? nercc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? nercc or dil.ie/33114

n med nercc .i. gort (a kenning for the letter g ), Anecd. iii 44 = Auraic. 5641 ; perh. = med n-ercc (if the word med was orig. neut.).

? nernach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? nernach or dil.ie/33115

adj. cride-ṡerc noemnernach, Arch. iii 220.12 . Cf. nearna[i]m `I sort, class, distinguish', P. O'C. ; `I liken, com- pare', O'R.

nert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nert or dil.ie/33116

Forms: nnert, neirt, nirt, neurt, niurt, neurt, neort, ni(o)rt, nert, nerta, nerta, a (i n-, ó), nirt, nerta, neirtbhríga, nertmaenig, nertmaoinigh

n o,n. and m. n s. (with art.) a nnert , Ml. 35d14 , Sg. 222b7 . nert n-irisse, Wb. 11c4 . na neurt, ZCP iii 451.22 . a s. na nert n-aile, Ml. 29d5 . g s. neirt, Ml. 48c15 . LU 9141 ( FB 88 ). Mid.Ir. generally nirt. d s. neurt, Wb. 16c4 , Sg. 1a6 et pass. niurt, Hy. vii 2 fg . Mid.Ir. neurt, neort, ni(o)rt. n p. inna nert , Ml. 108c14 . nerta, 73c2 . a p. inna nert, Sg. 105a1 . nerta, Ml. 85a4 . LU 8894 ( FB 68 ).

Strength, might, power, in physical and moral sense. Freq. renders virtus in Glosses; also robur, Ml. 22d2 , firmitas, 48c15 , vires, 73c2 (in pl.), cf. Sg. 105a1 . nert quasi uirt a virtute , Corm. Y 976. uis nert, O'Mulc. 152. In general sense of power: nert Dé, Hy. v 45. iar neurt in spirito noíb, Wb. 29d21 . hi niurt athar ┐ aobmaic ┐ aobspirda, ZCP vi 258.14 . nert Demuin, Fél. Prol. 253. atai-si aniu a nert ┐ cumachta, Anecd. ii 54.10 = a nirt, ZCP viii 107.11 . focicher don nirt i ttá from the power in which he is, BNnÉ 307 § 29 . dochuadar i neart i nÉirinn (of the Norsemen), Keat. iii 2912. In moral sense: is ed a nnert foirbthe imgabail cech huilc, Ml. 35d14 (defining `perfecta virtus'). ibunt ... de uirtute in uirtutem .i. raghait ... do nirt for nirt, RC xxv 390 § 4 , cf. PH 4674 (do nirt for nert). coic nert deac inna hanmo .i. nert n-iresi, nert cennsa, etc., ZCP iii 451.18 . nert (one of the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit), ZCP v 499 § 4 (so also in later rel. texts, Luc. Fid. 149.8 , Parrth. Anma 233.7 ). neart, Parrth. Anma 225.8 (one of the four cardinal virtues = Lat. fortitudo). Of sway or dominion: noí mbliadna ós Herind a nert (= he reigned for nine years), LL 129a19 . cethri cóic bliadna ... ro giallad do niurt Nathí, 129b41 ( MacCarthy 192 § 4 , 212 § 4 ). Of physical strength: nert in bulli the force of the blow, LL 160a7 . ra immir Carpre a nert for Coin Culaind, LL 177a50 ( CRR 51 ). da mbeind-sea do nirt beith dom chois if I were able (strong enough) to be afoot, TBC 5775 , cf. 5868 . dia mbend-sea for mo nirt, ni thóetsaitis in macrad had I been in my strength, 2510 , cf. TBC² 1856. i neart slainte [sic leg.] in sound health (oppd. to: fri bás), Laws iii 34.14 , cf. 42.30 , 46.21 , 52.1 , ii 344.29 and see Ériu ix 31. go niort leoman, BNnÉ 77 § 146 .

Power, ability (to do someth.): ní fhuil nert agad gun [= gan] techt lium (= you must perforce come with me), ZCP vi 48.12 . ro raidh ... nach raibhi nert a tidlaicthi aige that he was not empowered to give it up, Marco P. 169. Power, control (over someth.): ata nert agan duine ara chaint nogu leige se amach hi a man has power over his speech until he utters it, Ériu v 132.1 .

gaibid nert for ... overpowers: do gab [in bás] nert ormm, PH 7807. ro gab Érnai nert for sil nEbir, ZCP vii 303.13 . do gabail nerta for Laighnib, RC xviii 274.6 (Tig.). Keat. ii 989. do breith neirt ara bhidhbhaidh, Duan. Finn. i 86.30 . (with obj. gen.) seizes the power of, subdues: slóigh le Maghnus ... a Sil Muiredhaigh, gur ghabh a nert ┐ a mbraighde, AU ii 368.20 (a. 1288 ). dochuaidh do ghabháil neirt na Fraingce, Keat. ii 983 , cf. 1776 .

a (i n-, ó) niurt (with gen.) by strength of, by dint of: ni ḟuigbitis uile acht a nirt catha ┐ chomlaind, LB 122b17 . faidhis C. slúag dia irghabail a nirt chatha, Marco P. 117. i nirt imghona by dint of fighting, ZCP xiv 246.16 . docuadur ... a nirt a n-imrama, CCath. 2226. ní ó nirt góei nō chlaidim acht o nirt ernaigthe, PH 8044. tre nert imgona, Ériu ii 180.17 . In absol. constr.: ro héige in ben nert a cind, SR 3215. cosnaid Temair ... nert bar nduirnd [sic leg.], Cog. 122.14 .

Transf. import, significance, etc.: nert comaccomail the force of a conjunction, Sg. 222b9 . nert n-ainmnedo anmmae the force of a nominative, 215a9 . caite deochair eter a cumang ┐ a neart?, Auraic. 965 (of vowels; `cumang' is when they are sounded alone, `nert' in combination with consonants).

Rarely in concrete sense a force, troops: co tanic nert Ulad fris coro-n-innarbsat é, LL 328b18 . gur thinoil ... sluag- neart Saxon, MR 110.10 . Cf. treṡess cona nirt nonbair, LL 108a29 = RC xiv 404.2 (`with its crew of nine').

g s. as attrib.: rigi nirt a strong kingdom (?), IT i 124.12 . Hériu ardneirt, Ériu iv 110.2 . is hí sein comairle ba nirt leo- som which prevailed with them, TBC 2908 , cf. 4574 , 4598 . Clann M. ... do denamh imerce neirt ar muintir Ruairc a hostile incursion, FM iv 718.10 . corbat nirt i fus `mighty in this world', P.R.I.A. iii 548 § 15 ( LL 147a17 ). do denam imirgi neirt ar Muintir R., Ann. Conn. 1390 § 6.

Occas. as adj.: ba nert leis a menma his courage was high, TBC 2496. ar Niall nert, Ériu viii 69.59 . Forming a spurious compar.: ba nertiti leis a menma na scéla his courage was raised by the tidings, SC 20 ( LU 3435 ).

In pl. generally in distrib. sense (in Glosses somet. in imitation of Lat. vires): in tan aracrínat a nerta (gl. defectu virium), Ml. 73c2 . traithaid nerta lochnamat, FB 68 ( LU 8894 ). tancadar a nerta ┐ a mbriga doibh, CCath. 2581. a serc o ulib nertaib with all (thy) powers, LB 261a3 . ro tarrngid ... a nertaibh damh ┐ assan, CCath. 1763. ro srained in cath tria nertaib laoch, Ériu viii 178.15 . inis na neart, Keat. Poems 1157.

nerta (= Lat. virtutes, a rank of the Celestial Hierarchy), SR 693 , PH 6249.

Compds.

(a) with subst. in adjectival sense strong, mighty: ¤bág: co nertbáig `with strong fight', RC xx 12 § 21. ¤bla `mighty fame', Met. Dinds. iii 298.2 . ¤blad id., Acall. 1264 (-bhladh). ¤bríg, LL 27a9 . fo nirtbríg a chumachta, Alex. 74 [sic leg.]. a p. neirtbhríga, MR 242.2 . ¤brised: ag neart- brisiud `routing', MR 156.14 . ¤chlann: Colum cádh nert- chlainni Neill, ZCP x 53.29 . MR 262.19 . ¤chomairle, Alex. 574. ¤c[h]ride, ZCP viii 306.11 . ¤fhlaith, Fél. Ep. 170 (of Christ). ¤gabál: neartghabháil námhad, ML 134.21 . ¤gal: le neartghoil céimeann `prowess of battle-deeds', Content. xxx 21 . TSh. 2126. ¤Goídel: do ṡil noesech nert-Gaedel, LL 4a46 , cf. Leb. Gab. i 220.8 . ¤lia f. a large stone used as a missile, etc. by warriors: nertlia míled forsa n-indsmatís slega ... ┐ fria meltís renda ┐ faebra, Aisl. MC 47.16 . TBC 5527 St. gebis nertlia cloche fria ais, TBC 1569 = liic mair, TBC² 889. ro léic D. a urchur do nertlic miled, Dinds. 32 ( RC xv 335.6 ). Fig. of persons: nertlia gaíse, SC 38 ( LU 3849 ). n. fergi, TFerbe 312 . ¤maín ( ¤maen): fúair núachar co nertmaín with great treasure, Met. Dinds. iii 298.10 . ¤saegal: do nert- saegul, TBC² 1817 (ret.). ? ¤sluag: re nertmairi nirt sluaig [? nirtsluaig] adbail Eorpa, LL 236a42 .

(b) with adj. in adverbial sense: ¤adbal, see Fen. 328.18 . ¤brethach: la sil Nemid nertbrethaig, LL 8a38 . ¤buan, see ML 82.24 . ¤calma, MR 296.20 . ¤cráibtech: toghairm an naoimh nertcraibhtigh, BNnÉ 265 § 229 . ¤chrechach, Fen. 318.14 . ¤cubrach: inbher ... na habhann nertcubraidhe foaming, BNnÉ 235 § 156 . ¤giallach: ós chlaind Nemid nertgiallaig `seizer of hostages', Met. Dinds. ii 42.12 . ¤maí- nech: mac Niúil nertmaínig, LL 3b11 = nertmaenig `des Kraftreichen', ZCP xiii 154 , nertmaoinigh `of mighty wealth', Leb. Gab. i 210.7 ; cf. nertmaín above. ¤menmnach: comtís nertmenmnaig fri cach nith, LL 219b24 , cf. 235a39 ( TTr. 185 , 1212 ).

nertad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nertad or dil.ie/33117

Forms: nerta, nertae

u,m. vn. of nertaid. g s. nerta (< *nert'tha), Wb. 31b11 . g p. nertae, Ml. 34d1 . Somet. by analogy treated as neut., see ZCP iii 25.25 below; n.¤ n-óg, BColm. 100.8 (n s.).

Strengthening ; nearly always in fig. or moral sense: gl. corroboratio, Ml. 66d7 . díar nertad-ni hi fochidib, Wb. 6c31 . asbert in gilla oc nertad Con Culaind encouraging, SC 28. ro raid na briathra-sa do nertad a apstal, PH 1611. oc nertad neich ro pri[d]cad dúib-si confirming what has been preached, Wb. 7b12 . nertath n-irisi, ZCP iii 25.25 do nertad irsi doib, Mon. Tall. 62. Exhorting, urging , with obj. gen. of thing urged: gl. adhortatio, Ml. 79b1 . exhortatio, 53a18 , 34d1 ; cf. Sg. 161b6 . is tualáng a nerta act rachomalnathar (= potens exhortari [in doctrina]), Wb. 31b11 . nertad den[ma] maith an exhortation to do good, Ml. 35c11 . in sidh do nertadh to advise peace, Aen. 2766. im nertad in catha fair, CCath. 539. Rare in physical sense: dobretha F. nertad forsin ṅgabail exerted all his strength (?), TBC 760.

1 nertaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nertaid or dil.ie/33118

Forms: nertai- dib

n i,m. a strengthener: gl. roboratus, Ml. 48d26 (the gloss like the preceding one refers to Dominus of the text). nertai- dib, gl. exhortatoriis, 115a5 .

2 nertaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 nertaid or dil.ie/33119

Forms: ro nertais, ru nert, nertsus, nertfidir, nertai, nertad

v ā. denom. from nert. pret. 2 s. ro nertais, Pcr. 2a2 . 3 s. ru nert, Ml. 130b2 ; with pron. suff. nertsus, BB 45a4 . pass. fut. s. nertfidir, Wb. 10c9 . part. a s f. nertai, gl. animatam, Ml. 41b8 . vn. nertad.

(a) strengthens, confirms: is hé no-don-nerta-ni, Wb. 6d11 . corro nertam-ni cách hi foditin fochide amal non-nertar-ni ho Dia that we may strengthen ... as we are strengthened, 14b13 . nertim gl. armo ZCP xxi 281 . intí is trén, nertad in fand, PH 5825. in spirut noem ... nos-nertand fri cech súalaig, LB 251b5 . nertad firinni, na- nertfa let him strengthen justice, it will strengthen him, ZCP xi 80 § 6 . beim n-aillech nad nertad tuatha `an oath which the country does not confirm', Laws i 232.1 . Tadg mac N. nertaid gail `who strengthens valour', Met. Dinds. ii 72.21 . mairg neartas leis an díomus `who fosters pride', Content. xiv 65.

(b) exhorts; urges ; gl. cohortari, Ml. 130b2 , 133d6 . exhortari, Wb. 5d11 . With acc. of pers.: ro nert Coirpre um dighail a dhalt[a], ZCP xiii 171.20 . ro nert A.... a thaisecha con nderntais calma, Aen. 2673. With acc. of thing: ro nertais damsa co ndernain . . . (gl. huius operis te hortatorem sortitus), Pcr. 2a2 . issed ro nert combadh Agmemnón no gabhtáis advised, TTr.² 1340. ro nert in cath forro, CCath. 622. guro nertad for in stiurusmann . . . snamh asin luing amach the steersman was impelled to swim, 791 . Cf. adbertsadar ┐ ro nertsadar . . . cia bad choir do thabairt for āth, TBC² 2202 (argued or reiterated?).

nertaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nertaigid or dil.ie/33120

v g.

I Trans. strengthens, confirms, encourages: rom- nertaigfe ar nem is ar lár, ZCP viii 213 y . ros-nertaig, LL 160a11 . ni ni nach breth . . . nad fri spirat noem nertaigther that is not confirmed, Corm. Y 1224. an té nertaighes an bhréug who corroborates, Parrth. Anma 176.15 = Luc. Fid. 110.19 . In physical sense: neirteóchaidh an t-arán croidhe an duine (= confirmet), TSh. 8863.

II Intrans.

(a) grows strong: le ro-mét an tesa ó nertaighes an grían, Maund. 144.

(b) with prep. LA (LE) sides with, supports: do nertuigh in rí lasna geinti, Marco P. 18. neartuighid briathra Chrysostomus . . . le fírinne aneithe se, TSh. 8330. RC xix 276.17 . Ir. Texts iv 28.23 (text of 1589).

See nertugad.

nertamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nertamail or dil.ie/33121

adj i. strong, powerful: go Concubhar . . . rígh nearta- mhail nUladh, CRR² § 11 (neartmhar v.l.).

nertán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nertán or dil.ie/33122

n o,m. dim. of nert. ro gab time mo nertan `my poor strength ', Buile S. 30.11 .

nertmaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nertmaire or dil.ie/33123

n [, f.] strength, power: baí dia nertmaire ┐ dá óclachas, TBC 775. leoman ar nertmaire, LB 29a59 . ó tcon- nairc P. nertmhairi a slōig, Aen. 25. ar nertmaire in cuingid, CCath. 2969.

nertmairecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nertmairecht or dil.ie/33124

Forms: nertmuir[e]acht

n f. powerfulness, might? gl. nobilitas [sic leg.], Auraic. 4217. nertmuir[e]acht, Three Ir. Gl. p. lxii 6 ( Eg. 88 f. 7061 ).