, ZCP viii 106.2 . deilm nitha, LL 7a33 = delm ndíotha, Leb. Gab. i 110 y .

(b) spirit, pugnacity, mettle: ní ḟuil indum-sa níth ná nertt, Acall. 39. huathmar . . . indas na luinde ┐ na barainde ┐ ind nítha tucsat léo isin chath, TTr.² 927. mo chorpan cen nith, LB 141a29 . Anecd. ii 49.6 .

(c) anger, resentment: ba níth mór la Fergus oén do maídim thechid fri Coinculaind, TBC 1964. rapa níth menman . . . ┐ rapa anforlond aicnid lé, LL 222a16 ( TTr. 378 ). ba nith mór leó a mbuar do marbhadh, Cog. 210.21 .

Compds. ¤gal: im nithgalaib, TBC² 3422 , cf. TBC 5738 , 5511 St. ¤galach: ro airigh an tṡleigh nithghalaidh `battle- strong spear', CF 876. ¤gonach: Neide n. `of the deadly wounds', Met. Dinds. iii 320.25 . ¤gubach: in Bé n. Néit, MR 242.1 (i.e. who wails over the fallen on the battle-field). ¤mass (epithet of Conchobar m. Nessa), IT i 77.21 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. níthach or

adj o, ā. pertaining to combat, martial; of persons warlike, aggressive. Nia nithach sab, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18.21 = LL 387a27 , where it is glossed `cartach' ( = cathach ?). dā Enna ui nithaig (.i. cathaigh) Nuadad, LL 392d21 . mac nithach Nesa, Ériu i 116 § 5. déccid ferta níthaig Néill `the grave of martial Niall', Met. Dinds. ii 36.1 (see corrigenda v 128 ). niata nitheach fri naimhdibh, Hugh Roe 226.28 (f. 60b) . o niamchlandaib . . . nithacha . . . Neill, MR 258.13 . Of things: gleo . . . nithach neimnech, LL 408a45 ( TTr. 2226 ). for dreich nithaig Neill, Bruchst. i § 101 (< FM i 470.20 ). o thrath nóna nithaige, TFerbe 191 . As npr. f., name of a shield: ind Nithach Loegaire, Ériu iv 28 § 17.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. níthaid or

Forms: nith, noshith, níthad

v ā. defeats, overpowers, subdues: imp. nith, nesaigh [mo phectha], Ir. Lit. 8 n. 14 . ? iarna gabail ar écin | is iarom nosnith, LB 261a50 (of a wicked bishop who lays waste the church) = noshith, Arch. iii 318.3 (a reading supported by the rhyme: clith, and by the comparison with a wolf implied in preceding stanza). bec nārom nítsat ind fir | ar imad comlaind oenfir, LU 6228 = TBC² p. 64 n. 5 . gur níthed a nert, Caithr. Toirdh. 52.5 . Vn. dom níthad ┐ dom nert- fhreagra, MR 302.10 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. níthaigid or

Forms: nithaiged

v g. = níthaid: pass. pf. becc nā ro nithaiged in tarb isin ngleo, PH 7229.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. níthó or

particle of negation used occas. instead of náthó in replying to a question, statement or request. nitho ám sin not so indeed, Aisl. MC 59.12 . `nitho' ol seseom, RC xxiv 198.4 (refusing a request). nitó etir, LB 239a63 ( ACC 104 Comm.).

? niuais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? niuais or

n (? Eng. news): gan bhúain briuais da gach bord | a n-uair niuais do nemlorg 'before you snatched brose from the tables, without asking for news (?)' Angus Matheson Essays 54 § 9 .

1 no

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 no or

Forms: nu, no, no


In O.Ir. used only with simple vb. in follg. cases: (a) regu- larly in impf. ind., impf. subj. and cond., when they are not preceded by any particle requiring the conjunct form of the vb.; this construction continues through Mid.Ir.; in Mod.Ir. do is used. (b) in 1 and 2 s. and pl. of pres. ind., pres. subj. and fut. when they are used relatively. (c) with all tenses of ind. and subj. to infix rel. n-. (d) with all parts of the vb., including the imp., to infix a pron.

Occas. written nu in O. and Mid.Ir.; nuggabad, Thes. ii 242.7 ( Ardm. 18b1 ); other exx. below.

Generally lenites the initial of the vb. in rel. sentences where there is no infixed pron.

(a) no scarinn friu, Wb. 24a4 . no scrutain-se in tan no mbiinn isnaib fochaidib I used to consider when I was in tribula- tions, Ml. 91c1 (with rel. -n- before second vb.). ba ac imradud chloine no bíth he used to be meditating iniquity, 55c19 . cia nu tiastais, 117d3 . no chinged, LU 8912 (cf. no cinged, 9136 ). no theiged, 9139 . no adratis they used to worship, PH 2512. With pass.: no leicthe . . . no oircthe, Tur. 110c (pass. impf. s.). no comallaibthe, Ml. 105b14 (cond. s.). nó edpairtha in t-uan used to be sacrificed, PH 5071. riasíu no baistide, 6110 . No is somet. omitted before the impf. ind. in archaic poetry: for exx. see Ériu xi 88.

(b) rel. construction: is hed inso no chairigur, Wb. 11d1 . is hed no adamrugur, 16a3 . inna hí no guidim, Ml. 21b8 . na ní no gigius whatever I shall pray for, 46b12 . forsani no thechti for what thou hast, Sg. 148a9 . a mbelra-sa no labraim-si this language which I speak, Ériu ii 102 § 10. do rígrad no molur, Fél. Prol. 13. mo Liba no rádi of whom thou speakest, Feb. 18. triasan ngním no maide which thou vauntest, PH 3848. With 3 s. pres.: don foirind . . . no chreit ho iris, 6791 (rectius creites; form prob. due to its separation from the ante- cedent by an intervening clause). teora fidhbhuidi no fhāsat imon cathraig, Marco P. 95. See ZCP iii 283 , 470 .

(c) with rel. -n-: hóre no cretim, Wb. 1a2 . in tain no-mbíu oc irbáig when I am glorying, 20a3 . amal no-nda-frecṅdircc- sa as I am present, 9b4 . a nno-ngeiss cách when thou beseechest, 30b4 . a nnu-nda-chocuibsid-siu when thou art conscious, Ml. 58b6 . in tan no labrither when thou sayest, Sg. 159a2 . a nno nderbid when ye prove, Wb. 22b24 . amal no-nded maicc as ye are sons, 27b16 .

(d) with inf. pron.: ma num-gaibi ar charit, gl. si habes me socium, Wb. 32a16 . nom-glantar (emungor), Sg. 178b5 . ní tu no-dn-ai[l] acht is hé no-t-ail, Wb. 5b28 . rolomur nu-ndat-ges I dare to entreat thee, Ml. 21b5 . With pron. a, no + a > na: na-gníu I do it, Wb. 3c30 . na-nglanad let him purify himself, 11d8 . na-carid love him, Ml. 68a15 . do neuch no-dn-eirbea ind who shall trust in him, 51b10 (refl.). huand uair nu-nda- bertatar, 82d9 (f.s.). non-moídem-ni, gl. gloriamur, Wb. 2d9 . nob-guidet .i. nob-bendachat, gl. salutant vos, 7b21 . ma nu- dub-feil i n-ellug coirp Crist if ye are in the union, 19c20 . is ecen dam no-nda-ges that I pray for them, Ml. 21b9 . not- saerfa, SR 3806. not-soerfaider, 3804 . co nam-diultfa-sa that thou wilt deny me, PH 3012. no-barn-aitchim I adjure you, 1852 . nos-geogain-seom uli, LU 6269 ( TBC² 1769 ).

(e) in Mid.Ir. no comes to be employed with compd. vbs. which are coming to be treated as simple: no thissed, SR 1510. no accallad, LU 694. no forcongrad, 2250 . no innisfed, 393 . no thairned, 8768 . dia num-ruca[id]-sa, RC xxiv 56 § 17. See ZCP ii 491 - 2 .

(f) exceptionally used instead of ro with the pret.: no lodadar uadaib, Ériu ii 20 y . no aentaigset, PH 2731 ; pos- sibly scribal errors.

2 no

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 no or

part Mid.Ir. syncopated form of dano; oft. preceded by conj. nó: nó no = or else . See dano (RIA Dict. D col. 87); to refer- ences there given add Acall. 1653 , 7475 , CCath. 5988 , Irish Texts ii 8 § 5 , §9 ; dna, gl. no, Leb. Gab. i 140.1 n. 1 .