Cite this: eDIL s.v. niamnaid or

Forms: niamnuid

n name of a plant, tormentil: tormintilla .i. a[n] niam- nuid, Arch. i 326.25 . niamnuid, Rosa Angl. 158.9 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. niata or

adj io, iā. (cf. 1 nia) pugnacious, combative: slog . . . niatta, PH 8105. na buidne niatae naimdide, CCath. 5469. niata lé namhait, connalbhaigh lé carait, FM v 1726.7 . Of things: saigti niata nemnecha, Cog. 158.18 . comhlann niata, CRR² 36 . Adv. adubairt co níata naimdemail, ZCP vi 288.25 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. níathach or

x see níadach.

? nichuth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? nichuth or

n : múchus aurnadme icht einech iar nichuth 'that suffocates the trust of marriage after the … of honour' Peritia ix 109 § 7 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nícon or

Forms: nícon, níco, noco, nocho (n-), nocha (n-), nocha, nochan, nacon, nícon, Nícon, nocon, nochon

adv. of negation, a strengthened form of ní, used before vbs. The second element -con is expld. as perfective particle com- (con-) ÉC xv 505 , Keltologie heute 112-13 but see Ériu xxi 90-92 . Used at the beginning of a main clause with the indic. (or potential or optative subj.), folld. by the conjunct form of the vb. In the Glosses, the particle -con is always written in conjunction with the vb., ní either standing as a separate word or joined to it. The initial consonant of the vb. is lenited (not always expressed in MSS.).

In Mid.Ir. the form nícon somet. becomes níco before a consonant, and is early weakened to noco (noco n- before a vowel or lenited f); later with lenited c, nocho (n-), nocha (n-), which prevail in later Mid.Ir.; early Mod.Ir. nocha (generally eclipsing follg. cons., nochan before a vowel and lenited f), still persisting in North Ireland and in Scottish Gaelic in the neg. cha, chan.

In O.Ir. nacon replaces nícon in dependent clauses; this construction disappears in Mid.Ir.

Nícon (nocon, nochon) expresses a more emphatic denial than ní alone (in later usage there is not much difference).

(a) nícon (níco n-): O.Ir. níconchoscram we destroy not, Wb. 2b21 . ni conchechrat they will not love, 30c4 . ni conchloor act for caínscél may I hear nothing but good of you, 23b41 . ni- conḟil, Sg. 188a4 (but: ní confil, Wb. 12d5 , Ml. 92a8 ). ní con- talla obbad fair, Sg. 90a2 . nicontuislifea, gl. nihil . . . elabitur, Ml. 27b18 . ní con bia cumscugud for pianad, 26d12 . ní conrogab terochraic, 36a32 . ni con ruaccobrus ní, gl. nunquam concupivi, 136b7 . Before vowel: ni conairigur-sa na imned I feel no tribulation, Wb. 16a28 . ní conétada, Sg. 188a4 .

Mid.Ir. nícon tora etir, SC 40. niconromolastar, Mon. Tall. 10. nícon-ér-sium tria bith sír he will never rise, PH 1860. níco dlegar, Mon. Tall. 51. nico ro troisci, 72 . níco fil crich fora flaithius, PH 1808 , cf. 710 , 6614 . nico tarut Í. nach freccra, 3251 . ráthaigit na minpheccda . . . ┐ ní co ráthaigit na morphecdai, 3231 .

(b) noco(n): noco rag-sa ar cuiriud mná, SC 32. noco bia . . . i pēin, SR 2043. noco laimed nech, 4877 . noco dentar, PH 5551. nech bud chalmu . . . cosindiu nocon ḟuaross, TBC 3674. nocon uil nech cen imarbus, PH 3181 ( = nocon-ḟuil). noco díultab-sa ┐ nocon fhuiceb tu, 3009 . nocon cēl-sa I will not hide (it), Arch. iii 296 § 37. noco rogenair . . . duine bad choimiu, SR 2245. noco rom-saebad I have not been deceived, PH 1795. nocor ḟer banne not a drop (of rain) fell, LB 65b58 = Lat. Lives 85 z (nocar).

(c) nocho(n), nocha(n): nocho chretiub-sa duitsiu, LU 9224. nochonepér rit insein, SR 1309. nocha bhí clúmh trés an gcreig | nach creid . . . dhuid there is no verdure on the rock but trusts to thee, Dán Dé xxix 26 . nocha chéal, Content. xxviii 28. dā bfinnadh . . . nacha dingnadh maith he would not do good, ZCP vii 301 § 3. nocho ro díultus . . . ar na bochtaib . . . nocho ro fhuirgius iat, PH 6031. mo lām nochor leadair duine never injured any man, Arch. iii 241 § 3. nochan faidiubh-sa le fer, TBC 4483 St. nochon ḟidir mac duine, ZCP vii 303 § 9. nuchun eirg, Ériu iii 198.1 .

(d) with eclipsis of follg. cons., due to confusion of con with the preverb con- (com-), Ped. ii 210 , or the conj. co-n, Thurn. Hdb. § 851 ; only once in Glosses: nícon dét do nach ailiu insin that applies (téit) to none other, Ml. 53a17 . Occas. in Mid.Ir.: nico mbia bríg isindi sin that will not matter, Mon. Tall. 66. níco mbia maith det-siu siu no táll, PH 1812. níco ndeine tú fén do ícc thou canst not heal thyself, 3336 . nico ndénat aithrige, 6476 . nocha mbia, Content. xxvii 16.

(e) with inf. pron.; in Glosses only in three cases in Ml.: ni con-d-robae-som ind rae sin he had not that time, Ml. 41a5 . ni con- da-bia nem they will not have heaven, 69a8 . ní cos-fuar-sa inna furgrad sin I found not those remains, 57d3 (pron. proleptic). Later fairly common: nochom-tha labra, SR 2088. nuchum- tha ní radim de I have nothing to say thereof, TBC 800 , cf. 1483 . noconom tha a samail, LU 7007 ( BDD 66 , nimtha v.l.), cf. 8391 ( FB 26 ). nocot-bia airmitiu thou shalt have no rever- ence, SR 847. nichat-léicfider sech láim, LL 47b42 = RC xx 12 § 21 . nochos-tibrea re cétluth will not give her as a mate, TBC 3502. atchiam cách . . . ┐ nicon n-acci nech no one sees us, LU 10865 ( IT i 133.5 ). nichar-fail tlacht we have no rai- ment, SR 1560. nocho-for-bia . . . airchra bíid, 4063 . nicos- tánic riam ┐ nicos-ticfa dírimm bas choímiu never came to them and never will come to them, LL 248b11 ( TBFr. 46 ) = nicus- tanic . . . noconus-ticfo, ZCP iv 34.4 .

(f) with copula (Mid.Ir., not in Glosses): nocon alaind mar atai far from lovely is thy appearance, SR 1305. noco choir duin, 1545 ; cf. nicon choir etir laisim, Mon. Tall. 15. noco chath nā tuitt rí, CRR 5. `In béo do thigernae?' `Nocon béo immorro', BDD 166. noco buidech Dia, PH 8371. nicon ed not so, by no means (answer to a question), Mon. Tall. 21. nocon ed namma not only that, SC 31. nicon ḟiu la credal, Fél. Prol. 111 (nocon, nochon v.l.). nochan fhoráil, Dán Dé xxv 6 . nocha nḟer mar soin Seafraigh S. is not a man of that sort, IGT Dec. ex. 509. nucu maith rí ac nā bít géill, | noco maith geill cen geimle, LL 146b35 ( PRIA iii 542 § 17 ). a mbrughaidh nocha brónaigh, IGT Dec. ex. 782 = nírsat brónuigh `their yeomen were not sad', Ériu iv 116 § 24. noco n-annsa doman-sa ata mo flaithemnus, PH 2709. nochon do biuc bae dia brig not little was his strength, ZCP viii 217 § 5. With pret.: nochorbo choimsech, SR 6091. nocorb éicen, TBC 949.

(g) in O.Ir. con is combined with the conj. ná (occas. nád) in subord. clauses: connaconbeth leu etir that it should not be with him at all, Ml. 35c2 , cf. 103d9 . connacon bet acht degni- mai less, 129a9 . arnaconroib dethiden for neuch, Wb. 15d11 . connachonroib, Ml. 23d6 . amal slaidred . . . di naconbi moín from which no treasure is wont to be, 85b7 . nad conbiad íc dō that there would be no healing for him, 58a9 . For a further development of nacon, see nó co.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nídachus or

x see níadachus.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. níe? or

ind manibad airmitiu níe | nip indemain fochlach foe, Corm. Y 661 s.v. fōi; `unless there is honour of evil not unsafe is a seated champion' (?), O'Don. Corm. Tr. 81. Cf. 4 ní.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nige or

Forms: nighi, nighte

f. Mid.Ir. vn. of nigid. The act of washing (in wide sense, of ablutions, washing clothes, etc.). nighi f., declined like marbhna, IGT Dec. § 3.7 . ná derntar isin domnach . . . folcad ná fothrucud ná nige, Ériu ii 202.1 . déna . . . ósaic ┐ nige th'fir chumtha, LB 65b22 ( Lat. Lives 84.10 ). dolotar . . . don tiprait do nigi a llám, Lat. Lives 25.10 . oc nigi a cairach, SR 2936. do nige a chneda ┐ a chrechta, TBC 4209. gan m'arm do nigi, 4100 . do nige etaig, PH 1877. nocha n-étach glan é nogo nderntar a nighi, O'Dav. 1176. ag folcadh a bhfolt ┐ ag nighe a mball, Keat. ii 5118. súile . . . arna níghe le bainne, Canticles v 12 . fer nighte mías a dish-washer, Ériu v 164.26 (analog. g s. as if from niged). aran . . . arn-a nighi a huisci steeped in water, RC xlix 56.9 . In fig. sense: a nighi ó fír Dé purgation by ordeal, Eg. 88 f. 50d ( O'C. 2597 ). ceannach an nighei-sin ar nimh | tabhair oram ar éigin `force me to purchase my absolution in Heaven', Dán Dé i 5 (treated as masc.).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nigid or

Forms: nod-nigh, niges, nestá, not-ninus, nenaigh, negair, negar, negtar, roenastar, naoenastar, nenastar, necht, roenacht, roenacht, ro-aonacht, roanacht, nigid, nige, nigiub, nigfea, nigther, negar, nighe, nídhfi, nighthe

vb. In Glosses found only in compds. Mid.Ir. pres. 3 s. nod-nigh, TBC² 2681. rel. niges, LU 2093. s-subj. impf. 2 s. mani nestá , LL 284b16 . redup. fut. 1 s. not-ninus, TBC² 3625. redup. pret. 3 s. ro nenaigh , Anecd. ii 6.1 . pass. pres. s. negair, TBC 6053. asa negar , LU 9685 , cf. Corm. Y 296 , 943 . pl. rel. negtar, LL 276a39 . fut. perf. s. co roenastar , Ériu ii 222.20 = coro naoenastar , Mon. Tall. 67 ; leg. coro nenastar (Bergin, Ériu iii 207 ). pret. s. ro necht , LL 164b14 ( Met. Dinds. iv 98.93 ), cf. Cog. 124.19 . ní roenacht . . . nad roenacht , Ériu ii 224.4 , 5 = ro-aonacht . . . roanacht , Mon. Tall. 67. Cf. 2 necht, prob. a participial form from nigid. Vn. nige.

In Mid.Ir. gen. treated as a regular weak vb.; fut. 1 s. rat nigiub , TBC 6053. 3 s. nom nigfea , LU 9897. pass. pres. s. nigther, Corm. p. 29 s.v. mát = negar, Corm. Y 943.

Washes (in wide sense, of body, clothes, etc.): úaget, negat in bráthair let the brothers sew and wash, Ériu iii 100 § 26 (Rule of Ailbe). folic . . . mo chend ┐ nig mo láma! PH 5257. arindi berrthar [sic leg.] cach and ┐ negar a c[h]end, Corm. Y 296. ro nigh . . . a gnuis, ZCP vi 25.23 . ro innail S. a lama ┐ ro nigh a ghelchorp, Ériu v 158.224 . do nighis cosa an Tighearna (= tersisti), TSh. 7164. usce asa negar Grip (.i. ech Diarmata), ZCP iii 214.14 ( LU 9685 ). Loch Riach . . . is ann ro nenaigh Caoer . . . cetaig Mic in Óig, Anecd. ii 6.1 . mani nestá th'étach, LL 284b16 . is mōr do ḟodboibh nigius, Fianaig. 16.12 (of the Morrígan). nip inmain lá negtar fuidb, LL 276a39 .

To wash a person against his will is regarded as an insult, hence in threats, etc., nigid = `drub, thrash': rat-nigiub mar negair coipp a lundu (.i. lind usci), TBC 6053 ; rot-ṡnigestar mar ṡnegair cuip, 3789 (leg. -nigestar, negair); cf. TBC² 3625 , 2681 . a lestraib gloine rot necht, Cog. 124.19 (poem; a taunt to Aed Úa Néill for not offering stouter resistance to Brian). Cf. the Germ. idiom: ich will ihm den Kopf waschen = Fr. je vais lui laver la tête = `I'll give him a sound rating.'

In fig. sense, cleanses, absolves: ticfa in tailcend . . . nom nigfea domm' ucht, LU 9897 ( PRIA iii 524 § 14 ). an t-olc muna nighe , Dán Dé xviii 1 (2 s. subj. pr.) nídhfi [an fhuil] é óna phecuidhibh, Mac Aingil 94.15 . ní bhíd nighthe óna salchar, Prov. xxx 2 (part.).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nihelas or

n u,m. (learned formation < Lat. nihil) nullity: intan mbís nihelas do .u. fri .g. when u is rendered null (silent) beside g, Sg. 6b11 ; ib. 12 . g s. ar thaidbsin nihelsa far .u. the [metrical] nullity of u, 6b5 , cf. 14a3 . u nihelsa, Auraic. 1385 (of the u implied in the cons. q) = nialsa , 4442 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nim or

n venom see neim.