3 nes(s)

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Forms: ness, nes, neasaim

n a lump or swelling on the body caused by a blow, etc., a wound? ness dano ainm don bēim .i. don c[h]rēcht, ut est isin t[Ṡ]enchas Mar . . . a dirip cuirp duine, | cidhat ili fuile, | ro hairdiged ness; Corm. Y 975 s.v. nesscoit = ro hainmiged n.¤ , LB; ro hordaiged n.¤ , Laud. Acc. to Corm., the smith Goibniu aimed a blow at every intruder in his forge with his `ness' or moulding-block, thereby raising a lump (cnoc) on his victim's body of the shape of the `ness', hence the name; a fanciful derivation of a word prob. originally different from 2 nes(s). nes [neas v.l.] .i. crecht, O'Dav. 1294. neas .i. crecht, Lec. Gl. 465 = nes, 272 M . neas .i. cnoc. n.¤ .i. crécht, O'Cl. Cf. nissi .i. crécht, O'Cl.; neasaim `I wound', O'R., and nes- aigid. neas .i. ainm ratha, Met. Gl. Ff. 18 may be due to a misunderstanding of the gl. .i. cnoc.

4 nes(s)

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n an island? ness .i. inis, O'Mulc. 829 ; `prob. borrowed from O.N. nes or A.S. naes', Stokes. Cf. also: euripus .i. piscina longa .i. inna nnessae [nnannȧessæ MS.], gl. Euriporum, Thes. ii 24.33 ( Bcr. 34b8 ); `of the straits', Thes.; euripus `a narrow channel' was used esp. of the strait dividing the island of Euboea from the mainland.

1 nes(s)a

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Forms: nes(s)o, nes(s)u, nes(s)a, nes(s)am

adj. used as compar. of ocus near ; also nes(s)o, nes(s)u; superl. nes(s)a, nes(s)am. Nearer , folld. by DO.

(a) of space: is nesa do geintib, Wb. 2b17 . nesso assa nesso nearer and nearer, 12b34a. inna hí ata nessa (gl. inferiora), Bcr. 44a1 . superl. (a) hi telaig ba nessam dind slog, Ml. 55c1 . archaṅ- geil . . . is nessam do naebaiṅglib next to the holy angels, SR 536 , cf. 538 , 540 , 542 . nesaim, 534 . imdae as nesam do Conaire, BDD 128. nem . . . as nessamh duibh the heaven nearest you, Ériu ii 108 z . itt é ata nessom d'Uíb Néill (= who border on), ZCP viii 317.5 . na tíre ata nesam duín, TTr.² 125. bidba na crich ba nessom duit, TBC 9. (b) tri grád as nessu dochum talman the three ranks (of the Celestial Hierarchy) nearest earth, SR 662. dorus ind nime as nesu ille the nearest gate of heaven, FA 15. ind fuithairbe ba nessu don tig, FB 20.

(b) of time: bes nipe nessu éc do suidiu oldás dait-siu perhaps death is no nearer him, FB 94. cid ni is nesa dún innosa? what is going to happen to us? Lat. Lives 101.10 (= dic nobis aliquid . . . quod citius eveniet) = Lism.L. 3344 . cid as nesu dúin de- sin? TFerbe 783 . is neasa ar chách comurchra nearer and nearer is dissolution, Ériu iv 158.6 . fán Nodloig-si as nesa dhún this coming Christmas, Ériu v 54.29 . tanic isin domnach ba nesa iartain the following Sunday, RC xlvi 230.24 . Cf. further: truagh nach oirne ní as neasa | doní an Coimdhe an cairdeas-sa `a pity that He shows not His friendship more recently to us!' (? that He shows not this friendship more closely, i.e. particularly to me), Dán Dé xxi 13 . déanam síodh sul tí tusa; | usa do dhíol ní as neasa `sin is easier to atone for while yet recent', vii 16 .

(c) of fig. relations: is nessa do inni lemm I deem it nearer the meaning, Wb. 4b17 , cf. Ml. 46c18 , 54a11 . cid is nesem dúin ifesta? what is the next (most necessary) thing for us (to do) ? Aisl. MC 103.17 . is de athchomarc is nesam duin diar cobhair the most needful (likely) to help us, Arch. iii 294 § 11 , cf. Ériu iv 138.19 .

Hence in legal phraseology nes(s)am = what is needful, indispensable , used as a subst., see Cóic Con. Fug. p. 63. `lāngilli risin nésam ┐ lethgille risin nemnes[e]am' . . . nesam sin ric a les duine do caithem fo cetoir ┐ nochan fuil a sechnam aici . . . ┐ is ed is nemnesam ann .i. ní nā rig a les duine do caithem fo cetoir, ib. 33 § 33 (i.e. `nesam' is what a man re- quires for immediate use and cannot dispense with). nesam toisgedha (what is needed for immediate compensation), ib. § 34 . nesam cina (what is needed to pay immediate compensa- tion), ib.

2 nesa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 nesa or dil.ie/33132

adj conspicuous, noted? neasa .i. oirdheirc, O'Cl. (perh. explanation of a particular instance of 1 nesa).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nesacht or dil.ie/33133

n f. (nesa) nearness, proximity: o neasacht na grēine dūinn, ITS xiv 54.20 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. nesaigid or dil.ie/33134

Forms: nith

v g. wounds, bruises (< 3 nes)? imp. nith, nesaigh, nemhtaisigh [mo phectha], Ir. Litanies 8 n. 14 . Cf. neasaim `I wound', O'R.


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adj. superl. see nesa.

? nesc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? nesc or dil.ie/33136

n gabuth nesc .i. gigantes , O'Mulc 604. Stokes takes gabuth as = gábad danger ; for another suggestion see Ériu xi 125.

1 nescóit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nescóit or dil.ie/33137

Forms: nescoid, ̅nd̅, ̅nd̅i, neas- cóide

n f. (for suffix cf. oróit, purgóit, etc.) an imposthume or abscess: nescoid, gl. apostema, Ir. Gl. 843. nesscoit .i. ness cnoc ┐ scoit lind, Corm. Y 975 (i.e. a lump or swelling con- taining watery matter). Freq. in med. texts, often in con- tracted form ̅nd̅, pl. ̅nd̅i. is inund nescoid tri Gaidlig ┐ opos- tema tri Laidin, Rosa Ang. 160.4 . nescóid lenna finn , O'Gr. Cat. 181.32 , Éigse iii 223 . cuis na nescoidi, RC xlix 43.8 . in febribus abscessus .i. an tan tigidh nescóidi isna fiabrussaibh, 23 K 42 , p. 55.4 . neascóid iona croicionn, Levit. xiii 18. g s. na neas- cóide , ib. 19 .

Fig. a blemish, disgrace (a boil on the face being a traditional symbol of dishonour): as nescóid ar ghiolla an reachtaire a breith uadha, RC xxix 220.3 . na trí neascóide neimhneacha, ML 78.25 (of fortresses built in the enemy's country).

2 nescóit

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n (B. na filed) traditional history or legend? ar nescoit (.i. ar tṡenchus na nGaoidhel) ní bin a ca[i]l (.i. a coimhét), ZCP v 483 § 3 = ar neasgoid ni bhfionn a chail, iii 378 ; i.e. he has knowledge of the antiquities of the Gaels (of a poet- aster), a sense prob. inferred from the exordium of Corm. Y 975 : nesscoit .i. iss é senchas na nGaoidel (where s. na nG. is not a definition but refers to the tale following).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. net or dil.ie/33139

Forms: nit, nitu, nead, nid, nnit, neide, néit

n o,m. g s. nit (in n. l.), Trip. 338.8 (< Ardm. 17a2 ). a p. nitu, LHy. i 114 z . nead (declined like `fear'), IGT Dec. § 65. n p. nid, ex. 1491 . Also fem. in later Irish (so given in O'R.; m. and f. , Coneys and Dinneen): d s. i nnit , Anecd. iii 59.22 . g s. na neide , Celt. Rev. x 143.9 (18th cent. MS.).

A nest: net a nido latine , Corm. Y 977. cré nit na fáinnli, O'Gr. Cat. 196.21. an t-éan íochtair neid in the bottom of the nest, Dán Dé xxix 26 . mar chorruighios an t-iolar suas a nead, Deuter. xxxii 11 pl. co ndernsat na heóin a nnitu inna glacaib, LHy. i 114 = Lism.L. 344.25 . is annsna crannaib . . . donít préchain nit, PH 7744. i nnetaibh na n-aquili, CCath. 4151. atáid . . . neid ag enlaithibh, Matth. viii 20. Of animals other than birds: fail neir, net gribe, Corm. Y 968 , cf. IT iii 98 § 161 , Bruchst. i § 133 ; the reading néit of LB ( Corm. p. 31 ) and Laud may be derived from a different version: foll ner neít nett [net B.] gribe, IT iii 49 § 88 , where néit may be g s. (see néit). luathither . . . grib dia ned, Corm. p. 36 z (prúll). in gríb . . . a breith-sium lé ina nead, RC xxiii 422.3 . fearg nathrach ima ned, Aen. 753. lám i nnet nath- rach (prov.), see nathair. ba coll nit nathrach, FM v 1578.7 (of a hazardous attempt).